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Measures one's support or opposition to prayer in public schools

Below are 58 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

PRAYER from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this? Do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,60532.7
1) Approve1,35727.7
2) Disapprove1,81137.0
8) Dont know1262.6
9) No answer20.0
TOTAL4901100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this? Do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable1,22734.5
1) Approve91925.8
2) Disapprove1,31536.9
8) Dont know982.8
TOTAL3559100.0


Q39M from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q39 To what extent do you agree or disagree that the federal government should..m. Allow prayer in public schools (Q39M)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree60835.9
2) Agree54832.3
3) Disagree17910.6
4) Strongly disagree25615.1
5) Undecided1046.1
TOTAL1695100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 2002

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this--do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve34137.6
2) Disapprove51857.0
8) No opinion495.4
TOTAL908100.0


VCF9043 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004

Which of the following views comes closest to your opinion on the issue of school prayer? (VCF9043)
TOTAL%
0) NA; no Post IW; form A (1990); short form IW (1992)1,91714.2
1) By law, prayer should not be allowed in public schools1,41610.5
2) The law should allow public schools to schedule time when children can pray silently if they want to5,86343.5
3) The law should allow public schools to schedule time when children as a group can say a general prayer not tied to a particular religious faith2,83621.1
4) By law, public schools should schedule a time when all children would say a chosen Christian prayer1,1078.2
9) Other, DK3322.5
TOTAL13471100.0


PRAYSCHL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q37m. To what extent do you agree or disagree that the federal government should allow prayer in public schools? (PRAYSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree19011.8
2) Disagree21913.6
3) Agree51932.1
4) Strongly agree59837.0
8) Undecided895.5
Missing32 
TOTAL1,615100.0


VCF9051 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004

Which do you think -- schools should be allowed to start each day with a prayer or religion does not belong in the schools? (VCF9051)
TOTAL%
1) Schools should be allowed to start with prayer5,00160.3
5) Religion does not belong in the school1,28615.5
8) Other; depends; both (1964-1968); DK; no interest1,23814.9
9) NA opinion; DK/NA if interested; no Post IW; abbrev. telephone IW (1984)7659.2
TOTAL8290100.0


PRAYERS1 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

Agree/Disagree: The public schools should start each day with religious prayer. (88, 96) (PRAYERS1)
TOTAL%
-1) RF/DK644.8
0) Disagree51738.9
1) Agree74956.3
TOTAL1330100.0


PRAYERS2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

Agree/Disagree: The public schools should permit religious prayers to be delivered at official school functions. (00) (PRAYERS2)
TOTAL%
-1) RF/DK304.6
0) Disagree14322.0
1) Agree47773.4
TOTAL650100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 2004

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this--do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve31935.2
2) Disapprove55861.6
8) No opinion283.1
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL906100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 2006

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this--do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve79640.0
2) Disapprove1,09454.9
8) No opinion1015.1
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1992100.0


TCHPRAY from State of the First Amendment, 2000

Teachers or other public school officials should be allowed to lead prayers in school. (TCHPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45845.1
2) Mildly agree17717.4
3) Mildly disagree14314.1
4) Strongly disagree21321.0
99) Dont know/refused242.4
TOTAL1015100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 2000

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this--do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve68836.7
2) Disapprove1,08757.9
8) No opinion945.0
9) No answer80.4
TOTAL1877100.0


PRAYGRAD from State of the First Amendment, 2000

Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements: Its O.K. for a prayer to be said at a high school graduation if a majority of the graduating class favors it. (PRAYGRAD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree60859.9
2) Mildly agree20219.9
3) Mildly disagree797.8
4) Strongly disagree11110.9
99) Dont know/refused151.5
TOTAL1015100.0


PAPRAY from State of the First Amendment, 2000

Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements: Students should be allowed to lead prayers over the public address system at public school-sponsored events such as football games. (PAPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree42742.1
2) Mildly agree19819.5
3) Mildly disagree15415.2
4) Strongly disagree21621.3
99) Dont know/refused202.0
TOTAL1015100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1996

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this--do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve78039.8
2) Disapprove1,09956.1
8) No opinion794.0
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1960100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1990

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this -- do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve36739.5
2) Disapprove51755.7
8) No opinion424.5
9) No answer20.2
TOTAL928100.0


