Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Spiritual Experiences >


Measures whether an individual claims to have experienced a religious conversion

Below are 114 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

Q28I from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q28 Please indicate whether or not you have ever had any of the following experiences...i. I had a religious conversion experience (Q28I)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44627.0
2) No1,20873.0
TOTAL1654100.0


REBORN from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Would you say you have been born again or have had a born again experience? That is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (REBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1,92739.3
2) No2,91559.5
8) Dont know400.8
9) No answer190.4
TOTAL4901100.0


REBORN from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Would you say you have been born again or have had a born again experience? That is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (REBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1,34837.9
2) No2,16160.7
8) Dont know391.1
9) No answer110.3
TOTAL3559100.0


RELCONV from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q26h. Please indicate whether or not you have ever had any of the following experiences: I had a religious conversion experience (RELCONV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes43727.5
2) No1,15472.5
Missing57 
TOTAL1,591100.0


CATHCONV from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

Were you raised Catholic, or did you convert to Catholicism? (CATHCONV)
TOTAL%
1) Raised Catholic4,03787.6
2) Converted52211.3
3) Dont know370.8
4) Refused140.3
TOTAL4,610100.0


AGECONV from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

[If CATHCONV is Converted] Did you convert when you were younger than 18 or when you were 18 or older? (AGECONV)
TOTAL%
1) When you were younger than 187213.8
2) When you were 18 or older45086.2
Missing4,088 
TOTAL522100.0


MARRCONV from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

[If CATHCONV is Converted] Did you convert when you got married, or shortly after? (MARRCONV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26646.8
2) No23841.9
3) Dont know61.1
5) Not applicable/Never married5810.2
Missing4,042 
TOTAL568100.0


SPCONVER from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

[If SPOUSCTH is Yes, spouse is Catholic], Was (he/she) raised in the Catholic Church, converted when you married, or later on? (SPCONVER)
TOTAL%
1) Raised Catholic2,11089.5
2) Converted when you got married1084.6
3) Converted later on833.5
4) Converted before we were married361.5
5) Dont know110.5
6) Refused100.4
Missing2,253 
TOTAL2,358100.0


FAITH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Attenders

Some people feel they came to faith gradually. For others, it began at a definite moment of commitment. Have you ever experienced such a moment of decisive faith commitment or conversion? (FAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Always54,44046.6
2) Gradual24,07020.6
3) Moment6,4045.5
4) Moment 511,92810.2
5) Many momts13,92511.9
6) Not Appl6,1755.3
TOTAL116942100.0


REBORN from General Social Survey, 2006

Would you say you have been born again or have had a born again experience -- that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (REBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1,10436.9
2) No1,86262.2
8) Dont know210.7
9) No answer50.2
TOTAL2992100.0


REBORN from General Social Survey, 2004

Would you say you have been born again or have had a born again experience -- that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (REBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes43932.8
2) No88165.7
8) Dont know120.9
9) No answer80.6
TOTAL1340100.0


RELBORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002

(ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY WERE CHRISTIAN OR SOMETHING ELSE WHEN ASKED ABOUT RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE) Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (RELBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would1,28842.2
2) No, would not1,59452.3
9) Dont know/Refused1685.5
Missing577 
TOTAL3,050100.0


BORNAG from The Right to Die II, November 2005

Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORNAG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would1,04837.1
2) No, would not1,63658.0
9) Dont know/Refused1384.9
Missing531 
TOTAL2,822100.0


MISMTCH2 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(mismatchrel2_w3) [IF CONVERTED] C:3e. Who converted? [INTERVIEWER: IF R REPORTS MULTIPLE CONVERSIONS DURING THE RELATIONSHIP, ASK R TO REPORT ON THE FIRST CONVERSION.] (MISMTCH2)
TOTAL%
1) Spouse60.2
2) Self70.3
3) Both10.0
999) Legitimate skip2,51899.4
TOTAL2532100.0


BORNAGN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

[ASK ONLY IF RELPREF= 1 CHRISTIAN OR 7 SOMETHING ELSE] Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would71043.6
2) No, would not85252.3
9) Dont know/Refused664.1
TOTAL1628100.0


RELIG2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008

If RELIG = 11: What is your present religion, if any? (Verbatim response given) (RELIG2)
TOTAL%
TOTAL0100.0


