Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Moral/Social Attitudes >


Does the respondent think sexual relations before marriage is wrong, immoral, or a bad idea? 

Below are 99 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 10 types:

[ Congregational Attitudes | Consenting Adults | Ever Cohabitated? | In Love? | Likelihood | Morality | Should Wait? | Sinful? | Teen Sex | Why not? ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Congregational Attitudes
 

How would the respondent's place of worship feel about premarital sex?

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PREMARSX from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

NOSHACK from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File


Category 2:Consenting Adults
 

Does the respondent believe that any sex act between consenting adults is acceptable?

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ANYACT from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Female Respondent File

G_RESTRI from News Interest Index, October 2003

ANYACT from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File


Category 3:Ever Cohabitated?
 

Has the respondent ever cohabitated?

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EVERCOH from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

EVERCOH from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

LIVTOGWF from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

LIVTOGN from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

LIVTOGN2 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

LIVTOGN4 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

LIVTOGN5 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

LIVTOGN6 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File


Category 4:In Love?
 

How does respondent feel about premarital sex between two people who are in love?

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UNMARSEX from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

APRESXOK from Life Choices, 1990

J2PRESEX from Survey On the Beliefs and Moral Values of America's Children, 1989

PREMARSX from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992


Category 5:Likelihood
 

How likely is the respondent to have sex before marriage?

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SEXBFMAR from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 5 (1995) Respondent File

YMARSEX from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component


Category 6:Morality
 

How does respond feel about the morality of premarital sex in general?

Some questions fit within the "Morality" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 2 such variants.

[ Justified? | Moral Decline ]

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PREMARSX from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

PREMARS1 from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Q35A from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

PREMARSX from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 2002

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 2004

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 2006

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 2000

Q85F from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1990

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1996

AMA_3 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1988

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1991

PREMARS1 from General Social Survey, 1991

WPRESEX from Politics of Character Survey, 2000

W2PRESEX from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1998

PREMARS1 from General Social Survey, 1998

MORAL3 from ABC News the Pope & the Church, 2003

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1978

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1994

PREMARS1 from General Social Survey, 1994

PRESEX from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

PREMARSX from General Social Survey, 1993

PMARSEX from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

PREMARSX from Middletown Area Study, 1990

PREMARTL from Middletown Area Study, 1986

PREMARSX from Middletown Area Study, 1987


Variant:Justified? (Morality variant)
 

This variant asks if sex between people who are not married can be "justified."

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SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

SEXNOTM from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala


Variant:Moral Decline (Morality variant)
 

Does respondent think that increased premarital sex is a sign of moral decline?

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PRESEXM from Middletown Area Study, 1998


Category 7:Should Wait?
 

Do respondent think that people should wait to have sex until they are married?

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PSEXMAR from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

ABSTAIN1 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

ABSTAIN1 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

ABSTAIN1 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

D8PREMAR from Survey On the Beliefs and Moral Values of America's Children, 1989


Category 8:Sinful?
 

This question type asks if the respondent believes that premarital sex is sinful/against God.

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J6PRESIN from Survey On the Beliefs and Moral Values of America's Children, 1989

PREMRSEX from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

PREMRSEX from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

PRESEX from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1985

PRESEX from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1986

PRESEX from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1987

PRESEX from Dimensions of Religiosity, 1988


Category 9:Teen Sex
 

How does respondent feel about premarital sex between teenagers?

Some questions fit within the "Teen Sex" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 3 such variants.

[ Emotionally Ready | Strong Affection? | Teach Abstinence? ]

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TEENSEX from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

TEENSEX from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 2002

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 2004

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 2006

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 2000

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1990

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1996

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1988

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1991

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1998

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1994

TEENSEX1 from General Social Survey, 1994

TEENSEX from General Social Survey, 1993

FPMARSEX from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

FRTSEX from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

MPMARSEX from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

MRTSEX from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component


Variant:Emotionally Ready (Teen Sex variant)
 

This variant asks if it is OK for teens to have sex if they are emotionally ready.

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PTEENSEX from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

ABSTAIN2 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)


Variant:Strong Affection? (Teen Sex variant)
 

This variant asks if it is OK for teens to have sex if they have a "strong affection" for each other.

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SXOK18 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Female Respondent File

SXOK16 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Female Respondent File

SXOK18 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File

SXOK16 from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File


Variant:Teach Abstinence? (Teen Sex variant)
 

Does the respondent believe that public schools should teach abstinence?

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VIEWSEX from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005


Category 10:Why not?
 

If the respondent has not had sexual intercourse, what is their reason for abstaining?

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YNOSEX from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Female Respondent File

YNOSEX from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 6 (2002) Male Respondent File



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