CL_SPRYR from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Do you think it is a good thing or a bad thing that your clergy speaks out on this issue? -- Prayer in public schools (CL_SPRYR)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing1,23191.7
2) Bad thing664.9
3) Neither a good nor a bad thing241.8
4) Dont know/Refused211.6
Missing2,837 
TOTAL1,342100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1991

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this--do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve39238.3
2) Disapprove59458.0
8) No opinion353.4
9) No answer30.3
TOTAL1024100.0


SCLDPRAY from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2005

Now, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements: Teachers and other public school officials should be allowed to lead prayers in public school. (SCLDPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree35235.1
2) Mildly agree16916.8
3) Mildly disagree16216.2
4) Strongly disagree29829.7
9) Dont know/Refused222.2
TOTAL1003100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1988

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this--do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve36837.2
2) Disapprove58158.8
8) No opinion373.7
9) No answer20.2
TOTAL988100.0


SCHLPRAY from General Social Survey, 1991

In your opinion, should there be daily prayers in all public schools? (SCHLPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely46634.3
2) Yes, probably30022.1
3) No, probably20114.8
4) No, definitely23617.4
8) Cant choose1359.9
9) No answer211.5
TOTAL1359100.0


QN50A from U.S. Religious Knowledge Study, 2010

50a. According to rulings by the U.S. Supreme Court, is a public school teacher permitted to lead a class in prayer, or not? (QN50A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, permitted1735.1
2) No, not permitted3,09190.6
8) Dont know1434.2
9) Refused50.1
TOTAL3412100.0


P3SCLPRY from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

Im going to read you some proposals that are now being discussed nationally. As I read each one, please select the number that best expresses how much you favor or oppose it. If you dont really care about the issue, please say so. C. Allowing voluntary prayer in the public schools (P3SCLPRY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly oppose1507.6
2) 2583.0
3) 3814.1
4) Neutral34917.8
5) 520210.3
6) 625112.8
7) Strongly favor87244.4
TOTAL1963100.0


L9SCLPRY from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

Since our founding, different levels of our government have had different responsibilities. For each of the following, I want you to tell me whether you think it should be mainly the responsibility of the federal government in Washington, the state government in [respondents state], your local government, or private organizations. Or do you think it should be mainly left up to individuals? I. Deciding when prayer is permissible in the public schools (L9SCLPRY)
TOTAL%
1) Federal government50028.8
2) State government40723.5
3) Local government37821.8
4) Private organizations512.9
5) Individuals39923.0
TOTAL1735100.0


I5SCHPRY from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

Please tell me how much you think each of the following would help to improve things in this country. How about . . . e. if organized prayer were allowed in the public schools? Would that help a lot, somewhat, only a little or not at all? (I5SCHPRY)
TOTAL%
1) Help a lot65533.6
2) Help somewhat60731.1
3) Help only a little36218.6
4) Help not at all32516.7
TOTAL1949100.0


HSPRGRAD from State of the First Amendment Survey 1997

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Its OK for a prayer to be said at a high school graduation ceremony if a majority of the graduation class favors it. PROBE: Do you strongly or mildly (agree/disagree) with this? (HSPRGRAD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree64362.8
2) Mildly agree18618.2
3) Mildly disagree838.1
4) Strongly disagree1009.8
9) Dont know/Refused121.2
TOTAL1024100.0


PRAYCOM1 from State of the First Amendment Survey 1997

Some people feel that the U.S. Constitution should be amended to let local communities decide on whether or not prayer should be allowed in public schools. Others say that the U.S. Constitution should not be amended to allow local communities to decide on prayer in the schools. Do you think the U.S. Constitution should or should not be amended to allow local communities to decide on prayer in the schools? (PRAYCOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Should be amended42241.2
2) Should not be amended57656.2
9) Dont know/Refused272.6
TOTAL1025100.0


PRAYCOM2 from State of the First Amendment Survey 1997

If an amendment allowing communities to decide on school prayer were approved, it would be the first time any of the freedoms in the First Amendment have been amended in over 200 years. Knowing this, would you still support an amendment to let local communities decide on prayer in their local schools? (PRAYCOM2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes38190.3
2) No266.2
9) Dont know/Refused153.6
TOTAL422100.0


FRREL3 from State of the First Amendment Survey 1997

Im going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of freedom of religion. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be free to do it. Teachers or other public school officials should be allowed to lead prayers in school. Do you agree or disagree that people should be free to do this? PROBE: do you strongly or mildly (agree/disagree)? (FRREL3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree39538.6
2) Mildly agree20019.5
3) Mildly disagree14314.0
4) Strongly disagree26926.3
9) Dont know/Refused171.7
TOTAL1024100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1998

