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What does respondent believe the nature of Jesus to be? Is Jesus a historical figure? Is Jesus a historical figure? Is Jesus the son of God? Any question that discusses the nature of Jesus would be of interest.

Below are 35 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

Q24 from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q24 Which one statement comes closest to your personal beliefs about Jesus (Q24)
TOTAL%
1) Jesus is a fictional character171.0
2) Jesus probably existed, but he was not special563.3
3) Jesus was extraordinary person/wasnt messenger of God1358.0
4) Jesus was one of many messengers or prophets of God20712.2
5) Jesus is the son of God1,19870.9
6) I have no opinion774.6
TOTAL1690100.0


GCTHROSE from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions or affirming these beliefs. Can a person be a good Catholic…I. Without believing that Jesus physically rose from the dead? (GCTHROSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19722.5
2) No67076.6
3) Dont know50.6
4) Refused30.3
TOTAL875100.0


GCNOROSE from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions or affirming these beliefs. Can a person be a good Catholic without believing that Jesus physically rose from the dead? (GCNOROSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1,06923.2
2) No3,45574.9
3) Dont know871.9
TOTAL4,611100.0


BELRESUR from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

As a Catholic, how important is each of the following to you? Would you say the following is or are very important, somewhat important, or not important at all? H. Belief in Jesus resurrection from the dead (BELRESUR)
TOTAL%
1) Not important at all252.9
2) Somewhat important11513.1
3) Very important73584.0
4) Dont know00.0
TOTAL875100.0


GODRVEAL from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000

Please tell me if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with each of these statements. -- God has been fully revealed to humans in Jesus Christ. (GODRVEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree2,82650.4
2) Somewhat agree1,45726.0
3) Somewhat disagree57410.2
4) Strongly disagree4848.6
5) Dont know/refused2624.7
TOTAL5603100.0


ARBL_1 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

Which statement best describes your beliefs about Jesus Christ? (ARBL_1)
TOTAL%
-7) Refused471.8
-4) Dont know291.1
1) He was the divine, only Son of God1,90773.2
2) A prophet of God, but not God1726.6
3) A wise man or a good moral teacher, but not God28310.9
4) He was just another person762.9
5) He was something else not described above843.2
6) Not heard of Jesus Christ60.2
Missing5 
TOTAL2,604100.0


JESUSCHR from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

(jesuschrst_w2) I:6. Which of the following comes closest to your beliefs about Jesus Christ? Do you believe: [ALL RESPONSE OPTIONS MUST BE READ] [INTERVIEWER: IF RESPONDENT NAMES A NUMBER AS THEIR RESPONSE READ BACK THE ANSWER ASSOCIATED WITH THAT NUMBER TO CLARIFY] (JESUSCHR)
TOTAL%
1) One, that Jesus was the Son of God who was raised from the dead1,75567.4
2) Two, that Jesus was an important human teacher but was not the Son of God26410.1
3) Three, that Jesus never really existed331.3
4) Four, do you believe something else883.4
5) Five, you are unsure what you believe about Jesus Dont know44217.0
666) Invalid skip170.7
888) Refused50.2
TOTAL2604100.0


JESUSCHR from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(jesuschrst_w3) I:6. Which of the following comes closest to your beliefs about Jesus Christ? Do you believe: [ALL RESPONSE OPTIONS MUST BE READ] [INTERVIEWER: IF RESPONDENT NAMES A NUMBER AS THEIR RESPONSE READ BACK THE ANSWER ASSOCIATED WITH THAT NUMBER TO CLARIFY] (JESUSCHR)
TOTAL%
1) Jesus was the Son of God who was raised from the dead1,67766.2
2) Jesus was an important human teacher, but was not the Son of God30912.2
3) Jesus never really exited381.5
4) Believe something else963.8
5) Unsure what you believe about Jesus/Dont know40215.9
888) Refused50.2
999) Legitimate skip50.2
TOTAL2532100.0


RA_5A from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

Jesus Christ physically rose from the dead. (RA_5A)
TOTAL%
-7) Refused30.1
-4) Dont know411.6
1) Strongly agree1,63962.9
2) Somewhat agree28310.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree40615.6
4) Somewhat disagree903.5
5) Strongly disagree1455.6
Missing3 
TOTAL2,607100.0


ROSEDEAD from ABC News Religion Poll, 1997

Do you believe that Jesus rose from the dead or not? (ROSEDEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Believe Jesus rose from the dead75084.4
2) Do not believe879.8
8) DK/No opinion525.8
Missing8 
TOTAL889100.0


