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  • American Secularism. Cultural Contours of Nonreligious Belief Systems.
    Baker, Joseph O., and Buster G. Smith (2016)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Secularism
  • "I think some people need religion": The social construction of nonreligious moral identities.
    Sumerau, J. Edward, and Ryan T. Cragun (2016)
    Sociology of Religion 77:4: 386-407.

    Based on 30 semi-structured interviews with self-identified non-religious Americans. Experiencing childhood religion as focused on obedience & conformity, noting religious people's prejudices about non-religious people, & interactions with religious people that led to seeking meaning elsewhere served as pathways to irreligion.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Socialization
  • Atheists and other cultural outsiders Moral boundaries and the non-religious in the Uited States.
    Edgell, Penny, Douglas Hartmann, Evan Stewart, and Joseph Gerteis (2016)
    Annual Review of Sociology 38: 247-265.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Marginality
  • Religion, secular humanism, and atheism: Multi-institutional politics and the USAFA cadets' freethinkers group.
    Konieczny, Mary Ellen, and Megan C. Rogers (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:4: 821-838.

    Examines the opportunity structure of the Cadet Freethinkers Group at the U.S. Air Force Academy.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Military
  • The social context of organized nonbelief: County-level predictors of nonbeliever organizations in the United States
    García, Alfredo, and Joseph Blankholm (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:1: 70-90.

    County-level data show the percentage of the populations that is Evangelical correlates positively with the existence & number of nonbeliever organizations.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Dialectic; Ecology; United States
  • Not a lonely crowd? Social connectedness, religious service attendance, and the spiritual but not religious.
    Hastings, Orestes P. (2016)
    Social Science Research 57: 63-79.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Social support; United States; Atheist, U.S.A.; Spirituality
  • Nonreligious tolerance: American attitudes toward atheists, America's most unpopular religious group.
    Cox, Daniel, Robert P. Jones, and Juhem Navarro-Rivera (2015)
    In Paul A. Djupe (ed.) Religion and Political Tolerance in America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, pp. 133-150.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Tolerance
  • Who are the "new atheists"?
    Cragun, Ryan T. (2015)
    In Lori G. Beaman and Steven Tomlins (eds.) Atheist Identities: Spaces and Social Contexts. New York: Springer, pp. 195-211.

    Associated Search Terms: Demography; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Secularist rituals in the US: Solidarity and legitimization.
    Cimino, Richard, and Christopher Smith (2015)
    In Lori G. Beaman and Steven Tomlins (eds.) Atheist Identities: Spaces and Social Contexts. New York: Springer, pp. 87-100.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Legitimation; Ritual; Solidarity
  • Gendering (non)religion: Politics, education, and gender gaps in secularity in the Untied States.
    Baker, Joseph O., and Adnrew L. Whitehead (2015)
    Social Forces 94:4: 1623-1645.

    Associated Search Terms: Gender; Atheist, U.S.A.; Education; Politics, U.S.A.; United States
  • Stigma management by Midwestern secularists.
    Garneau, Christopher (2015)
    In Paul A. Djupe (ed.) Religion and Political Tolerance in America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, pp. 211-227.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, Midwest; Stigma; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Non-affiliation, non-denominationalism, religious switching, and denominational switching: Longitudinal analysis of the effects on religiosity.
    Suh, Daniel, and Raymond Russell (2015)
    Review of Religious Research 57:1: 25-41.

    Analyzes 2006-2010 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) panel data. Conversion from one religion to another increases religiosity, from one Protestant denomination to another affects practice modestly but not belief. Non-affiliates become less religious. Protestants with no denomination resemble other Protestants.

    Associated Search Terms: Panel study; Atheist, U.S.A.; Practice; Denomination (organizational entity); Conversion; Belief
  • Bounded by disbelief: How atheists in the United States differentiate themselves from religious believers.
    Guenther, Katja M. (2014)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 29:1: 1-16.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Explaining why more Americans have no religious preference: Political backlash and generatioal succession, 1987-2012.
    Hout, Michael, and Claude S. Fischer (2014)
    Sociological Science 1: 423-447.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Generations; Politics, U.S.A.; Membership
  • Divided we stand: The politics of the atheist movement in the United States.
    Kettell, Steven (2014)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 29:3: 377-394.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Atheist Awakening: Secular Activism & Community in America.
    Cimino, Richard, and Christopher Smith (2014)
    New York: Oxford University Press

    Based on participant observation in atheist meetings & events, on interviews, surveys, & content analyses of literature & websites. Awakened atheism & religious activism dialectically need each other.

