Single-Item Measures

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God, Existence of

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On another subject, which of the following statements comes closest to your belief about God: 1. you believe in God; or 2. you dont believe in God, but you do believe in a universal spirit or higher power, or 3. you dont believe in either? (BELGOD)
  TOTAL %
1) You believe in God 3,732 84.7
2) You dont believe in God, but you do believe in a universal spirit/higher power 474 10.8
3) You dont believe in either 138 3.1
4) Other 11 0.2
9) Dont know/Refused 53 1.2
TOTAL4,408100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) There is a God 958 80.7
2) There is a spirit or life force 181 15.2
3) I dont believe there is any kind of spirit, God or life force 41 3.5
4) None of these [VOL] 7 0.6
TOTAL1,187100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) There is a God 1,715 85.8
2) There is a spirit or life force [skip to BIBLE] 246 12.3
3) I dont believe there is any kind of spirit, God or life force [skip to BIBLE] 37 1.9
TOTAL1,998100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which of the following statements comes closest to your belief about God - you believe in God; or you dont believe in God, but you do believe in a universal spirit or higher power; or you dont believe in either? (BELGOD)
  TOTAL %
1) You believe in god 794 83
2) You dont believe in God, but you do believe in a universal spirit/higher power 114 11.9
3) You dont believe in either 39 4.1
4) Other 3 0.3
9) Dont know/Refused 7 0.7
TOTAL957100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) There is a God 1,787 82.2
2) There is a spirit or life force 271 12.5
3) I dont believe there is any kind of spirit, God or life force 50 2.3
4) Dont know 66 3
TOTAL2,174100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Other
Mode: In-Person


Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (RELGOD)
  TOTAL %
1) THERE IS A GOD 736 87.8
2) THERE IS A SPIRIT OR LIFE FORCE 84 10
3) I DONT BELIEVE IN ANY OF THESE 18 2.1
TOTAL838100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (RELGOD)
  TOTAL %
1) THERE IS A GOD 323 79.4
2) THERE IS A SPIRIT OR LIFE FORCE 68 16.7
3) I DONT BELIEVE IN ANY OF THESE 16 3.9
TOTAL407100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (RELGOD)
  TOTAL %
1) There is a God 1,011 81.5
2) There is a spirit or life force 182 14.7
3) I dont believe in any of these 47 3.8
TOTAL1,240100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following statements most clearly describes your ideas about God? (IDEAS)
  TOTAL %
1) I believe in a divine God, creator of the universe, who knows my inner-most thoughts, and to whom I will be accountable. 69 69.7
2) I believe in a power greater than myself which some people call God and others call nature. 9 9.1
3) The universal mysteries can be explained by the scientific method; for example, the Big Bang theory. 2 2
4) I am not quite sure what I believe. 19 19.2
TOTAL99100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: North Carolina
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following statements most clearly describes your ideas about God? (IDEAS)
  TOTAL %
1) I believe in a divine God, creator of the universe, who knows my inner-most thoughts, and to whom I will be accountable. 62 65.3
2) I believe in a power greater than myself which some people call God and others call nature. 17 17.9
3) The universal mysteries can be explained by the scientific method; for example, the Big Bang theory. 5 5.3
4) I am not quite sure what I believe. 11 11.6
TOTAL95100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Undergraduates at University of North Carolina
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following statements most clearly describes your ideas about God? (IDEAS)
  TOTAL %
1) I believe in a divine God, creator of the universe, who knows my inner-most thoughts, and to whom I will be accountable. 66 66
2) I believe in a power greater than myself which some people call God and others call nature. 11 11
3) The universal mysteries can be explained by the scientific method; for example, the Big Bang theory. 7 7
4) I am not quite sure what I believe. 16 16
TOTAL100100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Undergraduates at University of North Carolina
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. Which of the following statements most clearly describes your ideas about God? (IDEAS)
  TOTAL %
1) I believe in a divine God, creator of the universe, who knows my inner-most thoughts, and to whom I will be accountable. 54 55.7
2) I believe in a power greater than myself which some people call God and others call nature. 23 23.7
3) The universal mysteries can be explained by the scientific method; for example, the Big Bang theory. 7 7.2
4) I am not quite sure what I believe. 13 13.4
TOTAL97100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Undergraduates at University of North Carolina
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Q21 Which one statement comes closest to your personal beliefs about God (Q21)
  TOTAL %
1) I have no doubst that God exists 1,118 65.8
2) I believe in God, but with some doubts 183 10.8
3) I sometimes believe in God 29 1.7
4) I believe in a higher power or cosmic force 243 14.3
5) I dont believe in anything beyond the physical world 78 4.6
6) I have no opinion 47 2.8
TOTAL1,698100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Do you believe in God? (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) I do not believe in the existence of a god. 6 2
2) I do not know if a god exists. 18 6
3) I think that God exists, but I am not always certain. 10 3.3
4) I think that God exists, and I am usually certain of this. 39 12.9
5) I am certain that God exists. 221 73.2
9) Other 8 2.6
TOTAL302100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: The target population for this survey was students at Winthrop University, a state university in South Carolina.
Frame: Other
Sample: Unknown
Mode: Other


