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Gay Marriage, Attitude about

Measures views about same-sex marriage


Below are 86 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept.

  • Q36F from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q36 How do you feel about the following marriage and family related issues... f. Gay marriage (Q36F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARR from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q39a. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about homosexuals: Homosexuals should be allowed to marry (GAYMARR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYUNION from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q39b. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about homosexuals: Homosexuals should be allowed civil unions (GAYUNION) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • NOHOMMAR from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005LEARN MORE
    • As a Catholic, how important is each of the following to you? Would you say the following is or are very important, somewhat important, or not important at all? K. The Catholic Churchs teachings that oppose same-sex marriage (NOHOMMAR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARR from American National Election Studies, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Should same-sex couples be ALLOWED to marry, or do you think they should NOT BE ALLOWED to marry? (GAYMARR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHOMO from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another--do you agree or disagree? (MARHOMO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHOMO from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another. (MARHOMO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARRY from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Agree/Disagree: Marriages between homosexuals should be given the same legal status as heterosexual marriages. (93, 97, 99, 01, 03, 04, 07, 09) (GAYMARRY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMAR from ABC News/Washington Post Poll: Springtime Politics, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Do you think same-sex couples should be allowed legally to marry, should be allowed legally to form civil unions, but not to marry, or should not be allowed to obtain legal recognition of their relationships? (GAYMAR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W11N13_A from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing homosexuals to marry members of their own sex and have regular marriage laws apply to them? (W11N13_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V083214 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008LEARN MORE
    • Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry, or do you think they should not be allowed to marry? (V083214) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HOMOMRRY from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now, I am going to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. -- Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally (HOMOMRRY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • INF_HOMO from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Which one of the following has had the biggest influence on your thinking on this issue -- Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally (INF_HOMO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ISSUES5 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003LEARN MORE
    • Id like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in this country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (ISSUES5) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMPTISS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Which of these kinds of issues are more important in the United States today: issues like abortion and gay marriage or issues like poverty and homelessness? [Asked only if FORM = 1.] (IMPTISS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007LEARN MORE
    • Now, Id like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in this country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose – c. Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally (GAYMARR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMPSOCIS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007LEARN MORE
    • In making your decision about who to vote for in the presidential election of 2008, will social issues like abortion and gay marriage be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (IMPSOCIS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HLINSALL from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008LEARN MORE
    • All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] the U.S. government guaranteeing health insurance for all citizens, even if it means raising taxes? (Q25A) (HLINSALL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IRAQ from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008LEARN MORE
    • In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of Iraq be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22B) (IRAQ) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • WORSHP from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008LEARN MORE
    • All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] allowing churches and other houses of worship to apply, along with other organizations, for government funding to provide social services such as job training or drug treatment counseling to people who need them? (Q25B) (WORSHP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARR1 from ABC News Church Abuse, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you think homosexual couples should or should not be allowed to form legally recognized civil unions, giving them the legal rights of married couples in areas such as health insurance, inheritance and pension coverage? [INTERVIEWER: Get answer and then ask: Do you feel that way STRONGLY or SOMEWHAT?] (GAYMARR1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARR2 from ABC News Church Abuse, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you think it should be legal or illegal for homosexual couples to get married? [INTERVIEWER: Get answer and then ask: Do you feel that way STRONGLY or SOMEWHAT?] (GAYMARR2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARR3 from ABC News Church Abuse, 2004LEARN MORE
