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Birth Control, Attitude about

What is the respondent's attitude about the use of birth control/contraception as a method of family planning?


Below are 61 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 8 types:

Against Religion?Allow AdsCatholic ChurchGeneral AttitudeLeft Church?SchoolsTeens?Who Decides?

Against Religion?Does birth control conflict with the respondent's religious views?

  • BRTHOBEY from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1987LEARN MORE
    • The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without obeying the Churchs teaching regarding birth control. (BRTHOBEY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BRTHOBEY from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1993LEARN MORE
    • The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without obeying the Churchs teaching regarding birth control. (BRTHOBEY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BRTHCTRL from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)LEARN MORE
    • Most of us probably feel that failure to live up to the Lords commandments will have an adverse effect on our standing in His eyes, but that weakness in some commandments might be more serious than weakness in others. By circling the appropriate numbers below, please indicate how serious you believe each of the following to be -- Using artificial birth control measures (BRTHCTRL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BRTHCTRL from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)LEARN MORE
    • Most of us probably feel that failure to live up to the Lords commandments will have an adverse effect on our standing in His eyes, but that weakness in some commandments might be more serious than weakness in others. By circling the appropriate numbers below, please indicate how serious you believe each of the following to be -- Using artificial birth control measures (BRTHCTRL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GCYESBC from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999LEARN MORE
    • The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions or affirming these beliefs. Can a person be a good Catholic without obeying the Church hierarchys teaching on birth control? (GCYESBC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BTHCNTRL from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963LEARN MORE
    • Now looking at the following list of items, would you please indicate whether you think it will definitely prevent salvation, possibly prevent salvation, or probably has no influence on salvation. -- Practicing artificial birth control (BTHCNTRL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CONTRA from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q12f. By your best guess, how would your current place of worship feel about each of the following behaviors? Use of contraception (CONTRA) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GCTHBC from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005LEARN MORE
    • The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions or affirming these beliefs. Can a person be a good Catholic…B. Without obeying the Church hierarchys teaching on birth control? (GCTHBC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q12E3 from Harris 1967 Survey on Catholics View of their ChurchLEARN MORE
    • Do you feel that a priests word is morally binding; that it is a moral obligation to do what he says or isnt it, when he talks about birth control laws? (Q12E3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q22A from Harris 1967 Survey on Catholics View of their ChurchLEARN MORE
    • As you know, the Church has under discussion possible changes in the rules about birth control. Do you think some kind of change should be made or not? (Q22A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GDCTH_9 from Survey of Chicago Catholics, 2007LEARN MORE
    • To be a good Catholic, do you have to . . .? Obey the Churchs teaching on birth control (GDCTH_9) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Allow AdsShould birth control ads be allowed on television?


Catholic ChurchThis question type asks the respondent their opinion regarding Catholic Church teaching/policies on birth control?

  • BRTHCTRL from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992LEARN MORE
    • We are asking about church issues, in your case, Catholic church issues. For each, please tell me whether you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly. -- The Church should permit couples to make their own decisions about forms of birth control. (BRTHCTRL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BRTHCNTL from Harris 1979 ABC News Survey No.792113LEARN MORE
    • ASKED OF THOSE WHOSE SAID THEIR RELIGION WAS PROTESTANT, JEWISH, OTHER, NONE, OR NOT SURE: Do you feel strongly opposed to the Catholic Churchs opposition to birth control, only somewhat opposed, or not opposed at all? (BRTHCNTL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CTHBTHCT from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963LEARN MORE
    • One of the ways to help reduce tensions between groups is to get out into the open things about one group that bother people in the other group. Here is a list of things that Protestants have said about Catholics and Catholics have said about Protestants. For each statement, would you please indicate how you feel: Do you feel it is true, tends to be true, tends to be false, or is false? -- Catholics interfere with the rights of others to practice birth control if they wish. (CTHBTHCT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q22J from Harris 1967 Survey on Catholics View of their ChurchLEARN MORE
    • Do you favor or oppose the Catholic church allowing the use of birth control pills? (Q22J) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

General AttitudeHow does respondent feel about birth control, or specific forms of birth control?