Which of the following statements about God comes closest to your view of God? (YVIEWGOD)
  TOTAL %
1) I know for sure that there is no such thing as God. 121 1.5
2) I dont think there is a God. 192 2.4
3) Im not sure if God exists. 814 10.3
4) Im quite sure that God exists. 1,909 24.1
5) I know for sure that God exists. 4,876 61.6
TOTAL7,912100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) I dont believe in God. 102 2.9
2) I dont know whether there is a God, and I dont believe there is any way to find out. 161 4.5
3) I dont believe in a personal God, but do believe in a Higher Power of some kind. 362 10.2
4) I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at others. 149 4.2
5) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God. 600 16.9
6) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it. 2,160 60.7
8) Dont know 11 0.3
9) No answer 14 0.4
TOTAL3,559100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Q19. Which one statement comes closest to your personal beliefs about God? (Please mark only one box.) (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) I have no doubts that God exists 1,022 63.4
2) I believe in God, but with some doubts 188 11.7
3) I sometimes believe in God 30 1.9
4) I believe in a higher power or cosmic force 185 11.5
5) I dont know and there is no way to find out 96 6
6) I am an atheist 68 4.2
7) I have no opinion 22 1.4
TOTAL1,611100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God: dont believe in God; dont know and no way to find out; believe in higher power; believe in God sometimes; some doubts, but believe in God; no doubts about Gods existence. (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) Dont believe 66 2.2
2) Dont know, no way to find out 129 4.3
3) Higher power 294 9.8
4) Believe sometimes 128 4.3
5) Believe, with doubts 473 15.8
6) No doubts 1,876 62.7
8) Dont know 13 0.4
9) No answer 13 0.4
TOTAL2,992100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God: dont believe in God; dont know and no way to find out; believe in higher power; believe in God sometimes; some doubts, but believe in God; no doubts about Gods existence. (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) Dont believe 33 2.6
2) Dont know 49 3.8
3) Higher power 83 6.5
4) Believe sometimes 41 3.2
5) Believe with doubts 192 15
6) No doubts 766 60
8) Dont know 46 3.6
9) No answer 66 5.2
TOTAL1,276100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God: dont believe in God; dont know and no way to find out; believe in higher power; believe in God sometimes; some doubts, but believe in God; no doubts about Gods existence. (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) Dont believe 22 1.5
2) Dont know, no way to find out 56 3.8
3) High power 117 7.9
4) Believe sometimes 65 4.4
5) Believe with doubts 279 18.8
6) No doubts 939 63.4
9) No answer 3 0.2
TOTAL1,481100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Please look at this card and tell me which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God. (1) I dont believe in God (2) I dont know whether there is a God and I dont believe there is any way to find out (3) I dont believe in a personal God, but I do believe in a Higher Power of some kind (4) I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at others (5) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God (6) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it. (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) Dont believe 31 2.3
2) Dont know, no way to find out 60 4.4
3) Higher power 92 6.8
4) Believe sometimes 69 5.1
5) Believe with doubts 241 17.7
6) No doubts 834 61.4
8) Dont know 1 0.1
9) No answer 31 2.3
TOTAL1,359100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God: dont believe in God; dont know and no way to find out; believe in higher power; believe in God sometimes; some doubts, but believe in God; no doubts about Gods existence. (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) Dont believe 40 3.1
2) Dont know, no way to find out 60 4.7
3) Higher power 121 9.4
4) Believe sometimes 58 4.5
5) Believe with doubts 181 14.1
6) No doubts 775 60.4
8) Dont know 1 0.1
9) No answer 48 3.7
TOTAL1,284100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God: Dont believe in God; dont know and no way to find out; believe in higher power; believe in God sometimes; some doubts, but believe in God; no doubts about Gods existence. (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) Dont believe 33 2.4
2) Dont know, no way to find out 37 2.7
3) Higher power 131 9.5
4) Believe sometimes 51 3.7
5) Believe with doubts 214 15.4
6) No doubts 860 62
8) Dont know 26 1.9
9) No answer 34 2.5
