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Measures views about same-sex marriage

Below are 89 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

MARHOMO from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another. (MARHOMO)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,16332.7
1) Strongly agree39211.0
2) Agree51414.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree3239.1
4) Disagree38110.7
5) Strongly disagree75921.3
8) Cant choose230.6
9) No answer40.1
TOTAL3559100.0


MARHOMO from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another. (MARHOMO)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,67334.1
1) Strongly agree63012.9
2) Agree76015.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree4068.3
4) Disagree50510.3
5) Strongly disagree88118.0
8) Cant choose330.7
9) No answer130.3
TOTAL4901100.0


Q36F from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q36 How do you feel about the following marriage and family related issues... f. Gay marriage (Q36F)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong95256.6
2) Almost always wrong865.1
3) Only wrong sometimes1227.3
4) Not wrong at all52131.0
TOTAL1681100.0


GAYMARR from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q39a. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about homosexuals: Homosexuals should be allowed to marry (GAYMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree58336.0
2) Disagree32219.9
3) Agree22013.6
4) Strongly agree30018.5
8) Undecided19311.9
Missing29 
TOTAL1,618100.0


GAYUNION from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q39b. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about homosexuals: Homosexuals should be allowed civil unions (GAYUNION)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree41525.7
2) Disagree19412.0
3) Agree49430.6
4) Strongly agree35822.2
8) Undecided1529.4
Missing35 
TOTAL1,613100.0


NOHOMMAR from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

As a Catholic, how important is each of the following to you? Would you say the following is or are very important, somewhat important, or not important at all? K. The Catholic Churchs teachings that oppose same-sex marriage (NOHOMMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Not important at all23326.6
2) Somewhat important21724.8
3) Very important41347.2
4) Dont know121.4
TOTAL875100.0


GAYMARRY from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

Agree/Disagree: Marriages between homosexuals should be given the same legal status as heterosexual marriages. (93, 97, 99, 01, 03, 04, 07, 09) (GAYMARRY)
TOTAL%
-1) RF/DK4318.2
0) Disagree2,92455.5
1) Agree1,91236.3
TOTAL5267100.0


GAYMARR from American National Election Studies, 2004

Should same-sex couples be ALLOWED to marry, or do you think they should NOT BE ALLOWED to marry? (GAYMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Should be allowed40033.0
3) Should not be allowed70558.2
5) Should not be allowed to marry but should be allowed to legally forma civil union413.4
7) Other302.5
8) Dont know282.3
9) Refused80.7
TOTAL1212100.0


MARHOMO from General Social Survey, 2006

Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another. (MARHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree30715.3
2) Agree39119.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree26013.0
4) Disagree32916.4
5) Strongly69534.7
8) Cant choose170.8
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL2003100.0


MARHOMO from General Social Survey, 2004

Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another--do you agree or disagree? (MARHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree13511.1
2) Agree21617.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree17314.2
4) Disagree24019.7
5) Strongly disagree42034.5
8) Cant choose221.8
9) No answer100.8
TOTAL1216100.0


GAYMAR from ABC News/Washington Post Poll: Springtime Politics, 2005

Do you think same-sex couples should be allowed legally to marry, should be allowed legally to form civil unions, but not to marry, or should not be allowed to obtain legal recognition of their relationships? (GAYMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Allowed legally to marry26626.8
2) Allowed legally to form civil unions, but not to marry28929.1
3) Should not be allowed to obtain legal recognition of their relationships39840.1
8) DK/No opinion393.9
Missing14 
TOTAL992100.0


GAYAMEND from ABC News/Washington Post Poll: Springtime Politics, 2005

Would you support amending the U.S. Constitution to make it against the law for homosexual couples to get married anywhere in the U.S., or should each state make its own laws on homosexual marriage? (GAYAMEND)
TOTAL%
1) Support amending Constitution38939.2
2) Each state should make own laws55155.5
8) DK/No opinion525.2
Missing15 
TOTAL992100.0