SONGOD from ABC News Religion Poll, 1997

Do you believe that Jesus Christ was the son of God or not? (SONGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Believe he was the son of God79289.2
2) Do not believe627.0
8) DK/No opinion343.8
Missing8 
TOTAL888100.0


CROSS from ABC News Religion Poll, 1997

Do you believe that Jesus Christ died on the cross, or not? (CROSS)
TOTAL%
1) Believe he died on the cross81291.2
2) Do not believe434.8
8) DK/No opinion353.9
Missing6 
TOTAL890100.0


GDCTH_1 from Survey of Chicago Catholics, 2007

Please tell me if you think the following items are requirements to be a good Catholic. To be a good Catholic, do you have to . . .? Believe in the Resurrection of Jesus (GDCTH_1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36191.4
2) No348.6
Missing129 
TOTAL395100.0


RESURREC from Survey of Chicago Catholics, 2007

Please tell me how important each aspect of Catholicism is to your Catholic identity? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not important at all? How important is . . .? Resurrection of Jesus (RESURREC)
TOTAL%
1) Very important33383.9
2) Somewhat important4912.3
3) Not too important20.5
4) Not important at all133.3
Missing127 
TOTAL397100.0


JESUSDIE from News Interest Index, March 2004

[ASK ALL:] Do you believe that Jesus Christ died on the cross, or not? (JESUSDIE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3,01291.5
2) No1454.4
9) Dont know/Refused1344.1
TOTAL3,291100.0


ROSEDEAD from News Interest Index, March 2004

Do you believe that Jesus rose from the dead, or not? (ROSEDEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2,72782.9
2) No36811.2
9) Dont know/Refused1955.9
TOTAL3,290100.0


JESUS from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

[JESUS, LIFEAFTR, BIBLEPD, AND RELIGEXP ARE ONE GROUP OF RANDOMLY ASSIGNED QUESTIONS.] I believe that Jesus is the son of God. (JESUS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree34385.3
2) Disagree399.7
3) Dont know / Cant say / No answer205.0
TOTAL402100.0


RESSHOAX from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

Listed below are certain inner experiences or feelings that people have reported having. Since you have been an adult, have you ever had any of these experiences? If so, how sure are you about it? (Please indicate below) -- A feeling that perhaps the bodily resurrection of Jesus was a hoax (RESSHOAX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Im sure I have2950.0
2) Yes, I think that I have2950.0
TOTAL58100.0


JESUSDIV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

Next I would like to know your opinion about certain doctrines or teachings, some of which are taught by the LDS Church, and some are not. Please indicate how you feel about each by circling the appropriate number. -- Jesus is the Divine Son of God and was literally and actually born of a virgin (JESUSDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true79385.2
2) Probably true626.7
3) Probably not true212.3
4) Definitely not true303.2
5) Dont know252.7
TOTAL931100.0


YJESUS from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

Which of these statements about Jesus is closest to your view of Jesus? (YJESUS)
TOTAL%
1) I dont think Jesus ever existed - it is just a story that people made up.1942.5
2) I think Jesus was a great man who lived long ago, but I dont think he was the Son of God.3504.4
3) I believe Jesus is the Son of God, but I doubt he actually rose from the dead.4615.8
4) I believe Jesus is the Son of God who died on a cross and rose again.6,91387.3
TOTAL7918100.0


DIVINE from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1988

Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement - Christ is a divine being, the Son of God. (DIVINE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree77.3
2) Disagree1212.5
3) Undecided1919.8
4) Agree2425.0
5) Strongly Agree3435.4
TOTAL96100.0


BORNAJEW from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Would you please think about each of the religious beliefs listed below and then indicate how certain you are that it is true. -- Jesus was born a Jew. (BORNAJEW)
TOTAL%
1) Completely true2,28782.0
2) Probably true44315.9
3) Probably not true291.0
4) Definitely not true311.1
TOTAL2790100.0


WLKONWTR from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Would you please think about each of the religious beliefs listed below and then indicate how certain you are that it is true. -- Jesus walked on water. (WLKONWTR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely true1,55156.3
2) Probably true67624.5
3) Probably not true41014.9
4) Definitely not true1174.2
TOTAL2754100.0


BORNVIRG from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Would you please think about each of the religious beliefs listed below and then indicate how certain you are that it is true. -- Jesus was born of a virgin. (BORNVIRG)
TOTAL%
1) Completely true1,75463.5
2) Probably true50918.4
3) Probably not true36013.0
4) Definitely not true1415.1
TOTAL2764100.0


