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  • "Christian but not religious": Being church as Christian hardcore punk.
    McDowell, Amy D. (2018)
    Sociology of Religion 79:1: 58-77.

    Based on 2008-12 participant observation & interviews. Some youth engage in religion collectively rather than individualistically, but not in segmented institutions--a case of dedifferentiation.

    Associated Search Terms: Popular culture; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Music; Individualism; Youth; Differentiation; Participant observation
  • Religion and religions in prisons: Observations from the United States and Europe.
    Becci, Irene, and Joshua Dubler (2017)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 56:2: 241-247.

    Overview of prisoners' religion in Germany, Italy, & U.S.A. by 2 ethnographers. Notes that the governments have "subcontracted" rehabilitation to religious institutions.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Individualism; Italy; Penology; Pluralism; Privatization; United States
  • New concepts for new dynamics: Generating theory for the study of religious innovation and social change.
    Marti, Gerardo (2017)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 56:1: 6-18.

    Within Christianity there is often a movement from counter cultural to established forms, especially fundamentalist ones. Contested legitimation is thematic in the process. This article introduces 4 others dealing with the Emerging Church Movement.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Individualism; Entrepreneur, sectarian; Emerging church; Discourse; Counterculture; Social movement; Legitimation
  • Alternative sociologies of religion: Through non-Western eyes.
    Spickard, James V. (2017)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Sociology of religion has been bound to western culture, as organization, belief, & morals. The Confucian perspective leads to popular or everyday religion, de-individualized. Ibn Khaldun saw religion & ethnicity as forces for solidarity beyond familism. The Navajo perspective reveals the performative nature of ritual.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Individualism; Popular religion; Ritual; Market model; Familism; Ancestor; Sociology of religion; Culture; Definition of religion; Ethnic; Everyday life; Theory; Solidarity; Confucian; Navajo; Khaldun, Ibn
  • (Un)Believing in modern society. Religion, spirituality, and religious-secular competition.
    Stolz, Jorg, Judith Konemann, Mallory Schneuwly Purdie, Thomas Engleberger, and Michael Kruggeler (2016)
    Florence, Kentucky: Taylor & Francis/Routledge.

    Finds institutional, alternative, distanced, & secular categories relevant, using quantitative & qualitative Swiss data.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Competition; Secular; Spirituality; Switzerland
  • Prophets of resistance: Social justice activists contesting comfortable church culture.
    Delehanty, John D. (2016)
    Sociology of Religion 77:1: 37-58.

    Based on 2014-15 participant observation in a Christian-only community organizing coalition. Individualist "comfortable" church culture hinders organizing around issues of social justice, limiting activism to charitable works.

    Associated Search Terms: Participant observation; Activism; Community organization; Culture; Individualism; Social justice; Justice
  • Transforming Post-Catholic Ireland. Religious Practice in Late Modernity.
    Ganiel, Gladys (2016)
    Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Based on 2009 surveys, on interviews, & on case studies. For many, the Roman Catholic Church is a convenient foil against which the define their fair. Describes extra-institutional religion--religiosity connected to & going beyond organized churches, thereby balancing individualism. Reports attitudes toward reconciliation & ecumenism.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; State; Secularization; Pluralism; Parish council; Marginality; Ireland; Individualism; Great Britain, Northern Ireland; Ecumenism; Clergy; Catholic, Ireland; Ambivalence; Diversity; Conflict; Extra-institutional
  • Explanations of changes in church atendance betwen 1970 and 2009.
    van Ingen, Erik, and Nienke Moor (2015)
    Social Science Research 52: 558-569.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Deprivation; Education; Individualism
  • Individualism as a discursive strategy of action: Autonomy, agency, and reflexivity among religious Americans.
    O'Brien, John (2015)
    Sociological Theory 33:2: 1-27.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Individualism; United States
  • Religious reflexivity: The effect of continual novelty and diversity on individual religiosity.
    Martí, Gerardo (2015)
    Sociology of Religion 76:1: 1-13.

    The modern situation often involves religious reflexivity--a deliberative problem-solving religious orientation, engendering a de-communalization of religion in which socialization loses importance.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Reflexivity; Individualism; Socialization; Self; Pluralism; Differentiation
  • From socialization to individualization: A new challenge for Portuguese religiosity.
    Roussou, Eugenia (2015)
    Italian Journal of Sociology of Education 7:3: 89-112.

    Associated Search Terms: Socialization; Individualism; Spirituality; Portugal; Participant observation
  • Filipino Catholic students and prayer as conversation with God.
    Cornelio, Jayeel Serrano (2015)
    In Giuseppe Giordan and Linda Woodhead (eds.) A Sociology of Prayer. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 133-152.