INF_HOMO from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

Which one of the following has had the biggest influence on your thinking on this issue -- Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally (INF_HOMO)
TOTAL%
10) A personal experience3999.5
11) The views of your friends and family2997.2
12) What you have seen or read in the media3728.9
13) Your religious beliefs1,54136.9
14) Your education69516.6
15) Something else73417.6
16) Dont know/Refused1393.3
TOTAL4,179100.0


GAYMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007

Now, Id like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in this country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose – c. Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally (GAYMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor39512.9
2) Favor71823.5
3) Oppose72223.7
4) Strongly oppose95131.2
9) Dont Know/Refused2668.7
TOTAL3,052100.0


ISSUES5 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

Id like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in this country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (ISSUES5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor10810.8
2) Favor28228.1
3) Oppose22322.2
4) Strongly oppose29729.6
9) Dont know/Refused939.3
TOTAL1003100.0


IMPTISS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

Which of these kinds of issues are more important in the United States today: issues like abortion and gay marriage or issues like poverty and homelessness? [Asked only if FORM = 1.] (IMPTISS)
TOTAL%
1) Issues like abortion and gay marriage40018.1
2) Issues like poverty and homelessness1,59272.1
3) Both1486.7
4) Neither200.9
9) Dont know/Refused482.2
Missing2,200 
TOTAL2,208100.0


W11N13_A from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing homosexuals to marry members of their own sex and have regular marriage laws apply to them? (W11N13_A)
TOTAL%
-7) No answer40.1
-6) Not asked, unit non-response32110.5
-2) Missing, see documentation190.6
1) Favor81326.7
2) Oppose1,34444.1
3) Neither favor nor oppose54818.0
TOTAL3049100.0


IMPSOCIS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007

In making your decision about who to vote for in the presidential election of 2008, will social issues like abortion and gay marriage be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (IMPSOCIS)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1,17038.3
2) Somewhat important97131.8
3) Not too important52917.3
4) Not at all important33310.9
9) Dont Know/Refused491.6
TOTAL3,052100.0


IRAQ from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008

In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of Iraq be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22B) (IRAQ)
TOTAL%
1) Very important2,02769.8
2) Somewhat important62921.6
3) Not too important1364.7
4) Not at all important692.4
9) Dont know/Refused451.5
TOTAL2,906100.0


HLINSALL from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008

All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] the U.S. government guaranteeing health insurance for all citizens, even if it means raising taxes? (Q25A) (HLINSALL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor85629.5
2) Favor96933.4
3) Oppose59720.6
4) Strongly oppose38513.3
9) Dont know/Refused983.4
TOTAL2,905100.0


WORSHP from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008

All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] allowing churches and other houses of worship to apply, along with other organizations, for government funding to provide social services such as job training or drug treatment counseling to people who need them? (Q25B) (WORSHP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor76226.2
2) Favor1,18940.9
3) Oppose54618.8
4) Strongly oppose29710.2
9) Dont know/Refused1113.8
TOTAL2,905100.0


V083214 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry, or do you think they should not be allowed to marry? (V083214)
TOTAL%
-9) Refused351.5
-8) Dont know351.5
1) Should be allowed84636.4
3) Should not be allowed82035.3
5) Should not be allowed to marry but should be allowed to legally form a civil union [Vol.]55223.8
7) Other [Vol.] {SPECIFY}351.5
TOTAL2323100.0


HOMOMRRY from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

Now, I am going to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. -- Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally (HOMOMRRY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor2616.2
2) Favor88121.1
3) Oppose1,00724.1
4) Strongly oppose1,70840.9
5) Dont know3227.7
TOTAL4,179100.0


MARHOMO from General Social Survey, 1988

Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another--do you agree or disagree? (MARHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree443.1
2) Agree1188.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree19613.9
4) Disagree33623.8
5) Strongly disagree61343.4
8) Cant choose825.8
9) No answer251.8
TOTAL1414100.0


GAYMARR3 from ABC News Church Abuse, 2004

(Would you support amending the U.S. Constitution to make it illegal for homosexual couples to get married anywhere in the U.S.), or (should each state make its own laws on homosexual marriage)? [INTERVIEWER: ROTATE ITEMS IN PARENTHESES; Get answer and then ask: Do you feel that way STRONGLY or SOMEWHAT?] (GAYMARR3)
TOTAL%
1) Support amending Constitution, STRONGLY17536.0
2) Support amending Constitution, SOMEWHAT296.0
3) Each state should make own laws, SOMEWHAT7114.6
4) Each state should make own laws, STRONGLY16534.0
8) DK/No Opinion469.5
Missing514 
TOTAL486100.0


