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Does the respondent have a positive or negative view of atheists? This could include their willingness to allow atheists to participate in society (e.g., teach in school, be elected President, etc.) or more general questions about whether they have a favorable view of atheists.

Below are 73 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

COLATH from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,16332.7
4) Allowed1,45740.9
5) Not allowed85824.1
8) Dont know732.1
9) No answer80.2
TOTAL3559100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your city/town/community against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,67334.1
1) Yes, allowed2,49050.8
2) Not allowed71014.5
8) Dont know240.5
9) No answer40.1
TOTAL4901100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your city/town/community against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,16332.7
1) Yes, allowed1,84351.8
2) Not allowed53214.9
8) Dont know160.4
9) No answer50.1
TOTAL3559100.0


Q40B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q40 To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about the educational system and the media..b. An atheist should be allowed to teach at a high school (Q40B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree30117.9
2) Agree69541.2
3) Disagree28016.6
4) Strongly disagree28116.7
5) Undecided1297.7
TOTAL1686100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,67334.1
4) Allowed1,99640.7
5) Not allowed1,14723.4
8) Dont know771.6
9) No answer80.2
TOTAL4901100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 2002

Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach55660.2
5) Not allowed35037.9
8) Dont know171.8
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL924100.0


LIBATH from General Social Survey, 2002

If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH)
TOTAL%
1) Favor22624.5
2) Not favor67272.7
8) Dont know232.5
9) No answer30.3
TOTAL924100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2002

Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak71076.8
2) Not allowed20622.3
8) Dont know80.9
TOTAL924100.0


LIBATH from General Social Survey, 2004

If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH)
TOTAL%
1) Favor22324.8
2) Not favor66073.5
8) Dont know141.6
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL898100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2004

Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak68976.7
2) Not allowed20022.3
8) Dont know70.8
9) No applicable20.2
TOTAL898100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 2006

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . B. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach1,21760.8
5) Not allowed73136.5
8) Dont know532.6
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL2003100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 2004

Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach56863.3
5) Not allowed30534.0
8) Dont know242.7
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL898100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2006

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . A. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak1,55377.5
2) Not allowed43821.9
8) Dont know120.6
TOTAL2003100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 2000

Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach1,04155.9
5) Not allowed72539.0
8) Dont know884.7
9) No answer70.4
TOTAL1861100.0


LIBATH from General Social Survey, 2000

If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH)
TOTAL%
1) Favor52628.3
2) Not favor1,26267.8
8) Dont know673.6
9) No answer60.3
TOTAL1861100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2000

Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak1,38174.2
2) Not allowed45024.2
8) Dont know251.3
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1861100.0


GRPATHST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002

Thinking about specific religious groups, what is your overall opinion of: Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God? (GRPATHST)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable864.7
2) Mostly favorable52929.2
3) Mostly unfavorable41322.8
4) Very unfavorable57331.6
5) Never heard of30.2
8) Cant rate1789.8
9) Refused311.7
Missing1,814 
TOTAL1,813100.0


V085065H from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

How would you rate: Atheists? (V085065H)
TOTAL%
-9) Refused140.6
-8) Dont know (dont know where to rate)552.4
-6) Thermometer: dont know who this is642.8
-2) No Post-election IW2219.5
0) 040817.6
1) 110.0
4) 410.0
5) 510.0
6) 610.0
10) 1030.1
15) 151255.4
20) 2030.1
25) 2520.1
30) 301215.2
31) 3110.0
35) 3510.0
40) 401396.0
45) 4530.1
50) 5078233.7
55) 5560.3
59) 5910.0
60) 601104.7
65) 6510.0
70) 701165.0
75) 7550.2
80) 8050.2
85) 85743.2
100) 100592.5
TOTAL2323100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1990

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak66372.3
2) Not allowed23625.7
8) Dont know151.6
9) No answer30.3
TOTAL917100.0


W6YA56_A from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

[IF W6YA54=2] Do you feel (extremely cold, moderately cold, or a little cold / a little cold, moderately cold, or extremely cold) toward atheists? (W6YA56_A)
TOTAL%
-6) Not asked, unit non-response1,57351.6
-2) Missing, see documentation511.7
-1) Inapplicable1,04434.2
1) Extremely cold2006.6
2) Moderately cold1083.5
3) A little cold732.4
TOTAL3049100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 1990

