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Measures one's support or opposition to prayer in public schools 

Below are 58 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 7 types:

[ Allow Prayer | Need for Prayer | Religious Leaders | Require Prayer | Supreme Court Ruling | Understanding of Law | Who Decides? ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Allow Prayer
 

The question type asks the respondent if the government should allow prayer in public schools.

Some questions fit within the "Allow Prayer" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 3 such variants.

[ Moment of Silence | No Prayer | Student Led ]

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Q39M from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

VCF9043 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004

VCF9051 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004

PRAYSCHL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

PRAYERS2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

TCHPRAY from State of the First Amendment, 2000

PRAYGRAD from State of the First Amendment, 2000

SCLDPRAY from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2005

P3SCLPRY from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

FRREL3 from State of the First Amendment Survey 1997

HSPRGRAD from State of the First Amendment Survey 1997

PUBPRIV4 from State of the First Amendment Survey, 1999

PRAYSCH from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

SCHPRAY from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2001

SCHLPRAY from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996

PRAYER from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

PROBPRAY from Middletown Area Study, 1982

SCPRAYER from Middletown Area Study, 1985

SPRAY from Middletown Area Study, 1984


Variant:Moment of Silence (Allow Prayer variant)
 

This variant asks about allowing a moment of silence

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SCHLSLNC from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987


Variant:No Prayer (Allow Prayer variant)
 

This variant asks about school prayer in the negative, e.g. asking the respondent if they agree that school prayer should NOT occur.

[ Back to Allow Prayer ]


NOSKLPRY from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

NOPRAYIN from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

NOSKLPRY from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Student Led (Allow Prayer variant)
 

This variant focuses upon prayers leds or organized by students

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PAPRAY from State of the First Amendment, 2000

SCHPRAY2 from State of the First Amendment Survey, 2001

FLAGMEET from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996


Category 2:Need for Prayer
 

This question type asks respondents if prayer in school is needed for certain reasons/would have beneficial effects

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I5SCHPRY from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

SCHLPRAY from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

YSPRAYIN from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

PRAYUSRT from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Category 3:Religious Leaders
 

Should religious leaders be involved in the school prayer issue?

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CL_SPRYR from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

CHVTPRAY from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

STDPRYAB from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

VTPRYAB from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

CATHBISH from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters

ABRTPRAY from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters


Category 4:Require Prayer
 

This question type asks whether or not schools should begin the day with a prayer

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PRAYERS1 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

SCHLPRAY from General Social Survey, 1991

PRAYER from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

PRAYFAV from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, Voters


Category 5:Supreme Court Ruling
 

Question asks the degree to which respondents agree or approve of the Supreme Courtís ruling that no government can mandate school prayer

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PRAYER from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

PRAYER from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 2002

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 2004

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 2006

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 2000

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1990

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1996

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1988

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1991

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1998

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1994

PRAYER from General Social Survey, 1993


Category 6:Understanding of Law
 

This question type asks respondents about their understanding of current laws reqarding school prayer

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QN50A from U.S. Religious Knowledge Study, 2010

PRAYUNCS from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Category 7:Who Decides?
 

This question type asks the respondent who should have the power to decide on school prayer.

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L9SCLPRY from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

PRAYCOM1 from State of the First Amendment Survey 1997

PRAYCOM2 from State of the First Amendment Survey 1997



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