GAYMARR4 from ABC News Church Abuse, 2004

Say a homosexual couple is legally married in one state, then moves to another state. Should that other state be required to recognize that marriage as legal, or not? (GAYMARR4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, should be required to recognize40541.1
2) No, should NOT be required to recognize53254.0
8) DK/No Opinion484.9
Missing16 
TOTAL985100.0


GAYMARR1 from ABC News Church Abuse, 2004

Do you think homosexual couples should or should not be allowed to form legally recognized civil unions, giving them the legal rights of married couples in areas such as health insurance, inheritance and pension coverage? [INTERVIEWER: Get answer and then ask: Do you feel that way STRONGLY or SOMEWHAT?] (GAYMARR1)
TOTAL%
1) Should be allowed, STRONGLY28629.5
2) Should be allowed, SOMEWHAT15015.5
3) Should NOT be allowed, SOMEWHAT676.9
4) Should NOT be allowed, STRONGLY40041.2
8) DK/No Opinion676.9
Missing32 
TOTAL970100.0


GAYMARR2 from ABC News Church Abuse, 2004

Do you think it should be legal or illegal for homosexual couples to get married? [INTERVIEWER: Get answer and then ask: Do you feel that way STRONGLY or SOMEWHAT?] (GAYMARR2)
TOTAL%
1) Legal, STRONGLY24725.3
2) Legal, SOMEWHAT13113.4
3) Illegal, SOMEWHAT596.0
4) Illegal, STRONGLY48149.2
8) DK/No Opinion606.1
Missing22 
TOTAL978100.0


H2MARRY from Politics of Character Survey, 2000

Now I want you to tell me how much you agree with these statements about homosexuality Would you say you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree that . . . b. homosexual couples (that is couples of the same sex) should have to right to marry. (H2MARRY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree23420.1
2) Mostly agree23119.8
3) Mostly disagree17014.6
4) Completely disagree52945.4
TOTAL1164100.0


H2MARRY from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

Now I want you to tell me how much you agree with these statements about homosexuality. Would you say you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree that . . . b. homosexual couples-that is couples of the same sex-should have the right to marry. (H2MARRY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1789.8
2) Mostly agree34819.1
3) Mostly disagree35819.7
4) Completely disagree75641.5
5) Dont know1819.9
TOTAL1821100.0


GAYMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010

As you think about the elections for Congress this November, how important are each of the following issues to you? Is the issue of gay marriage very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [INTERVIEWER: PLEASE RE-READ RESPONSE OPTIONS AS NECESSARY TO REMIND RESPONDENTS OF OPTIONS] (GAYMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1,48527.2
2) Somewhat important1,04719.2
3) Not too important89816.4
4) Not at all important1,88134.4
9) Dont know/ Refused (Vol.)1562.9
Missing5,473 
TOTAL5,467100.0


SSMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010

As you think about the elections for Congress this November, how important are each of the following issues to you? Is the issue of same-sex marriage very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [INTERVIEWER: PLEASE RE-READ RESPONSE OPTIONS AS NECESSARY TO REMIND RESPONDENTS OF OPTIONS] (SSMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1,58428.9
2) Somewhat important1,00718.4
3) Not too important92516.9
4) Not at all important1,75232.0
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)2053.7
Missing5,467 
TOTAL5,473100.0


PEWGAYM3 from America's Evangelicals

Would you vote for a candidate who disagrees with you about gay marriage, if they agree with you on most other issues? (PEWGAYM3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would vote for candidate80249.8
2) No, would not vote for candidate60537.6
3) Depends1086.7
4) Dont know/Refused955.9
TOTAL1610100.0