PARTCONV from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(partrelatconv_w3) Indicates Rs partner had religious conversion during cohabitation or marriage relationship (PARTCONV)
TOTAL%
0) No73197.7
1) Yes172.3
TOTAL748100.0


RELATCON from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(relatconv_w3) Indicates R went through religious conversion during cohabitation or marriage relationship (RELATCON)
TOTAL%
0) No73097.6
1) Yes182.4
TOTAL748100.0


V083203 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

IF R IS CHRISTIAN: Would you call yourself a born-again Christian, that is, have you personally had a conversion experience related to Jesus Christ? (V083203)
TOTAL%
-9) Refused60.3
-8) Dont know190.8
-1) INAP, 7 in V083188X and 1-39,80,-9 in V083189; 3,-8,-9 in V083188X; 5,-8,-9 in V08318746720.1
1) Yes93740.3
5) No89438.5
TOTAL2323100.0


RELCOHB3 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(relcohab3_w3) [IF IS LIVING WITH A ROMANTIC PARTNER OR HAS NEVER BEEN MARRIED AND HAS LIVED WITH A ROMANTIC PARTNER OR HAS BEEN MARRIED BUT FIRST PERSON MARRIED IS NOT THE FIRST PERSON R LIVED WITH] C:10c. At any point during your relationship, did either of you convert to a different religion? (RELCOHB3)
TOTAL%
0) No57722.8
1) Yes200.8
999) Legitimate skip1,93576.4
TOTAL2532100.0


MISMTCH from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(mismatchrel_w3) [IF HAS EVER BEEN MARRIED] C:3d. At any point during your relationship, did either of you convert to a different religion? (MISMTCH)
TOTAL%
0) No1576.2
1) Yes140.6
999) Legitimate skip2,36193.2
TOTAL2532100.0


BRNAGN2 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DESCRIBE THEMSELVES AS BORN AGAIN OR EVANGELICAL CHRISTIANS: By born again do you mean a specific, one-time conversion experience or gradual development of faith over time? (BRNAGN2)
TOTAL%
1) Specific experience54838.1
2) Gradual over time78354.5
3) Dont know/Refused1077.4
Missing2,741 
TOTAL1,438100.0


RELCOHB4 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(relcohab4_w3) [IF CONVERTED] C:10d. Who converted? [INTERVIEWER: IF R REPORTS MULTIPLE CONVERSIONS DURING THE RELATIONSHIP, ASK R TO REPORT ON THE FIRST CONVERSION.] (RELCOHB4)
TOTAL%
1) Cohabiting partner100.4
2) Self100.4
999) Legitimate skip2,51299.2
TOTAL2532100.0


REBORN from General Social Survey, 1988

Would you say you have been born again or have had a born again experience -- that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (REBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54136.5
2) No91862.0
8) Dont know110.7
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1481100.0


REBORN from General Social Survey, 1991

Would you say you have been born again or have had a born again experience -- that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (REBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes47434.9
2) No84962.5
8) Dont know30.2
9) No answer332.4
TOTAL1359100.0


Q17E from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT NOW AFFILIATED, ASK: You were attracted by a particular minister or pastor. Is this an important reason you became (CURREL), or not? (Q17E)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason31329.8
2) No, not important reason73369.7
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)50.5
TOTAL1051100.0


Q4K from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED IN A RELIGION: You were unhappy about the way the religion treated women. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4K)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason34724.0
2) No, not an important reason1,07574.5
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)211.5
TOTAL1443100.0


Q4L from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED IN A RELIGION: You were unhappy about the religions teachings about divorce and re-marriage. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4L)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason28019.4
2) No, not an important reason1,13378.5
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)302.1
TOTAL1443100.0


Q4M from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED IN A RELIGION: You werent satisfied with the atmosphere at [IF RAISED CATHOLIC, FRMREL2=10000, INSERT: Mass; FOR ALL OTHERS, INSERT: worship services]. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4M)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason40428.0
2) No, not an important reason1,01470.3
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)251.7
TOTAL1443100.0


Q4N from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED IN A RELIGION: You werent comfortable, with the feeling of community at [IF RAISED CATHOLIC, FRMREL2=10000, INSERT: your parish; FOR ALL OTHERS, INSERT: your local congregation]. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4N)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason27018.7
2) No, not an important reason1,14679.4
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)271.9
TOTAL1443100.0