    • (Would you support amending the U.S. Constitution to make it illegal for homosexual couples to get married anywhere in the U.S.), or (should each state make its own laws on homosexual marriage)? [INTERVIEWER: ROTATE ITEMS IN PARENTHESES; Get answer and then ask: Do you feel that way STRONGLY or SOMEWHAT?] (GAYMARR3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARR4 from ABC News Church Abuse, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Say a homosexual couple is legally married in one state, then moves to another state. Should that other state be required to recognize that marriage as legal, or not? (GAYMARR4) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHOMO from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another--do you agree or disagree? (MARHOMO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • H2MARRY from Politics of Character Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Now I want you to tell me how much you agree with these statements about homosexuality Would you say you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree that . . . b. homosexual couples (that is couples of the same sex) should have to right to marry. (H2MARRY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • H2MARRY from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now I want you to tell me how much you agree with these statements about homosexuality. Would you say you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree that . . . b. homosexual couples-that is couples of the same sex-should have the right to marry. (H2MARRY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CVLUNION from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (ROTATE CVLUNION AND PEWGAYM1 AND PEWGAYM2) Would you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to legally form civil unions, giving them some of the legal rights of married couples? (CVLUNION) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PEWGAYM1 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (PEWGAYM1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PEWGAYM2 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • (IF OPPOSE OR STRONGLY OPPOSE IN PEWGAYM1) Should the U.S. Constitution be amended to ban gay marriage, or is it enough to prohibit gay marriage by law without changing the Constitution? (PEWGAYM2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PEWGAYM3 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • Would you vote for a candidate who disagrees with you about gay marriage, if they agree with you on most other issues? (PEWGAYM3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALLOWGAY from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (ALLOWGAY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • AMGAYMAR from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005LEARN MORE
    • [IF Oppose to GAYMARR] to There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea, or a bad idea? (AMGAYMAR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • THREEWAY from Religion and Americas Role in the WorldLEARN MORE
    • Now I want to talk to you about something different. Which one of the following statements do you most agree with when it comes to the issue of gay marriage? (rotate statement A and statement C; keep statement B in middle): (statement A) Gay and Lesbian couples should have the same legal right to marry as do a man and a woman (statement B) Marriage under the law should only be between a man and a woman, but there should be domestic partnerships or some other legal rights that would give same-sex couples many of the benefits and protections of marriage (statement C) there should be no legal recognition of a relationship for gay or lesbian couples. (THREEWAY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FAVGYMRY from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001LEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. The next one is: allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally. (FAVGYMRY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • INFGYMRY from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001LEARN MORE
    • Which one of the following has had the biggest influence on your thinking on the issue of allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (INFGYMRY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYCONST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea or a bad idea? [Answered only if GAYMAR = 3 or 4 (if the respondent opposes gay marriage). See variable at end named GAYMAR_C for combined responses.] (GAYCONST) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYLEG from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYLEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMAR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • On a different subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? [See variables GAYMAR_C and MARPUSHC at end for combined responses on abortion.] (GAYMAR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMAR_C from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Combined responses to questions GAYMAR and GAYCONST (regarding banning gay marriage). (GAYMAR_C) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARPUSH from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Which of these statements comes closer to your view: 1. Supporters of gay marriage should not push too hard to make it legal right away, because doing so could create bad feelings against homosexuals; or 2. Supporters of gay marriage should push hard to make it legal as soon as possible, despite the risk of creating bad feelings against homosexuals? [Answered only if GAYMAR = 1 or 2 (if the respondent supports gay marriage). See variable at end named MARPUSHC for combined responses.] (MARPUSH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARPUSHC from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Combined responses to questions GAYMAR and MARPUSH (regarding pushing legalizing gay marriage). (MARPUSHC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • STANAT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Do you think the question of whether gay marriage should be legal is something that should be decided at the national level, or is it something that each state should decide for itself?[Answered only if FORM = 1.] (STANAT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMAR_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009LEARN MORE
    • If MARGL_A = 1 or 2: Which of these statements comes closer to your view? [Choices #1 and 2 were read in random order] (Q147) (GAYMAR_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LGLGL_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (Q146B) (LGLGL_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARGL_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry legally? (Q146A) (MARGL_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALLOWGAY from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • All in all do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (ALLOWGAY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • As you think about the elections for Congress this November, how important are each of the following issues to you? Is the issue of gay marriage very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [INTERVIEWER: PLEASE RE-READ RESPONSE OPTIONS AS NECESSARY TO REMIND RESPONDENTS OF OPTIONS] (GAYMARR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • INFTHNK3 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Which one of the following has had the biggest influence on your thinking on this issue? Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally [IF R SAYS ALL OR MORE THAN ONE, PROBE WITH: Which has had the biggest influence?] (INFTHNK3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SSMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • As you think about the elections for Congress this November, how important are each of the following issues to you? Is the issue of same-sex marriage very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [INTERVIEWER: PLEASE RE-READ RESPONSE OPTIONS AS NECESSARY TO REMIND RESPONDENTS OF OPTIONS] (SSMARR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • F_GAYMAR from News Interest Index, March 2004LEARN MORE