    Associated Search Terms: Ritual; Participant observation; Minority; Dialectic; Content analysis; Atheist, U.S.A.; Media; Schism; Secular humanism; Social movement; Identity; Internet
  • There Is No God: Atheists in America.
    Williamson, David A., and George Yancey (2013)
    Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.
  • The politics of new atheism.
    Kettell, Steven (2013)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 2:1: 61-72.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Measuring spiritual fitness: Atheist military personnel, veterans, and civilians.
    Hammer, Joseph H., Ryan T. Cragun, and Karen Hwang (2013)
    Military Psychology 25:5: 438-451.

    Associated Search Terms: Military; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Creating a godless community: The collective identity work of contemporary American atheists.
    Smith, Jesse M. (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:1: 80-99.

    Based on interviews & participant observation in 7 American atheist organizations.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Identity; Participant observation; Activism; Atheist, U.S.A.; Stigma
  • Unaffiliated Parents and the Religious Training of their Children.
    Manning, Christel J. (2013)
    Sociology of Religion 74:2: 149-175.

    Based on 2005-07 interviews with 48 religiously unaffiliated parents in selected U.S. cities.

    Associated Search Terms: Salience; Socialization; Grounded theory; Family; Atheist, U.S.A.; Nonreligion
  • Religious non-involvement among African Americans, Black Caribbeans and Non-hispanic Whites: Findings from the National Survey of American Life.
    Brown, R. Khari, Robert Joseph Taylor, and Linda M. Chatters (2013)
    Review of Religious Reseach 55:3:435-457.

    Reports 2001-03 survey data. African Americans & Black Caribbeans were both more religiously involved than non-Hispanic whites. Women, married persons, Southerners, & the highly educated were more involved in religion than others. The religiously uninvolved were not atheists.

    Associated Search Terms: Women; United States, South; Religiosity; Marriage; Education; Caribbean Americans; Atheist, U.S.A.; African Americans
  • Forms, frequency, and correlates of perceived anti-atheist discrimination.
    Hamer, Joseph H., Ryan T. Cragun, Karen Hwang, and Jesse Smith (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 1: 43-67.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Discrimination
  • Contrasting irreligious orientations: Atheism and secularity in the USA and Scandinavia.
    Zuckerman, Phil (2012)
    Approaching Religion 2:1: 8-20.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Scandinavia; Secularism
  • Retrospective accounts of religious disaffiliation in the United States: Stressors, skepticism, and political factors.
    Vargas, Nicholas (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:2: 200-223.

    Analyzes 2006 survey data from U.S. adults; religious skepticism, respondents' support for same-sex marriage & financial diffiuclties contribute to leaving religions while support for conservative Christian activism lessens leaving.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; United States; Homosexuality; Atheist, U.S.A.; Economic; Marriage; Disaffiliation; Activism
  • Perceptions of Science and American Secularism.
    Baker, Joseph O. (2012)
    Sociological Perspectives 55:1: 167-188.

    Favorable view of science is more characteristic of secularists than religiously affiliated Americans.

    Associated Search Terms: Agnostic; United States; Science; Evolution; Creationism; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • On the receiving end: Discrimination toward the non-religious in the United States.
    Cragun, Ryan T., Barry Kosmin, Ariella Keysar, Joseph H. Hammer, and Michael Nielsen (2012)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 27:1: 105-127.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; United States; Prejudice, anti-religious; Discrimination
  • Protagoras's Assertion Revisited: American Atheism and its Accompanying Obscurities.
    Baggett, Jerome P. (2011)
    Implicit Religion 14:3: 257-294.