Q4O from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED IN A RELIGION: You stopped believing in the religions teachings. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4O)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason71049.2
2) No, not an important reason70849.1
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)251.7
TOTAL1443100.0


Q4Q from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED IN A RELIGION: You were unhappy about the religions teachings about things like poverty or social justice, war and peace, and the death penalty. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4Q)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason22915.9
2) No, not an important reason1,16780.9
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)473.3
TOTAL1443100.0


Q4R from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED CHRISTIAN: You were unhappy about the religions teachings about the Bible. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4R)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason46032.3
2) No, not an important reason93565.7
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)292.0
TOTAL1424100.0


Q4I from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED CATHOLIC: The Church drifted too far away from its traditional practices and teachings, like Latin Mass and not eating meat on Fridays all year long. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4I)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason8110.7
2) No, not an important reason67188.9
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)30.4
TOTAL755100.0


Q4S from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED CATHOLIC: You were unhappy about the Churchs teachings about birth control. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4S)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason28537.7
2) No, not an important reason45860.7
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)121.6
TOTAL755100.0


Q4P from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED IN A RELIGION: You were unhappy about the religions teachings about things like abortion and homosexuality. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4P)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason41929.0
2) No, not an important reason99468.9
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)302.1
TOTAL1443100.0


Q17F from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT NOW AFFILIATED, ASK: you enjoy the religious services and style of worship. Is this an important reason you became (CURREL), or not? (Q17F)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason81477.5
2) No, not important reason22721.6
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)101.0
TOTAL1051100.0


BORN from Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009

IF RELIG=1-2, 4, or 7: Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christan, or not? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would9,79934.3
2) No, would not17,39260.9
9) Dont know/Refused1,3894.9
Missing3,990 
TOTAL28,580100.0


Q17G from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT NOW AFFILIATED, ASK: You felt called by God. Is this an important reason you became (CURREL), or not? (Q17G)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason52249.7
2) No, not important reason50848.3
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)212.0
TOTAL1051100.0


Q17H from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT NOW AFFILIATED, ASK: You were asked to join by a member of the religion. Is this an important reason you became (CURREL), or not? (Q17H)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason30128.6
2) No, not important reason73770.1
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)131.2
TOTAL1051100.0


Q17I from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT NOW UNAFFILIATED, ASK: You just havent yet found the right religion for you. Is this an important reason you became (CURREL), or not? (Q17I)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason22629.0
2) No, not important reason53068.1
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)222.8
TOTAL778100.0


Q17J from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT NOW UNAFFILIATED, ASK: You just dont believe in God or the teachings of most religions. Is this an important reason you became (CURREL), or not? (Q17J)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason36647.0
2) No, not important reason37748.5
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)354.5
TOTAL778100.0


REBORN from General Social Survey, 1998

Would you say you have been born again or have had a born again experience -- that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (REBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53537.0
2) No89261.7
8) Dont know50.3
9) No answer130.9
TOTAL1445100.0


BORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010

[ASK IF RELIG=1-4,13 OR CHR=1] Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would4,07144.1
2) No, would not4,67550.7
8) Undesignated90.1
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)4745.1
Missing1,711 
TOTAL9,229100.0


QN38_B from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

IF QN30 = CONVERTED: Would you say that you became (RELIGION) because you wanted a more direct personal experience of God, or not? (QN38_B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56581.6
2) No11716.9
8) Dont know50.7
9) Refused50.7
TOTAL692100.0


BORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

If RELIG = 1-4 or CHR = 1: Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would6,29242.4
2) No, would not7,81552.6
9) Dont know/Refused (VOL.)7465.0
Missing2,803 
TOTAL14,853100.0


Q4E from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED IN A RELIGION: You werent satisfied with the [IF RAISED CATHOLIC, FRMREL2=10000, INSERT: priests at your parish; FOR ALL OTHERS, INSERT: clergy at your local congregation]. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4E)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason36125.0
2) No, not an important reason1,05973.4
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)231.6
TOTAL1443100.0


QN39_I from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

IF QN33 = US CATHOLIC CHURCH RESPECT CONTRIBUTIONS OF MEN MORE THAN WOMEN, QN30 = CONVERTED, AND QN31 = CATHOLIC: What about the Churchs lack of respect for the contributions of women- is that one of the reasons that you decided to leave the Catholic Church, or not? (QN39_I)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, was a reason for leaving the Church2930.5
2) No, was not a reason for leaving the Church6568.4
9) Refused11.1
TOTAL95100.0