PEWGAYM2 from America's Evangelicals

(IF OPPOSE OR STRONGLY OPPOSE IN PEWGAYM1) Should the U.S. Constitution be amended to ban gay marriage, or is it enough to prohibit gay marriage by law without changing the Constitution? (PEWGAYM2)
TOTAL%
1) Amend the Constitution39837.2
2) Enough to prohibit by law59355.4
3) Dont know/Refused797.4
TOTAL1070100.0


PEWGAYM1 from America's Evangelicals

Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (PEWGAYM1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor1529.4
2) Favor24415.2
3) Oppose29518.3
4) Strongly oppose77548.1
5) Dont know/Refused1448.9
TOTAL1610100.0


CVLUNION from America's Evangelicals

(ROTATE CVLUNION AND PEWGAYM1 AND PEWGAYM2) Would you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to legally form civil unions, giving them some of the legal rights of married couples? (CVLUNION)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor18811.7
2) Favor38724.0
3) Oppose30218.8
4) Strongly oppose60537.6
5) Dont know/Refused1288.0
TOTAL1610100.0


INFTHNK3 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010

Which one of the following has had the biggest influence on your thinking on this issue? Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally [IF R SAYS ALL OR MORE THAN ONE, PROBE WITH: Which has had the biggest influence?] (INFTHNK3)
TOTAL%
1) A personal experience81316.6
2) The views of your friends and family49110.0
3) What you have seen or read in the media3406.9
4) Your religious beliefs1,72035.1
5) Your education65313.3
6) Something else74215.1
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)1473.0
Missing6,034 
TOTAL4,906100.0


GAYCONST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea or a bad idea? [Answered only if GAYMAR = 3 or 4 (if the respondent opposes gay marriage). See variable at end named GAYMAR_C for combined responses.] (GAYCONST)
TOTAL%
1) Good idea / favor Constitutional amendment60553.7
2) Bad idea / oppose Constitutional amendment47942.5
9) Dont know/Refused433.8
Missing877 
TOTAL1,127100.0


ALLOWGAY from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010

All in all do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (ALLOWGAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor1,90817.4
2) Favor2,62524.0
3) Oppose2,62724.0
4) Strongly oppose2,65424.3
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)1,12710.3
TOTAL10,941100.0


GAYSSMAR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010

Issue of gay marriage/same-sex marriage (GAYSSMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important3,06828.0
2) Somewhat important2,05418.8
3) Not too important1,82316.7
4) Not at all important3,63433.2
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)3613.3
TOTAL10,940100.0


GAYMAR_C from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

Combined responses to questions GAYMAR and GAYCONST (regarding banning gay marriage). (GAYMAR_C)
TOTAL%
1) Favor gay marriage70335.1
2) Oppose gay marriage and think amendment is good idea60530.2
3) Oppose gay marriage but think amendment is bad idea47923.9
4) Oppose gay marriage but dont know if amendment is good or bad idea432.1
5) Dont know/Refused (on gay marriage questions)1748.7
TOTAL2,004100.0


GAYMAR_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

If MARGL_A = 1 or 2: Which of these statements comes closer to your view? [Choices #1 and 2 were read in random order] (Q147) (GAYMAR_A)
TOTAL%
1) Supporters of gay marriage should not push too hard to make it legal right away, because doing so could create bad feelings against homosexuals1,43041.8
2) Supporters of gay marriage should push hard to make it legal as soon as possible, despite the risk of creating bad feelings against homosexuals1,55645.5
9) Dont know/Refused (VOL.)43512.7
Missing14,237 
TOTAL3,421100.0


LGLGL_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (Q146B) (LGLGL_A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor1,91821.7
2) Favor3,08735.0
3) Oppose1,48116.8
4) Strongly oppose1,83020.7
9) Dont know/Refused (VOL.)5145.8
Missing8,829 
TOTAL8,830100.0


MARGL_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry legally? (Q146A) (MARGL_A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor1,24514.1
2) Favor2,17624.6
3) Oppose1,95422.1
4) Strongly oppose2,72930.9
9) Dont know/Refused (VOL.)7258.2
Missing8,829 
TOTAL8,829100.0


