Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Congregational Participation and Religious Networks >


Assesses how often and/or how much money one gives to a religious organization  

Below are 73 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 8 types:

[ Church Income | Emphasis | Habits | Have Tithed? | Importance | Other Contributions | Target | Tithe Amount ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Church Income
 

This question type asks the respondent about the income of their congregation and/or how much of this income came from tithing.

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INCIND06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

INCIND98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

INCSOFFR from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

DONATION from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 2:Emphasis
 

This question type asks about the congregation's role in tithing. Does the congregation encourage tithing? How does the congregation encourage tithing?

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TITHING from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

PROPGIVE from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

STEWEMP4 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986


Category 3:Habits
 

This question type asks about the respondent's history of tithing and/or likelihood of tithing.

Some questions fit within the "Habits" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 2 such variants.

[ Fundraising | Refused ]

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V085199E from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

W6Y6 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

DONATION from ABC News Church in Crisis Poll, 2002


Variant:Fundraising (Habits variant)
 

Has the respondent ever helped to raise money for his/her congregation?

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RASMONY from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

RASMONY from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

RASMONY from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988


Variant:Refused (Habits variant)
 

Has the respondent ever refused to give money to a religious institution?

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REFDONT from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

REFDONT from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

REFDONT from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988


Category 4:Have Tithed?
 

Has the respondent given money to his/her congregation?

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TITHE from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GIVEREL from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

Q68L from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

RELALT13 from America's Evangelicals

RELA2_13 from America's Evangelicals

PARFUND from Survey of Chicago Catholics, 2007

CHURCH8 from Faith and Community Survey of Four Indianapolis Neighborhoods, 1997


Category 5:Importance
 

This question type asks about the importance/necessity of tithing to the respondent.

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GCNOPRSH from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

GCTHPAR from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

IMPTTITH from Economic Values Survey, 1992

CHCHIMPT from Economic Values Survey, 1992

GDCTH_6 from Survey of Chicago Catholics, 2007

TITHING from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

NOPARISH from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1993

DONATION from National Survey of the Religious Life Futures Project, 1990

TITHING from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

TITHING from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Category 6:Other Contributions
 

How often/how much money has the respondent contributed to religious causes in general? In some question this may include money given to the congregation.

Some questions fit within the "Other Contributions" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 2 such variants.

[ Missions | Televangelism ]

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GSCREEN from Philanthropy Panel Study, 2003

GRELIG from Philanthropy Panel Study, 2003

ARELIG from Philanthropy Panel Study, 2003

GCOMB from Philanthropy Panel Study, 2003

GSCREEN from Philanthropy Panel Study, 2001

GRELIG from Philanthropy Panel Study, 2001

ARELIG from Philanthropy Panel Study, 2001

GCOMB from Philanthropy Panel Study, 2001

W11ZD25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

GIVRELIG from General Social Survey, 1996

V085129 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

V085201E from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

W6Y15 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

W6Y25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

GIVEREL from General Social Survey, 1998

GIVEOTH from General Social Survey, 1998

GIVERLGN from Economic Values Survey, 1992

GIVEREL from Social Capital Community Survey, 2006

GIVEREL from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

DONMONEY from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

DONMONEY from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

DONMONEY from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988


Variant:Missions (Other Contributions variant)
 

This variant asks if the respondent has given money to a mission organization or missionary effort.

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TOTRELIG from General Social Survey, 1996

RELALT9 from America's Evangelicals

RELALT29 from America's Evangelicals

ACTGOSP$ from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996


Variant:Televangelism (Other Contributions variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent about contributions to television evangelists.

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TVMONEY2 from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

RELTVDON from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

RELTIMES from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981


Category 7:Target
 

This question type asks if the respondent contributed to a particular program in their congregation.

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CARDFUND from Survey of Chicago Catholics, 2007

LDSCONTB from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

LDSCONTB from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Category 8:Tithe Amount
 

How much money has the respondent given to his/her local congregation?

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Q11 from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

HHCONTRB from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

ART_8A from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

GIVECONG from General Social Survey, 1998

ZVOLREL2 from Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey, 2000

DONATION from Faith and Community Survey of Four Indianapolis Neighborhoods, 1997

FMLYGIVE from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

GIVECONG from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999



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