QN39_F from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

IF QN34 = NO, QN30 = CONVERTED, AND QN31 = CATHOLIC: What about the lack of excitement at the typical Mass in the U.S. - is that one of the reasons that you decided to leave the Catholic Church, or not? (QN39_F)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, was a reason for leaving the Church12144.3
2) No, was not a reason for leaving the Church14653.5
8) Dont know20.7
9) Refused20.7
101) Undesignated20.7
TOTAL273100.0


QN39_E from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

IF QN32 = NOT TOO WELCOMING OR NOT AT ALL WELCOMING, QN30 = CONVERTED, AND QN31 = CATHOLIC: What about the Churchs lack of welcoming and openness to immigrants and their customs - is that one of the reasons that you decided to leave the Catholic Church, or not? (QN39_E)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, was a reason for leaving the Church1728.8
2) No, was not a reason for leaving the Church4169.5
101) Undesignated11.7
TOTAL59100.0


QN39_A from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

IF QN34B = DISAPPROVE, QN30 = CONVERTED, AND QN31 = CATHOLIC: And now I have some questions about your decision to leave the Catholic Church. Would you say that the Churchs prohibition on divorce is one of the reasons that you decided to leave the Catholic Church, or not? (QN39_A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, was a reason for leaving the Church3313.3
2) No, was not a reason for leaving the Church20883.9
8) Dont know10.4
9) Refused20.8
101) Undesignated41.6
TOTAL248100.0


QN38_D from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

IF QN30 = CONVERTED: Would you say that you became (RELIGION) because you were inspired by a particular (RELIGION) pastor, or not? (QN38_D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20229.2
2) No48069.4
8) Dont know50.7
9) Refused50.7
TOTAL692100.0


QN38_C from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

IF QN30 = CONVERTED: Would you say that you became (RELIGION) because of a deep personal crisis, or not? (QN38_C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18426.6
2) No50172.4
8) Dont know30.4
9) Refused40.6
TOTAL692100.0


QN38_A from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

IF QN30 = CONVERTED: In our interviews, people have told us there are many reasons why they changed their religions. As I read some of the reasons they have given, please tell me whether or not each applies to you. You can answer yes or no. Would you say that you became (RELIGION) because of a marriage, or not? (QN38_A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10314.9
2) No58484.4
8) Dont know10.1
9) Refused40.6
TOTAL692100.0


QN37 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

ASKED IF QN30 = CONVERTED, AND RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING CATHOLIC, PROTESTANT, JEHOVAHS WITNESS, MORMON, ORTHODOX, OR OTHER CHRISTIAN (from RELIG): How did you first hear about your current religion? Was it from a family member, from a friend, from members of the church, or through radio or television? (QN37)
TOTAL%
1) From a family member30746.2
2) From a friend17326.1
3) From members of the church9013.6
4) Through radio or television162.4
5) Self-discovery345.1
97) Other172.6
98) Dont know60.9
99) Refused60.9
101) Undesignated152.3
TOTAL664100.0


QN36 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

IF QN30 = CONVERTED: Now I want to ask you some questions about your conversion. How old were you when you became (RELIGION)? (QN36)
TOTAL%
0) 010.1
1) 160.9
2) 220.3
3) 320.3
4) 420.3
5) 540.6
6) 671.0
7) 791.3
8) 840.6
9) 940.6
10) 10131.9
11) 1150.7
12) 12142.0
13) 1391.3
14) 14131.9
15) 15243.5
16) 16192.7
17) 17223.2
18) 18213.0
19) 19142.0
20) 20395.6
21) 21172.5
22) 22223.2
23) 23202.9
24) 24182.6
25) 25344.9
26) 26182.6
27) 2791.3
28) 28152.2
29) 2981.2
30) 30385.5
31) 3160.9
32) 32182.6
33) 33101.4
34) 34111.6
35) 35263.8
36) 3671.0
37) 3760.9
38) 3881.2
39) 3971.0
40) 40405.8
41) 4140.6
42) 4281.2
43) 4330.4
44) 4420.3
45) 45131.9
46) 4620.3
47) 4760.9
48) 4860.9
49) 4940.6
50) 50121.7
51) 5120.3
52) 5230.4
53) 5340.6
54) 5410.1
55) 5540.6
57) 5710.1
58) 5820.3
59) 5910.1
60) 6040.6
61) 6130.4
62) 6210.1
65) 6510.1
68) 6830.4
76) 7610.1
98) Dont know71.0
99) Refused223.2
TOTAL692100.0


