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Does the congregation have rules that govern member behavior, such as restrictions (e.g. abortion, pre-marital sex, displays of wealth) or requirements (e.g. tithing, proselytizing). 

Below are 40 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 10 types:

[ Alcohol | Clothing/Jewelry | Cohabitation | Dancing | Gambling | Health | Religious Practices | Sexuality and Birth Control | Strict | Tithing ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Alcohol
 

Does the respondent's congregation have rules/norms regarding alcohol use?

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ALCOHL98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PROHIB2 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 2:Clothing/Jewelry
 

Does the respondent's congregation have rules/norms about clothing, jewelry or displays of wealth?

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GAMBLING from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

DISPWLTH from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

PROHIB5 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 3:Cohabitation
 

Does the respondent's congregation have rules/norms regarding cohabitation?

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COHABIT from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

COHABT98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PROHIB8 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 4:Dancing
 

Does the respondent's congregation have rules/norms about dancing?

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DANCNG98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PROHIB4 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PASTDANC from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Category 5:Gambling
 

Does the respondent's congregation have rules/norms regarding gambling?

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PORN from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

PROHIB6 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 6:Health
 

Does the respondent's congregation have rules/norms about diet or smoking?

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DIET98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

SMOKNG98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PROHIB1 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PROHIB3 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 7:Religious Practices
 

Does the respondent's congregation have restrictions on certain religious practices, such as speaking in tongues or raising hands during the service?

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Q12A from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q12B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q12C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q12D from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005


Category 8:Sexuality and Birth Control
 

Does the respondent's congregation have restrictions on pre-marital sex, contraception, homosexuality or other sexual behaviors/practices?

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REVEAL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

PREMARSX from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

CONTRA from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

ABORTION from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

HOMOSEX from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

DATING98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

HOMOSX98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PROHIB9 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 9:Strict
 

Does the respondent's congregation have strict rules?

Some questions fit within the "Strict" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 3 such variants.

[ Importance | Limit Membership | Pressure to Leave ]

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ABSTAIN from Middletown Area Study, 1998

ABSTAIN from Middletown Area Study, 1997

STRICT from Middletown Area Study, 1996

GIVEUP from Middletown Area Study, 2002


Variant:Importance (Strict variant)
 

Is the strictness of a congregation important to the respondent when choosing a church?

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STRICT from Middletown Area Study, 1994


Variant:Limit Membership (Strict variant)
 

Does the respondent's congregation place rule/limitations on who can join?

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JOIN98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)


Variant:Pressure to Leave (Strict variant)
 

Does the respondent's congregation pressure those who do not follow the rules to leave?

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KICKOUT from Middletown Area Study, 1994

LEAVE from Middletown Area Study, 1996


Category 10:Tithing
 

Does the respondent's congregation place an emphasis on tithing?

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GIVING98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PROHIB7 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

STEWEMP4 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986



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