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Does the respondent think sexual relations before marriage is wrong, immoral, or a bad idea?

Below are 99 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified40.7
2) Sometimes justified10918.2
3) Never justified47078.3
8) Dont know142.3
9) Refused30.5
TOTAL600100.0


SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified50.8
2) Sometimes justified467.1
3) Never justified59190.8
8) Dont know81.2
9) Refused10.2
TOTAL651100.0


SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified547.4
2) Sometimes justified7410.2
3) Never justified56377.5
8) Dont know324.4
9) Refused30.4
TOTAL726100.0


PREMARS1 from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Do you think it is wrong or not wrong if a man and a woman have sexual relations before marriage? (PREMARS1)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable2,19461.6
1) Always wrong3319.3
2) Almost always wrong1133.2
3) Wrong only sometimes2336.5
4) Not wrong at all66718.7
8) Dont know140.4
9) No answer70.2
TOTAL3559100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If [a man and a woman] are in their early teens, say fourteen to sixteen years old, in that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,60532.7
1) Always wrong2,24745.8
2) Almost always wrong52110.6
3) Sometimes wrong3346.8
4) Not wrong at all1593.2
8) Dont know240.5
9) No answer110.2
TOTAL4901100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If [a man and a woman] are in their early teens, say fourteen to sixteen years old, in that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,22734.5
1) Always wrong1,64046.1
2) Almost always wrong36910.4
3) Sometimes wrong2045.7
4) Not wrong at all1012.8
8) Dont know120.3
9) No answer60.2
TOTAL3559100.0


Q35A from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q35 How do you feel about sexual relations in the following circumstances... a. Before marriage (Q35A)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong54532.1
2) Almost always wrong22613.3
3) Only wrong sometimes31518.6
4) Not wrong at all61036.0
TOTAL1696100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,60532.7
1) Always wrong75215.3
2) Almost always wrong2435.0
3) Sometimes wrong56211.5
4) Not wrong at all1,67434.2
8) Dont know511.0
9) No answer140.3
TOTAL4901100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,22734.5
1) Always wrong56615.9
2) Almost always wrong1694.7
3) Sometimes wrong39811.2
4) Not wrong at all1,13331.8
8) Dont know541.5
9) No answer120.3
TOTAL3559100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 2002

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong24226.7
2) Almost always wrong738.0
3) Wrong only sometimes17619.4
4) Not wrong at all39443.4
8) Dont know182.0
9) No answer50.6
TOTAL908100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 2002

What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong64470.9
2) Almost always wrong13114.4
3) Wrong only sometimes788.6
4) Not wrong at all374.1
8) Dont know161.8
9) No answer20.2
TOTAL908100.0


ABSTAIN2 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

Y100. [If teen doesnt think people should wait until marriage for sex][IF Y99>1] Do you think it is okay for TEENAGERS to have sex if they are emotionally ready for it, or dont you? (ABSTAIN2)
TOTAL%
0) No45513.5
1) Yes1,03030.6
777) Dont know401.2
888) 888110.3
999) 9991,83454.4
TOTAL3370100.0


ABSTAIN1 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

Y99. Do you think that people should wait to have sex until they are married, or not necessarily? (ABSTAIN1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, they should wait1,83454.4
2) No, not necessarily wait1,48244.0
777) Dont know441.3
888) Refused100.3
TOTAL3370100.0


PTEENSEX from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

P56. [If parent respondent thinks people do not have to wait to have sex until they are married or answered dont know or refused] [IF P55>1] Do you think it is okay for teenagers to have sex if they are emotionally ready for it, or dont you? (PTEENSEX)
TOTAL%
0) No90927.0
1) Yes38211.3
777) Dont know571.7
888) Refused180.5
999) Not asked2,00459.5
TOTAL3370100.0


PSEXMAR from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

P55. Do you think that people should wait to have sex until they are married, or not necessarily? (PSEXMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, should wait2,00459.5
2) No, not necessarily wait1,28438.1
777) Dont know651.9
888) Refused170.5
TOTAL3370100.0


SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified9999.1
2) Sometimes justified2,50522.7
3) Never justified7,22465.5
8) Dont know2532.3
9) Refused470.4
TOTAL11028100.0


PREMARSX from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q12d. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Premarital sex (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Forbids46038.0
2) Strongly discourages49040.4
3) Somewhat discourages12810.6
4) Encourages30.2
5) Isnt concerned584.8
8) Dont know736.0
Missing437 
TOTAL1,212100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 2006

