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Does the congregation have rules that govern member behavior, such as restrictions (e.g. abortion, pre-marital sex, displays of wealth) or requirements (e.g. tithing, proselytizing).

Below are 40 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

Q12C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q12 By your best guess, how would your place of worship feel about the following behaviors - c. Laying on of hands/healing (Q12C)
TOTAL%
1) Encourages it20315.8
2) Allows it31924.9
3) Discourages it21516.8
4) Forbids it12910.1
8) Dont know41632.4
TOTAL1282100.0


Q12B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q12 By your best guess, how would your place of worship feel about the following behaviors - b. Raising hands during the service (Q12B)
TOTAL%
1) Encourages it26820.9
2) Allows it47336.8
3) Discourages it21016.4
4) Forbids it705.5
8) Dont know26320.5
TOTAL1284100.0


Q12D from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q12 By your best guess, how would your place of worship feel about the following behaviors - d. Members claiming new revelations from God (Q12D)
TOTAL%
1) Encourages it816.3
2) Allows it18914.8
3) Discourages it24519.2
4) Forbids it16813.2
8) Dont know59346.5
TOTAL1276100.0


Q12A from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q12 By your best guess, how would your place of worship feel about the following behaviors - a. Speaking in tongues (Q12A)
TOTAL%
1) Encourages it876.8
2) Allows it18814.7
3) Discourages it30123.5
4) Forbids it16613.0
8) Dont know53942.1
TOTAL1281100.0


REVEAL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q12c. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Wearing revealing clothing (REVEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Forbids15412.7
2) Strongly discourages52643.3
3) Somewhat discourages34228.2
4) Encourages50.4
5) Isnt concerned897.3
8) Dont know988.1
Missing435 
TOTAL1,214100.0


GAMBLING from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q12b. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Gambling (GAMBLING)
TOTAL%
1) Forbids27122.3
2) Strongly discourages46538.3
3) Somewhat discourages26621.9
4) Encourages60.5
5) Isnt concerned1028.4
8) Dont know1058.6
Missing433 
TOTAL1,215100.0


PREMARSX from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q12d. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Premarital sex (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Forbids46038.0
2) Strongly discourages49040.4
3) Somewhat discourages12810.6
4) Encourages30.2
5) Isnt concerned584.8
8) Dont know736.0
Missing437 
TOTAL1,212100.0


COHABIT from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q12e. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Living together before marriage (COHABIT)
TOTAL%
1) Forbids38631.8
2) Strongly discourages45937.9
3) Somewhat discourages17714.6
4) Encourages60.5
5) Isnt concerned917.5
8) Dont know937.7
Missing436 
TOTAL1,212100.0


CONTRA from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q12f. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Use of contraception (CONTRA)
TOTAL%
1) Forbids20917.4
2) Strongly discourages13010.8
3) Somewhat discourages1058.7
4) Encourages16713.9
5) Isnt concerned32427.0
8) Dont know26722.2
Missing446 
TOTAL1,202100.0


ABORTION from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q12g. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Abortion (ABORTION)
TOTAL%
1) Forbids62952.0
2) Strongly discourages30225.0
3) Somewhat discourages846.9
4) Encourages90.7
5) Isnt concerned564.6
8) Dont know13010.7
Missing438 
TOTAL1,210100.0


HOMOSEX from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q12h. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Homosexual behavior (HOMOSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Forbids53744.2
2) Strongly discourages28423.4
3) Somewhat discourages1179.6
4) Encourages30.2
5) Isnt concerned1209.9
8) Dont know15512.7
Missing432 
TOTAL1,216100.0


DISPWLTH from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q12i. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Displays of wealth (DISPWLTH)
TOTAL%
1) Forbids554.6
2) Strongly discourages25421.1
3) Somewhat discourages24920.7
4) Encourages282.3
5) Isnt concerned33928.1
8) Dont know28023.2
Missing442 
TOTAL1,205100.0


DANCNG98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

(dancing_98) Does your congregation have any special rules or norms regarding dancing? (DANCNG98)
TOTAL%
-3) All other missing data20.8
1) Yes259.5
2) No23589.7
TOTAL262100.0


SMOKNG98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

(smoking_98) Does your congregation prohibit smoking tobacco? (SMOKNG98)
TOTAL%
-3) All other missing data20.8
1) Yes4818.3
2) No21280.9
TOTAL262100.0


JOIN98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

(joining_98) Does your congregation have any special rules or norms regarding what sorts of groups outside the congregation people can join? (JOIN98)
TOTAL%
-3) All other missing data31.1
-2) Dont know10.4
1) Yes4416.8
2) No21481.7
TOTAL262100.0


ALCOHL98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

(alcohol_98) Does your congregation prohibit the use of alcohol? (ALCOHL98)
TOTAL%
-3) All other missing data20.8
1) Yes5922.5
2) No20176.7
TOTAL262100.0


GIVING98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

(giving_98) Does your congregation have any special rules or norms regarding how much money people give to the congregation? (GIVING98)
TOTAL%
-3) All other missing data20.8
1) Yes4918.7
2) No21180.5
TOTAL262100.0


DATING98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

(dating_98) Does your congregation have any special rules or norms about who single people date or become romantically involved with? (DATING98)
TOTAL%
-3) All other missing data31.1
1) Yes4316.4
2) No21682.4
TOTAL262100.0