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach46050.2
5) Not allowed40343.9
8) Dont know515.6
9) No answer30.3
TOTAL917100.0


RELCAN2D from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

[ASK ONLY IF DQFORM=2 FORM 2] Between now and the 2004 political conventions, there will be discussion about the qualifications of presidential candidates - their education, age, religion, race, and so on. Are there any reasons why you might not vote for an Atheist for president if he or she were nominated by the party you usually prefer? (RELCAN2D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, there are reasons NOT to vote for40640.6
2) No, no reasons53553.4
9) Dont know/Refused606.0
TOTAL1001100.0


RELCAN1D from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

[ASK ONLY IF FORM=1 FORM 1] Between now and the 2004 political conventions, there will be discussion about the qualifications of presidential candidates - their education, age, religion, race, and so on. If your party nominated a generally well-qualified person for president who happened to be An atheist, would you vote for that person? (RELCAN1D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes47147.0
2) No49649.5
9) Dont know/Refused353.5
TOTAL1002100.0


OPRELGR7 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

Now thinking about some specific religious groups... Is your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (OPRELGR7)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable797.9
2) Mostly favorable29529.4
3) Mostly unfavorable19619.5
4) Very unfavorable29429.3
5) Never heard of20.2
9) Cant rate13713.7
TOTAL1003100.0


OPATHSTS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007

Is your overall opinion of Atheists (that is, people who dont believe in God) very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (OPATHSTS)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable2137.0
2) Mostly favorable86828.4
3) Mostly unfavorable69222.7
4) Very unfavorable89929.4
5) Never heard of20.1
8) Cant rate33310.9
9) Dont Know/Refused461.5
TOTAL3,053100.0


W6YA55_A from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

[IF W6YA54=1] Do you feel (extremely warm, moderately warm, or a little warm / a little warm, moderately warm, or extremely warm) toward atheists? (W6YA55_A)
TOTAL%
-6) Not asked, unit non-response1,57351.6
-2) Missing, see documentation461.5
-1) Inapplicable1,26041.3
1) Extremely warm481.6
2) Moderately warm822.7
3) A little warm401.3
TOTAL3049100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 1996

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach1,06055.1
5) Not allowed76940.0
8) Dont know914.7
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1923100.0


W6YA54_A from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

Do you feel warm, cold, or neither warm nor cold toward atheists? (W6YA54_A)
TOTAL%
-7) No answer60.2
-6) Not asked, unit non-response1,57351.6
-2) Missing, see documentation341.1
1) Warm1705.6
2) Cold38112.5
3) Neither warm nor cold88529.0
TOTAL3049100.0


RELATHEI from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

Now thinking about some specific religious groups… Is your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? [Asked only if FORM = 1.] (RELATHEI)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable1627.3
2) Mostly favorable62628.4
3) Mostly unfavorable48622.0
4) Very unfavorable61327.8
5) Never heard of00.0
8) Cant rate27012.2
9) Refused502.3
Missing2,200 
TOTAL2,207100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1996

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak1,40973.3
2) Not allowed48325.1
8) Dont know271.4
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1923100.0


LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1988

If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH)
TOTAL%
1) Favor33033.8
2) Not favor62263.7
8) Dont know202.0
9) No answer50.5
TOTAL977100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 1988

Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach44245.2
5) Not allowed50251.4
8) Dont know313.2
9) No answer20.2
TOTAL977100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1988

Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak68169.7
2) Not allowed28028.7
8) Dont know151.5
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL977100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 1991

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach51551.9
5) Not allowed44044.3
8) Dont know353.5
9) No answer30.3
TOTAL993100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1991

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak71371.8
2) Not allowed26626.8
8) Dont know111.1
9) No answer30.3
TOTAL993100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 1998

Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach1,06956.8
5) Not allowed70737.6
8) Dont know995.3
9) No answer70.4
TOTAL1882100.0