    Based on an analysis of American atheist literature and their accounts.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Faith No More: Why People Reject Religion.
    Zuckerman, Phil (2011)
    New York: Oxford University Press

    Based on interviews with formerly religious Americans.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Disaffiliation
  • Atheists and Agnostics Negotiate Religion and Family.
    Ecklund, Elaine Howard, and Kristen Schultz Lee (2011)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 50:4: 728-743.

    Based on 2005-08 interviews with scientists who do not believe in a religion but join religions for the sake of their families & out of a desire for community. See erratum in Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:1 (2012): iv.

    Associated Search Terms: Family; Scientist; Atheist, U.S.A.; Agnostic
  • Secular and Liminal: Discovering Heterogeneity Among Religious Nones.
    Lim, Chaeyoon, Carol Ann MacGregor, and Robert D. Putnam (2010)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49:4: 596-618.

    Uses several U.S.A. surveys; about 30% of "nones" in a panel later report a religion, with little change in religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Period and Cohort Effects on Religious Nonaffiliation and Religious Disaffiliation: A Research Note.
    Schwadel, Philip (2010)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49:2: 311-319.

    Analyzes 1973-2006 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data; finds over time increased likelihood of having no religion but lesser likelihood of disaffiliation.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Disaffiliation; Atheist, U.S.A.; Generations; Estimator model; Cross-classified, random effects model
  • The nones: Social characteristics of the religiously unaffiliated.
    Baker, Joseph O., and Buster G. Smith (2009)
    Social Forces 87:3: 1251-1264.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.
  • None Too Simple: Examining Issues of Religious Nonbelief and Nonbelonging in the United States.
    Baker, Joseph O., and Buster G. Smith (2009)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 48:4: 719-733.

    Analyzes 2007 U.S.A. survey data; explores the stances of the true atheists, agnostics, & unchurched believers.

    Associated Search Terms: Unchurched religion; Atheist, U.S.A.; United States; Agnostic
  • Beyond Belief: Atheism, Agnosticism, and Theistic Certainty in the United States.
    Sherkat, Darren E. (2008)
    Sociological Spectrum 28:5: 438-459.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Agnostic; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • American Nones: The Profile of the No Religion Population.
    Kosmin, Barry A., and Ariela Keysar, with Ryan T. Cragon and Jhem Navarro-Rivera. (2008)
    Hartford, Connecticut: Institute for the Study of Secularity in Society.

    Associated Search Terms: Nonreligion; United States; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • What Americans Really Believe.
    Stark, Rodney, et al. (2008)
    Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.

    Based on the 2006 Baylor Survey on Religion.

    Associated Search Terms: New age; Catholic, U.S.A.; Foursquare Gospel; Jehovah´s Witness, U.S.A.; Media; Membership; United States; United Methodist, U.S.A.; Seventh-day Adventist, U.S.A.; Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee); Assemblies of God, U.S.A.; Church of God in Christ, U.S.A.; Politics, U.S.A.; Practice; Social capital; Southern Baptist; State; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Unitarian Universalist; Nazarene, U.S.A.; Experience; Mormon, U.S.A.; Pentecostal, U.S.A.; Proselytizing; Strictness; Women; Atheist, U.S.A.; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Belief; United Church of Christ; Denomination (organizational entity); Disciples of Christ; Education; Contributions; Episcopal; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Communality; Megachurch
  • Secular Humanism and Atheism beyond Progressive Secularism.
    Cimino, Richard, and Christopher Smith (2007)
    Sociology of Religion 68:4: 407-424.

    Examines atheists' & humanists' adaptation to their minority status in the U.S.A., with a content analysis of Free Inquiry, 37 interviews, & participant observation.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Participant observation; Content analysis; Cognitive minority
  • Atheists: A Groundbreaking Study of America's Nonbelievers.
    Hunsberger, Bruce E., and Bob Altemeyer (2006)
    Amherst, New York: Prometheus.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Atheists as "Other": Moral Boundaries and Cultural Membership in American Society.
    Edgell, Penny, Joseph Gerteis, and Douglas Hartmann (2006)
    American Sociological Reveiw 71:2: 211-234.