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong50925.6
2) Almost always wrong1678.4
3) Wrong only sometimes37919.0
4) Not wrong at all88244.3
8) Dont know442.2
9) No answer110.6
TOTAL1992100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 2006

What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong1,42271.4
2) Almost always wrong30215.2
3) Wrong only sometimes1678.4
4) Not wrong at all763.8
8) Dont know211.1
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1992100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 2004

What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong62569.0
2) Almost always wrong13715.1
3) Wrong only sometimes909.9
4) Not wrong at all434.7
8) Dont know111.2
TOTAL906100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 2004

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong23826.3
2) Almost always wrong798.7
3) Wrong only sometimes15717.3
4) Not wrong at all40945.1
8) Dont know182.0
9) No answer50.6
TOTAL906100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 2000

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong50226.7
2) Almost always wrong1578.4
3) Wrong only sometimes38420.5
4) Not wrong at all74939.9
8) Dont know754.0
9) No answer100.5
TOTAL1877100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 2000

What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong1,33771.2
2) Almost always wrong28014.9
3) Wrong only sometimes1648.7
4) Not wrong at all643.4
8) Dont know271.4
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1877100.0


EVERCOH from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

(evercohab_w2) [IF RESPONDENT DOES NOT REPORT CURRENTLY LIVING WITH A ROMANTIC PARTNER] [IF NO B:4=29] C:11. Some couples live together without being married. By living together we mean having a sexual relationship while sharing the same address and living space. Have you ever lived together with someone in this way? [IF C:1>1 THEN PROBE: If, for at least one month, you lived with someone whom you later married, include that relationship.] [NOTE TO INTERVIEWER: DO NOT COUNT DATING OR SLEEPING OVER. THIS QUESTION IS ABOUT A SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP WHERE A COUPLE SHARES THE SAME ADDRESS.] (EVERCOH)
TOTAL%
0) No2,37691.2
1) Yes1224.7
666) Invalid skip60.2
777) Dont know10.0
999) Not asked993.8
TOTAL2604100.0


AMA_3 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

Sexual intercourse before marriage is wrong. (AMA_3)
TOTAL%
-7) Refused321.2
-4) Dont know60.2
1) Strongly disagree71927.6
2) Somewhat disagree41515.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree66125.4
4) Somewhat agree28911.1
5) Strongly agree48218.5
Missing5 
TOTAL2,604100.0


ABSTAIN1 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

(abstain1_w2) R:17. Do you think that people should wait to have sex until they are married, or not necessarily? (ABSTAIN1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes86133.1
2) Not necessarily1,71165.7
666) Invalid skip230.9
777) Dont know70.3
888) Refused20.1
TOTAL2604100.0


EVERCOH from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(evercohab_w3) [IF RESPONDENT DOES NOT REPORT CURRENTLY LIVING WITH A ROMANTIC PARTNER AND DID NOT REPORT LIVING WITH A PARTNER IN WAVE 2] C:11. Some couples live together without being married. By living together we mean having a sexual relationship while sharing the same address and living space. Have you ever lived together with someone in this way? [IF C:1>1 THEN PROBE: If, for at least one month, you lived with someone whom you later married, include that relationship.] [INTERVIEWER: DO NOT COUNT DATING OR SLEEPING OVER. THIS QUESTION IS ABOUT A SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP WHERE A COUPLE SHARES THE SAME ADDRESS.] (EVERCOH)
TOTAL%
0) No1,84072.7
1) Yes30712.1
888) Refused10.0
999) Legitimate skip38415.2
TOTAL2532100.0


UNMARSEX from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

(unmarsex_w2) R:11. It is alright for two unmarried people who are not in love to have sex. (Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree?) (UNMARSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1636.3
2) Agree1,20146.1
3) Undecided/DK [INTERVIEWER: DO NOT READ]100.4
4) Disagree88433.9
5) Strongly disagree32012.3
666) Invalid skip230.9
888) Refused30.1
TOTAL2604100.0


SXOK16 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Female Respondent File

It is all right for unmarried 16 year olds to have sexual intercourse if they have strong affection for each other. (SXOK16)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree861.1
2) Agree95312.5
3) Disagree3,50245.8
4) Strongly disagree2,96638.8
5) If R insists: neither agree nor disagree1291.7
8) Refused50.1
9) Dont know20.0
TOTAL7643100.0


