Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Spiritual Experiences >


Measures whether an individual claims to have experienced a religious conversion 

Below are 114 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 9 types:

[ Age | Born Again? | Converted? | Influences | Number of Conversions | Reasons for Joining | Reasons for Leaving | Refused? | Relationship Conversion? ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Age
 

This question type asks the respondent their age at conversion or how long he/she has been with his/her current group.

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AGECONV from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

QN36 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

CONVERT from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Category 2:Born Again?
 

Would respondent describe him/herself as "born again?"

Some questions fit within the "Born Again?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Turning Point ]

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RELBORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002

BORNAGN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

BORNAG from The Right to Die II, November 2005

RELIG2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008

BORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010

BORN from Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009

BORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

BORNAGN from News Interest Index, March 2004

BORN_AGN from News Interest Index, October 2003

BORNAGN from Religion and Politics Survey Merged Data Set, 1994-1995

I-BORNAGN from Religion and Politics Survey Merged Data Set, 1994-1995

BORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004

BORNAGN from Campaign 2000 Typology Survey

BORNAGN from December 2006 Values Update Survey

REBORN1 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

REBORN2 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

BRNAGAIN from Mid-November Survey, 2001

BORN from July 2003 Values Update Survey


Variant:Turning Point (Born Again? variant)
 

This variant defines a born again experience as a "turning point in your life when you committed yoursef to Jesus Christ"

[ Back to Born Again? ]


REBORN from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

REBORN from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

REBORN from General Social Survey, 2004

REBORN from General Social Survey, 2006

REBORN from General Social Survey, 1988

REBORN from General Social Survey, 1991

REBORN from General Social Survey, 1998

REBORN from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

BRNAGAIN from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

BRNAGAIN from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Category 3:Converted?
 

This question type asks the respondent if he/she has ever had a conversion/conversion experience.

Some questions fit within the "Converted?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Gradual or Sudden? ]

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Q28I from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

CATHCONV from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

RELCONV from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

PARTCONV from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

V083203 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

QN30 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

STATUS from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

OTHDENOM from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

STATUS from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

CONVOTH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

CONVOTH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

CONVOTH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988


Variant:Gradual or Sudden? (Converted? variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent the nature of the conversion experience. Was it gradual/over time or a sudden experience?

[ Back to Converted? ]


FAITH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Attenders

BRNAGN2 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996


Category 4:Influences
 

This question type asks the respondent if a particular person/type of person influence him/her to join a church.

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QN37 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

LDSFRND from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

FAMMEM from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

FIANCE from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

FELLSHIP from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

STAKEINF from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

FULLINF from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

MISS from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

LDSFRND from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

FAMMEM from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

FIANCE from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

FELLSHIP from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Category 5:Number of Conversions
 

This question type asks the respondent the number of churches to which he/she has belonged.

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MNYOTHER from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Category 6:Reasons for Joining
 

This question type asks if the respondent if he/she became a member of a church for a particular reason.

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QN38_A from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

QN38_B from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

QN38_C from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

QN38_D from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

Q17E from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q17F from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q17G from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q17H from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q17I from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q17J from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

PLANSALV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

GODOCTRN from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ETERMAR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

MODREV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

BOFM from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

BIBLINTR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

WOFW from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

SOCREC from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

WELFARE from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

PLANSALV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

GODOCTRN from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

ETERMAR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

MODREV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

BOFM from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

BIBLINTR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

WOFW from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

SOCREC from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

WELFARE from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Category 7:Reasons for Leaving
 

This question type asks the respondent if he/she left a previous church for a particular reason

Some questions fit within the "Reasons for Leaving" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Catholic ]

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Q4F from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4K from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4L from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4O from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4P from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4Q from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4R from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.


Variant:Catholic (Reasons for Leaving variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent about reasons for leaving the Catholic Church.

[ Back to Reasons for Leaving ]


QN39_A from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

QN39_E from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

QN39_F from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

QN39_I from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

Q4E from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4G from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4H from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4I from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4M from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4N from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

Q4S from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.


Category 8:Refused?
 

Has the respondent ever refused to convert to another religion?

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REFCONVT from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

REFCONVT from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

REFCONVT from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988


Category 9:Relationship Conversion?
 

Has the respondent ever experience the conversion of a marriage partner/cohabitant?

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MARRCONV from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

SPCONVER from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

MISMTCH from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

MISMTCH2 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

RELCOHB3 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

RELCOHB4 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

RELATCON from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)



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