Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs >


Measures a respondent's perception of her/his relationship to a god or gods 

Below are 122 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 11 types:

[ Afraid? | Angry at God? | Been Close? | Brings Close? | Guidance? | Importance | Involvement | Loving? | Punished? | Revelation? | Strength of Relationship ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Afraid?
 

Has the respondent ever had the feeling of being afraid of God?

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EXPRNC2 from National Survey of the Religious Life Futures Project, 1990

AFRAIGOD from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

FEARGOD from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1988

RELGC16 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

RELGC16 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987


Category 2:Angry at God?
 

Has the respondent ever felt angry with God?

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ARA_6 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

MADATGOD from General Social Survey, 1988


Category 3:Been Close?
 

This question type asks the respondent if he/she has experienced being close to God.

Some questions fit within the "Been Close?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 2 such variants.

[ Be Closer? | Presence ]

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EXPER_4 from Small Groups Survey, 1991 (Groups Sample)

EXPRNC7 from National Survey of the Religious Life Futures Project, 1990

EXPRNC10 from National Survey of the Religious Life Futures Project, 1990

CLOSEGOD from Middletown Area Study, 1998

CLOSEGOD from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1985

CLOSEGOD from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1986

CLOSEGOD from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1987

CLOSEGOD from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1988


Variant:Be Closer? (Been Close? variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent if he/she desires a closer relationship with God.

[ Back to Been Close? ]


CLOSRGOD from General Social Survey, 2004

UNIONGOD from General Social Survey, 1998

MIMPGOD from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component


Variant:Presence (Been Close? variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent if he/she has ever felt the presence of God.

[ Back to Been Close? ]


FEELGOD from General Social Survey, 2004

FEELGOD from General Social Survey, 1998

GODPRES from Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009

GODPRSNC from Small Groups Survey, 1991 (Groups Sample)

EXPRNC1 from National Survey of the Religious Life Futures Project, 1990

GODSPRES from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

PRESGOD from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1988

RELGC14 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

RELGC14 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987


Category 4:Brings Close?
 

This question type asks the respondent if a particular type of experience brings him/her closer to God

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ARTGOD from General Social Survey, 1998

SAVRPRES from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

ART_GOD from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

GRO_SERV from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

GRO_CONF from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

GRO_MUSI from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

GRO_SING from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

GRO_READ from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_NATU from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_MUS1 from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_MUS2 from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_CONC from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_PANT from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_SERM from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_FRND from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_POEM from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_BOOK from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_CRAF from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_HELP from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

SAC_DK from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Category 5:Guidance?
 

Has the respondent ever received guidance from God or help during a crisis?

Some questions fit within the "Guidance?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ How Often ]

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Q28E from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

PRAYANSR from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

FELTCALL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODGUIDE from General Social Survey, 2004

PRAYANSR from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

COPE2 from General Social Survey, 1998

COPE3 from General Social Survey, 1998

AGGODCAL from Economic Values Survey, 1992

Q17G from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

GODHEARS from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996


Variant:How Often (Guidance? variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent how often he/she asks God for guidance

[ Back to Guidance? ]


YASKGOD from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

FASKGOD from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

MASKGOD from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component


Category 6:Importance
 

How important is a relationship with God to the respondent?

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WORTHGOD from Economic Values Survey, 1992

THGTGOD from Economic Values Survey, 1992

YGODCENT from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component


Category 7:Involvement
 

How involved does the respondent believe God to be in his/her personal life?

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Q22C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q22E from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q22I from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

GODPERS from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODMYAFF from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODWATCH from General Social Survey, 1998

AGGODHAP from Economic Values Survey, 1992


Category 8:Loving?
 

Does the respondent believe that God loves/cares for him/her?

Some questions fit within the "Loving?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 2 such variants.

[ Forgiveness | No Love? ]

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GODLVDIR from General Social Survey, 2004

GODLVOTH from General Social Survey, 2004

ARA_4 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

GODLOVE from General Social Survey, 1998

YGODLOVE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

FGODLOVE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

MGODLOVE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component


Variant:Forgiveness (Loving? variant)
 

Has the respondent felt forgiveness from God?

[ Back to Loving? ]


FORGIVE3 from General Social Survey, 1998


Variant:No Love? (Loving? variant)
 

Has the respondent ever felt that God has stopped loving or abandoned him/her?

[ Back to Loving? ]


ARA_7 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

COPE5 from General Social Survey, 1998

CONFLOVE from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Category 9:Punished?
 

Has the respondent had the experience of being punished by God?

Some questions fit within the "Punished?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 2 such variants.

[ Angry? | Will Punish? ]

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GODMYSIN from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

ARA_5 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

COPE4 from General Social Survey, 1998

PNSHBYGD from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

PUNISHED from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1988

RELGC17 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

RELGC17 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987

CONFPUNI from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Variant:Angry? (Punished? variant)
 

Has the respondent ever felt that God was angry with him/her?

[ Back to Punished? ]


Q22G from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005


Variant:Will Punish? (Punished? variant)
 

Does the respondent believe that God will punish him/her for doing something wrong/sinful?

[ Back to Punished? ]


GODWOES from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

GODPUNSM from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

PUNISHED from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

YSTOPLOV from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

YGPUNISH from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

FPUNISH from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

MDOWRONG from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

MPUNISH from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component


Category 10:Revelation?
 

Does the respondent believe he/she has ever received a revelation from God?

Some questions fit within the "Revelation?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Voice of God ]

[ Back to Top ]


REVELAT from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

REVELAT from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

REVELAT from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

REVELAT from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q67C from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

REVELAT from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

REVELAT from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

REVELAT from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

REVELAT from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

REVELAT from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

F_QN19D from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

REVELAT from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

REVELAT from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala


Variant:Voice of God (Revelation? variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent if he/she has ever heard the voice of God.

[ Back to Revelation? ]


Q28F from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

HEARDGOD from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)


Category 11:Strength of Relationship
 

This question type asks the respondent to describe how close they are to God/how strong their relationship is with God.

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GODCLOSE from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

GODCLOSE from General Social Survey, 2004

GODCLOSE from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

ARA_2 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

NEARGOD from General Social Survey, 1988

NEARGOD from General Social Survey, 1991

RELATGOD from Politics of Character Survey, 2000

RELATGOD from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

GODREL from Life Choices, 1990



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