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Subcategories    [ Details ]
Darwinian Theory (4)
God Created? (4)
God Directed Evolution? (3)
God versus Evolution (11)
Life Evolved? (15)
Scientific Attitudes (2)
Date Range:
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U.S. Samples25
Regional Samples8
Single Units (State, County, etc.)1
Others5
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U.S. Adults33
Denominations2
Congregations1
Other3
Sample Type
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Random Samples37
Unknown Sample Types2
Survey Mode
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Mailed Survey4
Phone Survey25
In-Person Survey7
Mixed-Mode Survey1
Other Mode2

   
DARWIN from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)
Do you tend to agree or disagree with Darwins theory of evolution, which maintains that human beings evolved from lower forms of animal life over many millions of years? (DARWIN)
TOTAL%
1) The theory is almost certainly true414.4
2) The theory is probably true12713.5
3) The theory is probably false14815.7
4) The theory could not possibly be true54157.5
5) I dont really know or I havent thought much about this before848.9
TOTAL941100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:Denominations
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Mailed


EVOLUTN from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963
Do you tend to agree or disagree with Darwins Theory of Evolution, which maintains that human beings evolved from lower forms of animal life over many millions of years? (EVOLUTN)
TOTAL%
1) The theory is almost certainly true.44516.4
2) The theory is probably true.74327.4
3) The theory is probably false.43215.9
4) The theory could not possibly be true.84131.0
5) I have never really thought about this before.2489.2
TOTAL2709100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:Congregations
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Mailed


DARWIN from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)
Do you tend to agree or disagree with Darwins theory of evolution, which maintains that human beings evolved from lower forms of animal life over many millions of years? (DARWIN)
TOTAL%
1) The theory is almost certainly true4615.7
2) The theory is probably true6120.8
3) The theory is probably false5418.4
4) The theory could not possibly be true10836.9
5) I dont really know or I havent thought much about this before248.2
TOTAL293100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame:Denominations
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Mailed


EVOLVE from Tulsa, Oklahoma Area Survey, 1986
ID LIKE TO READ YOU A STATEMENT THAT PEOPLE HAVE MADE ABOUT LIFE TODAY. AS I READ IT, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU STRONGLY AGREE WITH IT, AGREE, DISAGREE, OR STRONGLY DISAGREE WITH IT. -- Darwins theory of evolution gives an accurate picture of how life came to be. (EVOLVE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree227.3
2) Agree10234.0
3) Disagree8428.0
4) Strongly disagree5919.7
8) Uncertain299.7
9) No answer41.3
TOTAL300100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


GODCREAT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005
Do you think that God was responsible for the creation of life on earth, or dont you believe this? [Asked only if BELGOD = 1 you believe in God.] (GODCREAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, believe God was responsible3,41991.6
2) No, dont believe this2015.4
9) Dont know/Refused1123.0
Missing676 
TOTAL3,732100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


POWCREAT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005
Do you think that a universal spirit or higher power was responsible for the creation of life on earth, or dont you believe this? [Asked only if BELGOD = 2.] (POWCREAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, believe universal spirit/higher power was responsible22747.9
2) No, dont believe this19440.9
9) Dont know/Refused5311.2
Missing3,933 
TOTAL474100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


GODEARTH from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006
Do you think that God was responsible for the creation of life on earth, or dont you believe this? [Answered if BELGOD = 1.] (GODEARTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, believe God was responsible72491.2
2) No, dont believe this486.0
9) Dont know/Refused222.8
Missing1,209 
TOTAL794100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


POWLIFE from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006
Do you think that a universal spirit or higher power was responsible for the creation of life on earth, or dont you believe this? [Answered if BELGOD = 2.] (POWLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, believe universal spirit/higher power was responsible5649.1
2) No, dont believe this4842.1
9) Dont know/Refused108.8
Missing1,889 
TOTAL114100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


GODUSEEV from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)
(goduseevoltn_w2) [IF BELIEVES THAT GOD CREATED THE WORLD] [IF I:7=1] I:8. Do you believe it is possible that God may have used evolution to create the world over a long period of time, or not? (GODUSEEV)
TOTAL%
0) No71327.4
1) Yes, God may have used evolution1,00638.6
666) Invalid skip170.7
777) Dont know542.1
888) Refused40.2
999) Not asked81031.1
TOTAL2604100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


GODUSEEV from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)
(goduseevoltn_w3) [IF BELIEVES THAT GOD CREATED THE WORLD OR BOTH] I:8 Do you believe it is possible that God may have used evolution to create the world over a long period of time, or not? (GODUSEEV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, God may have used evolution1,04141.1
2) No62524.7
777) Dont know552.2
888) Refused120.5
999) Legitimate skip79931.6
TOTAL2532100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


GODEVOL from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996
ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT BELIEVE HUMAN BEINGS EVOLVED FROM EARLIER SPECIES OF ANIMALS: In your opinion, did God direct human evolution? (GODEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes2527.2
2) Probably yes3133.7
3) Unsure1314.1
4) Probably not1112.0
5) Definitely not1213.0
TOTAL92100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:Other
Sample:Unknown
Mode:Other


