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Affirmative Action, Attitude about

Attitudes about affirmative action programs


Below are 10 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 2 types:

Beliefs aboutFavor/Oppose

Beliefs aboutThis question type asks respondents their level of agreement with statements about affirmative action.

  • STC_AFFR from Carnegie Council National Surveys of Higher Education, Graduate Student Sample (1975)LEARN MORE
    • Please indicate the extent of your agreement or disagreement with each of the following statements. (Mark one circle for each item.) - Affirmative action labels members of minority groups and women in such a way that they never can be judged on merit alone. (STC_AFFR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • AFIRMMRT from Carnegie Foundation National Survey of Higher Education, Faculty Sample (1975)LEARN MORE
    • Please indicate the extent of your agreement or disagreement with each of the following statements -- Affirmative action labels members of minority groups in such a way that they can never be judged on merit alone. (AFIRMMRT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PREFSBAD from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Agree/Disagree: Affirmative action policies give unfair advantages to minorities and women. (96, 98, 01, 06) (PREFSBAD) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • AFFIRM S from American National Election Studies, 2000LEARN MORE
    • IF R SELECTED FOR STANDARD VERSION: Some people think that if a company has a history of discriminating against blacks when making hiring decisions, then they should be required to have an affirmative action program that gives blacks preference in hiring. What do you think? Should companies that have discriminated against blacks have to have an affirmative action program? (AFFIRM S) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Favor/OpposeThis question type asks the respondent his/her level of approval of affirmative action programs.

  • AFFACTOK from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • For/Against: What about enforcing affirmative action laws in hiring minorities and women? (87) (AFFACTOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FAIRJOBS from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Should the federal government see to it that minorities get fair treatment in jobs, or should such matters be left to the states and local communities? (86) (FAIRJOBS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • AFFIRM from Middletown Area Study, 1995LEARN MORE
    • To what extent are you for or against affirmative action programs that give preference to women and minorities in obtaining jobs and promotions? Are you: (AFFIRM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • P17AFFRM from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Im going to read you some proposals that are now being discussed nationally. As I read each one, please select the number that best expresses how much you favor or oppose it. If you dont really care about the issue, please say so. Q. Ending affirmative action programs for women and minorities (P17AFFRM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PRGRMS3 from July 2003 Values Update SurveyLEARN MORE
    • Id like to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. : Affirmative action programs designed to help blacks, women and other minorities get better jobs and education? (PRGRMS3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • AFFACT from December 2006 Values Update SurveyLEARN MORE
    • As I read some programs and proposals that are being discussed in the country today, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose each. Affirmative action programs designed to help blacks, women, and other minorities get better jobs and education. (AFFACT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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