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Alcohol, Morality of

Does the respondent this it is wrong to consume alcohol?


Below are 56 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 4 types:

ConcernCongregational AttitudeLegalityMorality

ConcernHow concerns is the respondent about alcohol use?


Congregational AttitudeDoes the respondent's congregation prohibit or discourage alcohol use?

  • ABSTAIN from Middletown Area Study, 1997LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH: To what extent does your congregation teach that to be in Gods favor a person needs to completely give up many behaviors that one might otherwise enjoy, such as drinking alcohol and dancing? Would you say: (ABSTAIN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ABSTAIN from Middletown Area Study, 1998LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH: To what extent does your congregation teach that to be in Gods favor a person needs to completely give up many behaviors that one might otherwise enjoy, such as drinking alcohol and dancing? (ABSTAIN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PROHIB2 from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random ProfileLEARN MORE
    • Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? Drinking alcohol. (PROHIB2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GIVEUP from Middletown Area Study, 2002LEARN MORE
    • To what extent does the congregation you attend teach that to be in Gods favor a person needs to completely give up many behaviors that one might otherwise enjoy, such as drinking, dancing and gambling? Would you say: (GIVEUP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • NODRINK from Faith Communities Today (FACT) 2000, Combined FileLEARN MORE
    • How much does your congregation, in its worship and education, emphasize the following home and personal practices? Abstinence from alcohol (NODRINK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHL98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)LEARN MORE
    • (alcohol_98) Does your congregation prohibit the use of alcohol? (ALCOHL98) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MBRALC06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)LEARN MORE
    • (mbralcmd_06) Would the following types of people be permitted to be full-fledged members of your congregation: Someone who drinks alcohol in moderation? (MBRALC06) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LDRALC06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)LEARN MORE
    • (ldralcmd_06) Regarding leadership, if they were otherwise qualified, would the following types of people be permitted to hold all of the volunteer leadership positions open to other members: Someone who drinks alcohol in moderation? (LDRALC06) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

LegalityThis question type asks the respondent's opinion on current or prospective laws regarding alcohol

  • ASKDRINK from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Before giving an individual a secret or top secret clearance, the government should have the right to ask him or her detailed, personal questions in the following areas: Alcohol use (ASKDRINK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BLUELAWS from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Do you approve of the blue laws in South Carolina (laws that forbid things like the sale of alcohol on Sundays)? (BLUELAWS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ASKDRINK from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Before giving an individual a Secret or Top Secret clearance, the government should have the right to ask him or her detailed, personal questions in the following areas: Alcohol use (ASKDRINK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FRSPEE3 from State of the First Amendment Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Companies should be allowed to advertise liquor and alcohol products. (FRSPEE3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FRSPEE4 from State of the First Amendment Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Companies should be allowed to advertise liquor and alcohol products on TV. (FRSPEE4) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FRSPEE9 from State of the First Amendment Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Companies should be allowed to advertise liquor and alcohol products on billboards. (FRSPEE9) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DRYUS from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • There should be a law forbidding the sale of all beer, wine, and liquor throughout the nation. (DRYUS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DRYUS from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • There should be a law forbidding the sale of all beer, wine, and liquor throughout the nation. (DRYUS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FRSPEX3 from State of the First Amendment Survey 1997LEARN MORE
    • Im going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be free to do it. Companies should be allowed to advertise liquor and alcohol products. Do you agree or disagree that people should be free to do this? PROBE: Do you strongly or mildly (agree/disagree)? (FRSPEX3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ASKDRINK from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Before giving an individual a secret or top secret clearance, the government should have the right to ask him or her detailed, personal questions in the following areas: F. Alcohol use (ASKDRINK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ASKDRINK from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • Before giving an individual a SECRET or TOP SECRET clearance, the government should have the right to ask him or her detailed, personal questions in the following areas: Alcohol use (ASKDRINK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DRINKING from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • For/Against: What about raising the drinking age to 21 throughout the United States? (85) (DRINKING) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

MoralityHow does the respondent feel about the morality of alcohol consumption?