DEVHUMAN from National Survey of High School Biology Teachers
Now, regardless of what you do in the classroom, we would like to ask about your own personal views. Which of the following statements comes closest to your views on the origin and development of human beings? (DEVHUMAN)
TOTAL%
1) Human beings have developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God guided this process.43851.5
2) Human beings have developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God had no part in this process28433.4
3) God created human beings pretty much in their present form at one time within the last 10,000 years or so12915.2
TOTAL851100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:Other
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Mailed


CREATION from General Social Survey, 2004
After I read off three statements, please tell me which one comes closest to your views about the origin and development of man. 1) God created man pretty much in his present form at one time within the last 10,000 years. 2) Man has developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life. God had no part in this process. 3) Man has developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God guided this process, including mans creation. (CREATION)
TOTAL%
1) God created man pretty much in his present form at one time within the last 10,000 years60841.3
2) Man has developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life. God had no part in this process17011.5
3) Man has developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God guided this process, including mans creation59840.6
4) Other/dont know523.5
8) Cant choose261.8
9) No answer181.2
TOTAL1472100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


WRLDORIG from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)
(wrldorigin_w2) I:7. Which of the following comes closest to your beliefs about the origins of the world? Do you believe: (WRLDORIG)
TOTAL%
1) God created the world1,77768.2
2) The world is the product of purely natural forces, like the Big Bang or evolution67525.9
3) Both (Do not volunteer, only accept if offered by R)471.8
4) None of these views180.7
666) Invalid skip170.7
777) Dont know652.5
888) Refused50.2
TOTAL2604100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


WRLDORIG from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)
(wrldorigin_w3) I:7. Which of the following comes closest to your beliefs about the origins of the world? Do you believe: (WRLDORIG)
TOTAL%
1) God created the world1,65465.3
2) The world is the product of purely natural forces, like the Big Bang or evolution71828.4
3) Both [DO NOT VOLUNTEER, ONLY ACCEPT IF OFFERED BY R]793.1
4) None of these views150.6
777) Dont know491.9
888) Refused120.5
999) Legitimate skip50.2
TOTAL2532100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


HUMANS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005
And do you think that humans and other living things have evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection, or that a supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating humans and other life in the form it exists today? [Asked only if HUMEVOLV = 1 evolved over time or if HUMEXIST = 2 evolved over time.] (HUMANS)
TOTAL%
1) Humans and other living things have evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection.1,13353.7
2) A supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating humans and other life in the form it exists today.79837.9
9) Dont know/Refused1778.4
Missing2,300 
TOTAL2,108100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


NATSUP from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006
And do you think that: humans and other living things have evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection, or a supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating humans and other life in the form it exists today [Answered if EVOFORM = 1.] (NATSUP)
TOTAL%
1) Humans and other living things have evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection.52851.8
2) A supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating humans and other life in the form it exists today.42041.2
9) Dont know/Refused727.1
Missing983 
TOTAL1,020100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


ORIGIN from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998
Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
TOTAL%
1) BIBLICAL ACCOUNT56671.7
2) DARWINIAN EVOLUTION14518.4
3) BOTH, GOD CREATED IT AND THEN IT EVOLVED607.6
4) NEITHER182.3
TOTAL789100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


ORIGIN from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1997
Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
TOTAL%
1) BIBLICAL ACCOUNT20961.5
2) DARWINIAN EVOLUTION10731.5
3) BOTH, GOD CREATED LIFE AND THEN IT EVOLVED247.1
TOTAL340100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


ORIGIN from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998
Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
TOTAL%
1) BIBLICAL ACCOUNT20954.9
2) DARWINIAN EVOLUTION13134.4
3) BOTH, GOD CREATED IT AND THEN IT EVOLVED277.1
4) NEITHER143.7
TOTAL381100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


ORIGIN from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1997
Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
TOTAL%
1) BIBLICAL ACCOUNT63975.2
2) DARWINIAN EVOLUTION16018.8
3) BOTH, GOD CREATED LIFE AND THEN IT EVOLVED516.0
TOTAL850100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


ORIGIN from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998
Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
TOTAL%
1) Biblical account70060.0
2) Darwinian account35830.7
3) Both, God created life and then it evolved766.5
4) Neither322.7
Missing88 
TOTAL1,166100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


EVOLVED from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you dont know or arent sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false, or dont know. Human beings, as we know them today, developed from earlier species of animals. (EVOLVED)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,53843.2
1) True91825.8
2) False85524.0
8) Dont know2316.5
9) No answer170.5
TOTAL3559100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


HUMNEVOL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)
Q41d. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about science: Humans evolved from other primates over millions of years (HUMNEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree41826.2
2) Disagree25916.2
3) Agree35122.0
4) Strongly agree31719.9
8) Undecided24915.6
Missing53 
TOTAL1,594100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Mixed-mode


SCITESTY from General Social Survey, 2004
Human beings developed from earlier species of animals. (SCITESTY)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true21914.9
2) Probably true42528.9
3) Probably not true21814.8
4) Definitely not true58039.4
8) Cant choose221.5
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1472100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


