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Meditation, Frequency of

Measures how often one meditates


Below are 22 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 4 types:

FrequencyGroupsOccurrenceReasons

FrequencyQuestion asks respondents about the frequency of meditation

  • PRAY from National Survey of the Religious Life Futures Project, 1990LEARN MORE
    • How often do you pray or meditate privately? (PRAY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • YOGA from Middletown Area Study, 1990LEARN MORE
    • How often do you meditate or practice yoga? (YOGA) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELHRS1 from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • In the past month, about how many hours have you spent doing religious activities in your home (such as time spent praying, meditating, reading religious books, listening to religious broadcasts, etc.) (RELHRS1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MEDITATE from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Within your religious or spiritual tradition, how often do you meditate? (MEDITATE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OFT_MED from Arts and Religion Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • How often do you meditate? (OFT_MED) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELCON5 from Americas EvangelicalsLEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read you a list of things that people do as part of their religious life. How often have you done each of the following activities in the last 12 months -- every day, once or twice a week, once or twice a month, once or twice a year, or never? Spend time in prayer or meditation (RELCON5) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DEVOTION from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random AttendersLEARN MORE
    • How often do you spend time in private devotional activities (such as prayer, meditation, reading the Bible alone)? (DEVOTION) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q16 from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q16 About how often do you pray or meditate outside of religious services (Q16) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q42C from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental DatasetLEARN MORE
    • How often do you meditate - would you say at least once a week, once or twice a month, several times a year, seldom, or never? (Q42C) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q42C from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii DatasetLEARN MORE
    • How often do you meditate - would you say at least once a week, once or twice a month, several times a year, seldom, or never? (Q42C) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PRAY from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q17. About how often do you pray or meditate outside of religious services? (PRAY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

GroupsThis question type asks whether the respondent's congregation offers opportunities for meditation, outside of regular services


OccurrenceQuestion asks whether the respondent ever meditates, without reference to frequency


ReasonsThis question type asks whether respondents use meditation in response to a specific situation in their life

  • STSRELPR from Economic Values Survey, 1992LEARN MORE
    • Thinking specifically about job-related stress, how often do you use these measures to relieve feelings of stress from your job: never, rarely, sometimes, or often? -- pray or meditate (STSRELPR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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