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this--do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve79442.4
2) Disapprove98852.8
8) No opinion854.5
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1871100.0


PUBPRIV4 from State of the First Amendment Survey, 1999

Teachers or other public school officials should be allowed to lead prayers in school. (PUBPRIV4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44445.1
2) Mildly agree20821.1
3) Mildly disagree15315.5
4) Strongly disagree17918.2
Missing16 
TOTAL984100.0


PRAYSCH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

An amendment to the United States Constitution has been proposed that would permit prayers to be spoken in the public schools. Do you favor or oppose this amendment? (PRAYSCH)
TOTAL%
1) Favor45570.0
2) Oppose14522.3
3) Dont know/No answer507.7
TOTAL650100.0


SCHPRAY from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2001

Teachers or other public school officials should be allowed to lead prayers in school. (SCHPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree37937.5
2) Mildly agree16816.6
3) Mildly disagree15215.0
4) Strongly disagree29028.7
99) Dont know/Refused222.2
TOTAL1,011100.0


SCHPRAY2 from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2001

Students should be allowed to lead prayers over the public address system at public school-sponsored events such as football games. (SCHPRAY2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree40840.3
2) Mildly agree16716.5
3) Mildly disagree14514.3
4) Strongly disagree27827.5
99) Dont know/Refused141.4
TOTAL1,012100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1994

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this- do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve73737.3
2) Disapprove1,15058.2
8) No opinion854.3
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1977100.0


NOSKLPRY from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

Following is a list of statements which are made from time to time on current social and political issues. Please indicate your opinion of each in the usual manner -- Public schools should not conduct prayers for children; this is the responsibility of the home and the church (NOSKLPRY)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly15516.8
2) Agree somewhat14715.9
3) Disagree somewhat20221.9
4) Disagree strongly38842.0
5) No opinion323.5
TOTAL924100.0


SCHLSLNC from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - Public schools should set aside a moment of silence each day for students to pray if they want to. (SCHLSLNC)
TOTAL%
1) Agree2,35370.0
2) Disagree84825.2
8) Dont know1624.8
TOTAL3363100.0


FLAGMEET from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

Recently, groups of high school and college students have been holding prayer meetings at their schools flag poles before school. Do you approve of such meetings? (FLAGMEET)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes18962.8
2) Probably yes6722.3
3) Unsure3311.0
4) Probably not72.3
5) Definitely not51.7
TOTAL301100.0


PRAYER from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

Should public schools begin the day with a prayer? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes8327.8
2) Probably yes5317.7
3) Unsure5819.4
4) Probably not4715.7
5) Definitely not5819.4
TOTAL299100.0


SCHLPRAY from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996

Im going to read you four different beliefs about prayer in public school. Please tell me which one represents your own belief: 1) The first is: prayer should not be allowed in public schools. 2) The second is: schools should not sponsor prayer, but kids should be allowed to pray together in groups. 3) The third is: teachers should lead in moment of silence for unspoken prayers. 4) The last is: teachers should lead their classes in spoken Christian prayers. (SCHLPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Not allowed1244.8
2) Unsponsored Kids Prayer95736.9
3) Moment of silence97937.8
4) Spoken Christian Prayer44317.1
5) None of These (they must volunteer)341.3
6) DK421.6
7) Refused110.4
TOTAL2590100.0


SCHLPRAY from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - Its good for sporting events at public high schools to begin with a public prayer. (SCHLPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Agree1,73951.7
2) Disagree1,26637.6
8) Dont know35810.6
TOTAL3363100.0


PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1993

The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on thisódo you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve42339.2
2) Disapprove61156.6
8) No opinion434.0
9) No answer30.3
TOTAL1080100.0


VTPRYAB from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

Now here is what this question comes down to - - the difference between churches taking a stand on an issue such as abortion and prayer, on the one hand, and urging their church members to vote for candidates who follow their church stands, on the other. Do you think it is fitting and proper or not for religious leaders to urge their church members to vote for specific candidates who follow their stands on issues such as banning abortion and requiring school prayer? (VTPRYAB)
TOTAL%
1) Fitting and proper36327.4
2) Not fitting and proper93170.2
3) Not sure322.4
TOTAL1326100.0


