Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs >


Measures a respondent's attributions of characteristics regarding what s/he thinks god is like 

Below are 170 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 14 types:

[ Answers Prayers? | Engagement | God's Love | God's Will? | Human Characteristics? | Knowing God | Multi-Statement | Open-Ended | Personal/Impersonal | Sin and Punishment | Single Adjective | Strict/Rules | Success | Two-Adjective ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Answers Prayers?
 

Does God answer prayers?

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GODHEARS from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

BLFPRAY from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

BLFPRAY from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998


Category 2:Engagement
 

Is God concerned about, engaged in, interested in the personal lives of humans?

Some questions fit within the "Engagement" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 3 such variants.

[ Acted in History | Disasters | Miracles ]

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THEISM from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Q22B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q22C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q22D from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q22E from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q22H from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q22I from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23D from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

GODREMOV from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODWORLD from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODPERS from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODINVLV from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODMYAFF from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODPRES from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

THEISM from General Social Survey, 1991

PREDETER from General Social Survey, 1991

GODWATCH from General Social Survey, 1998

THEISM from General Social Survey, 1998


Variant:Acted in History (Engagement variant)
 

This asks about God's level of engagement in human history

[ Back to Engagement ]


GODACT from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1985

GODACT from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1986

GODACT from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1987

GODACT from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1988


Variant:Disasters (Engagement variant)
 

How does the respondent feel about God's role in disasters?

[ Back to Engagement ]


GODALLOW from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODCAUSE from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)


Variant:Miracles (Engagement variant)
 

Does the respondent believe that God performed/still performs miracles?

[ Back to Engagement ]


GODMIRAC from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

MIRACLE from Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009

MIRACLES from Religion and Politics Survey Merged Data Set, 1994-1995


Category 3:God's Love
 

This question type asks the respondent about God's love or how loving God is.

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Q23K from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

GODLOVNG from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODLVDIR from General Social Survey, 2004

ARA_4 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

YGODLOVE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

FGODLOVE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

MGODLOVE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component


Category 4:God's Will?
 

This question type asks the respondent if God desires a certain type of behavior or outcome

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GODWAR from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

FEKIDS5 from General Social Survey, 1996

GODVIEW from Economic Values Survey, 1992

FGODCARE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

MGODCARE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component


Category 5:Human Characteristics?
 

Does God have human characteristics, such as a body or a gender?

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Q22J from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

GODMALE from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODBODY from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

GODSEX from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

GODBODY from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

EXPBEAUT from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Category 6:Knowing God
 

How does one come to know God?

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EXPMSTRY from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

EXPINSID from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Category 7:Multi-Statement
 

This question type asks the respondent to respond to distinct statements about God..

Some questions fit within the "Multi-Statement" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Either or Both ]

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IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1985

IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1986

IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1987

IDEAS from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1988


Variant:Either or Both (Multi-Statement variant)
 

This variant presents respondents with two distinct statements about God, asking the respondent to choose whether one or both apply

[ Back to Multi-Statement ]


YREADWAR from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

YPRAYHUN from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

YHELPTEL from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

YOBEYHLP from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

FREADWAR from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

FPOVPRAY from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

FSICKTEL from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

FOBEYHLP from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

MPOVPRAY from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

MSICKTEL from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

MOBEYHLP from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component


Category 8:Open-Ended
 

These variables summarize God descriptors provided by the respondent.

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DESCGOD1 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

DESCGOD2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

DESCGOD3 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

DESCGOD4 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

DESCGOD5 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

GODWORD1 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

GODWORD2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001


Category 9:Personal/Impersonal
 

This question type asks respondent's to choose from statements or descriptions of God that vary between a very personal to a very impersonal God/cosmic force.

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Q22A from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

GODVIEW from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

GODFORCE from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODDIST from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q49 from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

GODVIEW from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

Q32 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

RA_2 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

Q32 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset


Category 10:Sin and Punishment
 

Does respondent believe that God is angered by and/or will punish sinful behavior?

Some questions fit within the "Sin and Punishment" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 3 such variants.