Q4F from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED IN A RELIGION: You just gradually drifted away from the religion. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4F)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason84858.8
2) No, not an important reason57840.1
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)171.2
TOTAL1443100.0


Q4H from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED CATHOLIC: The clergy sexual-abuse scandal. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4H)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason17823.6
2) No, not an important reason57476.0
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)30.4
TOTAL755100.0


Q4G from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

IF CONVERT RAISED CATHOLIC: You were unhappy about the Churchs rule that priests cant get married. Is this an important reason you are no longer (FRMREL), or not? (Q4G)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, important reason18724.8
2) No, not an important reason55974.0
9) Dont know/refused (Vol.)91.2
TOTAL755100.0


QN30 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF A RELIGION (from RELIG): Have you always been (RELIGION) or did you convert from another faith or religion that you practiced in the past? (QN30)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, I have always been (RELIGION)2,70279.0
2) No, I converted from another religion69220.2
8) Dont know170.5
9) Refused100.3
TOTAL3421100.0


BORNAGN from News Interest Index, March 2004

[ASK ONLY IF RELPREF= 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, or 9] Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would1,25543.0
2) No, would not1,51852.0
9) Dont know/Refused1465.0
Missing371 
TOTAL2,919100.0


BORN_AGN from News Interest Index, October 2003

[ASK ONLY IF RELIG= 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, OR 9] Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORN_AGN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would1,03843.4
2) No, would not1,21450.8
9) Dont know/Refused1405.9
Missing279 
TOTAL2,392100.0


REBORN from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

Would you say that you have been born again or have had a born-again experience -- that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Jesus Christ? (REBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33150.8
2) No30647.0
3) Dont know/No answer142.2
TOTAL651100.0


BORNAGN from Religion and Politics Survey Merged Data Set, 1994-1995

Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9,75537.1
2) No15,55859.1
9) Dont know/Refused9913.8
Missing424 
TOTAL26,304100.0


I-BORNAGN from Religion and Politics Survey Merged Data Set, 1994-1995

Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9,75538.5
2) No15,55861.5
Missing1,414 
TOTAL25,313100.0


BORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004

Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? [Ask if RELIG = 1,2,4,5,7 or 9.] (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would1,21041.6
2) No, would not1,57754.3
9) Dont know/Refused1194.1
Missing432 
TOTAL2,906100.0


BORNAGN from Campaign 2000 Typology Survey

Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would2,08138.6
2) No, would not3,08157.2
9) Dont know/refused2284.2
Missing3,093 
TOTAL5,390100.0


BORNAGN from December 2006 Values Update Survey

[IF PROTESTANT, ROMAN CATHOLIC, MORMON ORTHODOX CHURCH TO RELIG OR YES TO CHR]Would you describe yourself as born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would1,35139.0
2) No, would not1,97056.9
9) Dont know/Refused1434.1
Missing636 
TOTAL3,464100.0


SOCREC from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The Church social and recreational programs (SOCREC)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important2945.3
2) Fairly Important2132.8
3) Not Very Important1421.9
TOTAL64100.0


WELFARE from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The Church Welfare Program (WELFARE)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important1425.0
2) Fairly Important1221.4
3) Not Very Important3053.6
TOTAL56100.0


FELLSHIP from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- Through personal influence of LDS friends, family members, or missionaries (FELLSHIP)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important6376.8
2) Fairly Important911.0
3) Not Very Important1012.2
TOTAL82100.0


FAMMEM from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: How important were the following people in influencing you to become a member of the Church? -- family members or relatives (FAMMEM)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important3061.2
2) Fairly Important918.4
3) Not Very Important1020.4
TOTAL49100.0


PLANSALV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- Doctrines related to the Plan of Salvation (including pre-existence, resurrection, work for the dead, etc.) (PLANSALV)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important4261.8
2) Fairly Important1420.6
3) Not Very Important1217.6
TOTAL68100.0


BIBLINTR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The LDS understanding or interpretations of the Bible (BIBLINTR)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important2845.2
2) Fairly Important2133.9
3) Not Very Important1321.0
TOTAL62100.0


