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Measures the racial diversity within a respondent's religious group 

Below are 74 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 5 types:

[ Racial Breakdown | Services | Similarity: Community | Similarity: Respondent | Value Diversity? ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Racial Breakdown
 

This question type asks the respondent what percentage of his/her congregation is of a particular racial/ethnic group.

Some questions fit within the "Racial Breakdown" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 8 such variants.

[ African-American/Black | Asian | Hispanic | Mixed Race | Native American | Other | Pacific Islander/Hawaiian | White ]

[ Back to Top ]



Variant:African-American/Black (Racial Breakdown variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent what percentage of his/her congregation is African-American/Black.

[ Back to Racial Breakdown ]


PERCBLK from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

BLKPCT06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

BLKPCT98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

CONGAFAM from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000

BLACK from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

BLACKCH from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

PCTBLACK from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Variant:Asian (Racial Breakdown variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent what percentage of his/her congregation is Asian

[ Back to Racial Breakdown ]


PERCASN from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

ASNPCT06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

ASNPCT98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

CONGASIA from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000

ASIAN from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

ASIANCH from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

PCTASIAN from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Variant:Hispanic (Racial Breakdown variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent what percentage of his/her congregation is Hispanic

[ Back to Racial Breakdown ]


PERCHISP from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

LATPCT06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

LATPCT98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

CONGHISP from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000

LATINO from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

HISPCH from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

PCTHISP from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Variant:Mixed Race (Racial Breakdown variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent what percentage of his/her congregation is mixed race

[ Back to Racial Breakdown ]


MIXEDCH from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks


Variant:Native American (Racial Breakdown variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent what percentage of his/her congregation is Native American/American Indian

[ Back to Racial Breakdown ]


AMIPCT06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

AMINDIAN from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

INDIANCH from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks


Variant:Other (Racial Breakdown variant)
 

This variant asks about "other" racial or ethnic groups.

[ Back to Racial Breakdown ]


OTHRACE from A Survey of Graduate Ministry Programs, 1992-1993

ATTENDO from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

OTHGRP98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

ETHN1_98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

ETHN2_98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

ETHN3_98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

OTHRACEG from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

RACELIST from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File


Variant:Pacific Islander/Hawaiian (Racial Breakdown variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent what percentage of his/her congregation is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

[ Back to Racial Breakdown ]


ISLANDER from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

PACIFCH from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks


Variant:White (Racial Breakdown variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent what percentage of his/her congregation is white.

[ Back to Racial Breakdown ]


PERCWHT from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

WHTPCT06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

WHTPCT98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

WHITE from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

WHITECH from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks


Category 2:Services
 

This question type asks if the respondent has attend a worship service at a congregation with a different racial/ethnic breakdown than his/her congregation.

[ Back to Top ]


RACWOR06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

RACWOR98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)


Category 3:Similarity: Community
 

This question type asks the respondent if the congregation has a similar racial/ethnic makeup as the surrounding community.

[ Back to Top ]


CONGSIM2 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986

CONGSIM3 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986

CONG10S2 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986

CONG10S3 from Indiana Mainline Churches, 1986


Category 4:Similarity: Respondent
 

This question type asks the respondent if people of different races/ethnicities attend his/her congregation.

Some questions fit within the "Similarity: Respondent" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Same Race ]

[ Back to Top ]


RACCHURH from General Social Survey, 1990

RACCHURH from General Social Survey, 1991

RACCHURH from General Social Survey, 1980

OTHERETH from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

MIXCHR from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, 1999

RACCHURH from General Social Survey, 1994

RACCHURH from General Social Survey, 1993

MIXCRCH from Southern Focus Poll, Southern Sample, Spring 1999


Variant:Same Race (Similarity: Respondent variant)
 

This variant asks the respondent what percentage of the congregation is of his/her race/ethnicity.

[ Back to Similarity: Respondent ]


Q10 from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

WORSHIP2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

WORSHIP2 from Houston Area Survey, 2010

RACECHUR from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

MAKEUP from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

RESPRACE from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

FIRSTATT from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

LESSTHAN from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

PCNTRSRC from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

WSHPRACE from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999

PCNTRSRC from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999

OPCNTRSR from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999


Category 5:Value Diversity?
 

This question type asks the respondent how much diversity is valued within the congregation.

Some questions fit within the "Value Diversity?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Work to Preserve? ]

[ Back to Top ]


SETHN98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

SETHN06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PETHN06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

VALUEOD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Attenders

GF7ETHDV from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

DIVERSE from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File


Variant:Work to Preserve? (Value Diversity? variant)
 

This variant asks the extent to which the congregation works to preserve racial/ethnic homogeneity

[ Back to Value Diversity? ]


HERITG98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PRESEVE from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File



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