    • Now I will read a list of some stories covered by news organizations this past month. As I read each item, tell me if you happened to follow this news story very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely: The issue of gay and lesbian marriage (F_GAYMAR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMAR1 from News Interest Index, March 2004LEARN MORE
    • On a completely different subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMAR1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMAR2 from News Interest Index, March 2004LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR1= 3 or 4 ] There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea, or a bad idea? (GAYMAR2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMAR3 from News Interest Index, March 2004LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR2= 2 BAD IDEA] Why do you think the Constitution should NOT be amended to ban gay marriage? [OPEN ENDED QUESTION; SEE VARIABLE AT END NAMED GAYMAR3B] (GAYMAR3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYRGHTS from News Interest Index, March 2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYRGHTS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CNSTAMND from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR1= 3 OPPOSE OR 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE] Should the U.S. Constitution be amended to ban gay marriage, or is it enough to prohibit gay marriage by law without changing the Constitution? (CNSTAMND) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • G_FAMILY from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • Im going to read you some statements, some of which you will probably agree with, others you will probably disagree with: Allowing gay and lesbian couples to legally marry would undermine the traditional American family. Do you completely agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or completely disagree with this statement. (G_FAMILY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • G_RELIG from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • Im going to read you some statements, some of which you will probably agree with, others you will probably disagree with: Gay marriage would go against my religious beliefs. Do you completely agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or completely disagree with this statement. (G_RELIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMAR1 from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • On a completely different subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMAR1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMAR2 from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYMAR2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • WHYOBJEC from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR1= 3 OPPOSE OR 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE] Earlier you said you were opposed to allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally. What would you say is the main reason you object to allowing gays and lesbians to marry? [OPEN END: USE PRECODES OR ENTER RESPONSE VERBATIM. INTERVIEWER: PROBE ONCE FOR CLARITY If response is simply Its wrong or Its bad or I just dont agree with it or similarly vague answers.] (WHYOBJEC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CIVILUNI from Middletown Area Study, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Another proposal is that states could pass laws allowing gay and lesbian couples to form civil unions that are not marriages, but would give gay couples rights such as inheritance, joint insurance, and pension converage. To what extent would you support or oppose such laws. Do you: (CIVILUNI) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARR from December 2006 Values Update SurveyLEARN MORE
    • As I read some programs and proposals that are being discussed in the country today, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose each. Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally. (GAYMARR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • JGMAR from Faith and Family in America, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read to you a list of statements about marriage. Which of the following statements comes closest to your view about the proper legal status of marriage? (JGMAR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BANMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea, or a bad idea? [Ask if FORM = 1.] (BANMARR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DEFMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution that would define marriage as being between a man and a woman, thus barring marriages between gay or lesbian couples? Do you think amending the Constitution in this way is a good idea, or a bad idea? [Ask if FORM = 2.] (DEFMARR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • On another subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMARR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GAYRIGHT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYRIGHT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ISSGAY from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • In making your decision about who to vote for, will the issue of gay marriage be very important, somewhat important, or not too important, or not at all important? How important will the issue of gay marriage be? (ISSGAY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LRELONLY from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNL.] Would you say that your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should be legal, or the only reason you think that homosexual marriage should be legal? (LRELONLY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • NRELONLY from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNNL.] Would you say your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal, or the only reason you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal? (NRELONLY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LRELONLY from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNL] Would you say your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should be legal, or the only reason you think that homosexual marriage should be legal? (LRELONLY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • NRELONLY from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNNL] Would you say your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal, or the ONLY reason you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal? (NRELONLY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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