COHABT98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

(cohabit_98) Does your congregation have any special rules or norms regarding cohabitation of unmarried adults? (COHABT98)
TOTAL%
-3) All other missing data31.1
1) Yes13651.9
2) No12346.9
TOTAL262100.0


HOMOSX98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

(homosex_98) Does your congregation have any special rules or norms concerning homosexual behavior? (HOMOSX98)
TOTAL%
-3) All other missing data31.1
-2) Dont know20.8
1) Yes14254.2
2) No11543.9
TOTAL262100.0


DIET98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

(diet_98) Does your congregation have any special rules or norms regarding what people should eat? (DIET98)
TOTAL%
-3) All other missing data20.8
1) Yes3011.5
2) No23087.8
TOTAL262100.0


PORN from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q12a. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Pornography (PORN)
TOTAL%
1) Forbids79365.1
2) Strongly discourages29924.5
3) Somewhat discourages322.6
4) Encourages00.0
5) Isnt concerned262.1
8) Dont know685.6
Missing429 
TOTAL1,218100.0


PROHIB7 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? How much money people give to the congregation. (PROHIB7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes338.3
2) No36491.7
TOTAL397100.0


PROHIB1 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? Prohibitions against members smoking. (PROHIB1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5914.7
2) No34285.3
TOTAL401100.0


PROHIB2 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? Drinking alcohol. (PROHIB2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10024.9
2) No30275.1
TOTAL402100.0


PROHIB3 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? What people eat. (PROHIB3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes194.8
2) No37695.2
TOTAL395100.0


PROHIB4 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? Dancing (PROHIB4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes307.6
2) No36792.4
TOTAL397100.0


PROHIB6 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? Gambling (PROHIB6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11829.9
2) No27770.1
TOTAL395100.0


PROHIB8 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? Unmarried adults living together. (PROHIB8)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22354.9
2) No18345.1
TOTAL406100.0


PROHIB9 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? Homosexual behavior (PROHIB9)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26866.2
2) No13733.8
TOTAL405100.0


PROHIB5 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? Dress, hairstyle, jewelry, or makeup (PROHIB5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes215.3
2) No37894.7
TOTAL399100.0


PASTDANC from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Now we would like you to tell us how you think your pastor feels about a variety of things. We realize that this may be somewhat difficult for you to decide, but we ask you to do the best you can. For each of the following items, we would like you to decide whether your pastor approves or disapproves of it, or really has no preference either way. -- Dancing (PASTDANC)
TOTAL%
1) Approves1,44453.4
2) Disapproves42315.7
3) Doesnt care2017.4
4) I really dont know63423.5
TOTAL2702100.0


STEWEMP4 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986

Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis on tithing or proportionate giving (STEWEMP4)
TOTAL%
1) Weak or none28254.2
3) Strong19236.9
4) Very strong468.8
TOTAL520100.0


ABSTAIN from Middletown Area Study, 1998

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH: To what extent does your congregation teach that to be in Gods favor a person needs to completely give up many behaviors that one might otherwise enjoy, such as drinking alcohol and dancing? (ABSTAIN)
TOTAL%
1) It is a major teaching of your congregation7319.4
2) It is one of the teachings6417.0
3) It is mentioned once in a while9926.3
4) It is never mentioned12533.2
9) Dont know164.2
TOTAL377100.0


ABSTAIN from Middletown Area Study, 1997

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH: To what extent does your congregation teach that to be in Gods favor a person needs to completely give up many behaviors that one might otherwise enjoy, such as drinking alcohol and dancing? Would you say: (ABSTAIN)
TOTAL%
1) It is a major teaching of your congregation5020.4
2) It is one of the teachings4518.4
3) It is mentioned once in a while7831.8
4) It is never mentioned5221.2
9) Dont know208.2
TOTAL245100.0


STRICT from Middletown Area Study, 1994

The church has strict rules about things such as how to dress in church and how much money to give the church. Is this: (STRICT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important if you had to select a new church6010.5
2) Somewhat important12722.2
3) Not important at all37165.0
4) Dont know132.3
TOTAL571100.0


KICKOUT from Middletown Area Study, 1994

The church makes people who do not follow the rules leave the church. Is this: (KICKOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important if you had to select a new church6110.7
2) Somewhat important12221.5
3) Not important at all36564.3
4) Dont know203.5
TOTAL568100.0


GIVEUP from Middletown Area Study, 2002

To what extent does the congregation you attend teach that to be in Gods favor a person needs to completely give up many behaviors that one might otherwise enjoy, such as drinking, dancing and gambling? Would you say: (GIVEUP)
TOTAL%
1) It is never mentioned4018.6
2) It is mentioned once in a while6731.2
3) It is one of the teachings5726.5
4) It is a major teaching of your church5123.7
TOTAL215100.0


LEAVE from Middletown Area Study, 1996

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE A RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE: My church pressures people who do not follow the rules to leave the church. Does this: (LEAVE)
TOTAL%
1) Generally describes your church82.0
2) Somewhat describes your church235.8
3) Does it not describe your church29975.1
4) Not applicable6115.3
5) Dont know/not sure71.8
TOTAL398100.0


STRICT from Middletown Area Study, 1996

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE A RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE: My church has strict rules about things such as how to dress in church and how much money to give the church. Does this: (STRICT)
TOTAL%
1) Generally describes your church153.8
2) Somewhat describes your church6817.0
3) Does it not describe your church25363.3
4) Not applicable6115.3
5) Dont know/not sure30.8
TOTAL400100.0




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