Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs >


Does the respondent believe that Heaven exists? 

Below are 34 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 5 types:

[ Afterlife Options | Conditions or Characteristics of Heaven | Existence of Heaven | Heaven and Hell | Nirvana ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Afterlife Options
 

This question type does not ask only about Heaven. Respondents are given the option of multiple "afterlife" destinations.

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AFTRDETH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Category 2:Conditions or Characteristics of Heaven
 

This question type includes certain conditions and/or characteristics of Heaven when asking about Heaven's existence.

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SOUL2 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

Q51A from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

Q35 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

RA_11 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

Q35 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset


Category 3:Existence of Heaven
 

This question type asks if the respondent believes in Heaven, but does not ask about the characteristics or qualities of Heaven.

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HEAVEN from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1988

HEAVEN from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1986

HEAVEN from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1987

HEAVEN from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

HEAVEN from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

HEAVEN from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

HEAVEN from General Social Survey, 1991

HEAVEN from General Social Survey, 1998

Q26C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

HEAVEN from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

AFTERLIF from Spirituality and the Elderly: Survey of Staff and Residents From Long-Term Care Facilities, 1998

HEAVEN from Middletown Area Study, 1998


Category 4:Heaven and Hell
 

This question type asks about Heaven and Hell in the same item.

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BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998


Category 5:Nirvana
 

This question asks about Nirvana rather than "Heaven."

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Q34A from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

Q34A from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset



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