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  • Secular tolerance? Anti-Muslim sentiment in Western Europe.
    Ribberink, Egbert, Peter Achterberg, and Dick Houtman (2017)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 56:2: 259-276.

    Analyzes 2008 European Values Study data; while the more secularized nations are more tolerant of Muslims, it is the non-religious who are most intolerant in those nations.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Islam, Europe; Levels of inclusiveness; Prejudice, anti-Islamic; Tolerance
  • Religion, religiosity, and the attitudes toward homosexuality: A multilevel analysis of 79 counries.
    Jäckle, Sebastian, and Georg Wenzelburger (2015)
    Journal of Homosexuality 62:2: 207-241.

    Associated Search Terms: Homosexuality; Levels of inclusiveness
  • Does religion breed trust? A cross-national study of the effects of religious involvement, religious faith, and religious context on social trust.
    Dingemans, Ellen, and Erik van ingen (2015)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 54:4: 739-755.

    Analyzes 2008 European Values study data. At the micro level, integration into religious communities furthers trust; religious socialization & salience lower it. At the macro level, Protestantism & religious diversity further trust.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Trust; Salience; Pluralism; Dimensions of religiosity; Europe
  • Sociology of religious conversion.
    Yang, Fenggang, and Andrew Abel (2014)
    In Lewis A. Rambo and Charles E. Farhadian (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Religious Conversion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 140-163.

    The sociological study of conversion has progressed from micro toward macro level inquiry.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Conversion
  • Role strain theory and understanding the role of head clergy of racially diverse churches.
    Edwards, Korie L. (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:1: 57-79.

    Based on 2002-03 participant observation & interviews in a Midwest U.S. interracial congregation.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Role strain; Clergy role; Diversity; Parish; Participant observation; Congregation
  • The field of religions in Norwegian pluralist society.
    Reeh, Niels (2013)
    In Giuseppe Giordan and William H. Swatos, Jr. (eds.) Testing Pluralism. Globalizing Belief, Localizing Gods. Leiden: Brill, pp. 175-192.

    Conceptualize organized non-belief as meso-level counters to organized religion. The Norwegian state recognizes life stance organizations. Similarly religions establish their identities in counter-stances toward other religions.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, Norway; Levels of inclusiveness; Norway; Pluralism; Spirituality; Humanist, Norway
  • Social trust and religion in Sweden: Theological belief versus social organization.
    Lundåsen, Susanne Wallman, and Lars Trägårdh (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 109-124.

    Analyzes 2009 Swedish survey data. Individual levels of trust correlate positively with community levels of church attendance, & trust correlates positively with volunteering in parishes.

    Associated Search Terms: Organization; Contextual effects; Lutheran, Sweden; Sweden; Trust; Levels of inclusiveness
  • Religion, state and civil society in Europe: Triangular entanglements.
    Madeley, John T.S. (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Sprnger, pp. 69-86.

    Based on a survey of organizations in 8 medium sized European cities. Churches in Europe have neglected supplying church-related organizations for people to join.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Europe; Ecology; Urban; Civil society; Secularization; Organization
  • The (Dis)similarity of a minority religion to its broader religious context: The case of American Jews.
    Hartman, Harriet (2013)
    Review of Religious Reseach 55:3:459-490.

    Analyzes data supplied from 2000-01 Jewish American survey data. Individual factors were more important than contextual factors in predicting strong Jewish identity.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Jewish, U.S.A.; Levels of inclusiveness; Contextual effects
  • Ethnodoxy: How popular ideologies fuse religious and ethnic identities.
    Karpov, Vyacheslav, Elena Lisovskaya, and David Barry (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:4: 638-655.

    Defines ethnodoxy as the fusing of religious & ethnic ientties wich can occur at macro, meso, & micro leels. Develops a series of propositions about Orthodoxy & Russia that Russian respondents could endorse. Uses 2005 interview data from Russia as an illustration.

    Associated Search Terms: Ethnic; Levels of inclusiveness; Identity; Ethnodoxy; Russia; Russian Orthodox, Russia
  • Questioning secularization? Church and religion in Poland.
    Hall, Dorota (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 121-141.

