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3 Option (8)
4 Option (4)
5 Option (3)
6 Option (10)
7 Option (3)
Changed Belief? (4)
Doubt? (5)
Life Meaning? (3)
Date Range:
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U.S. Samples29
Regional Samples3
Others8
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U.S. Adults31
Denominations1
Congregations1
Other7
Sample Type
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Random Samples38
Other1
Unknown Sample Types1
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Mailed Survey1
Phone Survey9
In-Person Survey20
Mixed-Mode Survey2
Other Mode8

   
BELGOD from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005
On another subject, which of the following statements comes closest to your belief about God: 1. you believe in God; or 2. you dont believe in God, but you do believe in a universal spirit or higher power, or 3. you dont believe in either? (BELGOD)
TOTAL%
1) You believe in God3,73284.7
2) You dont believe in God, but you do believe in a universal spirit/higher power47410.8
3) You dont believe in either1383.1
4) Other110.2
9) Dont know/Refused531.2
TOTAL4,408100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


GOD from Politics of Character Survey, 2000
Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) There is a God95880.7
2) There is a spirit or life force18115.2
3) I dont believe there is any kind of spirit, God or life force413.5
4) None of these [VOL]70.6
TOTAL1187100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


GOD from State of Disunion Survey, 1996
Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) There is a God1,71585.8
2) There is a spirit or life force [skip to BIBLE]24612.3
3) I dont believe there is any kind of spirit, God or life force [skip to BIBLE]371.9
TOTAL1998100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


BELGOD from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006
Which of the following statements comes closest to your belief about God - you believe in God; or you dont believe in God, but you do believe in a universal spirit or higher power; or you dont believe in either? (BELGOD)
TOTAL%
1) You believe in god79483.0
2) You dont believe in God, but you do believe in a universal spirit/higher power11411.9
3) You dont believe in either394.1
4) Other30.3
9) Dont know/Refused70.7
Missing1,047 
TOTAL957100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


GOD from Life Choices, 1990
Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) There is a God1,78782.2
2) There is a spirit or life force27112.5
3) I dont believe there is any kind of spirit, God or life force502.3
4) Dont know663.0
TOTAL2174100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Other
Mode:In-Person


RELGOD from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998
Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (RELGOD)
TOTAL%
1) THERE IS A GOD73687.8
2) THERE IS A SPIRIT OR LIFE FORCE8410.0
3) I DONT BELIEVE IN ANY OF THESE182.1
TOTAL838100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


RELGOD from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998
Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (RELGOD)
TOTAL%
1) THERE IS A GOD32379.4
2) THERE IS A SPIRIT OR LIFE FORCE6816.7
3) I DONT BELIEVE IN ANY OF THESE163.9
TOTAL407100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


RELGOD from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998
Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (RELGOD)
TOTAL%
1) There is a God1,01181.5
2) There is a spirit or life force18214.7
3) I dont believe in any of these473.8
Missing13 
TOTAL1,240100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1985
The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following statements most clearly describes your ideas about God? (IDEAS)
TOTAL%
1) I believe in a divine God, creator of the universe, who knows my inner-most thoughts, and to whom I will be accountable.6969.7
2) I believe in a power greater than myself which some people call God and others call nature.99.1
3) The universal mysteries can be explained by the scientific method; for example, the Big Bang theory.22.0
4) I am not quite sure what I believe.1919.2
TOTAL99100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:Other
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Other


IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1986
The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following statements most clearly describes your ideas about God? (IDEAS)
TOTAL%
1) I believe in a divine God, creator of the universe, who knows my inner-most thoughts, and to whom I will be accountable.6265.3
2) I believe in a power greater than myself which some people call God and others call nature.1717.9
3) The universal mysteries can be explained by the scientific method; for example, the Big Bang theory.55.3
4) I am not quite sure what I believe.1111.6
TOTAL95100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:Other
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Other


IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1987
The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following statements most clearly describes your ideas about God? (IDEAS)
TOTAL%
1) I believe in a divine God, creator of the universe, who knows my inner-most thoughts, and to whom I will be accountable.6666.0
2) I believe in a power greater than myself which some people call God and others call nature.1111.0
3) The universal mysteries can be explained by the scientific method; for example, the Big Bang theory.77.0
4) I am not quite sure what I believe.1616.0
TOTAL100100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:Other
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Other


IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1988
The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following statements most clearly describes your ideas about God? (IDEAS)
TOTAL%
1) I believe in a divine God, creator of the universe, who knows my inner-most thoughts, and to whom I will be accountable.5455.7
2) I believe in a power greater than myself which some people call God and others call nature.2323.7
3) The universal mysteries can be explained by the scientific method; for example, the Big Bang theory.77.2
4) I am not quite sure what I believe.1313.4
TOTAL97100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:Other
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Other


Q21 from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005
Q21 Which one statement comes closest to your personal beliefs about God (Q21)
TOTAL%
1) I have no doubst that God exists1,11865.8
2) I believe in God, but with some doubts18310.8
3) I sometimes believe in God291.7
4) I believe in a higher power or cosmic force24314.3
5) I dont believe in anything beyond the physical world784.6
6) I have no opinion472.8
TOTAL1698100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Mixed-mode


GOD from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996
Do you believe in God? (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) I do not believe in the existence of a god.62.0
2) I do not know if a god exists.186.0
3) I think that God exists, but I am not always certain.103.3
4) I think that God exists, and I am usually certain of this.3912.9
5) I am certain that God exists.22173.2
9) Other82.6
TOTAL302100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:Other
Sample:Unknown
Mode:Other


YVIEWGOD from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component
Which of the following statements about God comes closest to your view of God? (YVIEWGOD)
TOTAL%
1) I know for sure that there is no such thing as God.1211.5
2) I dont think there is a God.1922.4
3) Im not sure if God exists.81410.3
4) Im quite sure that God exists.1,90924.1
5) I know for sure that God exists.4,87661.6
TOTAL7912100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:Denominations
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GOD from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) I dont believe in God.1022.9
2) I dont know whether there is a God, and I dont believe there is any way to find out.1614.5
3) I dont believe in a personal God, but do believe in a Higher Power of some kind.36210.2
4) I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at others.1494.2
5) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God.60016.9
6) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it.2,16060.7
8) Dont know110.3
9) No answer140.4
TOTAL3559100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GOD from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) I dont believe in God.1553.2
2) I dont know whether there is a God, and I dont believe there is any way to find out.2635.4
3) I dont believe in a personal God, but do believe in a Higher Power of some kind.50710.3
4) I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at others.2184.4
5) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God.78216.0
6) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it.2,92859.7
8) Dont know310.6
9) No answer170.3
TOTAL4901100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GOD from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)
Q19. Which one statement comes closest to your personal beliefs about God? (Please mark only one box.) (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) I have no doubts that God exists1,02263.4
2) I believe in God, but with some doubts18811.7
3) I sometimes believe in God301.9
4) I believe in a higher power or cosmic force18511.5
5) I dont know and there is no way to find out966.0
6) I am an atheist684.2
7) I have no opinion221.4
Missing37 
TOTAL1,611100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Mixed-mode