[ Anger/Wrath | Forgiving? | Stop Loving? ]

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Q23M from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

GODPUNSH from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODWOES from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODPUNSM from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODRESRV from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODSHOW from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

JUDGE from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

YGPUNISH from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

AGREE6 from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

FPUNISH from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

MPUNISH from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

SEXDESIR from Middletown Area Study, 1990


Variant:Anger/Wrath (Sin and Punishment variant)
 

This variant asks about God's capability to feel anger or wrath

[ Back to Sin and Punishment ]


Q22F from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q22G from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23O from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

GODANGER from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODMYSIN from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODWRATH from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)


Variant:Forgiving? (Sin and Punishment variant)
 

Is God forgiving of human sin?

[ Back to Sin and Punishment ]


Q23F from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

GODFORGV from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)


Variant:Stop Loving? (Sin and Punishment variant)
 

Does the respondent believe that God will stop loving him/her because of sins?

[ Back to Sin and Punishment ]


YSTOPLOV from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

FDOWRONG from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

MDOWRONG from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component


Category 11:Single Adjective
 

This question type asks the respondent how well an adjective describes God

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Q23A from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23E from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23G from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23H from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23I from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23J from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23L from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23N from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q23P from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

GODABSOL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODCRIT from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODFTHR from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODFRND from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODJUST from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODKIND from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODKING from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODMTHR from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODSEVER from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)


Category 12:Strict/Rules
 

Is God strict/expect believers to follow rules and commandments?

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YGRULES from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

YGSTRICT from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

FGODRULE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

FGDSTRCT from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

MGODRULE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

MGDSTRCT from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

GDPLSURE from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Category 13:Success
 

Does God care about or influence our success?

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GODMAJOR from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODSMALL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

AGGODHAP from Economic Values Survey, 1992

AGGODUSE from Economic Values Survey, 1992

QN52_A from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

LFEGOD from General Social Survey, 1993

EXPDEVEL from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Category 14:Two-Adjective
 

This question type asks respondents to place God on a scale between two adjectives/descriptions.

Some questions fit within the "Two-Adjective" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 4 such variants.

[ Friend/King | Judge/Lover | Master/Spouse | Mother/Father ]

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Variant:Friend/King (Two-Adjective variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent to place God on a scale between Friend and King

[ Back to Two-Adjective ]


FRNDKING from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

FRNDKING from General Social Survey, 1990

FRNDKING from General Social Survey, 1996

FRNDKING from General Social Survey, 1988

FRNDKING from General Social Survey, 1991

FRNDKING from General Social Survey, 1998

FRNDKING from General Social Survey, 1994

FRNDKING from General Social Survey, 1993


Variant:Judge/Lover (Two-Adjective variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent to place God on a scale between Judge and Lover

[ Back to Two-Adjective ]


JUDGELUV from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

JUDGELUV from General Social Survey, 1990

JUDGELUV from General Social Survey, 1996

JUDGELUV from General Social Survey, 1988

JUDGELUV from General Social Survey, 1991

JUDGELUV from General Social Survey, 1998

JUDGELUV from General Social Survey, 1994

JUDGELUV from General Social Survey, 1993


Variant:Master/Spouse (Two-Adjective variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent to place God on a scale between Master and Spouse

[ Back to Two-Adjective ]


MASTERSP from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

MASTERSP from General Social Survey, 1990

MASTERSP from General Social Survey, 1996

MASTERSP from General Social Survey, 1988

MASTERSP from General Social Survey, 1991

MASTERSP from General Social Survey, 1998

MASTERSP from General Social Survey, 1994

MASTERSP from General Social Survey, 1993


Variant:Mother/Father (Two-Adjective variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent to place God on a scale between Mother and Father

[ Back to Two-Adjective ]


MAPA from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

MAPA from General Social Survey, 1990

MAPA from General Social Survey, 1996

MAPA from General Social Survey, 1988

MAPA from General Social Survey, 1991

MAPA from General Social Survey, 1998

MAPA from General Social Survey, 1994

MAPA from General Social Survey, 1993



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