DATH_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

Is there a lot of discrimination against Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, or not? (Q170D) (DATH_A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, a lot of discrimination2,33726.5
2) No, not a lot of discrimination5,23759.3
9) Dont know/Refused (VOL.)1,25514.2
Missing8,829 
TOTAL8,829100.0


MARR4B from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on Diversity

An atheist or non-believer? (PROMPT FOR CATEGORIES AS NECESSARY) (MARR4B)
TOTAL%
1) Approve13212.4
2) Disapprove50147.0
3) No difference42039.4
8) Dont know100.9
9) Refused20.2
Missing1,015 
TOTAL1,065100.0


V121J from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on Diversity

Atheists (How much do members of that group agree with your vision of American society?) (V121J)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree1376.6
2) Mostly agree26312.6
3) Somewhat agree72434.8
4) Not at all73635.4
8) Dont know1999.6
9) Refused221.1
TOTAL2,081100.0


QN14_H from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

Is your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (QN14_H)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable3709.2
2) Mostly favorable3949.8
3) Mostly unfavorable71317.8
4) Very unfavorable1,84045.8
5) Never heard of200.5
6) Cant rate3819.5
8) Dont know2466.1
9) Refused521.3
TOTAL4016100.0


INCATH2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO COMPLETED FORM 1 AND THINK THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN THE U.S WHO ARE ATHIESTS OR DONT BELIEVE IN GOD IS INCREASING (1 for INCATH1). Does the increase in the number of people in the U.S. who are atheists or who dont believe in God sometimes bother you, or not? (INCATH2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53768.6
2) No24431.2
9) Dont know/Refused20.3
Missing3,900 
TOTAL783100.0


ATHEIS_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

Is your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (Q141F) (ATHEIS_A)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable5646.4
2) Mostly favorable2,02422.9
3) Mostly unfavorable2,02422.9
4) Very unfavorable2,32726.4
5) Never heard of (VOL.)350.4
8) Cant rate (VOL.)1,26714.4
9) Refused (VOL.)5886.7
Missing8,829 
TOTAL8,829100.0


FAVATHST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

Now Id like your views on some specific religious groups. Is your overall opinion of atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (FAVATHST)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable2044.4
2) Mostly favorable1,14224.4
3) Mostly unfavorable1,02822.0
4) Very unfavorable1,64735.2
5) Never heard of180.4
8) Cant rate51411.0
9) Refused1302.8
TOTAL4,683100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1998

Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak1,39374.0
2) Not allowed45724.3
8) Dont know291.5
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1882100.0


LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1998

If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH)
TOTAL%
1) Favor51227.2
2) Not favor1,29568.8
8) Dont know703.7
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1882100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 1976

Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach61941.3
5) Not allowed84756.5
8) Dont know332.2
TOTAL1499100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1976

Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak95964.0
2) Not allowed52435.0
8) Dont know161.1
TOTAL1499100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 1980

Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach66545.3
5) Not allowed75451.4
8) Dont know453.1
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1468100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1980

Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak97166.1
2) Not allowed48533.0
8) Dont know120.8
TOTAL1468100.0


LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1976

If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH)
TOTAL%
1) Favor56938.0
2) Not favor89259.5
8) Dont know362.4
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1499100.0


LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1980

If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH)
TOTAL%
1) Favor52135.5
2) Not favor90961.9
8) Dont know382.6
TOTAL1468100.0


CLATH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

Here are some groups and organizations that have been in the news. Please tell me how close you feel to each of them: very close, close, neutral, far, very far, or dont know enough about the group or organization to say. -- Atheists. (CLATH)
TOTAL%
1) Very close111.7
2) Close487.4
3) Neutral15023.0
4) Far11417.5
5) Very far22334.3
6) Dont know10315.8
7) Refused20.3
TOTAL651100.0


NEIATH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

I am going to name various groups of people. Please tell me whether or not you would like to have these groups as neighbors, if it wouldnt make any difference to you, or if you would prefer not to have them as neighbors. -- Atheists. (NEIATH)
TOTAL%
1) Would like335.1
2) Make no difference40361.9
3) Prefer not20231.0
4) Dont know/No answer132.0
TOTAL651100.0