GOD from General Social Survey, 2006
Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God: dont believe in God; dont know and no way to find out; believe in higher power; believe in God sometimes; some doubts, but believe in God; no doubts about Gods existence. (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Dont believe662.2
2) Dont know, no way to find out1294.3
3) Higher power2949.8
4) Believe sometimes1284.3
5) Believe, with doubts47315.8
6) No doubts1,87662.7
8) Dont know130.4
9) No answer130.4
TOTAL2992100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GOD from General Social Survey, 2000
Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God: dont believe in God; dont know and no way to find out; believe in higher power; believe in God sometimes; some doubts, but believe in God; no doubts about Gods existence. (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Dont believe332.6
2) Dont know493.8
3) Higher power836.5
4) Believe sometimes413.2
5) Believe with doubts19215.0
6) No doubts76660.0
8) Dont know463.6
9) No answer665.2
TOTAL1276100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GOD from General Social Survey, 1988
Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God: dont believe in God; dont know and no way to find out; believe in higher power; believe in God sometimes; some doubts, but believe in God; no doubts about Gods existence. (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Dont believe221.5
2) Dont know, no way to find out563.8
3) High power1177.9
4) Believe sometimes654.4
5) Believe with doubts27918.8
6) No doubts93963.4
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1481100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GOD from General Social Survey, 1991
Please look at this card and tell me which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God. (1) I dont believe in God (2) I dont know whether there is a God and I dont believe there is any way to find out (3) I dont believe in a personal God, but I do believe in a Higher Power of some kind (4) I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at others (5) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God (6) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it. (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Dont believe312.3
2) Dont know, no way to find out604.4
3) Higher power926.8
4) Believe sometimes695.1
5) Believe with doubts24117.7
6) No doubts83461.4
8) Dont know10.1
9) No answer312.3
TOTAL1359100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GOD from General Social Survey, 1998
Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God: dont believe in God; dont know and no way to find out; believe in higher power; believe in God sometimes; some doubts, but believe in God; no doubts about Gods existence. (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Dont believe403.1
2) Dont know, no way to find out604.7
3) Higher power1219.4
4) Believe sometimes584.5
5) Believe with doubts18114.1
6) No doubts77560.4
8) Dont know10.1
9) No answer483.7
TOTAL1284100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GOD from General Social Survey, 1994
Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God: Dont believe in God; dont know and no way to find out; believe in higher power; believe in God sometimes; some doubts, but believe in God; no doubts about Gods existence. (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Dont believe332.4
2) Dont know, no way to find out372.7
3) Higher power1319.5
4) Believe sometimes513.7
5) Believe with doubts21415.4
6) No doubts86062.0
8) Dont know261.9
9) No answer342.5
TOTAL1386100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GOD from General Social Survey, 1993
Please look at this card and tell me which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God. I dont believe in God; I dont know whether there is a God and I dont believe there is any way to find out; I dont believe in a personal God, but I do believe in a Higher Power of some kind; I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at others; While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God; I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it. (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Dont believe442.8
2) Dont know, no way to find out634.0
3) Higher power1278.2
4) Believe sometimes473.0
5) Believe with doubts22414.4
6) No doubts99263.7
8) Dont know231.5
9) No answer372.4
TOTAL1557100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


BELVGOD from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963
Which of the following statements comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (Please check only one answer.) (BELVGOD)
TOTAL%
1) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it.2,10173.7
2) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God.47916.8
3) I believe in God some of the time, but not at other times.441.5
4) I dont believe in a personal God, but in a higher power.1896.6
5) I dont know whether there is God, and I dont believe can know.321.1
6) I dont believe in God.40.1
7) None of the above represents what I believe. I believe...30.1
TOTAL2852100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:Congregations
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Mailed


RELGC1 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986
Which of the following statements comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (Choose one answer) (RELGC1)
TOTAL%
1) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it.4855.8
2) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God.2124.4
3) I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at other times.22.3
4) I dont believe in a personal God, but I do believe in a higher power of some kind.44.7
5) I dont know whether there is a God and I dont believe there is any way to find out.44.7
6) I dont believe in God.33.5
7) None of the above represents what I believe.44.7
TOTAL86100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:Other
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Other


RELGC1 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987
Which of the following statements comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (Choose one answer) (RELGC1)
TOTAL%
1) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it.4343.9
2) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God.3333.7
3) I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at other times.55.1
4) I dont believe in a personal God, but I do believe in a higher power of some kind.44.1
5) I dont know whether there is a God and I dont believe there is any way to find out.66.1
6) I dont believe in God.44.1
7) None of the above represents what I believe.33.1
TOTAL98100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:Other
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Other