    Legal standing of religion in Poland. Description of church organization & works. 2006 descriptive staistics on individual practice. Correlations shown include education, urban, income, & spirituality. Secularization is largely at the macro level.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; State; Education; Stratification; Poland; Secularization; Spirituality; Urban/rural; Catholic, Poland
  • Education and religion: Individual, congregational, and cross-level interaction effects on biblical literalism.
    Stroope, Samuel (2011)
    Social Science Research 40:6: 1478-1493.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Fundamentalism; Levels of inclusiveness; Literalism
  • National religious context and volunteering: More rigorous tests supporting the association.
    Ruiter, Stijn, and Nan Dirk de Graaf (2010)
    American Sociological Review 75: 179-184.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Social participation; Levels of inclusiveness; Volunteering
  • The Meaning and Scope of Secularization.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (2009)
    In Peter B. Clarke (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 599-615.

    At the macro level, a baseline for the study of secularization would be 13th century Europe; macro, organizational, & individual secularizations are described.

    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Individualism; Levels of inclusiveness; Rationalization; Secularization
  • Religious Stratification: Its Origins, Persistence, and Consequences.
    Davidson, James D. (2008)
    Sociology of Religion 69:4: 371-395.

    2007 presidential address, Association for the Sociology of Religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Stratification; Historical; Hate crimes; United States; Prejudice, religious; Levels of inclusiveness
  • Religious zones, economic development and modern value orientations: Individual versus contextual effects.
    Yuchtman-Yaar, Ephraim, and Yasmin Alkalay (2007)
    Social Science Research 36: 789-807.

    Associated Search Terms: Development; Levels of inclusiveness; Values
  • Secularization Theory and Rational Choice. An Integration of Micro- and Macro-theories of Secularization Using the Example of Switzerland."
    Stolz, Jörg (2007)
    In Detlef Pollack and Daniel V.A. Olson (ed.) The Role of Religion in Modern Societies. New York: Routledge, pp. 249-270.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Secularization; Rational choice theory
  • Conversioni religiose. La ricerca del senso nella societā contemporanea.
    Pannofino, Nicola (2006)
    Religioni e societā 55: 90-97.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Levels of inclusiveness; Individualism; Meaning; Conversion
  • Theodicy, Distribution of Risk, and Reflexive Modernization: Explaining the Cultural Significance of New Religious Movements.
    Campbell, Robert A. (2006)
    In James A. Beckford and John Walliss (eds.), Theorising Religion: Classical and Contemporary Debates. London; Ashgate, pp. 86-100.

    Associated Search Terms: New religions; Levels of inclusiveness; Theodicy
  • National context, religiosity, and volunteering: Results from 53 countries.
    Ruiter, Stijn, and Nan Dirk de Graaf (2006)
    American Sociological Review 71:2: 191-210.

    Uses international survey data sets; contextual religiosity &, especially absent that, individual practice predicts volunteering levels in secular activities. Comment by Van der Meer, Te Grotenhuis, & Pelzer 75:1 (2010): 173-17; reply by Ruiter & De Graaf 75:1 (2010) 179-184.

    Associated Search Terms: Volunteering; Social participation; Levels of inclusiveness; Practice
  • Säkularisierung als Konflikt? Zur subjektiven Plausibilität des ostdeutschen Säkularisierungsprozesses.
    Karstein, Uta, Thomas Schmidt-Lux, Monika Wohlrab-Sahr, and Mirko Punken (2006)
    Berliner Journal für Soziologie 16:4: 441-461.

    Based on interviews with east German families; macro-level conflicts become plausible at the micro level in terms of belonging, world-interpretation, & ethics. Secularization is a durable result.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Conflict; Germany; Levels of inclusiveness; Moral; Membership
  • Lost in the Market, Saved at McDonald's: Conversion to Christianity in Urban China.
    Yang, Fenggang (2005)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 44:4: 423-441.

    Macro-level uncertainty deriving from world-system forces engenders the growth of Protestant Christianity in China.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Protestant, China; Sacralization; World system; China
  • Religious Beliefs and Practices in Contemporary Europe.
    Halman, Loek, and Veerle Draulans (2004)
    In Wil Arts and Loek Halman (eds.) European Values at the Turn of the Millennium. European Values Studies 7. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, pp. 283-316.

    Analyzes 1999-2000 European Values Study data, at both the individual & national levels.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Belief; Practice; Europe; Levels of inclusiveness
  • Rationality, Choice, and the Religious Economy: Individual and Collective Rationality in Supply and Demand.
    Bankston, Carl L. III (2003)
    Review of Religious Research 45:2: 155-171.

