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Political Involvement of Congregation

Does the pastor speak about politics from the pulpit? Are members of the congregation encouraged/discouraged to vote for someone?


Below are 115 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept.

  • VGAU1_06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)LEARN MORE
    • (vgauthr1_06) Who wrote or produced the voter guide that was distributed? (FIRST MENTION) (VGAU1_06) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VGAU1_98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)LEARN MORE
    • (vgauthr1_98) Who wrote or produced the voter guide that was distributed? (FIRST MENTION) (VGAU1_98) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CLRGY END1 from American National Election Studies, 2000LEARN MORE
    • IF CLERGY/CHURCH ENDORSED CANDIDATE/PARTY: Which candidate? MENTION 1 - CANDIDATE CODE (CLRGY END1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CLRGY END2 from American National Election Studies, 2000LEARN MORE
    • IF CLERGY/CHURCH ENDORSED CANDIDATE/PARTY: Which candidate? MENTION 2 - CANDIDATE CODE (CLRGY END2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CLRGY INFO from American National Election Studies, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Was information about candidates, parties, or political issues made available in your place of worship before the election? (CLRGY INFO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OPGOVAGN from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Do you favor or oppose religious congregations in your community doing each of the following? -- Working with government agencies to provide better services for low-income families (OPGOVAGN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OPGOVFND from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Do you favor or oppose religious congregations in your community doing each of the following? -- Receiving government funds to help provide services to the poor (OPGOVFND) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OPMEETNG from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Do you favor or oppose religious congregations in your community doing each of the following? -- Sponsoring meetings to which public officials are invited (OPMEETNG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OPSTCOMM from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Do you favor or oppose religious congregations in your community doing each of the following? -- Making statements to public officials on topics of concern to the community (OPSTCOMM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SERCORP from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR AND ARE MEMBERS OF A PLACE OF WORSHIP. During the past year, have you heard a sermon, lecture, or group discussion in your congregation that dealt with any the following? -- the social responsibilities of corporations (SERCORP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SERENVRN from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR AND ARE MEMBERS OF A PLACE OF WORSHIP. During the past year, have you heard a sermon, lecture, or group discussion in your congregation that dealt with any the following? -- protecting the environment (SERENVRN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SERGAP from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR AND ARE MEMBERS OF A PLACE OF WORSHIP. During the past year, have you heard a sermon, lecture, or group discussion in your congregation that dealt with any the following? -- the widening gap between rich people and poor people (SERGAP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SERHOMO from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR AND ARE MEMBERS OF A PLACE OF WORSHIP. During the past year, have you heard a sermon, lecture, or group discussion in your congregation that dealt with any the following? -- being more supportive of homosexuals (SERHOMO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SERPOOR from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR AND ARE MEMBERS OF A PLACE OF WORSHIP. During the past year, have you heard a sermon, lecture, or group discussion in your congregation that dealt with any the following? -- the governments policies toward the poor (SERPOOR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SERRCREL from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR AND ARE MEMBERS OF A PLACE OF WORSHIP. During the past year, have you heard a sermon, lecture, or group discussion in your congregation that dealt with any the following? -- improving relations between blacks and whites (SERRCREL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPVOTER from Religion and Politics Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR AND ARE MEMBERS OF A PLACE OF WORSHIP. During the past year, has your congregation helped to sponsor any of the following? -- a voter registration drive (SPVOTER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CL_ELECT from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Do you think it is a good thing or a bad thing that your clergy speaks out on this issue? -- Candidates and elections (CL_ELECT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CL_HSLWS from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Do you think it is a good thing or a bad thing that your clergy speaks out on this issue? -- Laws regarding homosexuals (CL_HSLWS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CL_SPRYR from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Do you think it is a good thing or a bad thing that your clergy speaks out on this issue? -- Prayer in public schools (CL_SPRYR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DEATHPEN from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Does the clergy at your place of worship speak out on this issue? -- The death penalty (DEATHPEN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ELEC94_1 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Now, thinking back to the 1994 congressional elections in your state, did the clergy at your place of worship or any other religious groups urge you to vote a particular way? (ELEC94_1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ELECTION from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Does the clergy at your place of worship speak out on this issue? -- Candidates and elections (ELECTION) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HCREFORM