TOTAL1,386100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Please look at this card and tell me which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God. I dont believe in God; I dont know whether there is a God and I dont believe there is any way to find out; I dont believe in a personal God, but I do believe in a Higher Power of some kind; I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at others; While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God; I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it. (GOD)
  TOTAL %
1) Dont believe 44 2.8
2) Dont know, no way to find out 63 4
3) Higher power 127 8.2
4) Believe sometimes 47 3
5) Believe with doubts 224 14.4
6) No doubts 992 63.7
8) Dont know 23 1.5
9) No answer 37 2.4
TOTAL1,557100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which of the following statements comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (Please check only one answer.) (BELVGOD)
  TOTAL %
1) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it. 2,101 73.7
2) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God. 479 16.8
3) I believe in God some of the time, but not at other times. 44 1.5
4) I dont believe in a personal God, but in a higher power. 189 6.6
5) I dont know whether there is God, and I dont believe can know. 32 1.1
6) I dont believe in God. 4 0.1
7) None of the above represents what I believe. I believe... 3 0.1
TOTAL2,852100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Which of the following statements comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (Choose one answer) (RELGC1)
  TOTAL %
1) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it. 48 55.8
2) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God. 21 24.4
3) I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at other times. 2 2.3
4) I dont believe in a personal God, but I do believe in a higher power of some kind. 4 4.7
5) I dont know whether there is a God and I dont believe there is any way to find out. 4 4.7
6) I dont believe in God. 3 3.5
7) None of the above represents what I believe. 4 4.7
TOTAL86100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Undergraduates at University of North Carolina
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Which of the following statements comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (Choose one answer) (RELGC1)
  TOTAL %
1) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it. 43 43.9
2) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God. 33 33.7
3) I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at other times. 5 5.1
4) I dont believe in a personal God, but I do believe in a higher power of some kind. 4 4.1
5) I dont know whether there is a God and I dont believe there is any way to find out. 6 6.1
6) I dont believe in God. 4 4.1
7) None of the above represents what I believe. 3 3.1
TOTAL98100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Undergraduates at University of North Carolina
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Which best describes your beliefs about God? (GODCHNGE)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) I dont believe in God now, and I never have. 56 4.1
2) I dont believe in God now, but I used to. 72 5.3
3) I believe in God now, but I didnt used to. 96 7
4) I believe in God now and I always have. 1,099 80.5
8) Dont know 30 2.2
9) No answer 12 0.9
TOTAL1,365100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which best describes your beliefs about God: 1) I dont believe..., and I never have; 2) I dont believe..., but I used to; 3) I believe..., but I didnt used to; 4) I believe..., and I always have. (GODCHNGE)
  TOTAL %
1) I dont believe in God, now and I never have 7 1.1
2) I dont believe in God, now, but I used to 10 1.5
3) I believe in God now, but I didnt used to 42 6.5
4) I believe in God now, and I always have 576 88.8
8) Cant choose 1 0.2
9) No answer 13 2
TOTAL649100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which best describes your beliefs about God? (GODCHNGE)
  TOTAL %
1) I dont believe in God, now and I never have 24 1.8
2) I dont believe in God, now, but I used to 47 3.5
3) I believe in God now, but I didnt used to 63 4.6
4) I believe in God now, and I always have 1,074 79
8) Cant choose 127 9.3
9) No answer 24 1.8
TOTAL1,359100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which best describes your beliefs about God: 1) I dont believe..., and I never have; 2) I dont believe..., but I used to; 3) I believe..., but I didnt used to; 4) I believe..., and I always have. (GODCHNGE)
  TOTAL %
1) I dont believe in God, now and I never have 33 2.6
2) I dont believe in God, now, but I used to 59 4.6
3) I believe in God now, but I didnt used to 69 5.4
4) I believe in God now, and I always have 960 74.8
8) Cant choose 118 9.2
9) No answer 45 3.5
TOTAL1,284100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


