Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Denominational/Religious Identification >


Assessment of the religious labels that individuals apply to themselves 

Below are 137 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 6 types:

[ Born Again/Evangelical? | Charismatic | Conservative Identities | Evangelical | Mainline/Liberal | Religious Tradition ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Born Again/Evangelical?
 

Does the respondent agree that "born again" or Evangelical Christian describes his/her religious identity?

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EVANGEL from ABC News Beliefnet Poll, 2001

BRNAGAIN from ABC News/Washington Post Poll: Springtime Politics, 2005

RELBORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002

BORNAGN from ABC News Views of Islam Poll, 2003

BRNAGAIN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007

BORNAGN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

BORNAG from The Right to Die II, November 2005

Q18 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

RELIG2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008

EVANGLI from ABC News Church Abuse, 2004

BORN from Generation Next Survey, 2006

Q18 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

BORN from U.S. Religious Knowledge Study, 2010

BORNAGN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

BORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010

BORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

BORNAGN from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005

QN25 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

BORN from Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009

BORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

BRNAGAIN from ABC News/Washington Post Poll: the New Pope, 2005

EVAN from ABC News the Pope & the Church, 2003

BRNAGAIN from ABC News Poll: Religion and Politics, 2004

BORNAGN from News Interest Index, March 2004

BORN_AGN from News Interest Index, October 2003

BORNAGN from Religion and Politics Survey Merged Data Set, 1994-1995

PROTESTN from ABC News/ Washington Post Poll: Faith-Based Initiative, 2001

BORN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004

BORNAGN from Campaign 2000 Typology Survey

BORNAGN from December 2006 Values Update Survey

BRNAGAIN from Mid-November Survey, 2001

BRNAGAIN from ABC News/Washington Post Poll: Politics and International Relations, 2005

BORN from July 2003 Values Update Survey

EVANGEL from ABC News Vatican Meeting - Expectations Poll, 2002


Category 2:Charismatic
 

Does the respondent agree that "charismatic" describes his/her religious identity?

Some questions fit within the "Charismatic" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Charismatic Christian/Catholic? ]

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Q3C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

CHARISMA from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

INDNCHAR from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Attenders

CHRCHAR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

Q19B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

Q36D from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

CHARISMA from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

Q19B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

PENTCRST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

CHARISMA from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

CHARISMA from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1996

CHARSMOV from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996


Variant:Charismatic Christian/Catholic? (Charismatic variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent if he/she is a Charismatic Christian, or, if Catholic, a Charismatic Catholic

[ Back to Charismatic ]


Q5_D from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

Q5_D from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

Q5_D from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

Q5_D from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q5_D from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

Q5_D from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

Q5_D from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

Q5_D from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

Q5_D from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

Q5_D from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

Q5_D from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala


Category 3:Conservative Identities
 

This question type asks the respondent if certain conservative religious identities apply to him/her.

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Q3B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q3D from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q3K from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

BIBLEBEL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

RELRIGHT from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

THEOCON from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)


Category 4:Evangelical
 

This question type asks the respondent if "Evangelical" describes his/her religious identity

Some questions fit within the "Evangelical" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 2 such variants.

[ Evangelical Christian/Catholic? | Fundamentalist/Evangelical ]

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Q3E from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

EVANGEL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

INDNEVNG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Attenders

Q36B from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

EVANG from Politics of Character Survey, 2000


Variant:Evangelical Christian/Catholic? (Evangelical variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent if he/she is an Evangelical Christian. If Catholic the respondent is asked if he/she is Evangelical Catholic.

[ Back to Evangelical ]


Q5_A from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

Q5_A from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

Q5_A from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

Q5_A from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

Q5_A from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

Q5_A from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

Q5_A from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

Q5_A from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

Q5_A from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala


Variant:Fundamentalist/Evangelical (Evangelical variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent if he/she is a fundamentalist and Evangelical.

[ Back to Evangelical ]


TYPCHRST from State of the First Amendment, 2000

FUNDEVAN from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2005

TYPCHRS from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2002

TYPCHRS1 from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2003

TYPCHRS from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2004

CHRSTYP from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2001


Category 5:Mainline/Liberal
 

This question type asks the respondent if Mainline or liberal describes his/her religious identity.

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Q3G from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q3H from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

MAINLINE from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

THEOLIB from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

LIBCRST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

MAINLIN from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996

LIBERAL from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996


Category 6:Religious Tradition
 

This question type present the respondent with a list of religious traditions/identities

Some questions fit within the "Religious Tradition" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 4 such variants.

[ Catholic Type | Protestant: Four Identities | Protestant: Liberal Identities | Protestant: Six Identities ]

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Q4 from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

VCF0128A from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004

RELID2 from General Social Survey, 2000

RELID3 from General Social Survey, 2000

RELIDBST from General Social Survey, 2000

PROTTYPE from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

REL_FAM from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996


Variant:Catholic Type (Religious Tradition variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent to choose from a list of Catholic identities.

[ Back to Religious Tradition ]


RI_1 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006


Variant:Protestant: Four Identities (Religious Tradition variant)
 

This variant presents four identities to Protestants: Fundamentalist, Evangelical, Mainline, Liberal. None and/or Other categories are either provided or volunteered.

[ Back to Religious Tradition ]


IDENT06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PRPROT1 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

PRPROT2 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

RELID1 from General Social Survey, 2000

RLGSID from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000

LABEL from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000

FUNDAM from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Female Respondent File

PRPROT1 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

RELIGID from General Social Survey, 1996

RELID from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

RELIGID from General Social Survey, 1998

RELIGID from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1996

RELID from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1996

RELIGID from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

IDENTI_1 from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996

INDENTI_ from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996

FUNDAM from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

PROTTYPE from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003

PROTTYP2 from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003

PROT_ID from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999

RELIGID from Southern Focus Poll, Oversample Survey, Spring 1996


Variant:Protestant: Liberal Identities (Religious Tradition variant)
 

This variant presents five Protestant identities to respondents, distingusing between Mainline and Theological Liberal. Other and None categories are often provided or volunteered.

[ Back to Religious Tradition ]


RELID97S from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 2001

RELID97S from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

RELID97S from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 2000

RELID97S from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 2000

RELID97S from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, 1999

RELID97 from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

RELID97 from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1997

RELID97 from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

RELID97 from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1997

RELID97S from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1999

RELID97S from Southern Focus Poll, Southern Sample, Spring 1999

RELID97S from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999

RELID97 from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998


Variant:Protestant: Six Identities (Religious Tradition variant)
 

This variant presents six identities to Protestants: Fundamentalist, Evangelical, Pentecostal, Charismatic, Mainline, Liberal. None and/or Other categories are either provided or volunteered.

[ Back to Religious Tradition ]


RI_3 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

RI_4 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

RELGSID from America's Evangelicals

RELIGSID from Religion and America's Role in the World

RELGSID from Faith and Family in America, 2005



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