PRESATH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

If your party nominated a generally well-qualified person for President would you vote for the following if that person happened to be the following -- Atheist. (PRESATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes32049.1
2) No29244.8
3) Dont know/No answer406.1
TOTAL652100.0


INFATH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

Do you feel that the following groups have too much influence, too little influence, or the right amount of influence in our society? -- Atheists. (INFATH)
TOTAL%
1) Too much influence19930.6
2) Too little influence19530.0
3) Right amount of influence11818.1
4) Dont know/No answer13921.4
TOTAL651100.0


OPATHEIS from Campaign 2000 Typology Survey

Now Id like your opinion of some religious groups. Would you say your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (OPATHEIS)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable2137.4
2) Mostly favorable68624.0
3) Mostly unfavorable55919.5
4) Very unfavorable92232.2
5) Never heard of120.4
8) Cant rate32411.3
9) Refused1455.1
Missing5,622 
TOTAL2,861100.0


LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1994

If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an atheist against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH)
TOTAL%
1) Favor55828.0
2) Not favor1,38469.3
8) Dont know492.5
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1996100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 1994

Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach1,03451.8
5) Not allowed87143.6
8) Dont know844.2
9) No answer70.4
TOTAL1996100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1994

Consider a person who is against all churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak1,45172.7
2) Not allowed52026.1
8) Dont know211.1
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1996100.0


FAVATHST from Mid-November Survey, 2001

For the following group or organization, please indicate which category best describes your overall opinion of that group or organization. Would you say your overall opinion of atheists, that is, people who dont believe in God, is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (FAVATHST)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable2027.3
2) Mostly favorable69425.0
3) Mostly unfavorable58621.1
4) Very unfavorable77928.1
5) Never heard of40.1
8) Cant rate43615.7
9) Refused752.7
TOTAL2,776100.0


ATHIEST from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

Would you be more or less likely to vote for a candidate for public office if you found out the person was an atheist? (ATHIEST)
TOTAL%
1) Much more likely41.3
2) Somewhat more likely41.3
3) Unsure or no difference11036.8
4) Somewhat less likely4414.7
5) Much less likely13745.8
TOTAL299100.0


RELPWR1 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK THERE ARE RELIGIOUS GROUPS IN AMERICA WHO HAVE TOO MUCH POWER AND INFLUENCE: Which religious groups have too much power and influence? First mention (RELPWR1)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable2,39971.3
1) General or vague220.7
2) Atheists40.1
3) Baptists651.9
4) Born-again Christians371.1
5) Catholics33510.0
6) Cults and sects180.5
7) Fundamentalists361.1
8) Jews511.5
9) Moonies140.4
10) Moral Majority1374.1
11) Mormons371.1
12) Secular humanists30.1
13) TV preachers561.7
28) Zionists10.0
32) Muslims50.1
34) Billy Graham10.0
38) Southern Baptists10.0
39) Mennonites10.0
40) Jehovahs Witnesses80.2
41) Bakkers-PTL130.4
42) Satanic worshipers20.1
43) Ku Klux Klan40.1
44) Christians40.1
45) Seventh-day Adventists10.0
46) Pat Robertson20.1
47) Scientology10.0
48) Protestants30.1
60) New Age movement10.0
61) Pentecostals60.2
62) Evangelists80.2
63) Hare Krishnas50.1
65) Oral Roberts10.0
67) Episcopalians10.0
68) Mafia10.0
71) TV religions10.0
72) All religions40.1
73) Terrorists-survivalist10.0
74) National Black Caucus10.0
76) Wealthy10.0
77) Homosexuals10.0
78) Greeks20.1
85) Jim Jones10.0
97) Rather not say30.1
98) Dont Know641.9
TOTAL3363100.0