from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Does the clergy at your place of worship speak out on this issue? -- Health care reform (HCREFORM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HMSXLLWS from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Does the clergy at your place of worship speak out on this issue? -- Laws regarding homosexuals (HMSXLLWS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HUNGER from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Does the clergy at your place of worship speak out on this issue? -- Hunger and poverty (HUNGER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PORNOLWS from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Does the clergy at your place of worship speak out on this issue? -- Pornography laws (PORNOLWS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RTTODIE from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Does the clergy at your place of worship speak out on this issue? -- Right-to-die laws (RTTODIE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SCHLPRYR from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Does the clergy at your place of worship speak out on this issue? -- Prayer in public schools (SCHLPRYR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • TRBLSPOT from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH: Does the clergy at your place of worship speak out on this issue? -- World trouble spots such as Bosnia or Rwanda (TRBLSPOT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HOWCLSPK from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003LEARN MORE
    • If clergy DO speak out on issues, should they reflect the views of the members of their congregation, or should they express their own views, even if most members disagree? (HOWCLSPK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CLERGVTE from General Social Survey, 1991LEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following. . . Religious leaders should not try to influence how people vote in elections. (CLERGVTE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PROB_B1 from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined FileLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me what the disagreements were about. (1st) (Recode) (PROB_B1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE_NO from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined FileLEARN MORE
    • In the past 12 months, did your congregation directly provide, or cooperate in providing, any of the following services for your own members or for people in the community? Cooperation includes financial contributions, volunteer time by congregational members, space in your building, material donations, etc. Voter registration or voter education: No (VOTE_NO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE_Y1 from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined FileLEARN MORE
    • In the past 12 months, did your congregation directly provide, or cooperate in providing, any of the following services for your own members or for people in the community? Cooperation includes financial contributions, volunteer time by congregational members, space in your building, material donations, etc. Voter registration or voter education: Yes, provided directly by your congregation (VOTE_Y1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTE_Y2 from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined FileLEARN MORE
    • In the past 12 months, did your congregation directly provide, or cooperate in providing, any of the following services for your own members or for people in the community? Cooperation includes financial contributions, volunteer time by congregational members, space in your building, material donations, etc. Voter registration or voter education: Yes, cooperated with another congregation, agency, or organization (VOTE_Y2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CLERGVTE from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Religious leaders should not try to influence how people vote in elections. (CLERGVTE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ENVSAID1 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Now just in your own words, when your clergy has spoken about the environment, what kinds of things have they said? (ENVSAID1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ENVSAID2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Now just in your own words, when your clergy has spoken about the environment, what kinds of things have they said? (ENVSAID2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • EVSAID3 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Now just in your own words, when your clergy has spoken about the environment, what kinds of things have they said? (EVSAID3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HOMOSAID from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • When your clergy has spoken about homosexuality, do they say it is something that should be accepted, something that should be discouraged, or dont they take a position on the issue? (HOMOSAID) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMSAID from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Now just in your own words, when your clergy has spoken about the issue of immigration, what kinds of things have they said? [OPEN-END; RECORD VERBATIM RESPONSE; PROBE ONCE IF RESPONDENT ANSWERS DONT KNOW.] (IMMSAID) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMSAID1 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Now just in your own words, when your clergy has spoken about the issue of immigration, what kinds of things have they said? [OPEN-END: RECORD VERBATIM RESPONSE; PROBE ONCE IF RESPONDENT ANSWERS DONT KNOW.] (IMMSAID1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMSAID2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Now just in your own words, when your clergy has spoken about the issue of immigration, what kinds of things have they said? [OPEN-END: RECORD VERBATIM RESPONSE; PROBE ONCE IF RESPONDENT ANSWERS DONT KNOW.] (IMMSAID2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IMMSAID3 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Now just in your own words, when your clergy has spoken about the issue of immigration, what kinds of things have they said? [OPEN-END; RECORD VERBATIM RESPONSE; PROBE ONCE IF RESPONDENT ANSWERS DONT KNOW.] (IMMSAID3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VOTRGSTR from Civic Involvement Survey, 