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  • Extrinsic religious orientation and well-being: Is their negative association real or spurious?
    Doane, Michael J., Marta Elliott, and Portia S. Dyrenforth (2014)
    Review of Religious Research 56:1: 45-60.

    Analyzes online survey data from students at a small private college in the U.S. & a large public university in Ireland. Perceived social support explained the inverse relationship in both groups between extrinsic religiosity & well-being.

    Associated Search Terms: Deprivation; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Ireland; Social support; Students, undergraduate; United States; Well-being
  • Religious involvement and depression: Evidence for curvilinear and stress-moderating effects among young women in rural China.
    Wei, Dedong, and Eric Y. Liu (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:2:349-367.

    Analyzes 2010 questionnaire data from women, aged 18-34, living in rural villages of Xinle, Hebei Province, China. There is an inverse U curvilinear relationship between intrinsic religiosity & depressive symptoms. Intrinsic religiosity, devotions, & attendance exacerbated effects of stress life events such as marital conflict & child birth problems.

    Associated Search Terms: Devotionalism; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Practice; Religiosity; Depression; Rural; China, Hebei, Xinle
  • Measuring intrinsic religiosity: Scales for use in mental health studies in China--a research report.
    Liu, Eric Y., and Harold G. Koenig (2012)
    Mental Health, Religion, and Culture 16:2:215-224.

    Associated Search Terms: Religiosity scale; Mental health; Measurement; China; Intrinsic/extrinsic
  • Gender and Religious Orientation.
    Flere, Sergej (2007)
    Social Compass 54:2: 239-253.

    Analyzes 2005 student surveys from universities in Slovenia, Bosnia, Serbia, & the U.S.A. Socialization rather than psychological variables explain sex differences in religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Socialization; Students, undergraduate; Sex; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Gender
  • The importance of religious orientation and purpose in life for dyng well: Evidence from three case studies.
    Ardelt, Monika, and Cynthia S. Koenig (2007)
    Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging 19:4:61-79.

    In-depth interviews, following up earlier quantitative studies: the one intrinsically religious interviewee found solace in religion, purpose, & accepted death.

    Associated Search Terms: Case study; Death; Death anxiety; Gerontology; Intrinsic/extrinsic
  • Islamic Religiosity in Right-wing Authoritarian Personality: The Case of Indonesian Muslims.
    Ji, Chang-ho, and Yodi Ibrahim (2007)
    Review of Religious Research 49:2: 128-146.

    Based on questionnaire data from students in 2 Jakarta universities.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Indonesia; Authoritarianism; Students, undergraduate; Indonesia; Intrinsic/extrinsic
  • The role of religion for hospice patients and relatively healthy adults.
    Ardelt, Monika, and Cynthia S. Koenig (2006)
    Research on Aging 28:2: 184-215.

    Analyzes data from older adults; extrinsic religion predicted fear of death & death avoidance, intrinsic predicted acceptance of death. meaning in life predicted well-being.

    Associated Search Terms: Intrinsic/extrinsic; Meaning; Gerontology; Death anxiety; Death; Well-being
  • Religiosity, Altruism, and Altruistic Hypocrisy: Evidence from Protestant Adolescents.
    Ji, Chang-ho, Lori Pendergraft, and Matthew Perry (2006)
    Review of Religious Research 48:2: 156-178.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from 6-12th grade students in Evangelical church -affiliated schools in the U.S.A.. & Canada; doctrine of loving neighbor ("horizontal faith maturity") but not intrinsic religion or orthodoxy predict altruistic action.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, secondary; Evangelical, Canada; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Evangelical, U.S.A.; Students, primary; Altruism; Religious maturity
  • Gender Attitudes towards Religion in Six post-Soviet States.
    Titarenko, Larissa (2004)
    In Wil Arts and Loek Halman (eds.) European Values at the Turn of the Millennium. European Values Studies 7. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, pp. 363-385.

    Based on 1999-2000 European Values Study data for 6 post-Soviet nations.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Age; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Sex; Ukraine; Belarus; Salience; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russia
  • Glaube versus Atheismus? Individuelle religiöse Orientierungen in Mittel- und Osteuropa.
    Müller, Olaf (2003)
    In Christel Gärtner, Detlef Pollack, and Monika Wohlrab-Sahr (eds.) Atheismus und religiöse Indifferenz. Opladen: Leske + Budrich, pp. 171-196.

    Reports 1991-2000 poll data for the whole of Europe; results on the relationship between religion & intolerance of foreigners for 3 nations.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Prejudice, anti-immigrant; Belief; Atheist
  • Effects of religion and purpose in life on elders' subective well-being and attitudes toward death.
    Ardelt, Monika (2003)
    Journal of Religious Gerontology 14:4: 55-77.