THREEWAY from Religion and America's Role in the World

Now I want to talk to you about something different. Which one of the following statements do you most agree with when it comes to the issue of gay marriage? (rotate statement A and statement C; keep statement B in middle): (statement A) Gay and Lesbian couples should have the same legal right to marry as do a man and a woman (statement B) Marriage under the law should only be between a man and a woman, but there should be domestic partnerships or some other legal rights that would give same-sex couples many of the benefits and protections of marriage (statement C) there should be no legal recognition of a relationship for gay or lesbian couples. (THREEWAY)
TOTAL%
1) Statement A36225.9
2) Statement B52137.2
3) Statement C46633.3
4) Dont know/refused513.6
TOTAL1400100.0


QN11_C from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

All in all, do you favor or oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (QN11_C)
TOTAL%
1) Favor1,11627.8
2) Oppose2,42860.5
8) Dont know3518.7
9) Refused1213.0
TOTAL4016100.0


FAVGYMRY from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

Now I am going to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. The next one is: allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally. (FAVGYMRY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor3958.4
2) Favor1,23926.5
3) Oppose1,06322.7
4) Strongly oppose1,59734.1
9) Dont know/Refused3908.3
TOTAL4,684100.0


INFGYMRY from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

Which one of the following has had the biggest influence on your thinking on the issue of allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (INFGYMRY)
TOTAL%
1) A personal experience57712.3
2) The views of your friends and family3607.7
3) What you have seen or read in the media4128.8
4) Your religious beliefs1,84739.4
5) Your education56812.1
6) Something else (specify)71615.3
9) Dont know/Refused2034.3
TOTAL4,683100.0


AMGAYMAR from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005

[IF Oppose to GAYMARR] to There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea, or a bad idea? (AMGAYMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Good idea/favor Constitutional amendment76954.1
2) Bad idea/oppose Constitutional amendment59541.9
9) Dont know/Refused574.0
Missing1,274 
TOTAL1,421100.0


ALLOWGAY from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005

Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (ALLOWGAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor60222.3
2) Favor82630.6
3) Oppose43116.0
4) Strongly oppose63623.6
9) Dont know/Refused2007.4
TOTAL2,695100.0


GAYMAR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

On a different subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? [See variables GAYMAR_C and MARPUSHC at end for combined responses on abortion.] (GAYMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor24512.2
2) Favor45822.9
3) Oppose50525.2
4) Strongly oppose62231.0
9) Dont know/Refused1748.7
TOTAL2,004100.0


MARPUSHC from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

Combined responses to questions GAYMAR and MARPUSH (regarding pushing legalizing gay marriage). (MARPUSHC)
TOTAL%
1) Favor gay marriage and say push hard to legalize35617.8
2) Favor gay marriage but say do not push too hard28914.4
3) Favor gay marriage but dont know on push572.8
4) Oppose gay marriage1,12756.3
5) Dont know on gay marriage1748.7
TOTAL2,003100.0


STANAT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

Do you think the question of whether gay marriage should be legal is something that should be decided at the national level, or is it something that each state should decide for itself?[Answered only if FORM = 1.] (STANAT)
TOTAL%
1) Should be decided at the national level48148.3
2) Each state should decide for itself45345.5
9) Dont know/Refused626.2
Missing1,007 
TOTAL996100.0


MARPUSH from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

Which of these statements comes closer to your view: 1. Supporters of gay marriage should not push too hard to make it legal right away, because doing so could create bad feelings against homosexuals; or 2. Supporters of gay marriage should push hard to make it legal as soon as possible, despite the risk of creating bad feelings against homosexuals? [Answered only if GAYMAR = 1 or 2 (if the respondent supports gay marriage). See variable at end named MARPUSHC for combined responses.] (MARPUSH)
TOTAL%
1) Supporters of gay marriage should not push too hard to make it legal right away, because doing so could create bad feelings against homosexuals.28941.2
2) Supporters of gay marriage should push hard to make it legal as soon as possible, despite the risk of creating bad feelings against homosexuals.35650.7
9) Dont know/Refused578.1
Missing1,300 
TOTAL702100.0


GAYLEG from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYLEG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor38019.0
2) Favor70535.2
3) Oppose36018.0
4) Strongly oppose47523.7
9) Dont know/Refused834.1
TOTAL2,003100.0