    National U.S.A. survey data show acceptance of atheists not following from acceptance of other religious groups.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Boundary maintenance; United States; Tolerance
  • The Case for Secular Assimilation? The Latino Experience in Richmond, Virginia.
    Cavalcanti, H.B., and Debra Schleef (2005)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 44:4: 473-483.

    Analyzes interview data from Latino Americans in Richmond; those with no religion had the highest assimilation scores.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, Virginia, Richmond; Migrant; Latino Americans; Assimilation; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • No Religion: A Profile of America's Unaffiliated.
    Keysar, Ariela, Egon Mayer, and Barry A. Kosmin (2003)
    Hartford: Institute for the Study of Secularism in Society and Culure.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Atheists in the United States: The Construction and Negotiation of a Nonnormative Identity.
    Fitzgerald, Bridget Ann (2003)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, State University of new York at Albany.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Religious Minorities and Support for Immigrant Rights in the United States, France, and Germany.
    Fetzer, Joel S. (1998)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 37:1: 41-49.

    Associated Search Terms: Minority; Migration; Germany; Jewish, U.S.A.; United States; France; Protestant, France; Catholic, U.S.A.; Atheist, France
  • The Teaching of Nonmarital Sexual Abstinance and Members' Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors: The Case of Latter-Day Saints.
    Holman, Thomas B., and John R. Harding (1996)
    Review of Religious Research 38:1: 51-60.

    1988 U.S. interview data show Mormons' sexual attitudes & premarital sexual activity rates differ from others'.

    Associated Search Terms: Sexual attitudes; Sexual activity; Mormon, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Atheist, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.
  • In Search of Denominational Subcultures: Religious Affiliation and 'Pro-Family' Issues Revisited.
    Gay, David A., Christopher G. Ellison, and Daniel A. Powers (1996)
    Review of Religious Research 38;1: 3-17.

    Analyzes 1982-91 General Social Survey (U.S.A..) data; finds distinctive denominational subcultures.

    Associated Search Terms: Baptist, U.S.A.; Atheist; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Sexuality; United States; Methodist, U.S.A.; Subculture; Conservative, U.S.A.; Southern Baptist; Gender role; Jewish, U.S.A.; Denomination (organizational entity); Abortion; Episcopal
  • Religious Voting Blocs in the 1992 Election: The Year of the Evangelical?
    Kellstedt, Lyman A., John C. Green, James L. Guth, and Corwin E. Smidt (1994)
    Sociology of Religion 55:3: 307-326. [Also in Steve Bruce, Peter Kivisto, and William H. Swatos, Jr. (eds.) The Rapture of Politics. The Christian Right as the United States Approaches the Year 2000 (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1995), pp. 85-104]

    Analyzes 1960-92 American presidential election databases; shows party & voting trends of Evangelicals, mainline Protestants, Catholics, & seculars.

    Associated Search Terms: Protestant, U.S.A.; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Politics, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Protestant (mainline), U.S.A..; Atheist, U.S.A.; United States
  • Evangelicals in the New Class: Class Versus Subcultural Predictors of Ideology.
    Schmalzbauer, John A. (1993)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 32:4: 330-342.

    Analyzes 1972-89 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data, white Evangelical subsample; shows both new class & Evangelical subculture predicting attitudes on sexual mores, abortion, sex roles, & civil liberties.

    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical, U.S.A.; Atheist, U.S.A.; Civil liberties; Sexual attitudes; New class; Sex role; United States; Education; Jewish, U.S.A.; Abortion; Stratification; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Evangelical heathens: The deviant status of freethinkers in southland.
    Heiner, Robert (1992)
    Deviant Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal 13: 1-20.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, South; Atheist, U.S.A.; Deviance/social control; Evangelical, U.S.A.
  • Americans Who Give up Religion.
    Feigelman, William, Bernard S. Gorman, and Joseph A. Varacalli (1992)
    Sociology and Social Research 76:3: 138-144.

    Analyzes 1972-90 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data; notes correlates of apostasy. Observes disaffiliation does not contribute to happiness.

    Associated Search Terms: Well-being; Atheist, U.S.A.; United States; Disaffiliation
[Viewing Matches 1-50] > [View Matches 1-67]  (of 67 total matches in Citations)

Citation data are provided by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio).

The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.

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