ABSTAIN1 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(abstain1_w3) R:17. Do you think that people should wait to have sex until they are married, or not necessarily? (ABSTAIN1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes61124.1
2) Not necessarily1,90575.2
777) Dont know30.1
888) Refused20.1
999) Legitimate skip110.4
TOTAL2532100.0


SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified20534.2
2) Sometimes justified24040.0
3) Never justified12921.5
8) Dont know203.3
9) Refused61.0
TOTAL600100.0


SXOK18 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Female Respondent File

It is all right for unmarried 18 year olds to have sexual intercourse if they have strong affection for each other. (SXOK18)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3704.8
2) Agree3,53246.2
3) Disagree2,44532.0
4) Strongly disagree1,05513.8
5) If R insists: neither agree nor disagree2283.0
8) Refused80.1
9) Dont know50.1
TOTAL7643100.0


ANYACT from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Female Respondent File

Any sexual act between two consenting adults is all right. (ANYACT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1,10114.4
2) Agree4,46958.5
3) Disagree1,37418.0
4) Strongly disagree4886.4
5) If R insists: neither agree nor disagree1902.5
8) Refused100.1
9) Dont know110.1
TOTAL7643100.0


YNOSEX from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Female Respondent File

As you know, some people have had sexual intercourse by your age and others have not. Please look at Card 22 which lists some reasons that people give for not having sexual intercourse. What would you say is the most important reason why you have not had sexual intercourse up to now? (YNOSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Against religion or morals34740.4
2) Dont want to get pregnant12514.6
3) Dont want to get sexually transmitted disease596.9
4) Havent found right person yet17620.5
5) In a relationship but waiting for the right time485.6
6) Other9911.5
8) Refused30.3
9) Dont know10.1
TOTAL858100.0


Q85F from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

Q85F [NEXT, IM GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Sex between people who are not married to each other (Q85F)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable2,4769.9
2) Morally wrong18,71674.8
3) Not a moral issue2,2138.8
4) Depends on situation1,3325.3
8) Dont know2070.8
9) Refused870.3
TOTAL25,031100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1990

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always22924.7
2) Almost always wrong10311.1
3) Wrong only sometimes20522.1
4) Not wrong at all35638.4
8) Dont know323.4
9) No answer30.3
TOTAL928100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1990

What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong61566.3
2) Almost always wrong16017.2
3) Wrong only sometimes9410.1
4) Not wrong at all293.1
8) Dont know262.8
9) No answer40.4
TOTAL928100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1996

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong45223.1
2) Almost always wrong1839.3
3) Wrong only sometimes42921.9
4) Not wrong at all83242.4
8) Dont know583.0
9) No answer60.3
TOTAL1960100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1996

What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong1,33968.3
2) Almost always wrong32116.4
3) Wrong only sometimes1919.7
4) Not wrong at all834.2
8) Dont know231.2
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1960100.0


SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified22432.0
2) Sometimes justified26738.1
3) Never justified20128.7
8) Dont know81.1
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL700100.0


PREMARS1 from General Social Survey, 1991

Do you think it is wrong or not wrong if a man and a woman have sexual relations before marriage? (PREMARS1)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong34425.3
2) Almost always wrong14610.7
3) Wrong only sometimes24718.2
4) Not wrong at all52238.4
8) Cant choose745.4
9) No answer261.9
TOTAL1359100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1988

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong25125.4
2) Almost always wrong10210.3
3) Wrong only sometimes21421.7
4) Not wrong at all38839.3
8) Dont know272.7
9) No answer60.6
TOTAL988100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1988

What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong67568.3
2) Almost always wrong15816.0
3) Wrong only sometimes10810.9
4) Not wrong at all323.2
8) Dont know111.1
9) No answer40.4
TOTAL988100.0


WPRESEX from Politics of Character Survey, 2000

Now I am going to read a list of things that some people consider to be morally wrong. For each item, please select the response that best indicates how wrong you, personally, think it is when people engage in that behavior. B. Sex before marriage (see note 1 on the ARDA summary page) (WPRESEX)
TOTAL%
1) Wrong for all, and should not be legally tolerated24523.2
2) Wrong for all, but should be tolerated17716.7
3) Right for some, but not for me personally14313.5
4) Right for me, but not necessarily for others13312.6
5) Right for all565.3
6) Not a moral issue30328.7
TOTAL1057100.0


SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified9813.2
2) Sometimes justified32543.9
3) Never justified27136.6
8) Dont know385.1
9) Refused81.1
TOTAL740100.0


SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified10713.4
2) Sometimes justified25231.5
3) Never justified40951.1
8) Dont know293.6
9) Refused30.4
TOTAL800100.0


SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified202.0
2) Sometimes justified20220.2
3) Never justified77277.3
8) Dont know50.5
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL999100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1991

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong27426.8
2) Almost always wrong989.6
3) Wrong only sometimes18618.2
4) Not wrong at all43542.5
8) Dont know282.7
9) No answer30.3
TOTAL1024100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1991

What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong67866.2
2) Almost always wrong17717.3
3) Wrong only sometimes959.3
4) Not wrong at all444.3
8) Dont know242.3
9) No answer60.6
TOTAL1024100.0


W2PRESEX from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

Now I am going to read a list of things that some people consider to be morally wrong. For each item, please select the number that best indicates how wrong you, personally, think it is when people engage in that behavior. B. Sex before marriage (W2PRESEX)
TOTAL%
1) Wrong for all, and should not be legally tolerated32016.7
2) Wrong for all, but should be tolerated49425.7
3) Right for some, but not for me personally42121.9
4) Right for me, but not necessarily for others31416.3
5) Right for all1658.6
6) Not a moral issue20710.8
TOTAL1921100.0


VIEWSEX from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005

Do you favor or oppose having the public schools teach teenagers to abstain from sex until marriage? (VIEWSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Favor2,06076.4
2) Oppose52619.5
9) Dont know/Refused1094.0
TOTAL2,695100.0


APRESXOK from Life Choices, 1990

Now I want you to consider a series of opinions on a variety of issues. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with each statement. F. Sex before marriage is okay, if a couple loves each other. (APRESXOK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22410.7
2) Agree89542.6
3) Disagree61129.1
4) Strongly disagree37117.7
TOTAL2101100.0


NOSHACK from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

How much does your congregation, in its worship and education, emphasize the following home and personal practices? Abstaining from premarital sex (NOSHACK)
TOTAL%
0) Missing250.2
1) Not at all1,1189.9
2) A little1,40512.5
3) Some2,64723.5
4) Quite a bit2,81925.1
5) A great deal3,23728.8
Missing3,049 
TOTAL11,251100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1998

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong47625.4
2) Almost always wrong1668.9
3) Wrong only sometimes37820.2
4) Not wrong at all78441.9
8) Dont know653.5
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1871100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1998

What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong1,31870.4
2) Almost always wrong29916.0
3) Wrong only sometimes1578.4
4) Not wrong at all643.4
8) Dont know301.6
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1871100.0


PREMARS1 from General Social Survey, 1998

Do you think it is wrong or not wrong if a man and a woman have sexual relations before marriage? (PREMARS1)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong35827.9
2) Almost always wrong13810.7
3) Wrong only sometimes24318.9
4) Not wrong at all46836.4
8) Cant choose705.5
9) No answer70.5
TOTAL1284100.0


MORAL3 from ABC News the Pope & the Church, 2003

(CATHOLIC OVERSAMPLE) For each item I name, please tell me if you personally find it morally acceptable or morally unacceptable.- Premarital sex between consenting adults (MORAL3)
TOTAL%
1) Acceptable83067.0
2) Unacceptable39331.7
8) DK/No opinion161.3
Missing42 
TOTAL1,239100.0


SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified848.4
2) Sometimes justified22722.6
3) Never justified67166.8
8) Dont know181.8
9) Refused50.5
TOTAL1,005100.0


SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified213.2
2) Sometimes justified11818.1
3) Never justified51378.6
8) Dont know00.0
9) Refused10.2
TOTAL653100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1978

If a man and a woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong43728.5
2) Almost always wrong17511.4
3) Wrong only sometimes30419.8
4) Not wrong at all57837.7
8) Dont know342.2
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0


G_RESTRI from News Interest Index, October 2003

Im going to read you some statements, some of which you will probably agree with, others you will probably disagree with. The first is… Society should not put any restrictions on sex between consenting adults in the privacy of their own home. Do you completely agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or completely disagree with this statement. (G_RESTRI)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1,63861.3
2) Somewhat agree51519.3
3) Somewhat disagree1415.3
4) Completely disagree2208.2
5) Mixed opinion341.3
9) Dont know/Refused1234.6
TOTAL2,671100.0


