Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Denominational/Religious Identification >


Measure which denomination a respondent's religious group belongs to 

Below are 329 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 3 types:

[ International | Secondary Categorizations | United States ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:International
 

This question type asks respondents outside of the United States to indicate their denomination.

Some questions fit within the "International" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 12 such variants.

[ Africa | Canada | Caucasus Region | Guatemala | India | Multiple Countries | Northern Ireland | Philippines | South America | South Korea | Sweden | Taiwan ]

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Variant:Africa (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in Africa.

[ Back to International ]


Q4NIG from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

Q3KEN from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q3NIG from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q3SAF from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4KEN from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4NIG from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4SAF from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q35 from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

Q4SAF from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

Q4KEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya


Variant:Canada (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in Canada.

[ Back to International ]


DENOM5 from Project Canada 1995

RELIGION from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

DENOM4 from Project Canada 1990

GPATTEN4 from Project Canada 1990

DENOM3 from Project Canada 1985-90 Panel Study

DENOM4 from Project Canada 1985-90 Panel Study

GPATTEN4 from Project Canada 1985-90 Panel Study

DENOM from Project Canada 1975

DENOM from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel Study

DENOM2 from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel Study

DENOM from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel Study

DENOM3 from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel Study

DENOM from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel Study

DENOM4 from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel Study

GPATTEN4 from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel Study

DENOM from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel Study

DENOM5 from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel Study

DENOM2 from Project Canada 1980-95 Panel Study

DENOM5 from Project Canada 1980-95 Panel Study

DENOM3 from Project Canada 1985-95 Panel Study

DENOM5 from Project Canada 1985-95 Panel Study

DENOM4 from Project Canada 1990-95 Panel Study

DENOM5 from Project Canada 1990-95 Panel Study

GPATTEN4 from Project Canada 1990-95 Panel Study

DENOM2 from Project Canada 1980

DENOM3 from Project Canada 1985

DENOM2 from Project Canada 1980-85 Panel Study

DENOM3 from Project Canada 1980-85 Panel Study

DENOM2 from Project Canada 1980-90 Panel Study

DENOM4 from Project Canada 1980-90 Panel Study

GPATTEN4 from Project Canada 1980-90 Panel Study


Variant:Caucasus Region (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in the Caucasus region.

[ Back to International ]


RELGION from Caucasus Barometer, 2009

RELGION from Caucasus Barometer, 2010


Variant:Guatemala (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in Guatemala.

[ Back to International ]


Q3GUA from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4GUA from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4GUA from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala


Variant:India (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in India.

[ Back to International ]


Q4IND from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

Q3IND from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4IND from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals


Variant:Multiple Countries (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in multi-nation surveys.

[ Back to International ]


RELIG from International Social Survey Programme 2008: Religion III

DENOM from Comparative Values Survey of Islamic Countries

V185 from World Values Survey, 2005


Variant:Northern Ireland (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in Northern Ireland.

[ Back to International ]


RELIGION from Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey, 1998 - Religious Observance Module

RELIGION from Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey, 2004


Variant:Philippines (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in the Philippines.

[ Back to International ]


Q3PHI from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4PHI from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4PHI from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines


Variant:South America (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in South American countries.

[ Back to International ]


Q3BRA from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q3CHI from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4BRA from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4CHI from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4BRA from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

Q4CHI from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile


Variant:South Korea (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in South Korea.

[ Back to International ]


Q4SKOR from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

Q3SKOR from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q4SKOR from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals


Variant:Sweden (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in Sweden.

[ Back to International ]


PROTDNOM from Spiritual Well-Being in the United States and Sweden, 1979


Variant:Taiwan (International variant)
 

This variant includes questions asked in Taiwan.

[ Back to International ]


RELIGION from Taiwan Social Change Survey, 1994

RELBEL from Taiwan Social Change Survey, 2004

RELIGION from Taiwan Social Change Survey, 1999


Category 2:Secondary Categorizations
 

This question type consists of follow-up questions used to further categorize an initial response, such as asking Baptists to indicate their specific denomination.

Some questions fit within the "Secondary Categorizations" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 8 such variants.

[ Anabaptist | Baptist | Church of God | Independent | Jewish | Lutheran | Methodist | Pentecostal ]

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Variant:Anabaptist (Secondary Categorizations variant)
 

This variant asks respondents to specify their Anabaptist denomination.

[ Back to Secondary Categorizations ]


PRLANAB from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

DANABPT from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

DANABAPT from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999


Variant:Baptist (Secondary Categorizations variant)
 

This variant asks respondents to specify their Baptist denomination.