  • BC from Tulsa Oklahoma Area Science and Technology Survey, 1981LEARN MORE
    • In your opinion, are birth control pills and other modern forms of contraception good or bad? (BC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • IFLBRTHC from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963LEARN MORE
    • How do you feel about each of the following? -- Artificial birth control (IFLBRTHC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MORAL1 from ABC News the Pope & the Church, 2003LEARN MORE
    • (CATHOLIC OVERSAMPLE) For each item I name, please tell me if you personally find it morally acceptable or morally unacceptable.- Birth control using the birth-control pill or condoms (MORAL1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILL from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • The pill is a morally acceptable form of birth control. (PILL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • WBIRCON1 from Life Choices, 1990LEARN MORE
    • I am going to read you some situations where a woman might consider having an abortion. For each situation, I want you to tell me whether you, personally, feel an abortion would be acceptable or unacceptable. J. If a couple is using abortion as a repeated means of birth control - is it acceptable or not during the first 3 months? (WBIRCON1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LBIRCONT from Life Choices, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Here is some legislation on abortion that is being considered in some states. Please indicate whether you mostly favor or mostly oppose the following proposals: c. not allowing abortions in cases where they are being used as a method of birth control. (LBIRCONT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RBIRTCON from Life Choices, 1990LEARN MORE
    • I am going to read you several reasons that people have given for limiting legal access to abortion. For each of these reasons I want you to tell me whether it is very convincing, fairly convincing, not very convincing, or not at all convincing, as a reason for limiting access to abortion. J. It is wrong to use abortion as a form of birth control or sex selection. (RBIRTCON) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q22F from Harris 1967 Survey on Catholics View of their ChurchLEARN MORE
    • Do you personally favor or oppose the use of artificial birth control devices? (Q22F) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q22H from Harris 1967 Survey on Catholics View of their ChurchLEARN MORE
    • Do you see a difference between the use or artificial devices and the new birth control pills? (Q22H) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q22U from Harris 1967 Survey on Catholics View of their ChurchLEARN MORE
    • It is argued that birth control pills are based on the same principle as the rhythm method - of allowing natural processes to work, while artificial methods are destroying life. Does this argument make sense to you or not? (Q22U) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOKAY from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Agree/Disagree: A woman over the age of 18 should be able to buy emergency contraception over the counter. (Meaning, the morning-after-pill, taken to prevent a possible pregnancy.) (07) (PILLOKAY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Left Church?Did the respondent leave a group because of its teachings on birth control?


SchoolsDoes the respondent favor allowing public schools to provide students with birth control or information on birth control methods?

  • BCONTROL from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now, I am going to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. -- Allowing public schools to provide students with information on birth control methods (BCONTROL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • AIDSSXED from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Require the teaching of safe sex practices, such as the use of condoms, in sex education courses in public schools--do you support or oppose? (AIDSSXED) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VIEWBRTH from News Interest Index / Religion Overflow, July 2005LEARN MORE
    • Do you favor or oppose allowing public schools to provide students with information on birth control methods? (VIEWBRTH) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • NOBIRTH2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • For/Against: What about having birth control counseling and supplies available to teenagers in the public schools? (88, 98, 00, 02) (NOBIRTH2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SEXEDUC2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Should sex education classes in the public schools (ROTATE:) Emphasize abstinence only; or: Include information about contraception? (05) (SEXEDUC2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Teens?Should teens be allowed to have birth control without their parents consent?

  • BIRTHCON from Middletown Area Study, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Do you believe birth control information and methods should be made readily available to teen-agers? (BIRTHCON) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 1991LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of fourteen and sixteen if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOKY from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of fourteen and sixteen if their parents do not approve? (PILLOKY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SI5BRTHC from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now I want you to consider a series of opinions on a variety of issues. Please consider the following statements and tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with each statement. E. Methods of birth control should be available to teenagers even if their parents do not approve. (SI5BRTHC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ABCAVAIL from Life Choices, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Now I want you to consider a series of opinions on a variety of issues. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with each statement. G. Methods of birth control should be available to teenagers even if their parents do not approve. (ABCAVAIL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 1993LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of fourteen and sixteen if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • NOBIRTH1 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Agree/Disagree: Birth control advice and supplies should be available to all young people whatever their age. (85) (NOBIRTH1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PILLOK from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • Do you strongly agree, agree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of fourteen and sixteen if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

Who Decides?Who should decide policy on birth control?

  • BRTHCNRL from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1987LEARN MORE
    • Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teachings into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and leaders working together. -- A Catholic practicing contraceptive birth control. (BRTHCNRL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CRTHCLPL from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1987LEARN MORE
    • For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Making church policy about birth control. (CRTHCLPL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BRTHCNRL from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1993LEARN MORE
    • Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case, I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teaching into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and church leaders working together. -- A Catholic practicing contraceptive birth control. (BRTHCNRL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BRTHCLPL from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1993LEARN MORE
    • For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Making church policy about birth control. (BRTHCLPL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BIRTHCNT from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1999LEARN MORE
    • Next I would like your opinion on several issues that involve the moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. Is it the church leaders such as the pope and bishops, individuals taking church teaching into account and deciding for themselves, or both individuals and leaders working together? How about a Catholic practicing contraceptive birth control? (BIRTHCNT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ORALBC from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve the moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. Is it the Church leaders such as the pope and bishops, individuals taking Church teachings into account and deciding for themselves, or both individuals and leaders working together? B. A Catholic practicing contraceptive birth control (ORALBC) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • REFPILL from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Should pharmacists who personally oppose birth control for religious reasons be able to refuse to sell birth control pills to women who have a prescription for them, or shouldnt pharmacists be able to refuse to sell birth control pills? (REFPILL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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