THRETGP1 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK THERE IS A RELIGIOUS OR OTHER GROUP IN THE UNITED STATES THAT IS A THREAT TO DEMOCRACY: What are these groups? First mention (THRETGP1)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable1,84254.8
1) General or vague1133.4
2) Atheists451.3
3) Baptists100.3
4) Born-again Christians210.6
5) Catholics310.9
6) Communists1815.4
7) Cults and/or sects1584.7
8) Fundamentalists1253.7
9) Jews110.3
10) Moonies481.4
11) Moral Majority662.0
12) Mormons50.1
13) Satan worshipers310.9
14) Secular humanists60.2
15) TV preachers190.6
16) Other60.2
17) Dont know2226.6
20) Homosexuals100.3
21) Survivalists10.0
22) Mawetan10.0
23) Religious Right20.1
24) Creationists10.0
25) John Birch Society10.0
26) Black Panthers10.0
27) Womens Lib10.0
28) Liberals40.1
29) Reagan20.1
30) Conservatives20.1
31) Right wing90.3
32) Muslims/Moslems/Islam140.4
33) Christians10.0
37) Agnostics10.0
39) Unitarians10.0
40) Jehovahs Witnesses90.3
41) Hindus10.0
42) Covenant Sword Arm10.0
43) Non-Christians10.0
44) Buddhists20.1
46) Charismatics10.0
47) Jim and Tammy Bakker20.1
50) Foreigners20.1
51) Libertarians20.1
52) Mafia10.0
53) Lyndon LaRouche70.2
54) Madeline OHair10.0
55) Aryan Nations160.5
56) Rashneesh30.1
57) Farrakhan10.0
58) National Council of Churches30.1
59) Jewish Anti-Defamation League10.0
60) Government20.1
61) Neo-Nazis or racists511.5
62) Ku Klux Klan1384.1
63) Nazis431.3
64) Radicals190.6
65) Special-interest groups10.0
66) Shirley MacLaine10.0
67) Druggies10.0
68) Jim Jones20.1
69) Terrorists80.2
70) Ministers10.0
73) Socialists30.1
74) People for the American Way40.1
75) ACLU50.1
77) New Age movement20.1
78) Hare Krishnas60.2
79) Hubbard/Scientology20.1
81) Jesse Jackson10.0
82) Pro-violence20.1
83) Anarchists10.0
84) CIA10.0
85) Pro-choice30.1
87) Robert Schuller10.0
88) Anti-abortion groups20.1
95) All religious groups30.1
96) Non-biblical morals10.0
97) Rather not say60.2
98) Apathy50.1
TOTAL3361100.0


PRESATHE from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

If a presidential candidate belongs to a political party you like and has many views you like, would you be willing to vote for such a person if the person is an atheist and does not believe in God? (PRESATHE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes83333.3
2) No1,47058.8
8) Dont know1977.9
TOTAL2500100.0


COLATH from General Social Survey, 1993

Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach55651.7
5) Not allowed47043.7
8) Dont know434.0
9) No answer60.6
TOTAL1075100.0


SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1993

There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak76471.1
2) Not allowed29027.0
8) Dont know191.8
9) No answer20.2
TOTAL1075100.0


FSTATHST from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Now we would like you to read each of the following characteristics and assume for each that it is the only thing you know about a person, and decide what your immediate reaction would be. -- First impression of an atheist (FSTATHST)
TOTAL%
1) I would feel friendly and at ease.69425.6
2) I would feel friendly, but somewhat uneasy.82330.3
3) I would feel uneasy and somewhat unfriendly.49718.3
4) I would feel quite unfriendly.32411.9
5) I would feel nothing either way.37813.9
TOTAL2716100.0


RDATH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

I have read books by atheist writers. (RDATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3738.5
2) No5961.5
TOTAL96100.0


RDATHST from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

I have refused to read books by atheist writers (e.g., Ayn Rand). (RDATHST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1717.7
2) No7982.3
TOTAL96100.0


RDATH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

I have read books by atheist writers. (RDATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2629.5
2) No6270.5
TOTAL88100.0


RDATHST from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

I have refused to read books by atheist writers (e.g., Ayn Rand). (RDATHST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1213.6
2) No7686.4
TOTAL88100.0


RDATH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988

I have read books by atheist writers. (RDATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2931.2
2) No6468.8
TOTAL93100.0


RDATHST from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988

I have refused to read books by atheist writers (e.g., Ayn Rand). (RDATHST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1111.8
2) No8288.2
TOTAL93100.0




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