BELVJESU from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Which of the following statements comes closest to expressing what you believe about Jesus? (BELVJESU)
TOTAL%
1) Jesus is the Divine Son of God. I have no doubts about it.2,08273.8
2) While I have some doubts, I feel that Jesus is Divine.45216.0
3) Jesus was a great holy man; not Gods Son anymore than us1786.3
4) I think Jesus was only a man, although an extraordinary one.883.1
5) Frankly, Im not entirely sure there was such a person.150.5
6) None of the above. What I believe is...80.3
TOTAL2823100.0


JESUSDIV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

Next I would like to know your opinion about certain doctrines or teachings, some of which are taught by the LDS Church, and some are not. Please indicate how you feel about each by circling the appropriate number. -- Jesus is the Divine Son of God and was literally and actually born of a virgin (JESUSDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true18965.2
2) Probably true3010.3
3) Probably not true227.6
4) Definitely not true2910.0
5) Dont know206.9
TOTAL290100.0


RESSHOAX from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

Listed below are certain inner experiences or feelings that people have reported having. Since you have been an adult, have you ever had any of these experiences? If so, how sure are you about it? (Please indicate below) -- A feeling that perhaps the bodily resurrection of Jesus was a hoax (RESSHOAX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Im sure I have207.2
2) Yes, I think that I have3111.1
3) No, I dont think so22881.7
TOTAL279100.0


JESUS from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999

I believe that Jesus is the son of God. (JESUS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree77491.4
2) Disagree516.0
3) Dont know/Cant say/No answer222.6
TOTAL847100.0


JESUS from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003

Which of these statements comes closest to what you believe about Jesus? (JESUS)
TOTAL%
1) Jesus was the only divine son of God who died and rose again to save us from our sins.1,89365.1
2) Jesus embodied the essence of divine love and showed us how to attain spiritual union with God.44315.2
3) Jesus had special insights about God, much in the same way that Muhammad and the Buddha did.41114.1
4) Other642.2
5) Don’t know903.1
6) Refused80.3
TOTAL2,909100.0


DIVINE from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1986

Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement - Christ is a divine being, the Son of God. (DIVINE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree88.3
2) Disagree44.2
3) Undecided1111.5
4) Agree3334.4
5) Strongly Agree4041.7
TOTAL96100.0


RELGC2 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

Which of the following statements comes closest to expressing what you believe about Jesus? (Choose one answer) (RELGC2)
TOTAL%
1) Jesus is the Divine Son of God and I have no doubts about it.5159.3
2) While I have some doubts, I feel basically that Jesus is Divine.1719.8
3) I feel that Jesus is a great man and very holy, but I dont feel Him to be the Son of God any more than all of us are children of God.44.7
4) I think that Jesus was only a man although an extraordinary one.910.5
5) Frankly, Im not entirely sure there was such a person as Jesus.33.5
6) None of the above represents what I believe.22.3
TOTAL86100.0


RELGC2 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987

Which of the following statements comes closest to expressing what you believe about Jesus? (Choose one answer) (RELGC2)
TOTAL%
1) Jesus is the Divine Son of God and I have no doubts about it.5354.1
2) While I have some doubts, I feel basically that Jesus is Divine.2121.4
3) I feel that Jesus is a great man and very holy, but I dont feel Him to be the Son of God any more than all of us are children of God.44.1
4) I think that Jesus was only a man although an extraordinary one.77.1
5) Frankly, Im not entirely sure there was such a person as Jesus.55.1
6) None of the above represents what I believe.88.2
TOTAL98100.0


DIVINE from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1987

Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Christ is a divine being, the Son of God. (DIVINE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree66.7
2) Disagree66.7
3) Undecided1921.1
4) Agree2628.9
5) Strongly Agree3336.7
TOTAL90100.0


EXPRVEAL from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

Please tell me if you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly with each of these statements. - God has been fully revealed to humans in Jesus Christ. (EXPRVEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly Agree30,0877.1
2) Disagree61,55714.5
3) Agree135,77932.0
4) Strongly Disagree151,95635.9
5) Dont Know, Refused44,33410.5
TOTAL423,713100.0


GDNATURE from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

Here are several pairs of statements. For each pair, tell me which one comes closest to your own view. (GDNATURE)
TOTAL%
1) Gods Nature is Fully Revealed to us In Jesus Christ224,66455.4
2) Gods Nature is Ultimately a Mystery180,91944.6
Missing18,130 
TOTAL405,583100.0




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