1997LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MEMBERS OF A CHURCH OR A SYNAGOGUE: During the past year, has your congregation participated in any of the following? - A voter registration drive (VOTRGSTR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W_10COMM from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF ATTEND= 1, 2 OR 3] As I read a list of issues, please tell me whether or not the clergy at your place of worship speaks out on this issue: The recent removal of a monument of the Ten Commandments from an Alabama courthouse (W_10COMM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W_ABORT from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF ATTEND= 1, 2 OR 3] As I read a list of issues, please tell me whether or not the clergy at your place of worship speaks out on this issue: Abortion (W_ABORT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W_DEATHP from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF ATTEND= 1, 2 OR 3] As I read a list of issues, please tell me whether or not the clergy at your place of worship speaks out on this issue: The death penalty (W_DEATHP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W_ELECT from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF ATTEND= 1, 2 OR 3] As I read a list of issues, please tell me whether or not the clergy at your place of worship speaks out on this issue: Candidates and elections (W_ELECT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W_HOM from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF ATTEND= 1, 2 OR 3] As I read a list of issues, please tell me whether or not the clergy at your place of worship speaks out on this issue: Issues related to homosexuality (W_HOM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W_HOMLAW from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF ATTEND= 1, 2 OR 3] As I read a list of issues, please tell me whether or not the clergy at your place of worship speaks out on this issue: Laws regarding homosexuals (W_HOMLAW) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W_IRAQ from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF ATTEND= 1, 2 OR 3] As I read a list of issues, please tell me whether or not the clergy at your place of worship speaks out on this issue: The situation in Iraq (W_IRAQ) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W_PRYR_S from News Interest Index, October 2003LEARN MORE
    • [ASK ONLY IF ATTEND= 1, 2 OR 3] As I read a list of issues, please tell me whether or not the clergy at your place of worship speaks out on this issue: Prayer in public schools (W_PRYR_S) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELELEC from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement: do you strongly agree, agree, neither agree or disagree, disagree, or strongly disagree? -- Religious leaders should not try to influence how people vote in elections. (RELELEC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CHURVOTE from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you believe that it is proper or improper for political parties to ask church members for lists of people who attend their church so the parties can encourage them to register and vote? (CHURVOTE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • COALITIO from Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • How often have you relied on conservative Christian leaders or political organizations, such as the Christian Coalition, to help you decide how to vote in an election? Often, sometimes, or never? (COALITIO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • STATE1B from Survey of Religion and Community Life in Indianapolis, 1999LEARN MORE
    • Thinking about Indianapolis, please tell me how much you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. - Religious groups in Indianapolis should keep separate from what goes on in city politics and city hall. (STATE1B) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CHVTABOR from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, VotersLEARN MORE
    • Today, there are evangelical preachers and some Catholic bishops in the country who have become involved in politics. They have a whole series of laws they want to see passed. Do you think it is fitting and proper or not for such religious leaders to urge members of their churches to vote for candidates who follow their stands on a constitutional amendment to ban abortions? (CHVTABOR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CHVTPRAY from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, VotersLEARN MORE
    • Today, there are evangelical preachers and some Catholic bishops in the country who have become involved in politics. They have a whole series of laws they want to see passed. Do you think it is fitting and proper or not for such religious leaders to urge members of their churches to vote for candidates who follow their stands on a constitutional amendment to require daily prayer to be recited in public school classrooms? (CHVTPRAY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • STDPRYAB from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, VotersLEARN MORE
    • Now here is what this question comes down to - - the difference between churches taking a stand on an issue such as abortion and prayer, on the one hand, and urging their church members to vote for candidates who follow their church stands, on the other. Do you think it is fitting and proper or not for religious leaders to take stands on issues such as banning abortion ad requiring school prayer (STDPRYAB) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VTPRYAB from Harris 1984 (September) Business-Week Survey, Study No. 842112, VotersLEARN MORE
    • Now here is what this question comes down to - - the difference between churches taking a stand on an issue such as abortion and prayer, on the one hand, and urging their church members to vote for candidates who follow their church stands, on the other. Do you think it is fitting and proper or not for religious leaders to urge their church members to vote for specific candidates who follow their stands on issues such as banning abortion and requiring school prayer? (VTPRYAB) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CLERGY from Middletown Area Study, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Clergy should try to influence how their church members vote in elections. Do you: (CLERGY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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