EVOLVED from General Social Survey, 2006
Human beings, as we know them today, developed from earlier species of animals. (Is that true or false?) (EVOLVED)
TOTAL%
1) True77941.8
2) False79142.4
8) Dont know29015.6
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1864100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


SCITEST4 from General Social Survey, 2000
Human beings developed from earlier species of animals. (SCITEST4)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true17213.5
2) Probably true33426.2
3) Probably not true19415.2
4) Definitely not true39531.0
8) Cant choose1159.0
9) No answer665.2
TOTAL1276100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


HUMEVOLV from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005
Some people think that humans and other living things have evolved over time. Others think that humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time. Which of these comes closest to your view? [Asked only if FORM = 1.] (HUMEVOLV)
TOTAL%
1) Evolved over time1,05647.8
2) Existed in their present form since the beginning of time92141.7
9) Dont know/Refused23110.5
Missing2,200 
TOTAL2,208100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


HUMEXIST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005
Some people think that humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time. Others think that humans and other living things have evolved over time. Which of these comes closest to your view? [Asked only if FORM = 2.] (HUMEXIST)
TOTAL%
1) Existed in their present form since the beginning of time93242.4
2) Evolved over time1,05247.8
9) Dont know/Refused2169.8
Missing2,208 
TOTAL2,200100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


Q10C from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset
Evolution is the best explanation for the origins of human life on earth. (Q10C)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree7,20920.3
2) Mostly agree9,67627.2
3) Mostly disagree5,82416.4
4) Completely disagree10,47629.5
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)2,3716.7
TOTAL35556100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


Q10C from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset
Evolution is the best explanation for the origins of human life on earth. (Q10C)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree9924.7
2) Mostly agree12731.7
3) Mostly disagree5513.7
4) Completely disagree9022.4
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)307.5
TOTAL401100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


QN34AA from U.S. Religious Knowledge Study, 2010
34aa. Which comes closer to your view? (QN34AA)
TOTAL%
1) Humans and other living things have evolved over time1,81153.1
2) Humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time1,33039.0
8) Dont know2397.0
9) Refused320.9
TOTAL3412100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


EVOFORM from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006
Some people think that humans and other living things have evolved over time. Others think that humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time. Which of these comes closest to your view? (EVOFORM)
TOTAL%
1) Have evolved over time1,02050.9
2) Have existed in their present form since the beginning of time84142.0
9) Dont know/Refused1427.1
TOTAL2,003100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


SCITEST4 from General Social Survey, 1994
Human beings developed from earlier species of animals. (SCITEST4)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true18813.6
2) Probably true40629.3
3) Probably not true22416.2
4) Definitely not true41029.6
8) Cant choose1138.2
9) No answer453.2
TOTAL1386100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


EVOLVE from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996
In your opinion, did human beings evolve from earlier species of animals? (EVOLVE)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes3712.6
2) Probably yes6221.2
3) Unsure5318.1
4) Probably not3311.3
5) Definitely not10836.9
TOTAL293100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Other
Frame:Other
Sample:Unknown
Mode:Other


SCITEST4 from General Social Survey, 1993
For each statement below, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? Human beings developed from earlier species of animals. (SCITEST4)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true20513.2
2) Probably true44528.6
3) Probably not true20012.8
4) Definitely not true50032.1
8) Cant choose1207.7
9) No answer875.6
TOTAL1557100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:In-Person


EVOLVE from Tulsa Oklahoma Area Science and Technology Survey, 1981
Is the theory of evolution true (valid)? (EVOLVE)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely no8828.6
2) Probably no299.4
3) Unsure6822.1
4) Probably yes8928.9
5) Definitely yes3110.1
9) No response31.0
TOTAL308100.0
Survey Details
Scope:Regional Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


SCIEVOLV from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005
From what youve heard or read, is there general agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time, or not? (SCIEVOLV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, there is agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time.2,39954.4
2) No, there is not agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time.1,45833.1
9) Dont know/Refused55112.5
TOTAL4,408100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


EVOSCI from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006
From what youve heard or read, is there general agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time, or not? [Answered only if FORM = 2.] (EVOSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, there is agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time.62962.5
2) No, there is not agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time.27927.7
9) Dont know/Refused999.8
Missing996 
TOTAL1,007100.0
Survey Details
Scope:U.S. Sample
Frame:U.S. Adults
Sample:Random Sample
Mode:Phone


 

Subcategories
Darwinian TheoryThis question type specifically references Darwin, asking respondents their level of agreement with Darwin's theory of evolution, often with categories relating to the theory's level of 'truth.'
God Created?This question type asks the respondent if God created life on earth.
God Directed Evolution?This question type specifically asks the respondent if God used or directed the process of evolution.
God versus EvolutionThis question type asks respondents to choose between a Biblical account of creation and evolution, sometimes with the option to choose 'both.'
Life Evolved?This question type asks respondents if humans have evolved over time or evolved from other animals.
Scientific AttitudesThis question type asks the respondents how scientists feel about the theory of evolution.

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