  • BEER from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)LEARN MORE
    • Most of us probably feel that failure to live up to the Lords commandments will have an adverse effect on our standing in His eyes, but that weakness in some commandments might be more serious than weakness in others. By circling the appropriate numbers below, please indicate how serious you believe each of the following to be -- Drinking beer (BEER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HARDLIQR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)LEARN MORE
    • Most of us probably feel that failure to live up to the Lords commandments will have an adverse effect on our standing in His eyes, but that weakness in some commandments might be more serious than weakness in others. By circling the appropriate numbers below, please indicate how serious you believe each of the following to be -- Drinking hard liquor such as whiskey (HARDLIQR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BEER from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)LEARN MORE
    • Most of us probably feel that failure to live up to the Lords commandments will have an adverse effect on our standing in His eyes, but that weakness in some commandments might be more serious than weakness in others. By circling the appropriate numbers below, please indicate how serious you believe each of the following to be -- Drinking beer (BEER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HARDLIQR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)LEARN MORE
    • Most of us probably feel that failure to live up to the Lords commandments will have an adverse effect on our standing in His eyes, but that weakness in some commandments might be more serious than weakness in others. By circling the appropriate numbers below, please indicate how serious you believe each of the following to be -- Drinking hard liquor such as whiskey (HARDLIQR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • FRTDRINK from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father ComponentLEARN MORE
    • Jim is 13. Sometimes he and his friends get together to drink a couple cans of beer. How right or wrong are they to do this? (FRTDRINK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MRTDRINK from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother ComponentLEARN MORE
    • Jim is 13. Sometimes he and his friends get together to drink a couple cans of beer. How right or wrong are they to do this? (MRTDRINK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • YDRNKBR from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth ComponentLEARN MORE
    • Jim is 13. Sometimes he and his friends get together to drink a couple cans of beer. How right or wrong are they to do this? (YDRNKBR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • D6ALCHOL from Survey On the Beliefs and Moral Values of Americas Children, 1989LEARN MORE
    • Imagine someone like yourself in the following situation and tell us what would most likely happen - You go to a party where some of your friends are drinking alcohol. Someone hands you a drink. In this situation, would you refuse the drink, take the glass but only pretend to drink it, drink with them but not feel great about it, or drink with them without worrying about it? (Not asked of elementary school students.) (D6ALCHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DRKNMOD from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963LEARN MORE
    • There has always been a good deal of discussion among Christians about how people ought to act in their daily lives. It is not always clear what characteristics ought to be admired and which ones we should disapprove of. Below you will find a series of descriptions of ways in which people act; for each, would you decide how much you would admire or disapprove of a person who acted this way. -- Drinks moderately (DRKNMOD) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • AGNSDRNK from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963LEARN MORE
    • Would you please think about each of the religious beliefs listed below and then indicate how certain you are that it is true. -- Jesus was opposed to all drinking of alcohol. (AGNSDRNK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DRNKLIQR from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963LEARN MORE
    • Now looking at the following list of items, would you please indicate whether you think it will definitely prevent salvation, possibly prevent salvation, or probably has no influence on salvation. -- Drinking liquor (DRNKLIQR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South KoreaLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Generation Next Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • And here are few things some people do. For each one, please tell me if you think its something thats okay or not okay for other people to do - even if you might not do it yourself. Is it okay or not okay for other people to drink a lot of alcohol? (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q85E from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • Q85E [NEXT, IM GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Drinking alcohol (Q85E) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q37A from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q37 How do you feel about the following... a. The consumption of alcohol (Q37A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of PentecostalsLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in BrazilLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in ChileLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in KenyaLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in NigeriaLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in GuatemalaLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the PhilippinesLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of IndiaLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South AfricaLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ALCOHOL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United StatesLEARN MORE
    • Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • WALCOHOL from Politics of Character Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read a list of things that some people consider to be morally wrong. For each item, please select the response that best indicates how wrong you, personally, think it is when people engage in that behavior. E. Drinking alcohol (see note 1 on the ARDA summary page) (WALCOHOL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W6ALCOHL from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read a list of things that some people consider to be morally wrong. For each item, please select the number that best indicates how wrong you, personally, think it is when people engage in that behavior. G. Drinking alcohol (W6ALCOHL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MORAL_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009LEARN MORE
    • Is drinking alcohol morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? [Form 2 only] (Q180D) (MORAL_A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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