    Analyzes data from older adults; extrinsic religion predicted fear of death & death avoidance, intrinsic predicted acceptance of death. meaning in life predicted well-being.

    Associated Search Terms: Well-being; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Gerontology; Death anxiety; Death; Meaning
  • A comparison of Protestant ministers and parishioners on expressed purpose in life and intrinsic religious motivation.
    Weinstein, L., and C.C. Cleanthous (1996)
    Psychology: A Journal of Human Behaviour 33: 26-29.

    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Intrinsic religious motivation scale; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Meaning
  • Intrinsische und extrinsische Orientierung: Fragebogenskalen zum Einsatz in der empirisch-religionpsychologischen Forschung. Beiträge zur Soziologie, Heft 1.
    Zwingmann, Christian, Gerhard Hellmeister, and Randolph Ochsmann (1993)
    Mains: Universität Mainz.

    Associated Search Terms: Intrinsic/extrinsic
  • Spiritual Well-being, Religiousness, and Hope among Women with Breast Cancer.
    Mickley, Jacqueline Ruth, Karen Soeken, and Anne Belcher (1992)
    Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship 24:4: 267-272.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from women diagnosed with breast cancer; high intrinsic religiosity scores correlated with spiritual well-being scores.

    Associated Search Terms: Well-being, spiritual; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Medical
  • Paradox in Popular Religion: The Limits of Instrumental Faith.
    Althauser, Robert P. (1990)
    Social Forces 69: 585-602.

    Analyzes questionnaire & interview data from United Methodists in a southern U.S. city; shows those oriented to psychological or social benefits of religion do not obtain them, & those ultimately motivated by religion do obtain them.

    Associated Search Terms: Intrinsic/extrinsic; United Methodist; Motive
  • Intrinsic religiousness and religious coping as life stress moderators for Catholics versus Protestants.
    Park, Crystal, Lawrence H. Cohen, and Lisa Herb (1990)
    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 59:3: 562-574.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic; Coping; Protestant; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Stress; Students, undergraduate
  • Being Religious and Being Altruistic: A Study of College Service Volunteers.
    Bernt, Frank M. (1989)
    Personality and Individual Differences 10:6: 663-669.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from undergraduates; finds volunteering related to intrinsic religiosity rather than to religiosity per se.

    Associated Search Terms: Intrinsic/extrinsic; Students, undergraduate; Voluntary action research; Altruism
  • Religious Activities and Attitudes of Elder Adults in a Geriatric Assessment Clinic.
    Koenig, Harold G. (1988)
    Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 36:4: 362-374.

    Analyzes 1985-86 questionnaire data from elderly outpatients; finds high rates of orthodoxy, religious participation, devotionalism, & intrinsic religion integral to mental & physical health.

    Associated Search Terms: Devotionalism; Medical; Gerontology; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Practice
  • Religion and Helping Charitable Cases.
    Hunsberger, Bruce E., and Ellen Platnow (1986)
    Journal of Psychology 120:6: 517-528.

    Reports experiments with undergraduates; shows religion per se unrelated to volunteering for a charitable cause, though intrinsic religion is so related. Religion was related to helping religious causes.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Altruism; Experiment; Voluntary action research; Intrinsic/extrinsic
  • Who Favors Different Forms of Ecumenism?
    Pettersson, Thorleif (1978)
    In Thorwald Källstad (ed.) Psychological Studies on Religious Man. Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell, pp. 177-192.

    Factor analyzes survey data from Uppsala churches; develops 2 ecumenism scales: merger & cooperative. Fundamentalism correlates negatively & social concern positively with merger ecumenism, intrinsic religiosity with cooperation ecumenism.

    Associated Search Terms: Factor analysis; Justice; Fundamentalist, Sweden; Sweden, Uppsala; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Ecumenism
  • Death and Personal Faith: A Psychometric Investigation.
    Spilka, Bernard, Larry Stout, Barbara Minton, and Douglas Sizemore (1977)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 16:2: 169-178.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from a mixed population of respondents; finds correlations between intrinsic vs. extrinsic religiosity & attitudes toward death.

    Associated Search Terms: Intrinsic/extrinsic; Death
  • Religious Orientation and Death Fears.
    Bolt, Martin (1977)
    Review of Religious Research 19:1: 73-76.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from students at Calvin College; shows extrinsic but not intrinsic religiosity related to death anxiety.

    Associated Search Terms: Intrinsic/extrinsic; Death; Students, undergraduate
  • Intrinsic Religion and Authoritarianism: A Differentiated Relationship.
    Kahoe, Richard D. (1977)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 16:2: 179-183.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from Southern Baptist college students; "conventionalism" & "superstition & stereotypy" explained a relationship between authoritarianism & intrinsic religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Authoritarianism; Students, undergraduate; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Southern Baptist
  • The Fear of Death and Religious Attitudes and Behavior.
    Kahoe, Richard D., and Rebecca Fox Dunn (1975)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 14:4: 379-382.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from 3 churches in a small town in Kentucky; death concern was inversely related to intrinsic religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Intrinsic/extrinsic; Death anxiety
  • Religious Orientation and the Experience of Transcendence.
    Hood, Ralph W., Jr. (1973)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 12:4: 441-448.