D8PREMAR from Survey On the Beliefs and Moral Values of America's Children, 1989

Imagine someone like yourself in the following situation and tell us what would most likely happen - You have had a steady relationship for a long time and you feel very much in love. At this point your girlfriend/boyfriend tells you they want to have sex with you. In this situation, would you have sex, try to hold off if you can, refuse to have sex for now, or insist on waiting until youre married? (Not asked of elementary school students.) (D8PREMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Have sex1,26137.2
2) Try to hold off if you can65219.3
3) Refuse to have sex for now66719.7
4) Insist on waiting until youre married80623.8
Missing2,037 
TOTAL3,386100.0


J6PRESIN from Survey On the Beliefs and Moral Values of America's Children, 1989

Please tell us if you agree or disagree with the following statement - Sex before marriage is never right because it is a sin. (Not asked of elementary school students.) (J6PRESIN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree1,15533.6
2) Disagree1,81152.6
3) Dont know47513.8
Missing1,982 
TOTAL3,441100.0


J2PRESEX from Survey On the Beliefs and Moral Values of America's Children, 1989

Please tell us if you agree or disagree with the following statement - Sex before marriage is OK, if a couple love each other. (Not asked of elementary school students.) (J2PRESEX)
TOTAL%
1) Agree1,84853.7
2) Disagree1,10932.2
3) Dont know48714.1
Missing1,979 
TOTAL3,444100.0


PREMARSX from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992

We are asking about church issues, in your case, Catholic church issues. For each, please tell me whether you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly. -- Premarital sexual relations between persons who are committed to each other can be morally acceptable. (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly Agree59236.5
2) Somewhat Agree51831.9
3) Somewhat Disagree1479.1
4) Strongly Disagree31919.7
5) Dont know/Refused472.9
TOTAL1,623100.0


PREMRSEX from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

Most of us probably feel that failure to live up to the Lords commandments will have an adverse effect on our standing in His eyes, but that weakness in some commandments might be more serious than weakness in others. By circling the appropriate numbers below, please indicate how serious you believe each of the following to be -- Having sex relations before marriage (PREMRSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Very serious70877.3
2) Fairly serious12713.9
3) Not very serious424.6
4) Scarcely matters at all222.4
5) Cant decide171.9
TOTAL916100.0


PREMARS1 from General Social Survey, 1994

Do you think it is wrong or not wrong if a man and a woman have sexual relations before marriage? (PREMARS1)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong36124.9
2) Almost always wrong14410.0
3) Wrong only sometimes22815.8
4) Not wrong at all50935.2
8) Cant choose1188.2
9) No answer876.0
TOTAL1447100.0


TEENSEX1 from General Social Survey, 1994

Is premarital sex always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all, if a male and female are in their early teens, say under 16 years old? (TEENSEX1)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong92764.1
2) Almost always wrong21514.9
3) Wrong only sometimes1147.9
4) Not wrong at all543.7
8) Cant choose483.3
9) No answer896.2
TOTAL1447100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1994

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong49625.1
2) Almost always wrong1929.7
3) Wrong only sometimes38919.7
4) Not wrong at all83042.0
8) Dont know603.0
9) No answer100.5
TOTAL1977100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1994

What if they are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong1,36368.9
2) Almost always33617.0
3) Wrong only sometimes1768.9
4) Not at all773.9
8) Dont know170.9
9) No answer80.4
TOTAL1977100.0


SEXBFMAR from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 5 (1995) Respondent File

What do you think are the chances that you will have sexual intercourse before you get married? (SEXBFMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely749.1
2) Somewhat likely19123.4
3) Somewhat unlikely15619.1
4) Very unlikely38246.9
7) Not ascertained20.2
8) Refused30.4
9) Dont know70.9
TOTAL815100.0


PRESEX from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

Is it wrong for two unmarried people to engage in sex? (PRESEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, it is always wrong.11638.8
2) It is usually wrong (but not always).299.7
3) It is only sometimes wrong.3110.4
4) It is not wrong.8227.4
9) Unsure or no opinion4113.7
TOTAL299100.0