I never doubt the existence of God. (Q16D) (NODOUBT)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 14,790 64.8
2) Mostly agree 5,104 22.4
3) Mostly disagree 1,574 6.9
4) Completely disagree 910 4
9) Dont know/Refused 435 1.9
TOTAL22,813100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? I never doubted the existence of God. (NVDBTGOD)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 1,284 61.3
2) Mostly agree 465 22.2
3) Mostly disagree 148 7.1
4) Completely disagree 136 6.5
9) Dont know/Refused 61 2.9
TOTAL2,094100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Can someone be a good Christian or Jew if he or she has doubts whether God exists? (DOUBT)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 1,087 43.2
2) No 1,431 56.8
TOTAL2,518100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Ohio, Massachusetts, North Carolina and California
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which of these personal issues have you had to deal with? - Having serious doubts about the existence of God (CONFDOUB)
  TOTAL %
0) No 0 0
1) Yes 58,023 100
TOTAL58,023100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


[ASK ONLY IF FORM= 2 2]Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly DISagree with it or completely disagree with it. : I never doubt the existence of God (AGREE2D)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 3,385 68.9
2) Mostly agree 877 17.9
3) Mostly disagree 293 6
4) Completely disagree 286 5.8
9) Dont know/Refused 71 1.4
TOTAL4,912100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


To me, life is meaningful only because God exists. (GODMEANS)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) Strongly agree 268 19.6
2) Agree 352 25.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree 278 20.4
4) Disagree 298 21.8
5) Strongly disagree 151 11.1
8) Dont know 13 1
9) No answer 5 0.4
TOTAL1,365100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you agree or disagree with the following. . . C. To me, life is meaningful only because God exists. (GODMEANS)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 298 21.9
2) Agree 305 22.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree 312 23
4) Disagree 190 14
5) Strongly disagree 133 9.8
8) Cant choose 58 4.3
9) No answer 63 4.6
TOTAL1,359100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


To me, life is meaningful only because God exists--do you agree or disagree? (GODMEANS)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 242 18.8
2) Agree 282 22
3) Neither agree nor disagree 285 22.2
4) Disagree 240 18.7
5) Strongly disagree 120 9.3
8) Cant choose 50 3.9
9) No answer 65 5.1
TOTAL1,284100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


SubCategories [ Back to Top ]
3 Option: This question type asks the respondent about the existence of God using three options.
4 Option: This question type asks about the existence of God using four options.
5 Option: This question type ask about the respondent's belief in God using five options.
6 Option: This question type ask about belief in God using six options.
7 Option: This question type asks about the respondent's belief in God using seven options.
Changed Belief?: This question type asks the respondent if his/her beliefs about God have changed over time.
Doubt?: This question type asks the respondent if he/she ever doubts the existence of God.
Life Meaning?: This question type asks the respondent if life is only meaningful because God exists.

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