Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs >


Respondent's belief in the existence of the Devil or Satan.

Below are 40 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree6010.0
2) Mostly agree18831.3
3) Mostly disagree20934.8
4) Completely disagree9315.5
98) Dont know498.2
99) Refused10.2
TOTAL600100.0


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree28038.6
2) Mostly agree14419.8
3) Mostly disagree12316.9
4) Completely disagree15220.9
98) Dont know273.7
99) Refused00.0
TOTAL726100.0


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree42465.0
2) Mostly agree18929.0
3) Mostly disagree172.6
4) Completely disagree71.1
98) Dont know142.1
99) Refused10.2
TOTAL652100.0


Q26B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q26 In your opinion, does each of the following ... exist b. Satan (Q26B)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely91755.0
2) Probably29317.6
3) Probably not28417.0
4) Absolutely not17410.4
TOTAL1668100.0


Q26G from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q26 In your opinion, does each of the following ... exist g. Demons (Q26G)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely71343.6
2) Probably36922.6
3) Probably not35021.4
4) Absolutely not20212.4
TOTAL1634100.0


POSSESS from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q27c. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about evil in the world: It is possible for people to be possessed by the Devil/demons (POSSESS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree24115.0
2) Disagree26116.3
3) Agree51332.0
4) Strongly agree34221.3
8) Undecided24515.3
Missing45 
TOTAL1,602100.0


DEMONS from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q23g. In your opinion, does each of the following exist? Demons (DEMONS)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely not20412.9
2) Probably not30919.5
3) Probably34822.0
4) Absolutely72345.6
Missing65 
TOTAL1,584100.0


DEVIL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q23a. In your opinion, does each of the following exist? The Devil/Satan (DEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely not19212.0
2) Probably not23915.0
3) Probably31119.5
4) Absolutely85653.6
Missing50 
TOTAL1,598100.0


DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

Y125. Do you believe [INSERT LIST A-H], definitely, maybe, or not at all: In the existence of demons or evil spirits? (DEMONS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely1,38741.2
2) Maybe1,12033.2
3) Not at all83924.9
777) Dont know190.6
888) Refused50.1
TOTAL3370100.0


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree6,27156.9
2) Mostly agree2,64924.0
3) Mostly disagree9098.2
4) Completely disagree8017.3
98) Dont know3723.4
99) Refused260.2
TOTAL11028100.0


Q51F from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

Q51F [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWIGN DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In evil spirits? (Q51F)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12,17648.6
2) No11,66246.6
8) Dont know9783.9
9) Refused2150.9
TOTAL25,031100.0


DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

(demons_w2) I:1. Do you believe [INSERT LIST A-G], [INTERVIEWER MUST READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES: definitely, maybe, or not at all FOR A AND B AND THEN ONLY IF NECESSARY FOR C THROUGH G] C. In the existence of demons or evil spirits? (DEMONS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely1,14944.1
2) Maybe85632.9
3) Not at all58222.4
666) Invalid skip160.6
777) Dont know10.0
TOTAL2604100.0


DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(demons_w3) Next, I will be asking you some questions about your religious beliefs. I:1. Do you believe [INSERT LIST A-G], [INTERVIEWER MUST READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES: definitely, maybe, or not at all FOR A AND B AND THEN ONLY IF NECESSARY FOR C THROUGH G] C. In the existence of demons or evil spirits? (DEMONS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely1,16646.1
2) Maybe73128.9
3) Not at all62824.8
777) Dont know10.0
888) Refused10.0
999) Legitimate skip50.2
TOTAL2532100.0


RA_8 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

The Devil, demons, or evil spirits exist. (RA_8)
TOTAL%
-7) Refused30.1
-4) Dont know220.8
1) Strongly agree1,21846.7
2) Somewhat agree52320.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree32812.6
4) Somewhat disagree1445.5
5) Strongly disagree36814.1
Missing3 
TOTAL2,606100.0


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree40758.1
2) Mostly agree14821.1
3) Mostly disagree426.0
4) Completely disagree8311.9
98) Dont know192.7
99) Refused10.1
TOTAL700100.0


Q39B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

Angels and demons are active in the world. (Q39B)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree13,67138.4
2) Mostly agree10,05928.3
3) Mostly disagree4,76313.4
4) Completely disagree5,15314.5
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)1,9105.4
TOTAL35556100.0


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree32353.8
2) Mostly agree14424.0
3) Mostly disagree335.5
4) Completely disagree6010.0
98) Dont know345.7
99) Refused61.0
TOTAL600100.0


DEVIL from General Social Survey, 1991

Do you believe in. . . The Devil (DEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely55040.5
2) Yes, probably24217.8
3) No, probably not20415.0
4) No, definitely not21615.9
8) Cant choose654.8
9) No answer826.0
TOTAL1359100.0


Q39B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

Angels and demons are active in the world. (Q39B)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree11829.4
2) Mostly agree10826.9
3) Mostly disagree6917.2
4) Completely disagree8120.2
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)256.2
TOTAL401100.0


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree30741.5
2) Mostly agree22230.0
3) Mostly disagree719.6
4) Completely disagree9813.2
98) Dont know375.0
99) Refused50.7
TOTAL740100.0


