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Measures the type of worship rituals present in a religious group 

Below are 201 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 17 types:

[ A.V. Equipment? | Applause/Clapping/Amen | Candles/Incense? | Choir? | Collection? | Communion? | Focus | Instruments? | Music Type | Ordered Service? | Pentecostal? | Political Activity | Prayer? | Sermon? | Singing/Recitation | Traditional/Contemporary | Youth Led? ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.


JOINHN06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

KNEEL from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File


Category 1:A.V. Equipment?
 

Is visual projection equipment used in service?

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OVERHD06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

OVERHD98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PTSVVIS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

SLIDES from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File


Category 2:Applause/Clapping/Amen
 

Does worship service contain expression from congregation like claps, amens, or other interaction?

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AMEN98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

APPLSE06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

APPLSE98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

TESTIF06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

TESTIF98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PTSVAPPL from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PTSVGRT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PTSVAMEN from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TESTIFY from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

PASSPEAC from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

Q5M from Faith in Flux: Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.

CALLAMEN from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks


Category 3:Candles/Incense?
 

Were candles or incense used during the service?

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INCENS98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PTSVINCE from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

CANDLES from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File


Category 4:Choir?
 

Did the service use a choir?

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EVRHRE98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

CHOIR06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

CHOIR98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PTSVCHR from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 5:Collection?
 

Did the service include a collection of money?

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PTSVMON from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

APPEALS from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File


Category 6:Communion?
 

Did the service include Communion?

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COMMUN98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PTSVCOMM from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE1COM from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE2COM from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE3COM from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE4COM from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE5COM from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 7:Focus
 

What group is the focus of the service?

Some questions fit within the "Focus" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Seekers ]

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FOCUSGEN from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

FOCUSAGE from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

FOCUSRAC from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

FOCUSCOM from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

FOCUSSL from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

FOCUSSES from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

FOCUSOTH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

P5YRRACE from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PTSVCHD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE1CH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE1YTH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE2CH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE2YTH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE3CH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE3YTH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE4YTH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE5CH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE5YTH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Variant:Seekers (Focus variant)
 

Was the service focused on seekers, or some other specific group?

[ Back to Focus ]


P5YRSEEK from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE1NMB from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE2NMB from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE3NMB from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE4NMB from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE5NMB from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 8:Instruments?
 

What musical instruments are used in the service?

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INSTMT98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PIANO98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

ELECGT98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

GUITAR98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

DRUMS06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

DRUMS98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PTSVPIAN from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PTSVORGN from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PTSVDRUM from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PIANO from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

KEYBOARD from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

ELECTRIC from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

VIOLINS from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

DRUMS from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File


Category 9:Music Type
 

What type of music did the service use?

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MUSC1TRD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC1LSS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC1RSP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC1PRS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC1CTP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC1OCN from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC1CLT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC1HNT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC1AA from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC1NO from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2TRD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2LSS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2RSP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2PRS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2CTP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2OCN from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2CLT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2HNT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2AA from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2NO from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3TRD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3LSS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3RSP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3PRS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3CTP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3OCN from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3CLT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3HNT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3AA from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3NO from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4TRD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4LSS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4RSP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4PRS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4CTP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4OCN from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4CLT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4HNT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4AA from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4NO from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5TRD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5LSS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5RSP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5PRS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5CTP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5OCN from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5CLT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5HNT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5AA from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5NO from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

CDMUSIC from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

SP2_CNTP from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999


Category 10:Ordered Service?
 

Is the worship service ordered?

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PROGRM06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PROGRM98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

LENGTH from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PTSVHYM from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 11:Pentecostal?
 

Does the worship service contain speaking in tongues, dancing, shouting, jumping, raising hands, etc?

Some questions fit within the "Pentecostal?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Congregational Attitude ]

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TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

Q28B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q28C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

LAUGH98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

EVRDNC98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

AMEN06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

JUMP06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

JUMP98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

RAISHN06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

RAISHN98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

TONGUE06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

TONGUE98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

PTSVLAUG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PTSVUNP from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PTSVHND from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC1TNG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC2TNG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC3TNG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC4TNG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

MUSC5TNG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

TONGUES from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

DANCE from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File

F_QN20 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

F_QN21 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

F_QN24 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

F_QN25 from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

TONGUES2 from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

TOUNGES from Middletown Area Study, 1983


Variant:Congregational Attitude (Pentecostal? variant)
 

In this form, respondents are asked how their congregation would feel about speaking in tongues.

[ Back to Pentecostal? ]


Q12A from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005


Category 12:Political Activity
 

Has the service include announcements about opportunities for political activity?

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POLOPP06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

POLOPP98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)


Category 13:Prayer?
 

Was there silent prayer or meditation?

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PTSVSIL from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 14:Sermon?
 

Was there a sermon or speech?

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SERMON06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

SERMON98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

SPKR1_06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

SPKR1_98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

HOMILY from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 15:Singing/Recitation
 

Do people sing, recite, or read things together during the service?

Some questions fit within the "Singing/Recitation" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Soloist? ]

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NUMSPK98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

SINGNG06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

SINGNG98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

CONGRD06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

CONGRD98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PTSVSNG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

PTSVTOG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

CREEDS from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined File


Variant:Soloist? (Singing/Recitation variant)
 

Respondents answer if there is a soloist during the service.

[ Back to Singing/Recitation ]


SOLO98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)


Category 16:Traditional/Contemporary
 

Is the service traditional, contemporary or blended?

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TYPE1TRD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE1CNT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE1BLD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE2TRD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE2CNT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE2BLD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE3TRD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE3CNT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE3BLD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE4TRD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE4CNT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE4BLD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE5CNT from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile

TYPE5BLD from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile


Category 17:Youth Led?
 

Were there any services led or planned by teens?

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EVRSKT98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

TEENSP06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

TEENEV06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)

PTSVTNS from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile



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