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Measures how an individual defines the "correct" roles for men and women to play in society. May include familial, occupational, or religious roles

Below are 180 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

ROLEA83 from Marital Instability Over the Life Course [United States]: A Five-Wave Panel Study, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1992-1994, 1997

ROLEA88 from Marital Instability Over the Life Course [United States]: A Five-Wave Panel Study, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1992-1994, 1997

RLS1092O from Marital Instability Over the Life Course [United States]: A Five-Wave Panel Study, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1992-1994, 1997

ROL197O from Marital Instability Over the Life Course [United States]: A Five-Wave Panel Study, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1992-1994, 1997

ROL197N from Marital Instability Over the Life Course [United States]: A Five-Wave Panel Study, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1992-1994, 1997

WFWKJ80 from Marital Instability Over the Life Course [United States]: A Five-Wave Panel Study, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1992-1994, 1997

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

WIFTSK80 from Marital Instability Over the Life Course [United States]: A Five-Wave Panel Study, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1992-1994, 1997

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

FEPOL from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

FEPOL from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

FEWKNOKD from General Social Survey, 2002

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 2002

WRKSCH from General Social Survey, 2002

HOMEKID from General Social Survey, 2002

WRKNOKID from General Social Survey, 2002

WRKBABY from General Social Survey, 2002

WRKGROWN from General Social Survey, 2002

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

VCF0836 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004

ORDMARWN from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

WMDEACON from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

ORDCELWN from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

WMEUCHMN from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

WMALTAR from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

PRMARWOM from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

PRCELWOM from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

WPRIESTS from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

WDEACONS from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

WEUCHMIN from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

WLECTOR from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999

WNPRIEST from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

EQCHORES from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

WMADMIN from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005

SUITED from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

WMNCARE from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

SALARY from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

MOREOPP from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

FEMINIST from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

SUFFER from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

WOMEN1 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

FEMEQL CPH from American National Election Studies, 2000

FEMEQL SUP from American National Election Studies, 2000

FEMEQL ST from American National Election Studies, 2000

FEMEQL FTC from American National Election Studies, 2000

FEMEQL FTE from American National Election Studies, 2000

WOMJBDIS from American National Election Studies, 2004

FEMEQL FTF from American National Election Studies, 2000

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 2006

FEMEQL BRE from American National Election Studies, 2000

WOMEN_EQ from American National Election Studies, 2004

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 2004

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 2000

INF_WWRK from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

Q59C from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

Q59D from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

WOMMAR from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

WOMMAR from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

V083166 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

Q11D from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

FEHOME from General Social Survey, 1990

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 1996

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

FEHOME from General Social Survey, 1996

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 1990

FEMIN from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

GOODFEM from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1996

QG3 from Muslim American Survey, 2007

DEATHTA3 from American National Election Studies, 2002

DEATHTA2 from American National Election Studies, 2002

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 1988

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

FEHOME from General Social Survey, 1988

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

FEHOME from General Social Survey, 1991

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 1991

HUBBYWRK from General Social Survey, 1991

A4MALES from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

C1FEMROL from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

I6HSWIFE from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

FEMTRAD from Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009

CLGYWMEN from Economic Values Survey, 1992

QN35_B from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

ORDAINMN from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1987

FEHOME from General Social Survey, 1998

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 1998

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

WOMEN2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

WOMEN1 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

WOMEN5 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

FEMPR from ABC News the Pope & the Church, 2003

FEHOME from General Social Survey, 1978

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 1978

PRWOMEN from ABC News Church in Crisis Poll, 2002

FEMIN from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1996

TRADWMN from December 2006 Values Update Survey

GENDR4 from Faith and Family in America, 2005

GOODFEM from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1996

ALLOWED from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

WMNBSHP from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992

WMNLECHT from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992

WMNEUCHR from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992

WMNSERVR from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992

WMNDEACN from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992

WMNPRST from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992

PRSTWMN from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992

WMNORDND from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992

WRKNOKID from General Social Survey, 1994

WFWKN80 from Marital Instability over the Life Course: A Five-Wave Panel Study, Wave I (1980)

WRKSCH from General Social Survey, 1994

HRSPNS80 from Marital Instability over the Life Course: A Five-Wave Panel Study, Wave I (1980)

MENSHR from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 5 (1995) Respondent File

GDRTLN80 from Marital Instability over the Life Course: A Five-Wave Panel Study, Wave I (1980)

WNTWK80 from Marital Instability over the Life Course: A Five-Wave Panel Study, Wave I (1980)

SHRCHR80 from Marital Instability over the Life Course: A Five-Wave Panel Study, Wave I (1980)

WRKGROWN from General Social Survey, 1994

WIFTSK80 from Marital Instability over the Life Course: A Five-Wave Panel Study, Wave I (1980)

WFWKJ80 from Marital Instability over the Life Course: A Five-Wave Panel Study, Wave I (1980)

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 1994

HOMEKID from General Social Survey, 1994

BOSS from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 5 (1995) Respondent File

STAYHOME from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 5 (1995) Respondent File

SAMEMON from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 5 (1995) Respondent File

WOMNPRES from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 5 (1995) Respondent File

WRKBABY from General Social Survey, 1994

FEHOME from General Social Survey, 1994

HEARN80 from Marital Instability over the Life Course: A Five-Wave Panel Study, Wave I (1980)

WMPASTOR from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996

NOWMNORD from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1993

YMENFREE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

FEHOME from General Social Survey, 1993

FEPOL from General Social Survey, 1993

YWMNRTS from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

INFLNC10 from National Survey of the Religious Life Futures Project, 1990

AGREE5 from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

WOMEN from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

WOMENORD from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

FEQLOPP from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

AGRWMSIL from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1988

FSAMERTS from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

FMENFREE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

WOMEN from Tulsa, Oklahoma Area Survey, 1986

WOLEAD from Middletown Area Study, 1998

MEQLOPP from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

MSAMERTS from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

PANTS from Middletown Area Study, 1998

MMENFREE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

DSRVWOMN from Middletown Area Study, 2000

ROLESHAR from Middletown Area Study, 2000

EQROLES from Middletown Area Study, 1990

RELGC22A from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

WOMEN from Tulsa, Oklahoma Area Survey, 1985

SEXROLES from Middletown Area Study, 1985

SEXROLES from Middletown Area Study, 1987

LESSJOBS from Middletown Area Study, 1988

RELGC22A from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987

AGREE2J from July 2003 Values Update Survey



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