[ Back to Secondary Categorizations ]


PRLBAP from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

BAPTIST from American National Election Studies, 2000

BAPTGRP from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000

BAPTIST from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

V083190 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

BAPGRP from America's Evangelicals

BAPTGRP from Religion and America's Role in the World

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1996

BAPTIST from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

BAPTGRP from Faith and Family in America, 2005

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 2001

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 2000

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 2000

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, 1999

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1999

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, Southern Sample, Spring 1999

BAPTIST from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003

DBAPTIST from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998


Variant:Church of God (Secondary Categorizations variant)
 

This variant asks respondents to specify their Church of God denomination.

[ Back to Secondary Categorizations ]


COF GOD from American National Election Studies, 2000

V083198 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008


Variant:Independent (Secondary Categorizations variant)
 

This variant asks respondents who claim to be "independent" to specify their denomination/affiliation.

[ Back to Secondary Categorizations ]


Q17E from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

QN21E from U.S. Religious Knowledge Study, 2010

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1996

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 2001

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 2000

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 2000

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, 1999

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1999

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, Southern Sample, Spring 1999

DINDEP from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998


Variant:Jewish (Secondary Categorizations variant)
 

This variant asks respondents to specify their Jewish denomination.

[ Back to Secondary Categorizations ]


Q17S from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset


Variant:Lutheran (Secondary Categorizations variant)
 

This variant asks respondents to specify their Lutheran denomination.

[ Back to Secondary Categorizations ]


LUTHERAN from American National Election Studies, 2000

V083191 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008


Variant:Methodist (Secondary Categorizations variant)
 

This variant asks respondents to specify their Methodist denomination.

[ Back to Secondary Categorizations ]


V083192 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008


Variant:Pentecostal (Secondary Categorizations variant)
 

This variant asks respondents to specify their Pentecostal denomination.

[ Back to Secondary Categorizations ]


Q17H from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

Q17I from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

DPENTE from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

Q17H from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

PENTECOS from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

DPENTE from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 2001

DPENTE from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 2000

DPENTE from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

PENTECOS from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996

DPENTE from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1999

DPENTE from Southern Focus Poll, Southern Sample, Spring 1999

DPENTE from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998


Category 3:United States
 

This question type asks U.S. respondents to indicate their denomination.

Some questions fit within the "United States" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 4 such variants.

[ Christian and Non-Christian | Christian Denominations | Christian Follow-Up | Protestant Follow-up ]

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Variant:Christian and Non-Christian (United States variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent to either choose from a list of Christian and non-Christian religious groups, or allows them to provide their denomination.

[ Back to United States ]


RPREFH03 from Philanthropy Panel Study, 2003

Q1 from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

DENFMQN from Faith Matters Survey, 2006

DENFMQP from Faith Matters Survey, 2006

DENFMQX from Faith Matters Survey, 2006

DENOM from Faith Matters Survey, 2006

RELIG1 from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

DENM1_06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

DENM1_98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

CHURTYPE from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

Q3US from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

RELIGION from ABC News Beliefnet Poll, 2001

DENOMID3 from American National Election Studies, 2004

RELIG2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

RELIGION from ABC News/Washington Post Poll: Springtime Politics, 2005

RLGPREF from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000

RELPREF from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002

RELPREF from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

ATTNDCH4 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

RELIG from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007

RELCURR from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Female Respondent File

CHURTYPE from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

CHURTYPE from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

RELPREF from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

RELPREF2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

RELIGION from The Right to Die II, November 2005

RELPREF from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

RELIGION from ABC News Views of Islam Poll, 2003

V083188B from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

V085251B from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

FAITH from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1993

FAITH from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1993

RELAFFL6 from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

RELIG from Muslim American Survey, 2007

RELNOW from ABC News Religion Poll, 1997

RELDENOM from American National Election Studies, 2002

RELIG from Generation Next Survey, 2006

RELIGION from ABC News Church Abuse, 2004

QN20 from U.S. Religious Knowledge Study, 2010

DENOM from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

RLGSPREF from Economic Values Survey, 1992

DENOMNTN from Economic Values Survey, 1992

RELPREF from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

RELOTHER from Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey, 2000

RELIG1A from America's Evangelicals

RELIG from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010

RELIGION from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

RELPREF from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005

RELIG1A from Religion and America's Role in the World

RELIG from Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009

ATMUL1_B from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

CURREL2 from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

RELIGION from ABC News/Washington Post Poll: the New Pope, 2005

RELIGION from ABC News Church Scandal Poll, 2002

RELIGION from Civic Involvement Survey, 1997

RELPREF from News Interest Index, March 2004

RELID from Jewish Day School Study, 1993

FAITHX from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1994

DENOM from Complementary and Alternative Medical (CAM) and Spirituality, Religiosity Survey

RELIGION from ABC News Poll: Religion and Politics, 2004

RRELIG from ABC News the Pope & the Church, 2003

RELIG from News Interest Index, October 2003

FAITHX from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1994

FAITHX from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1994

RELIGION from Religion and Politics Survey Merged Data Set, 1994-1995

RELIGION from ABC News Church in Crisis Poll, 2002

FAITHX from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1996

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1996

DENOM from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

DENMNTN from Faith and Family in America, 2005

RELPREF from Campaign 2000 Typology Survey

FAITH from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1993

RELIG from December 2006 Values Update Survey

RELCURR from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 7 (2006-2008) Female Respondent File

