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Does the respondent have a positive or negative view of atheists? This could include their willingness to allow atheists to participate in society (e.g., teach in school, be elected President, etc.) or more general questions about whether they have a favorable view of atheists. 

Below are 73 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 5 types:

[ Favorability | Interest | Threat? | Tolerance | Voting ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Favorability
 

How does respondent feel about atheists?

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GRPATHST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002

OPATHSTS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007

OPRELGR7 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

RELATHEI from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

W6YA55_A from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

W6YA56_A from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

V085065H from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

W6YA54_A from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

FAVATHST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

QN14_H from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

V121J from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on Diversity

MARR4B from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on Diversity

ATHEIS_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

CLATH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

NEIATH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

OPATHEIS from Campaign 2000 Typology Survey

FAVATHST from Mid-November Survey, 2001

FSTATHST from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Category 2:Interest
 

Has respondent expressed an interest in atheism or atheist materials?

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RDATHST from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

RDATH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1986

RDATHST from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

RDATH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1987

RDATHST from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988

RDATH from Religious Behaviors Questionnaire, 1988


Category 3:Threat?
 

Does the respondent find atheists threatening?

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INCATH2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

INFATH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

THRETGP1 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

RELPWR1 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987


Category 4:Tolerance
 

Would the respondent favor or oppose the public expression of atheists?

Some questions fit within the "Tolerance" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 3 such variants.

[ Book in Library | Give Speech? | Teacher? ]

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DATH_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009


Variant:Book in Library (Tolerance variant)
 

Does the respondent believe that atheists should be allowed to have a book in the library?

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LIBATH from General Social Survey, 2002

LIBATH from General Social Survey, 2004

LIBATH from General Social Survey, 2000

LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1988

LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1998

LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1976

LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1980

LIBATH from General Social Survey, 1994


Variant:Give Speech? (Tolerance variant)
 

Should an atheist be allowed to give a public speech?

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SPKATH from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

SPKATH from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2002

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2006

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2004

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 2000

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1990

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1996

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1991

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1988

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1998

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1980

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1976

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1994

SPKATH from General Social Survey, 1993


Variant:Teacher? (Tolerance variant)
 

Should an atheist be allowed to be a teacher at a high school or university?

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Q40B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

COLATH from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

COLATH from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

COLATH from General Social Survey, 2002

COLATH from General Social Survey, 2006

COLATH from General Social Survey, 2004

COLATH from General Social Survey, 2000

COLATH from General Social Survey, 1990

COLATH from General Social Survey, 1996

COLATH from General Social Survey, 1991

COLATH from General Social Survey, 1988

COLATH from General Social Survey, 1998

COLATH from General Social Survey, 1980

COLATH from General Social Survey, 1976

COLATH from General Social Survey, 1994

COLATH from General Social Survey, 1993


Category 5:Voting
 

Would the respondent vote for an atheist political candidate?

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RELCAN1D from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

RELCAN2D from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

PRESATH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

PRESATHE from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

ATHIEST from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996



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