GAYMARR from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005

Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor35613.2
2) Favor61822.9
3) Oppose60122.3
4) Strongly oppose82030.4
9) Dont know/Refused29911.1
TOTAL2,694100.0


GAYRGHTS from News Interest Index, March 2004

Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYRGHTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor54016.4
2) Favor1,07932.8
3) Oppose58617.8
4) Strongly oppose84425.6
9) Dont know/Refused2427.4
TOTAL3,291100.0


GAYMAR3C from News Interest Index, March 2004

[Categorized open-ended responses to GAYMAR3: Why do you think the Constitution should NOT be amended to ban gay marriage?] (GAYMAR3C)
TOTAL%
1) Let the states handle it / Other ways to address609.7
2) Gay marriage is not a Constitutional issue406.5
4) Trivial / Not that important / Other priorities508.1
5) Leave Constitution alone / the way founders wrote it / Stable document11718.9
7) Would open door to other changes315.0
8) Wouldnt work / People will do what they want anyway142.3
9) Just oppose / Not necessary6710.8
10) Government should stay out / favor individual rights (even though personally opposed to gay marriage)9114.7
19) Other6210.0
20) Opposed to gay marriage (misunderstood question)8613.9
Missing2,673 
TOTAL618100.0


GAYMAR3B from News Interest Index, March 2004

[Open-ended responses to variable named GAYMAR3: Why do you think the Constitution should NOT be amended to ban gay marriage?] (GAYMAR3B)
TOTAL%
TOTAL0100.0


GAYMAR3 from News Interest Index, March 2004

[ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR2= 2 BAD IDEA] Why do you think the Constitution should NOT be amended to ban gay marriage? [OPEN ENDED QUESTION; SEE VARIABLE AT END NAMED GAYMAR3B] (GAYMAR3)
TOTAL%
1) Answer given61691.3
9) Dont know/Refused598.7
Missing2,615 
TOTAL675100.0


GAYMAR2 from News Interest Index, March 2004

[ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR1= 3 or 4 ] There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea, or a bad idea? (GAYMAR2)
TOTAL%
1) Good idea/favor Constitutional amendment1,18961.1
2) Bad idea/oppose Constitutional amendment67534.7
9) Dont know/Refused834.3
Missing1,343 
TOTAL1,947100.0


F_GAYMAR from News Interest Index, March 2004

Now I will read a list of some stories covered by news organizations this past month. As I read each item, tell me if you happened to follow this news story very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely: The issue of gay and lesbian marriage (F_GAYMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very closely96829.4
2) Fairly closely1,09433.3
3) Not too closely65019.8
4) Not at all closely55216.8
9) Dont know/Refused260.8
TOTAL3,290100.0


GAYMAR1 from News Interest Index, March 2004

On a completely different subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMAR1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor32810.0
2) Favor71121.6
3) Oppose77623.6
4) Strongly oppose1,17235.6
9) Dont know/Refused3049.2
TOTAL3,291100.0


GDCTH_15 from Survey of Chicago Catholics, 2007

To be a good Catholic, do you have to . . .? Accept Churchs teaching on gay marriage (GDCTH_15)
TOTAL%
-2) Dont know/Undecided123.0
-1) Refused00.0
1) Yes12631.8
2) No25865.2
Missing129 
TOTAL396100.0


WHYOBJ_2 from News Interest Index, October 2003

[OPEN-ENDED VERBATIM RESPONSE TO WHYOBJEC] Earlier you said you were opposed to allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally. What would you say is the main reason you object to allowing gays and lesbians to marry? [OPEN END: USE PRECODES OR ENTER RESPONSE VERBATIM. INTERVIEWER: PROBE ONCE FOR CLARITY If response is simply Its wrong or Its bad or I just dont agree with it or similarly vague answers.] (WHYOBJ_2)
TOTAL%
TOTAL0100.0


GAYMAR1 from News Interest Index, October 2003

On a completely different subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMAR1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor2338.7
2) Favor61122.9
3) Oppose64324.1
4) Strongly oppose94535.4
9) Dont know/Refused2398.9
TOTAL2,671100.0