CHVTPRAY from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

Today, there are evangelical preachers and some Catholic bishops in the country who have become involved in politics. They have a whole series of laws they want to see passed. Do you think it is fitting and proper or not for such religious leaders to urge members of their churches to vote for candidates who follow their stands on a constitutional amendment to require daily prayer to be recited in public school classrooms? (CHVTPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Fitting and proper42331.9
2) Not fitting and proper83663.0
3) Not sure675.1
TOTAL1326100.0


STDPRYAB from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

Now here is what this question comes down to - - the difference between churches taking a stand on an issue such as abortion and prayer, on the one hand, and urging their church members to vote for candidates who follow their church stands, on the other. Do you think it is fitting and proper or not for religious leaders to take stands on issues such as banning abortion ad requiring school prayer (STDPRYAB)
TOTAL%
1) Fitting and proper69752.6
2) Not fitting and proper58544.1
3) Not sure443.3
TOTAL1326100.0


CATHBISH from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

Do you agree or disagree: The country is in such bad moral shape that Catholic bishops and evangelical preachers should make banning abortion and requiring school prayer major political issues that decide the election of 1984. (CATHBISH)
TOTAL%
1) Agree19414.6
2) Disagree1,06980.7
3) Not sure624.7
TOTAL1325100.0


ABRTPRAY from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

Do you agree or disagree: The Moral Majority preachers and Catholic bishops must educate people on their churches point of view on issues like abortions and school prayer, even if this means getting churches involved in politics. (ABRTPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Agree44533.7
2) Disagree81161.3
3) Not sure665.0
TOTAL1322100.0


NOPRAYIN from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Because not all Americans have the same religious beliefs, it would be better not to have prayers in the public schools. (NOPRAYIN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree82130.1
2) Disagree1,61659.2
3) Uncertain29310.7
TOTAL2730100.0


YSPRAYIN from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Because many children do not have religious parents, it is our duty to teach their children to pray in school. (YSPRAYIN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree86631.8
2) Disagree1,40351.6
3) Uncertain45016.6
TOTAL2719100.0


PRAYUSRT from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Since a majority of Americans are religious, they have a right to expect their children to learn prayers in public school. (PRAYUSRT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree84631.1
2) Disagree1,46954.1
3) Uncertain40214.8
TOTAL2717100.0


PRAYUNCS from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

Because of the separation of church and state, it is unconstitutional for any kind of prayers to be said in public schools. (PRAYUNCS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree52219.4
2) Disagree1,66562.0
3) Uncertain49818.5
TOTAL2685100.0


PRAYER from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

Now I would like to ask you about your beliefs and values. For each of the following questions please indicate how much you agree or disagree with it. -- Teachers should be allowed to lead children in prayer in public schools. (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10135.9
2) Somewhat agree10135.9
3) Uncertain4214.9
4) Somewhat disagree3010.7
5) Strongly disagree72.5
TOTAL281100.0


PRAYFAV from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

As far as you personally are concerned, do you favor or oppose a constitutional amendment to require daily prayer to public school classrooms? (PRAYFAV)
TOTAL%
1) Favor48136.3
2) Oppose77758.7
3) Not sure665.0
TOTAL1324100.0


NOSKLPRY from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

Following is a list of statements which are made from time to time on current social and political issues. Please indicate your opinion of each in the usual manner -- Public schools should not conduct prayers for children; this is the responsibility of the home and the church (NOSKLPRY)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly8027.5
2) Agree somewhat5719.6
3) Disagree somewhat6522.3
4) Disagree strongly7525.8
5) No opinion144.8
TOTAL291100.0


PROBPRAY from Middletown Area Study, 1982

The following are 8 possible concerns of people in America today. Please indicate how important each is to you. -- Bringing back prayer in schools (PROBPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Not important6422.9
2) Somewhat important8128.9
3) Very important13548.2
TOTAL280100.0


SPRAY from Middletown Area Study, 1984

To what extent would you be for or against a law which stated that an adult can lead children in prayer in public schools? Would you be: (SPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly for7120.7
2) For10931.8
3) Not sure8023.3
4) Against4312.5
5) Strongly against4011.7
TOTAL343100.0


SCPRAYER from Middletown Area Study, 1985

To what extent would you be for or against a law which stated that an adult can lead children in prayer in public schools? Would you be: (SCPRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly for this law15240.1
2) Moderately for this law9926.1
3) Neutral or undecided5514.5
4) Moderately against this law307.9
5) Strongly against this law4010.6
6) Dont know30.8
TOTAL379100.0




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