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree51251.3
2) Mostly agree24024.0
3) Mostly disagree10210.2
4) Completely disagree11711.7
98) Dont know272.7
99) Refused10.1
TOTAL999100.0


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree33141.4
2) Mostly agree28035.0
3) Mostly disagree637.9
4) Completely disagree506.3
98) Dont know718.9
99) Refused40.5
TOTAL799100.0


F_QN4A from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

Do you believe: that angels and demons are active in the world? (F_QN4A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50778.0
2) No9013.8
8) Dont know517.8
9) Refused20.3
TOTAL650100.0


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree74774.3
2) Mostly agree16716.6
3) Mostly disagree313.1
4) Completely disagree373.7
98) Dont know232.3
99) Refused00.0
TOTAL1,005100.0


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree40061.3
2) Mostly agree16024.5
3) Mostly disagree487.4
4) Completely disagree304.6
98) Dont know132.0
99) Refused20.3
TOTAL653100.0


BLFPOSSD from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

Do you believe that people on this Earth are sometimes possessed by the Devil? (BLFPOSSD)
TOTAL%
1) BELIEVE50566.8
2) DONT BELIEVE25133.2
TOTAL756100.0


DEVLREAL from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

Next I would like to know your opinion about certain doctrines or teachings, some of which are taught by the LDS Church, and some are not. Please indicate how you feel about each by circling the appropriate number. -- The Devil actually exists as a real person of spirit (DEVLREAL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true69475.6
2) Probably true798.6
3) Probably not true303.3
4) Definitely not true545.9
5) Dont know616.6
TOTAL918100.0


BLFPOSSD from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

Do you believe that people on this Earth are sometimes possessed by the Devil? (BLFPOSSD)
TOTAL%
1) BELIEVE18349.6
2) DONT BELIEVE18650.4
TOTAL369100.0


DEVIL from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

In your opinion, does the Devil actually exist? (DEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) I do not believe in the existence of the Devil289.3
2) I do not know if the Devil exists4414.6
3) I think that the Devil exists, but I am not always certain289.3
4) I think that the Devil exists, and I am usually certain of this3611.9
5) I am certain that the Devil exists15852.3
9) Other82.6
TOTAL302100.0


DVLEXIST from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Would you please think about each of the religious beliefs listed below and then indicate how certain you are that it is true. -- Devil actually exists (DVLEXIST)
TOTAL%
1) Completely true1,21844.6
2) Probably true42515.6
3) Probably not true55320.2
4) Definitely not true53519.6
TOTAL2731100.0


SATAN from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

Do you believe Satan is an actual personality working in the world today? (SATAN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18164.6
2) No5318.9
3) Not sure4616.4
TOTAL280100.0


SATDOUBT from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO BELIEVE SATAN IS AN ACTUAL PERSONALITY WORKING IN THE WORLD TODAY: Are you certain about Satan or do you have some doubts? (SATDOUBT)
TOTAL%
1) Certain15785.3
2) Some doubts2714.7
TOTAL184100.0


DEVIL from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

Here are some more questions about religion. -- Do you believe in the Devil that is, Satan? (DEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1,67665.3
2) No89034.7
TOTAL2566100.0


DEVLREAL from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

Next I would like to know your opinion about certain doctrines or teachings, some of which are taught by the LDS Church, and some are not. Please indicate how you feel about each by circling the appropriate number. -- The Devil actually exists as a real person of spirit (DEVLREAL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true16157.1
2) Probably true3612.8
3) Probably not true227.8
4) Definitely not true3412.1
5) Dont know2910.3
TOTAL282100.0


TEMPTED from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1988

Listed below are a number of experiences of a religious nature which people have reported having. Have you ever had any of these experiences, and how sure are you that you had it? - A feeling of being tempted by the Devil. (TEMPTED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Im sure I have3333.3
2) Yes, I think I have2323.2
3) No4343.4
TOTAL99100.0


RELGC4 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

The Devil actually exists. (Choose how certain you are this is true.) (RELGC4)
TOTAL%
1) Completely true3945.3
2) Probably true2933.7
3) Probably not true1011.6
4) Definitely not true89.3
TOTAL86100.0


RELGC18 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

Listed below are a number of experiences of a religious nature which people have reported having. Have you ever had any of these experiences, and how sure are you that you had it? - A feeling of being tempted by the Devil. (RELGC18)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Im sure I have3237.2
2) Yes, I think I have2731.4
3) No2731.4
TOTAL86100.0


RELGC4 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987

The Devil actually exists. (Choose how certain you are this is true.) (RELGC4)
TOTAL%
1) Completely true3434.7
2) Probably true3636.7
3) Probably not true1818.4
4) Definitely not true1010.2
TOTAL98100.0


RELGC18 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987

Listed below are a number of experiences of a religious nature which people have reported having. Have you ever had any of these experiences, and how sure are you that you had it? - A feeling of being tempted by the Devil. (RELGC18)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Im sure I have2929.6
2) Yes, I think I have2525.5
3) No4444.9
TOTAL98100.0


BLFPOSSD from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998

Do you believe that people on this Earth are sometimes possessed by the Devil? (BLFPOSSD)
TOTAL%
1) Believe61054.6
2) Dont Believe50845.4
Missing135 
TOTAL1,118100.0




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