WHYOBJEC from News Interest Index, October 2003

[ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR1= 3 OPPOSE OR 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE] Earlier you said you were opposed to allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally. What would you say is the main reason you object to allowing gays and lesbians to marry? [OPEN END: USE PRECODES OR ENTER RESPONSE VERBATIM. INTERVIEWER: PROBE ONCE FOR CLARITY If response is simply Its wrong or Its bad or I just dont agree with it or similarly vague answers.] (WHYOBJEC)
TOTAL%
1) Definition of marriage is only for a man and a woman26016.4
2) Purpose of marriage is to have children573.6
3) Not natural/Not normal1519.5
4) Morally wrong/A sin/The Bible says44528.1
5) Against my religious beliefs27017.0
6) They dont have stable, long-term relationships140.9
7) Opens the door to other immoral behavior312.0
8) Its just wrong/I just dont agree with it18911.9
9) Other (specify)483.0
11) Economic/legal problems70.4
12) Bad for children342.1
13) Undermines traditional family150.9
99) Dont know/Refused654.1
Missing1,084 
TOTAL1,586100.0


G_FAMILY from News Interest Index, October 2003

Im going to read you some statements, some of which you will probably agree with, others you will probably disagree with: Allowing gay and lesbian couples to legally marry would undermine the traditional American family. Do you completely agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or completely disagree with this statement. (G_FAMILY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1,06940.0
2) Somewhat agree41815.6
3) Somewhat disagree40215.0
4) Completely disagree63923.9
5) Mixed opinion511.9
9) Dont know/Refused933.5
TOTAL2,672100.0


CNSTAMND from News Interest Index, October 2003

[ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR1= 3 OPPOSE OR 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE] Should the U.S. Constitution be amended to ban gay marriage, or is it enough to prohibit gay marriage by law without changing the Constitution? (CNSTAMND)
TOTAL%
1) Amend the Constitution28217.7
2) Enough to prohibit by law1,13071.0
9) Dont know/Refused17911.3
Missing1,081 
TOTAL1,591100.0


G_RELIG from News Interest Index, October 2003

Im going to read you some statements, some of which you will probably agree with, others you will probably disagree with: Gay marriage would go against my religious beliefs. Do you completely agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or completely disagree with this statement. (G_RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1,33950.1
2) Somewhat agree32512.2
3) Somewhat disagree26610.0
4) Completely disagree60822.8
5) Mixed opinion291.1
9) Dont know/Refused1043.9
TOTAL2,671100.0


GAYMAR2 from News Interest Index, October 2003

Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYMAR2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor35213.2
2) Favor75528.3
3) Oppose55120.6
4) Strongly oppose81230.4
9) Dont know/Refused2027.6
TOTAL2,672100.0


CIVILUNI from Middletown Area Study, 2004

Another proposal is that states could pass laws allowing gay and lesbian couples to form civil unions that are not marriages, but would give gay couples rights such as inheritance, joint insurance, and pension converage. To what extent would you support or oppose such laws. Do you: (CIVILUNI)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly Against16729.8
2) Against6812.1
3) Neutral7112.7
4) Support11821.1
5) Strongly Support13624.3
TOTAL560100.0


RELRSNL from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED LEGAL TO HOMOLAW.] Is your view that homosexual marriage should be legal based at all on your religious beliefs, such as what the Bible or church teaches? (RELRSNL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes117.7
2) No12688.7
3) Dont know / No answer53.5
TOTAL142100.0


LRELONLY from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNL.] Would you say that your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should be legal, or the only reason you think that homosexual marriage should be legal? (LRELONLY)
TOTAL%
1) One of several763.6
2) The only reason19.1
3) Dont know / No answer327.3
TOTAL11100.0


RELRSNNL from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED ILLEGAL TO HOMOLAW.] Is your view that homosexual marriage should not be legal based at all on your religious beliefs, such as what the Bible or church teaches? (RELRSNNL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13369.6
2) No5629.3
3) Dont know / No answer21.0
TOTAL191100.0


