Complementary and Alternative Medical (CAM) and Spirituality, Religiosity Survey

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Single Nation Surveys > Summary


This survey contains measures for examining the effect of spirituality on health. Topics for spirituality and religiosity measures include: spiritual and meditative practice, spiritual experiences, values, forgiveness, private religious practice, religious and spiritual coping, religious support, religious and spiritual history, organized religious practice and preference, meaning. Topics for health measures include: frequency and positivity of exceptional experiences, mindfulness, and current problems. Other data include basic demographic characteristics.

Data File
Cases: 130
Variables: 254
Weight Variable: None
Data Collection
Date Collected: 2009
Original Survey (Instrument)
CAM & SPIRITUALITY, RELIGIOSITY– A SURVEY STUDY
Collection Procedures
Six hundred questionnaires were disseminated by post together with an introduction letter, a consent form and a pre-paid envelope for returning the survey. Forty-three letters could not be delivered. In total, 111 questionnaires were finally returned from the 600 sent together with a signed consent form, leading to an overall return rate of 18.5%. Two questionnaires were not completely answered and were correspondingly excluded from the analysis.
Sampling Procedures
The questionnaire battery was administered to chronically ill patients that were randomly selected from a patient database within a single medically managed private integrative medicine clinic in Southampton, UK. Inclusion criteria were recent treatment (< 3 years), age > 18 years and a diagnosis of one of the three main disorders treated in that outpatient clinic: migraines, irritable bowel or chronic fatigue syndrome. The sample consisted of 71 cases with chronic fatigue (65%), 29 (27%) individuals with an irritable bowel syndrome as well as 9 (8%) patients suffering from migraines. Participants were offered no reimbursement. Ethics approval was obtained from the University of Northampton ethics review board.
Principal Investigators
Niko Kohls
Harald Walach
George Lewish
Related Publications
Kohls, Niko, Harald Walach, and George Lewith. 2009. "The Impact of Positive and Negative Spiritual Experiences on Distress and the Moderating Role of Mindfulness." Archive for the Psychology of Religion 31:357-374.