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Does the respondent believe that Hell is a real place?

Below are 26 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27345.5
2) No28848.0
8) Dont know376.2
9) Refused20.3
TOTAL600100.0


HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes60793.2
2) No385.8
8) Dont know60.9
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL651100.0


HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42758.8
2) No28439.1
8) Dont know152.1
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL726100.0


Q26D from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q26 In your opinion, does each of the following ... exist d. Hell (Q26D)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely88252.9
2) Probably29517.7
3) Probably not31919.1
4) Absolutely not17110.3
TOTAL1667100.0


HELL from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable2,19461.6
1) Yes, definitely69819.6
2) Yes, probably2707.6
3) No, probably not1965.5
4) No definitely not1634.6
8) Dont know300.8
9) No answer80.2
TOTAL3559100.0


HELL from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8,37876.0
2) No2,37321.5
8) Dont know2592.3
9) Refused180.2
TOTAL11028100.0


HELL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q23c. In your opinion, does each of the following exist? Hell (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely not17711.1
2) Probably not25716.1
3) Probably31819.9
4) Absolutely84853.0
Missing47 
TOTAL1,600100.0


Q51B from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

Q51B [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In Hell, where people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally punished? (Q51B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20,28481.0
2) No3,81915.3
8) Dont know8573.4
9) Refused710.3
TOTAL25,031100.0


HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40057.1
2) No29041.4
8) Dont know101.4
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL700100.0


HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes34357.2
2) No23038.3
8) Dont know193.2
9) Refused81.3
TOTAL600100.0


RA_12 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

I believe there is a Hell where people experience pain as punishment for their sin. (RA_12)
TOTAL%
-7) Refused30.1
-4) Dont know160.6
1) Strongly agree1,12343.1
2) Somewhat agree51219.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree42316.2
4) Somewhat disagree1877.2
5) Strongly disagree34213.1
Missing3 
TOTAL2,606100.0


Q36 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

Do you think there is a hell, where people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally punished? (Q36)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20,46157.5
2) No10,93830.8
3) Other (Vol.)1,0953.1
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)3,0628.6
TOTAL35556100.0


SOUL3 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO THINK THEIR SOUL WILL LIVE ON AFTER DEATH: Do you think there is a hell, to which people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally damned? (SOUL3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes (Believe in hell)2,38470.7
2) No (Dont believe in hell)77723.1
3) Dont know/Refused (Dont know if believe in hell)2096.2
Missing809 
TOTAL3,370100.0


Q36 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

Do you think there is a hell, where people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally punished? (Q36)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18546.1
2) No16440.9
3) Other (Vol.)153.7
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)379.2
TOTAL401100.0


HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50362.9
2) No24330.4
8) Dont know526.5
9) Refused20.3
TOTAL800100.0


HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53872.8
2) No16722.6
8) Dont know324.3
9) Refused20.3
TOTAL739100.0


HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes79379.3
2) No17117.1
8) Dont know363.6
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL1,000100.0


HELL from General Social Survey, 1991

Do you believe in. . . Hell (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely59743.9
2) Yes, probably25618.8
3) No, probably not18913.9
4) No, definitely not16211.9
8) Cant choose725.3
9) No answer836.1
TOTAL1359100.0


HELL from General Social Survey, 1998

Do you believe in... Hell (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely62448.6
2) Yes, probably21416.7
3) No probably not15011.7
4) No definitely not13810.7
8) Cant choose977.6
9) No answer614.8
TOTAL1284100.0


HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes58088.8
2) No6510.0
8) Dont know81.2
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL653100.0


HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes78277.8
2) No20420.3
8) Dont know181.8
9) Refused10.1
TOTAL1,005100.0


BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell? (BLFHELL)
TOTAL%
1) BELIEVE60980.9
2) DONT BELIEVE14419.1
TOTAL753100.0


BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell? (BLFHELL)
TOTAL%
1) BELIEVE24166.9
2) DONT BELIEVE11933.1
TOTAL360100.0


AFTRDETH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

What do you feel will probably happen to you after death? -- (I feel that I will do one of the following): (AFTRDETH)
TOTAL%
1) Go to purgatory45216.3
2) Go to hell351.3
3) Simply stop existing44916.1
4) Go to heaven1,73462.4
5) Dont know943.4
6) Reincarnation100.4
7) Other70.3
TOTAL2781100.0


HELL from Middletown Area Study, 1998

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO NEVER ATTEND CHURCH: Do you believe in hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9166.9
2) No3022.1
3) Are you not sure1511.0
TOTAL136100.0


BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998

Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell? (BLFHELL)
TOTAL%
1) Believe79572.1
2) Dont Believe30827.9
Missing151 
TOTAL1,103100.0




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