SXOK16 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

It is all right for unmarried 16-year-olds to have sexual relations if they have strong affection for each other. (SXOK16)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1052.1
2) Agree1,08422.0
3) Disagree2,26445.9
4) Strongly disagree1,38328.1
5) If respondent insists: Neither agree nor disagree821.7
8) Refused60.1
9) Dont know40.1
TOTAL4928100.0


YMARSEX from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

I dont think that I will have sexual intercourse with someone until I get married. (YMARSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree83110.3
2) Disagree83810.4
3) Not sure1,94924.1
4) Agree1,60719.9
5) Strongly agree2,86935.4
TOTAL8094100.0


SXOK18 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

It is all right for unmarried 18-year-olds to have relations if they have strong affection for each other. (SXOK18)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree4248.6
2) Agree2,72555.3
3) Disagree1,26025.6
4) Strongly disagree3948.0
5) If respondent insists: Neither agree nor disagree1162.4
8) Refused50.1
9) Dont know40.1
TOTAL4928100.0


TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1993

What if they are in their early teens, say fourteen to sixteen years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong73367.9
2) Almost always wrong18617.2
3) Wrong only sometimes1029.4
4) Not wrong at all393.6
8) Dont know161.5
9) No answer40.4
TOTAL1080100.0


ANYACT from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

Any sexual act between two consenting adults is all right. (ANYACT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree77215.7
2) Agree2,78656.5
3) Disagree1,00020.3
4) Strongly disagree2505.1
5) If respondent insists: Neither agree nor disagree1042.1
8) Refused70.1
9) Dont know90.2
TOTAL4928100.0


PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1993

Theres been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong28326.2
2) Almost always wrong1069.8
3) Wrong only sometimes21820.2
4) Not wrong at all44341.0
8) Dont know272.5
9) No answer30.3
TOTAL1080100.0


LIVTOGN6 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

Some couples live together without being married. By living together, we mean having a sexual relationship while sharing the same usual address. Did you and (3rd former wife) live together before you got married? (LIVTOGN6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1168.8
5) No531.3
TOTAL16100.0


LIVTOGN5 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

Some couples live together without being married. By living together, we mean having a sexual relationship while sharing the same usual address. Did you and (2nd former wife) live together before you got married? (LIVTOGN5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6266.7
5) No2931.2
9) Dont know22.2
TOTAL93100.0


LIVTOGN4 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

Some couples live together without being married. By living together, we mean having a sexual relationship while sharing the same usual address. Did you and (1st former wife) live together before you got married? (LIVTOGN4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes29851.4
5) No27447.2
8) Refused61.0
9) Dont know20.3
TOTAL580100.0


LIVTOGN from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

Some couples live together without being married. By living together, we mean having a sexual relationship while sharing the same usual address. Did you and (last partners name) live together before you got married? (LIVTOGN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6159.8
5) No4039.2
8) Refused11.0
TOTAL102100.0


LIVTOGWF from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

Some couples live together without being married. By living together, we mean having a sexual relationship while sharing the same usual address. Did you and your wife live together before you got married? (LIVTOGWF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes66353.8
5) No56746.0
8) Refused20.2
9) Dont know10.1
TOTAL1233100.0


YNOSEX from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

As you know, some people have had sexual intercourse by your age and others have not. Please look at card 13 which lists some reasons that people give for not having sexual intercourse. What would you say is the most important reason why you have not had sexual intercourse up to now? (YNOSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Against religion or morals27033.6
2) Dont want to get a female pregnant14217.7
3) Dont want to get a sexually transmitted disease739.1
4) Havent found the right person yet18623.1
5) In a relationship, but waiting for the right time384.7
6) Other9511.8
TOTAL804100.0


LIVTOGN2 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

Some couples live together without being married. By living together, we mean having a sexual relationship while sharing the same usual address. Did you and (2nd-to-last partners name) live together before got married? (LIVTOGN2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1260.0
5) No840.0
TOTAL20100.0


PMARSEX from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

Do you believe that sexual relations before marriage are always morally wrong, usually morally wrong, or only sometimes morally wrong? (PMARSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always85433.6
2) Usually32812.9
3) Only sometimes1,02740.5
4) Never wrong32913.0
TOTAL2538100.0


FRTSEX from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

Tom and Sue are both fifteen. They have known each other for two years and have been going steady for several months. They say they love each other. Sometimes now they go all the way, that is, have sex. How right or wrong is it for them to have sex? (FRTSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Very wrong2,50059.0
2) Wrong1,34931.8
3) Im not sure2886.8
4) Right541.3
5) Very right481.1
TOTAL4239100.0