    Interviews with religiously-committed persons associate religious experience with intrinsic rather than extrinsic religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Experience; Intrinsic/extrinsic
  • The Assessment of Religiosity in Evangelical College Students and its Relationship to Prior Family Religious Involvement.
    Dodrill, Carl, Perry Bean, and Stephen Bostrom (1973)
    Journal of Psychology and Theology 1:1: 52-57.

    Analyzes 1972 questionnaire data from Westmont College students; correlates intrinsic & extrinsic religiosity with 4 dimensions of religiosity. Measures of religiosity do not always measure the same thing.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Dimensions of religiosity; Methodology
  • Normative and Motivational Determinants of Reported Religious Experience in Two Baptist Samples.
    Hood, Ralph W., Jr. (1972)
    Review of Religious Research 13:3: 192-16.

    Intrinsically religiously oriented subjects were more likely than extrinsically to report religious experiences; Southern Baptists were more likely to report them than were American Baptists.

    Associated Search Terms: Experience; Southern Baptist; American Baptist; Intrinsic/extrinsic
  • Religious Orientation, Racial Prejudice, and Dogmatism: A Study of Baptists and Unitarians.
    Strickland, Bonnie R., and Sallie Cone Weddell (1972)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 11:4: 395-399.

    Data from 2 churches in a southern U.S.A. city show Unitarians more extrinsic, less dogmatic, less racially prejudiced, than Baptists.

    Associated Search Terms: Southern Baptist; Prejudice; Unitarian; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Unitarian, U.S.A.; United States, South; Dogmatism
  • Religiosity and Social Distance: A Community Study.
    Kupke, Harold George (1971)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Nebraska. [DA 32:2 A, p. 1102]

    Analyzes interview data from a Midwest U.S. urban community; church attendance, orthodoxy, & intrinsic/extrinsic religion did not predict opposition to Jewish or African American neighbors.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Intrinsic/extrinsic; United States, Nebraska, Lincoln; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Community study; Prejudice, anti-Semitism; Prejudice, racial
  • Socialization into the Ministry: A Comparative Analysis.
    Berg, Philip L. (1969)
    Sociological Analysis 30:2: 59-71.

    Analyzes data from a 1962-63 sample of Protestant seminarians from 24 seminaries, 10 denominations; focuses on socialization into the ministry-related skills, mind-sets, & intrinsic religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Episcopal; Lutheran Church in America; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.; United Church of Christ; American Lutheran Church; Disciples of Christ; United Presbyterian; Methodist, U.S.A.; Southern Baptist; Seminarians; American Baptist
  • Prejudice and Religious Types: A Focused Study of Southern Fundamentalists.
    Feagin, Joe R. (1964)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 4:1: 3-13.

    Southern Baptists from 5 mid-South cities varied by intrinsic/extrinsic religiosity; extrinsic scores & orthodoxy generally correlated with prejudice.

    Associated Search Terms: Intrinsic/extrinsic; Prejudice; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Southern Baptist; United States, Mid-South
  • Behavioral Science, Religion, and Mental Health.
    Allport, Gordon W. (1963)
    Journal of Religion and Health 2:3: 187-197.

    Argues for co-operation among religion, psychiatry, & social science; proposes the relevance to mental health of 2 kinds of religion--intrinsic & extrinsic.

    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Intrinsic/extrinsic
  • Sociology of the Renaissance.
    VonMartin, Alfred (1963)
    New York: Harper.

    Observes intrinsic religiosity in lower class Catholicism during the "Renaissance," & more extrinsic religiosity in middle class Catholicism.

    Associated Search Terms: Intrinsic/extrinsic; Europe; Historical; Stratification
  • Extrinsic Religious Values and Prejudice.
    Wilson, W. Cody (1960)
    Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 60: 286-288.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from an assortment of churched people in the U.S.; shows a positive correlation between extrinsic religiosity & anti-Semitism.

    Associated Search Terms: Intrinsic/extrinsic; Prejudice, anti-Semitism
  • Religion and Prejudice.
    Allport, Gordon W. (1959)
    Crane Review 2:1: 1-10.

    Cites historical cases of the paradox of both prejudice & tolerance being promoted by religious personages; proposes an explanation residing in the distinction between intrinsic & extrinsic religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Prejudice; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Tolerance
[Viewing Matches 1-35]  (of 35 total matches in Citations)

Citation data are provided by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio).

The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.

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