    Based on interviews with college & university students in Catholic organizations in the Philippines. Respondents described prayer as conversation with God.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Prayer; Philippines; Individualism; Catholic, Philippines
  • The Regime of Religious Pluralism: Uncovering the Cultural Dimensions of American Religious Belonging.
    Nabors, Bradly (2015)
    Unpublished Ph.D dissertation, University of Southern California.

    Based on interviews with U.S. atheists & Muslims.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Individualism; Islam, U.S.A.; Pluralism; United States; Minority
  • An investigation into the swiftness and intensity of recent secularization in Canada: Was Berger right?
    Hay, D. Alastair (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:1: 136-162.

    Analyzes 2002-03 telephone interview & follow-up questionnaire data from Canadians. Pluralism, individualism, & scientific rationalism (evolution & philosophical materialism) inversely predicted religiosity. Deprivation & differentiation did not.

    Associated Search Terms: Science; Deprivation; Differentiation; Evolution; Individualism; Materialism; Secularization; Pluralism; Canada
  • Act like men: Social engagement and Evangelical masculinity.
    Bielo, James S. (2014)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 29;2: 233-248.

    2009-2011 field work in an American Evangelical antihuman trafficking campaign. Individual analyses persisted.

    Associated Search Terms: Activism; Individualism; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Masculinity ideology
  • Jewish on Their Own Terms.
    Thompson, Jennifer A. (2014)
    New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

    Based on 2003-05 interviews with intermarrieds, 2006-08 participant observation in intermarrieds' support groups, & 2005-08 interviews with rabbis, largely in Atlanta. By projecting anxiety over ethnic assimilation onto intermarried Jews, other American Jews can express them without facing the same challenge themselves.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, Georgia, Atlanta; Participant observation; Marriage; Individualism; Jewish, U.S.A.
  • Becoming Catholic. Finding Rome in the American Religious Landscape.
    Yamane, David (2014)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Based on 2002 participant observation in 6 parishes in the Catholic Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend, Indiana, supplemented by surveys and interviews.

    Associated Search Terms: Familism; Initiation; Parish; Participant observation; Stratification; United States, Indiana, Fort Wayne; United States, Indiana, South Bend; Individualism; Catholic, U.S.A.; Education; Conversion
  • Religion and power: No logos without mythos.
    Martin, David (2014)
    Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate.

    A collection of essays, having power & religion as a theme. Criticizes the privatization & rationalization versions of the secularization thesis. Focus on differentiation & the relationship of religion to power. Presupposes a functionalist definition of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain, London; Poland; Peace/war; Nationalism; Lithuania; Great Britain; Identity, national; Politics; Differentiation; Definition of religion; Comparative; Charisma; Axial age; Individualism; Voluntarism; Privatization; Rationalization; Secularism; Secularization; Spain; Symbol; Ukraine; Violence; Power
  • Religion, individualisation and consumerism: Construction of religiosity in "liquid" and "reflexive" modernity.
    Speck, Simon (2013)
    In François Gauthier and T. Martikainen (eds.) Religion in Consumer Culture. Surrey: Ashgate, pp. 27-42.

    Associated Search Terms: Consumerism; Individualization; Modernity
  • Expressive individualism and religion in the Netherlands.
    Zondag, Hessel J. (2013)
    Social Compass 60:1: 41-58.

    Analyzes 2005 & '07 questionnaire data fro self-selected participants in 2 internet forums about Christianity & New Age themes. Autonomy is inversely related to religiosity. Controlling for autonomy, personal development & setting oneself apart were positively related to religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Netherlands; Religiosity; Individualism; Autonomy
  • Les héritiers du baby-boom. Jeunes et religion au Québec.
    Gauthier, François, and Jean-Philippe Perreault (2013)
    Social Compass 60:4: 527-543.

    Quebec adolescents continue the non-practice of religion of their parents' generation. The label "Catholic" persists, however. There is an experiential religiosity decoupled from its would-be institutional embodiment.

    Associated Search Terms: Adolescents; Canada, Quebec; Experience; Generations; Individualism
  • Spiritual but not religious? Beyond binary choices in the study of religion.
    Ammerman, Nancy T. (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:2:258-278.

    Based on interviews with 95 Americans in Boston & Atlanta; spirituality is complex, often overlapping with religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Individualism; Spirituality; Definition of religion
  • Ulrich Beck's "reflecting faith": Individualization, religion and the desecularization of reflexive modernity.
    Speck, Simon (2013)
    Sociology 47:1: 157-172.

    Associated Search Terms: Reflexive spirituality; Individualism; Desecularization; Beck, Ulrich
  • The "sectarian" church. Catholicism in Italy since John Paul II.
    Marzano, Marco (2013)
    Social Compass 60:3: 302-314.