WOFW from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The Church teachings about the care of the body (Word of Wisdom, etc.) (WOFW)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important2847.5
2) Fairly Important2542.4
3) Not Very Important610.2
TOTAL59100.0


BOFM from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The Book of Mormon (BOFM)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important3252.5
2) Fairly Important1727.9
3) Not Very Important1219.7
TOTAL61100.0


STATUS from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

Which of the following most nearly represents your current membership status in the LDS Church? (STATUS)
TOTAL%
1) Born in the LDS Church, but no longer affiliated808.4
2) Life-long member and still affiliated76981.0
3) Convert and still affiliated929.7
4) Once converted, but no longer affiliated60.6
5) Other (please explain):20.2
TOTAL949100.0


FIANCE from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: How important were the following people in influencing you to become a member of the Church? -- fiance or steady (FIANCE)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important1657.1
2) Fairly Important310.7
3) Not Very Important932.1
TOTAL28100.0


MODREV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The doctrine of continuous (modern) revelation or modern prophets (MODREV)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important3761.7
2) Fairly Important1220.0
3) Not Very Important1118.3
TOTAL60100.0


ETERMAR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- Doctrines relating to eternal marriage, family life, etc. (ETERMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important4367.2
2) Fairly Important1320.3
3) Not Very Important812.5
TOTAL64100.0


GODOCTRN from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- Doctrines relating to God or the Godhead (Trinity) (GODOCTRN)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important3354.1
2) Fairly Important2236.1
3) Not Very Important69.8
TOTAL61100.0


LDSFRND from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: How important were the following people in influencing you to become a member of the Church? -- LDS friends (LDSFRND)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important3560.3
2) Fairly Important1729.3
3) Not Very Important610.3
TOTAL58100.0


REBORN2 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO RESPONDED YES TO BEING ROMAN CATHOLIC: Have you had what you would call a born again experience? (REBORN2)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable2,49574.2
1) Yes1293.8
3) No71421.2
8) Dont know240.7
TOTAL3362100.0


BRNAGAIN from Mid-November Survey, 2001

(NOT ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO INDICATED THEY ARE JEWISH, ISLAM/MUSLIM, OR NO RELIGION/ATHEIST) Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BRNAGAIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would1,02540.4
2) No, would not1,37854.3
9) Dont know/Refused1365.4
Missing239 
TOTAL2,539100.0


REBORN1 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO RESPONDED TO HAVING A PROTESTANT DENOMINATION: Have you ever had what you would call a born again experience? (REBORN1)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable1,57547.0
1) Yes66519.9
2) No1,01530.3
8) Dont know952.8
TOTAL3350100.0


MNYOTHER from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

If you have ever been a member of a denomination other than your present one, what denomination was that/how many? (If more than one, list them in order from the most recent to the earliest.) (MNYOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) One83776.4
2) Two19017.3
3) Three555.0
4) Four111.0
5) Five30.3
TOTAL1096100.0


BRNAGAIN from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO STATED CHRISTIAN IN RELIG: Now a few questions of a more personal, religious sort -- Would you say that you have been born again or have had a born again experience, that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (BRNAGAIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes96543.1
2) No1,27656.9
TOTAL2241100.0


OTHDENOM from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Have you ever been a member of a denomination other than your present one? (OTHDENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1,12839.7
2) No1,71260.3
TOTAL2840100.0


BOFM from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The Book of Mormon (BOFM)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important3960.0
2) Fairly Important1929.2
3) Not Very Important710.8
TOTAL65100.0


STATUS from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

Which of the following most nearly represents your current membership status in the LDS Church? (STATUS)
TOTAL%
1) Born in the LDS Church, but no longer affiliated9130.8
2) Life-long member and still affiliated12241.4
3) Convert and still affiliated6722.7
4) Once converted, but no longer affiliated155.1
TOTAL295100.0


CONVERT from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: How long ago did you join the LDS Church? (CONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) Less than a year78.4
2) 1 or 2 years1315.7
3) 3 to 5 years1012.0
4) 6 to 10 years1518.1
5) More than 10 years3845.8
TOTAL83100.0


STAKEINF from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: How important were the following people in influencing you to become a member of the Church? -- stake (local) missionaries (STAKEINF)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important1632.7
2) Fairly Important1224.5
3) Not Very Important2142.9
TOTAL49100.0


FULLINF from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: How important were the following people in influencing you to become a member of the Church? -- field (full-time) missionaries (FULLINF)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important2343.4
2) Fairly Important1834.0
3) Not Very Important1222.6
TOTAL53100.0


