Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs >


Does the respondent believe in God/believe that God exists? 

Below are 40 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 8 types:

[ 3 Option | 4 Option | 5 Option | 6 Option | 7 Option | Changed Belief? | Doubt? | Life Meaning? ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:3 Option
 

This question type asks the respondent about the existence of God using three options.

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BELGOD from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

GOD from Politics of Character Survey, 2000

GOD from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

BELGOD from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

GOD from Life Choices, 1990

RELGOD from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

RELGOD from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

RELGOD from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998


Category 2:4 Option
 

This question type asks about the existence of God using four options.

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IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1985

IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1986

IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1987

IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1988


Category 3:5 Option
 

This question type ask about the respondent's belief in God using five options.

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Q21 from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

GOD from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

YVIEWGOD from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component


Category 4:6 Option
 

This question type ask about belief in God using six options.

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GOD from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

GOD from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

GOD from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GOD from General Social Survey, 2006

GOD from General Social Survey, 2000

GOD from General Social Survey, 1988

GOD from General Social Survey, 1991

GOD from General Social Survey, 1998

GOD from General Social Survey, 1994

GOD from General Social Survey, 1993


Category 5:7 Option
 

This question type asks about the respondent's belief in God using seven options.

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BELVGOD from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

RELGC1 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

RELGC1 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987


Category 6:Changed Belief?
 

This question type asks the respondent if his/her beliefs about God have changed over time.

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GODCHNGE from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

GODCHNGE from General Social Survey, 2004

GODCHNGE from General Social Survey, 1991

GODCHNGE from General Social Survey, 1998


Category 7:Doubt?
 

This question type asks the respondent if he/she ever doubts the existence of God.

Some questions fit within the "Doubt?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Good Christian/Jew? ]

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NODOUBT from Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009

NVDBTGOD from December 2006 Values Update Survey

CONFDOUB from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

AGREE2D from July 2003 Values Update Survey


Variant:Good Christian/Jew? (Doubt? variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent if a person can be a good Christian/Jew if he/she has doubts about God.

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DOUBT from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988


Category 8:Life Meaning?
 

This question type asks the respondent if life is only meaningful because God exists.

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GODMEANS from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

GODMEANS from General Social Survey, 1991

GODMEANS from General Social Survey, 1998



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