    Records a decline of Italian Catholicism as it has been institutionalized, & the rise of lay Catholic movements, which have a individualistic character.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Italy; Individualism; Italy; Lay movements; Social movement
  • Genre, conversion personnelle et individualism en pentecôtisme: les Assemblées de Dieu de Polynésie française.
    Malogne-Fer, Gwendoline (2013)
    Social Compass 60:2: 189-203.

    Seemingly individualist conversion is contingent on couples who live together marrying; the call to the pastorate is limited to males. Generally, women want to convert first & their mates convert with them.

    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal, French Polynesia; French Polynesia, Moorea; Individualism; Gender role; Conversion; Assemblies of God, French Polynesia
  • Pluralism and rituals in Italian Catholicism: The spiritual approach of Renewal in the Spirit.
    Contiero, Emanuela (2013)
    In Giuseppe Giordan and William H. Swatos, Jr. (eds.) Testing Pluralism. Globalizing Belief, Localizing Gods. Leiden: Brill, pp. 39-55.

    Based on participant observation & interviews.

    Associated Search Terms: Body; Catholic, Italy; Individualism; Ritual; Spirituality; Experience; Pentecostal, Catholic, Italy; Italy
  • Croatia's religious story: The coexistence of institutionalized and individualized religiosity.
    Nikodem, Krunoslav, and Siniša Zrinš?ak (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 207-227.

    Based on 2006 survey data, which are compared to other surveys. Individual & church religiosity coexist.

    Associated Search Terms: Factor analysis; Individualism; State; Croatia
  • Church and religion in the enlarged Europe: Analyses of the social significance of religion in east and west.
    Pollack, Detlef, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp.1-26.

    Overview of secularization, individualization, & market theories of religious change & questions these raise concerning Europe. Describes a 2006 survey on which other essays in the book are based.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Market model; Secularization; Europe; Individualism
  • Church and religion in Hungary: Between religious individualization and secularization.
    Rosta, Gergely (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 187-205.

    Historical background, membership, churches' works, & survey-based descriptive statistics.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Belief; Hungary; Practice; Secularization; Membership
  • Les mutations du religieux dans la France contemporaine.
    Portier, Philippe (2012)
    Social Compass 59:2: 193-207.

    Catholic civilization has declined in France, but there is a new quest for spirituality.

    Associated Search Terms: Spirituality; Individualism; Change; Catholic, France; France
  • Religion as the Source of the Self: Max Weber's Hypothesis.
    Farris, Sara R. (2012)
    Social Compass 59:1: 34-51.

    Traces the theme of individual & person in Weber's sociology of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Confucian; Jewish; Weber, Max; Hindu; Individualism
  • The Religious Landscape in Germany: Secularizing West--Secularized East.
    Müller, Olaf, Detlef Pollack, and Gert Pickel (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 95-120.

    The Catholic Church was disestablished longer & became less dependent on the state, though it has a priest shortage, compared to the Protestant Church. Both provide this-worldly services. Surveys show individual religion is stronger in the West than in the East.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland; Catholic, Germany; Individualism; Rational choice theory; Secularization; State
  • The Adaptability of Pentecostalism: The fit between Prosperity Theology and Globalized Individualization in a Los Angeles Church.
    Marti, Gerardo (2012)
    Pneuma. The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 34:1: 5-25.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, California, Los Angeles; Prosperity Gospel, U.S.A.; Adaptation; Individualism; Pentecostal, U.S.A.
  • Individualism and Community as Contested Rhetorics in the Catholic New Evangelization Movement.
    McCallion, Michael J., Benjamin Bennett-Carpenter, and David R. Maines (2012)
    Review of Religious Research 54:3: 291-310.

    Describes an emerging movement of Catholics promoting a personal relationship with Jesus, in contrast to communal Vatican II-oriented Catholicism. Uses field data from the Archdiocese of Detroit.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Individualism; Social movement; United States, Michigan, Detroit; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Spiritual individualism or engaged spirituality? Social implications of holistic spirituality among mind-body-spirit practitioners.
    Oh, Seil, and Natalia Sarkisian (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:3: 299-322.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from a purposeful sample of participants in Yoga, Art of Living, & Dahn Yoga and Healing, in the Boston area. Spirituality is related to social involvement for Yoga & Art of Living practitioners, though not to collective action. In Dahn Yoga and Healing, a therapeutic cult, sirituality is not related to social involvement.

    Associated Search Terms: Yoga, U.S.A.; Spirituality; Individualism; Civic engagement; Altruism; Activism; Art of Living; Dahn Yoga and Healing
  • How Progressive is "Progressive Islam"? The Limits of Religious Individualization of the European Muslim Elites.
    Pedziwiatr, Konrad (2011)
    Social Compass 58:2: 214-222.