RELIGION from Small Groups Survey, 1991 (Groups Sample)

DENOM from Small Groups Survey, 1991 (Groups Sample)

RELIGION from ABC News Priests and Pedophilia Poll, 2002

RELNOW from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 5 (1995) Respondent File

FAITH from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1992

PROTDEN from Anti-Semitism in the United States, 1964

FAITH from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1992

FAITH from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1992

FAITHX from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1994

RELIGION from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

REL1S from Survey of Religion and Community Life in Indianapolis, 1999

RELIGION from ABC News Bishops Meeting Expectations Poll, June 2002

FAITH from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1993

RELIGAFF from Vineyard Christian Fellowship Study, 1988

RELIG2 from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996

RELPREF from Middletown Area Study, 1999

RELCURR from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

RELIG from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

DENOM from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

RELIGION from Spirituality and the Elderly: Survey of Staff and Residents From Long-Term Care Facilities, 1998

RELIG from Middletown Area Study (Spring), 1981

DENOMINT from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Nonvoters

DENOMINT from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

RELIGION from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003

DENMCURT from ETS Entering Survey, 1994

RELPREF from Middletown Area Study, 1998

RELPREF from Middletown Area Study, 2000

RELPREF from Middletown Area Study, 2002

RELIGION from ABC News/Washington Post Poll: Politics and International Relations, 2005

RELIG from July 2003 Values Update Survey

FAITHX from Southern Focus Poll, Oversample Survey, Spring 1996

RELIGION from ABC News Vatican Meeting - Expectations Poll, 2002


Variant:Christian Denominations (United States variant)
 

This variant includes a list of only Christian denominations (either provide to the respondent or due to the sample type).

[ Back to United States ]


RELG297N from Marital Instability Over the Life Course [United States]: A Five-Wave Panel Study, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1992-1994, 1997

QN21 from U.S. Religious Knowledge Study, 2010

PROTDOM from Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey, 2000

RELDEM from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

DENOM from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

PROTDOM from Social Capital Community Survey, 2006

DENOMEM from Women of the Cloth, 1983

DENOM from Church and Community Project, 1987

DENOM from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

DENOMCUR from ETS Exiting Survey, 1995-1996


Variant:Christian Follow-Up (United States variant)
 

This variant asks "Christian" respondents to provide a denomination.

[ Back to United States ]


TPECHRS2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

W10W5 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

W2V5 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

DENOM from God and Society in North America, 1996


Variant:Protestant Follow-up (United States variant)
 

This question type asks respondents who indicated "Protestant" in an earlier question to specify a denomination.

[ Back to United States ]


DENOM from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

DENKID from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

DENOM from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

DENOM from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

DENOM from General Social Survey, 2002

Q4US from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

DENM16_1 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)

DENM16_2 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)

DENM16_3 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)

DENOM_1 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)

DENOM_2 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)

DENOM_3 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)

OTH DENOM from American National Election Studies, 2000

DENOM from General Social Survey, 2004

DENOM from General Social Survey, 2006

DENOM1 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

DENOM2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

DENOM3 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

DENOM4 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

DENOM5 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

DENOM from General Social Survey, 2000

DENMNTN from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000

PROTDENM from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

TYPECHRS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

DENOM from General Social Survey, 1990

DENOM from General Social Survey, 1996

Q17 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

Q50B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

Q53 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

V083189 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

DENOM from General Social Survey, 1988

DENOM from General Social Survey, 1991

Q4US from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

Q17 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

Q50B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

Q53 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

DENOM from General Social Survey, 1998

SPFPROT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

DENMNTN from America's Evangelicals

AFFDENOM from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005

DENMNTN from Religion and America's Role in the World

DENOM from Civic Involvement Survey, 1997

DENOM from General Social Survey, 1976

PDENON from Anti-Semitism in the United States, 1981

DENOM from General Social Survey, 1980

DENOM5 from Houston Area Survey, 2010

DENOM from General Social Survey, 1978

PROTDEN from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 2001

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 2000

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 2000

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, 1999

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1997

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

DENOM from General Social Survey, 1994

REL1A from Survey of Religion and Community Life in Indianapolis, 1999

DENOM from General Social Survey, 1993

DENOM from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1997

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1999

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, Southern Sample, Spring 1999

DENOMINA from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003

PROTDENO from Middletown Area Study, 1978

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1982

PROTDENM from Springfield, Massachusetts Catholic Education Survey, No. 1902

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1994

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1990

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1991

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1992

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1993

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1995

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1996

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1985

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1986

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1987

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1988

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1989

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1983

DENOM from Middletown Area Study, 1984

DENOMINA from Forgiveness Survey, 1999

DENOM from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998