MISS from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: How important were the following people in influencing you to become a member of the Church? -- missionaries, but I dont recall which kind (MISS)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important520.8
2) Fairly Important416.7
3) Not Very Important1562.5
TOTAL24100.0


LDSFRND from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: How important were the following people in influencing you to become a member of the Church? -- LDS friends (LDSFRND)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important2757.4
2) Fairly Important1327.7
3) Not Very Important714.9
TOTAL47100.0


FAMMEM from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: How important were the following people in influencing you to become a member of the Church? -- family members or relatives (FAMMEM)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important1641.0
2) Fairly Important923.1
3) Not Very Important1435.9
TOTAL39100.0


FIANCE from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: How important were the following people in influencing you to become a member of the Church? -- fiance or steady (FIANCE)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important1653.3
2) Fairly Important13.3
3) Not Very Important1343.3
TOTAL30100.0


PLANSALV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- Doctrines related to the Plan of Salvation (including pre-existence, resurrection, work for the dead, etc.) (PLANSALV)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important4158.6
2) Fairly Important2028.6
3) Not Very Important912.9
TOTAL70100.0


GODOCTRN from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- Doctrines relating to God or the Godhead (Trinity) (GODOCTRN)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important4567.2
2) Fairly Important1217.9
3) Not Very Important1014.9
TOTAL67100.0


MODREV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The doctrine of continuous (modern) revelation or modern prophets (MODREV)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important3452.3
2) Fairly Important1726.2
3) Not Very Important1421.5
TOTAL65100.0


BIBLINTR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The LDS understanding or interpretations of the Bible (BIBLINTR)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important3957.4
2) Fairly Important1522.1
3) Not Very Important1420.6
TOTAL68100.0


WOFW from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The Church teachings about the care of the body (Word of Wisdom, etc.) (WOFW)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important2639.4
2) Fairly Important2436.4
3) Not Very Important1624.2
TOTAL66100.0


SOCREC from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The Church social and recreational programs (SOCREC)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important2538.5
2) Fairly Important2030.8
3) Not Very Important2030.8
TOTAL65100.0


WELFARE from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- The Church Welfare Program (WELFARE)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important1728.3
2) Fairly Important1525.0
3) Not Very Important2846.7
TOTAL60100.0


FELLSHIP from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- Through personal influence of LDS friends, family members, or missionaries (FELLSHIP)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important4567.2
2) Fairly Important913.4
3) Not Very Important1319.4
TOTAL67100.0


ETERMAR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE ORIGINALLY BROUGHT INTO THE LDS CHURCH AS A CONVERT: As far as you can recall, how important were the following features of the Church in attracting you to it? -- Doctrines relating to eternal marriage, family life, etc. (ETERMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important4060.6
2) Fairly Important1421.2
3) Not Very Important1218.2
TOTAL66100.0


BRNAGAIN from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

Would you say you have been born again or have had a born again experience - That is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (BRNAGAIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes175,98341.5
2) No236,99855.9
3) Dont Know, Refused10,7322.5
TOTAL423,713100.0


BORN from July 2003 Values Update Survey

[ASK ONLY IF RELIG= 1 PROTESTANT OR 2 ROMAN CATHOLIC OR 4 MORMON OR 5 ORTHODOX CHURCH OR 7 OTHER RELIGION OR 9 DONT KNOW/REFUSED]Would you describe yourself as a born again or evangelical Christian, or not? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would3,42539.1
2) No, would not4,85355.4
9) Dont know/Refused4895.6
Missing1,055 
TOTAL8,767100.0


CONVOTH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

I have converted to another religion. (CONVOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33.1
2) No9396.9
TOTAL96100.0


REFCONVT from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

I have refused to convert to another religion. (REFCONVT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4041.7
2) No5658.3
TOTAL96100.0


CONVOTH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

I have converted to another religion. (CONVOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33.4
2) No8596.6
TOTAL88100.0


REFCONVT from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

I have refused to convert to another religion. (REFCONVT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2326.1
2) No6573.9
TOTAL88100.0


CONVOTH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988

I have converted to another religion. (CONVOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes55.4
2) No8894.6
TOTAL93100.0


REFCONVT from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988

I have refused to convert to another religion. (REFCONVT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3840.9
2) No5559.1
TOTAL93100.0




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