GODCHNGE from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
Which best describes your beliefs about God? (GODCHNGE)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable2,19461.6
1) I dont believe in God now, and I never have.561.6
2) I dont believe in God now, but I used to.722.0
3) I believe in God now, but I didnt used to.962.7
4) I believe in God now and I always have.1,09930.9
8) Dont know300.8
9) No answer120.3
TOTAL3559100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GODCHNGE from General Social Survey, 2004
Which best describes your beliefs about God: 1) I dont believe..., and I never have; 2) I dont believe..., but I used to; 3) I believe..., but I didnt used to; 4) I believe..., and I always have. (GODCHNGE)
TOTAL%
1) I dont believe in God, now and I never have71.1
2) I dont believe in God, now, but I used to101.5
3) I believe in God now, but I didnt used to426.5
4) I believe in God now, and I always have57688.8
8) Cant choose10.2
9) No answer132.0
TOTAL649100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GODCHNGE from General Social Survey, 1991
Which best describes your beliefs about God? (GODCHNGE)
TOTAL%
1) I dont believe in God, now and I never have241.8
2) I dont believe in God, now, but I used to473.5
3) I believe in God now, but I didnt used to634.6
4) I believe in God now, and I always have1,07479.0
8) Cant choose1279.3
9) No answer241.8
TOTAL1359100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GODCHNGE from General Social Survey, 1998
Which best describes your beliefs about God: 1) I dont believe..., and I never have; 2) I dont believe..., but I used to; 3) I believe..., but I didnt used to; 4) I believe..., and I always have. (GODCHNGE)
TOTAL%
1) I dont believe in God, now and I never have332.6
2) I dont believe in God, now, but I used to594.6
3) I believe in God now, but I didnt used to695.4
4) I believe in God now, and I always have96074.8
8) Cant choose1189.2
9) No answer453.5
TOTAL1284100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


NODOUBT from Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009
I never doubt the existence of God. (Q16D) (NODOUBT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree14,79064.8
2) Mostly agree5,10422.4
3) Mostly disagree1,5746.9
4) Completely disagree9104.0
9) Dont know/Refused4351.9
Missing9,757 
TOTAL22,813100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Other


NVDBTGOD from December 2006 Values Update Survey
Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? I never doubted the existence of God. (NVDBTGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1,28461.3
2) Mostly agree46522.2
3) Mostly disagree1487.1
4) Completely disagree1366.5
9) Dont know/Refused612.9
Missing2,004 
TOTAL2,094100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


DOUBT from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988
Can someone be a good Christian or Jew if he or she has doubts whether God exists? (DOUBT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1,08743.2
2) No1,43156.8
TOTAL2518100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


CONFDOUB from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999
Which of these personal issues have you had to deal with? - Having serious doubts about the existence of God (CONFDOUB)
TOTAL%
0) No365,69086.3
1) Yes58,02313.7
TOTAL423,713100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


AGREE2D from July 2003 Values Update Survey
[ASK ONLY IF FORM= 2 2]Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly DISagree with it or completely disagree with it. : I never doubt the existence of God (AGREE2D)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree3,38568.9
2) Mostly agree87717.9
3) Mostly disagree2936.0
4) Completely disagree2865.8
9) Dont know/Refused711.4
Missing4,911 
TOTAL4,912100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


GODMEANS from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
To me, life is meaningful only because God exists. (GODMEANS)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable2,19461.6
1) Strongly agree2687.5
2) Agree3529.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree2787.8
4) Disagree2988.4
5) Strongly disagree1514.2
8) Dont know130.4
9) No answer50.1
TOTAL3559100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GODMEANS from General Social Survey, 1991
Do you agree or disagree with the following. . . C. To me, life is meaningful only because God exists. (GODMEANS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29821.9
2) Agree30522.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree31223.0
4) Disagree19014.0
5) Strongly disagree1339.8
8) Cant choose584.3
9) No answer634.6
TOTAL1359100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


GODMEANS from General Social Survey, 1998
To me, life is meaningful only because God exists--do you agree or disagree? (GODMEANS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24218.8
2) Agree28222.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree28522.2
4) Disagree24018.7
5) Strongly disagree1209.3
8) Cant choose503.9
9) No answer655.1
TOTAL1284100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


 

Subcategories
3 OptionThis question type asks the respondent about the existence of God using three options.
4 OptionThis question type asks about the existence of God using four options.
5 OptionThis question type ask about the respondent's belief in God using five options.
6 OptionThis question type ask about belief in God using six options.
7 OptionThis question type asks about the respondent's belief in God using seven options.
Changed Belief?This question type asks the respondent if his/her beliefs about God have changed over time.
Doubt?This question type asks the respondent if he/she ever doubts the existence of God.
Life Meaning?This question type asks the respondent if life is only meaningful because God exists.

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