PREMRSEX from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

Most of us probably feel that failure to live up to the Lords commandments will have an adverse effect on our standing in His eyes, but that weakness in some commandments might be more serious than weakness in others. By circling the appropriate numbers below, please indicate how serious you believe each of the following to be -- Having sex relations before marriage (PREMRSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Very serious15654.9
2) Fairly serious4315.1
3) Not very serious4114.4
4) Scarcely matters at all3412.0
5) Cant decide103.5
TOTAL284100.0


FPMARSEX from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

I think young people should be able to experiment with sexual intercourse before marriage. (FPMARSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree2,09848.9
2) Disagree1,29530.2
3) Not sure53312.4
4) Agree3137.3
5) Strongly agree511.2
TOTAL4290100.0


MRTSEX from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

Tom and Sue are both fifteen. They have known each other for two years and have been going steady for several months. They say they love each other. Sometimes now they go all the way, that is, have sex. How right or wrong is it for them to have sex? (MRTSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Very wrong4,18470.4
2) Wrong1,43224.1
3) Im not sure2484.2
4) Right220.4
5) Very right540.9
TOTAL5940100.0


PRESEXM from Middletown Area Study, 1998

In todays society, it has become more acceptable for unmarried couples, who care about each other, to have sex. Do you consider this to be: (PRESEXM)
TOTAL%
1) A sign of moral decline31460.7
2) A positive moral development326.2
3) Do you think this has nothing to do with morality?13225.5
9) Dont know397.5
TOTAL517100.0


MPMARSEX from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

I think young people should be able to experiment with sexual intercourse before marriage. (MPMARSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree3,56859.7
2) Disagree1,49825.1
3) Not sure61310.3
4) Agree2343.9
5) Strongly agree661.1
TOTAL5979100.0


PREMARSX from Middletown Area Study, 1990

If a man and a women have sexual relations before marriage, do you think it is: (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Not wrong at all14034.1
2) Sometimes wrong12630.7
3) Almost always wrong92.2
4) Always wrong12330.0
5) Dont know122.9
TOTAL410100.0


PREMARSX from Middletown Area Study, 1987

If a man and a woman have sexual relations before marriage, do you think it is: (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Not wrong at all318.2
2) Sometimes wrong9124.1
3) Almost always wrong359.3
4) Always wrong18849.9
5) Dont know328.5
TOTAL377100.0


PREMARTL from Middletown Area Study, 1986

If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (PREMARTL)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong11530.5
2) Almost always wrong369.5
3) Sometimes10628.1
4) Not wrong at all10126.8
5) Dont know195.0
TOTAL377100.0


PRESEX from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1987

The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. A boy and a girl, both of whom attend church frequently, regularly date one another and have entered into sexual relations with each other. Which of the following statements expresses your opinion concerning this matter? (PRESEX)
TOTAL%
1) People who attend church should uphold its moral teachings.1616.0
2) Sexual intercourse prior to marriage is a matter of individual responsibility.8484.0
TOTAL100100.0


PRESEX from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1986

The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. A boy and a girl, both of whom attend church frequently, regularly date one another and have entered into sexual relations with each other. Which of the following statements expresses your opinion concerning this matter? (PRESEX)
TOTAL%
1) People who attend church should uphold its moral teachings.1313.7
2) Sexual intercourse prior to marriage is a matter of individual responsibility.8286.3
TOTAL95100.0


PRESEX from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1988

The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. A boy and a girl, both of whom attend church frequently, regularly date one another and have entered into sexual relations with each other. Which of the following statements expresses your opinion concerning this matter? (PRESEX)
TOTAL%
1) People who attend church should uphold its moral teachings.1212.4
2) Sexual intercourse prior to marriage is a matter of individual responsibility.8587.6
TOTAL97100.0


PRESEX from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1985

The following question deals with religion. Please read the question carefully and select the response which most accurately represents your beliefs. A boy and a girl, both of whom attend church frequently, regularly date one another and have entered into sexual relations with each other. Which of the following statements expresses your opinion concerning this matter? (PRESEX)
TOTAL%
1) People who attend church should uphold its moral teachings.2121.2
2) Sexual intercourse prior to marriage is a matter of individual responsibility.7878.8
TOTAL99100.0




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