Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs >


Respondent's belief in the existence of the Devil or Satan. 

Below are 40 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 4 types:

[ Belief in Demons | Belief in Satan | Experience with | Possession ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Belief in Demons
 

This question type asks the respondent about belief in demons

Some questions fit within the "Belief in Demons" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Angels and Demons ]

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Q26G from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

DEMONS from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q51F from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)


Variant:Angels and Demons (Belief in Demons variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent if angels and demons are "active in the world."

[ Back to Belief in Demons ]


ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

Q39B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

Q39B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

F_QN4A from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala


Category 2:Belief in Satan
 

This question type asks the respondent about belief in the devil/Satan

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Q26B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

DEVIL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

RA_8 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

DEVIL from General Social Survey, 1991

DEVLREAL from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

DEVIL from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

SATAN from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

SATDOUBT from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

DEVIL from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

DVLEXIST from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

DEVLREAL from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

RELGC4 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

RELGC4 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987


Category 3:Experience with
 

This question type asks the respondent if he/she has had an experience with the devil

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TEMPTED from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1988

RELGC18 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

RELGC18 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987


Category 4:Possession
 

This question type asks the respondent if people can become possessed

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POSSESS from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

BLFPOSSD from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

BLFPOSSD from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

BLFPOSSD from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998



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