    Based on interviews of Muslim elites in Brussels & London; individualism is occurring, but not always.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Individualism; Islam, Europe
  • Contemporary spirituality and the making of religious experience: Studying the social in an individualized religiosity.
    Versteeg, Peter, and Johan Roeland (2011)
    Fieldwork in Religion 6:2: 120-133.

    Associated Search Terms: Constructionist theory; Individualism; Spirituality; Experience
  • Jésus aux îles Féroé, ou comment se réinvente la relation au divin.
    Pons, Christophe (2011)
    In Sophie Houdart and Oliver Thiery (eds.) Humains, non-humains. Comment repeupler les sciences sociales. paris: La Découverte, pp. 339-349.

    Associated Search Terms: Denmark, Faroe Islands; Mysticism; Enthusiasm; Individualism
  • Secularization, Individualization, or (Re)vitalization? The State and Development of Churchliness and Religiosity in post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe.
    Müller, Olaf (2011)
    Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe 4:1:21-37.

    Uses multiple survey data sources; Orthodox countries have experienced religious growth, while Catholic & Protestant countries have varied trajectories. There is little support for secularization and supply-side (competition) hypotheses, but some for individualization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Individualism; Competition; State; Europe, eastern; Europe, central
  • L'Individu comme Croyant.
    Tschannen, Olivier (2010)
    Social Compass 57:2: 285-297.

    Considers individualism as a belief system.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Belief
  • Religions of Modernity: Relocating the Sacred to the Self and the Digital.
    Aupers, Stef, and Dick Houtman (2010)
    Leiden: Brill.

    Associated Search Terms: Internet; Modernity; Individualism
  • Säkularisierung, Individualisierung oder Marktmodell?
    Pickel, Gert (2010)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 62:2: 219-245.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe; Individualism; Market model; Comparative
  • Irish Secularization and Religious Identities: Evidence of an Emerging New Catholic Habitus.
    Andersen, Karen (2010)
    Social Compass 57:1: 15-39.

    Based on 2006 interview data; Irish Catholics aged 18-29 retain a Catholic identity but are autonomous in selecting responses to interview questions.

    Associated Search Terms: Habitus; Catholic, Ireland; Identity; Individualism; Ireland; Youth
  • Developments in Spirituality among Youth in Australia and Other Western Societies.
    Mason, Michael C., Andrew Singleton, and Ruth Webber (2010)
    In Giuseppe Giordan (ed.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion. Vol. 1: Youth and Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 89-114.

    Compares 2005 Australian data with findings from other developed nations. Notes a decline in traditional religion & increase of alternative spiritualities.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Comparative; Spirituality; Adolescents; Youth; Australia
  • The New Metaphysicals: Spirituality and the American Religious Imagination.
    Bender, Courtney J. (2010)
    Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Participant observation; Spirituality; United States, Massachusetts, Cambridge.; Experience; Individualism
  • German Youth: Neither Participants nor Partakers in Religion?
    Pickel, Gert (2010)
    In Giuseppe Giordan (ed.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion. Vol. 1: Youth and Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 251-287.

    Based on 1990-2008 data from multiple German surveys.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Germany; Individualism; Invisible religion; Market model; Youth
  • Queer Women and Religious Individualism.
    Wilcox, Melissa M. (2009)
    Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Women; Homosexuality
  • Strategy in a Religious Network: A Bourdieuian Critique of the Sociology of Spirituality.
    Wood, Matthew, and Christopher Bunn (2009)
    Sociology 43:2: 286-303.

    Example of a participant in a new age network reveals ad hoc strategy rather than individualist spirituality.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; New age; Bourdieu, Pierre
  • The Meaning and Scope of Secularization.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (2009)
    In Peter B. Clarke (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 599-615.

    At the macro level, a baseline for the study of secularization would be 13th century Europe; macro, organizational, & individual secularizations are described.

    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Individualism; Levels of inclusiveness; Rationalization; Secularization
  • 'A Collective of Individuals': Between Self and Solidarity in a Rainbow Gathering.
    Tavory, Iddo, and Yehuda C. Goodman (2009)
    Sociology of Religion 70:3: 262-284.

    Ethnography of an annual Israeli month-long new age/neopagan gathering (Rainbow Family of Living Light) shows the compatibility of indivdiual expression & communal solidarity.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Neopagan, Israel; Israel; New age; Participant observation; Solidarity; Grounded theory
[Viewing Matches 1-50] > [View Matches 1-150]  (of 186 total matches in Citations)

Citation data are provided by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio).

The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.

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