GAYMARR from December 2006 Values Update Survey

As I read some programs and proposals that are being discussed in the country today, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose each. Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally. (GAYMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor54413.3
2) Favor99024.2
3) Oppose88121.5
4) Strongly oppose1,34932.9
9) Dont know3348.2
TOTAL4,098100.0


JGMAR from Faith and Family in America, 2005

Now I am going to read to you a list of statements about marriage. Which of the following statements comes closest to your view about the proper legal status of marriage? (JGMAR)
TOTAL%
1) The law should define marriage as a union between one man and one woman65057.5
2) The law should define marriage as a union between one man and one woman, but recognize legal agreements between same-sex couples.16514.6
3) The law should define marriage as a union between two people, regardless of their gender.29325.9
4) None111.0
5) Refused50.4
6) Dont know/remember70.6
TOTAL1131100.0


DEFMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004

There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution that would define marriage as being between a man and a woman, thus barring marriages between gay or lesbian couples? Do you think amending the Constitution in this way is a good idea, or a bad idea? [Ask if FORM = 2.] (DEFMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Good idea/favor Constitutional amendment54932.3
2) Bad idea/oppose Constitutional amendment1,07363.2
9) Dont know/Refused774.5
Missing1,638 
TOTAL1,699100.0


HOMOLAW from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

In your opinion, should it be legal or not legal for homosexuals to marry? (HOMOLAW)
TOTAL%
1) Legal14235.3
2) Illegal19147.5
3) Dont know / No answer6917.2
TOTAL402100.0


BANMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004

There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea, or a bad idea? [Ask if FORM = 1.] (BANMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Good idea/favor Constitutional amendment63038.5
2) Bad idea/oppose Constitutional amendment90655.3
9) Dont know/Refused1026.2
Missing1,700 
TOTAL1,638100.0


NRELONLY from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNNL.] Would you say your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal, or the only reason you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal? (NRELONLY)
TOTAL%
1) One of several8664.7
2) The only reason4433.1
3) Dont know / No answer32.3
TOTAL133100.0


ISSGAY from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004

In making your decision about who to vote for, will the issue of gay marriage be very important, somewhat important, or not too important, or not at all important? How important will the issue of gay marriage be? (ISSGAY)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1,09832.9
2) Somewhat important61418.4
3) Not too important47914.3
4) Not at all important1,05731.7
9) Dont know/Refused902.7
TOTAL3,338100.0


GAYMARR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004

On another subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor2828.5
2) Favor70021.0
3) Oppose83124.9
4) Strongly oppose1,16034.8
9) Dont know/Refused36410.9
TOTAL3,337100.0


GAYRIGHT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004

Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYRIGHT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor51515.4
2) Favor1,10833.2
3) Oppose68820.6
4) Strongly oppose78823.6
9) Dont know/Refused2397.2
TOTAL3,338100.0


RELRSNNL from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999

[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED ILLEGAL TO HOMOLAW] Is your view that homosexual marriage should not be legal based at all on you your religious beliefs, such as what the Bible or church teaches? (RELRSNNL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37076.1
2) No10020.6
3) Dont know/No answer163.3
TOTAL486100.0


LRELONLY from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999

[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNL] Would you say your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should be legal, or the only reason you think that homosexual marriage should be legal? (LRELONLY)
TOTAL%
1) One of several1058.8
2) The only reason529.4
3) Dont know/No answer211.8
TOTAL17100.0


NRELONLY from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999

[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNNL] Would you say your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal, or the ONLY reason you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal? (NRELONLY)
TOTAL%
1) One of several24365.7
2) The only reason12233.0
3) Dont know/No answer51.4
TOTAL370100.0


HOMOLAW from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999

In your opinion, should it be legal or not legal for homosexuals to marry? (HOMOLAW)
TOTAL%
1) Legal20924.7
2) Illegal48657.4
3) Dont know/No answer15217.9
TOTAL847100.0


RELRSNL from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999

[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED LEGAL TO HOMOLAW] Is your view that homosexual marriage should be legal based at all on your religious beliefs, such as what the Bible or church teaches? (RELRSNL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes178.1
2) No18186.6
3) Dont know; No answer115.3
TOTAL209100.0




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