    Rationality is more complex than rational choice theory assumes; levels of inclusiveness (individual & collective) need be considered in the study of religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Rationality; Levels of inclusiveness; Rational choice theory
  • Social Theory and Religion.
    Beckford, James A. (2003)
    New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Reviews the literature on a number of theoretical concepts from a social constructionist perspective.

    Associated Search Terms: Definition of religion; Modernization; New religions; Globalization; Social construction of reality; Fundamentalist; Secularization; Pluralism; Change; Levels of inclusiveness; Social movement; Rationalization; Theory; Differentiation
  • Neighborhood Disorder, Individual Religiosity, and Adolescent Use of Illicit Drugs: A Test of Multilevel Hypotheses.
    Jang, Sung Joon, and Byron R. Johnson (2001)
    Criminology 39: 109-144.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Adolescents; Drug; Religiosity; Urban
  • Secularization from the Perspective of Globalization: A Response to Dobelaere.
    Beyer, Peter F. (1999)
    Sociology of Religion 60:3: 289-301.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Secularization; Globalization
  • Towards an Integrated Perspective of the Processes Related to the Descriptive Concept of Secularization.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (1999)
    Sociology of Religion 60:3: 229-247.

    Individualistic decision making, detraditionalization, mobility, & expressive & utilitarian individualism as well as secularization explain individual religiosity secularization is macro & pluralism meso.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Differentiation; Levels of inclusiveness; Secularization; Individualism
  • Organized Religion in a Voluntaristic Society.
    Ammerman, Nancy T. (1997)
    Sociology of Religion 58:3: 203-215.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Voluntarism
  • Denominational Subcultures of Environmentalism.
    Wolkomir, Michelle, Michael Futreal, Eric Woodrum, and Thomas Hoban (1997)
    Review of Religious Research 38:4: 325-343.

    1972 U.S. phone survey: Belief in human dominion over nature doesn't dampen environmentalism through denominational culture; it works at the individual level, along with African American identity. Salience & liberal denomination further environmentalism.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Levels of inclusiveness; Environmentalism; African Americans; Denomination (organizational entity)
  • Analyzing Intradenominational Conflict: New Directions.
    Kniss, Fred, and Mark Chaves (1995)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 34:2: 172-185.

    Reviews literature on conflict in denominations; proposes conceptual approaches to overcome a bias toward individual-level studies of single issues.

    Associated Search Terms: Conflict; Levels of inclusiveness
  • Secularization as Declining Religious Authority.
    Chaves, Mark (1994)
    Social Forces 72:3: 749-774.

    Conceptualizes secularization as a decline in a particular kind of legitimation at individual & macro levels.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Levels of inclusiveness; Legitimation
  • A Contextual Analysis of Catholicism and Abortion Attitudes in Western Europe.
    Jelen, Ted G., John O'Donnell, and Clyde Wilcox (1993)
    Sociology of Religion 54:4: 375-383.

    Analyzes 1981-83 World Values Survey data from most West European nations; shows Catholicism working against acceptance of abortion at the individual level but for it among non-Catholics as a contextual variable.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Europe; Abortion; Catholic, Europe
  • Political Christianity: A Contextual Analysis.
    Jelen, Ted G. (1992)
    American Journal of Political Science 36:3: 692-714.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from a rural Midwest U.S. county; finds contextual effects stronger than individual-level variables for predicting support for the New Christian Right.

    Associated Search Terms: Conservative, U.S.A.; Rural; Levels of inclusiveness; Politics, U.S.A.
  • International Realities: Bringing the Global Picture into Focus.
    Wuthnow, Robert (1991)
    In W. Clark Roof (ed.) World Order and Religion. Albany: State University of New York Press, pp. 19-27.

    Proposes contributions in the sociology of religion that can be made with a global perspective.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Global
  • The Micro/Macro Linkage in the Scientific Study of Religion: The Problem of Assessing the Influence of Religion on Individuals and Society.
    Garrett, William R. (1989)
    In William R. Garrett (ed.), Social Consequences of Religious belief. New York: paragon, pp. 5-28.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Methodology
  • Religion and Deviance: A New Look.
    Stark, Rodney (1987)
    In James M. Day and William S. Laufer (eds.) Crime, Values, and Religion. Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex, pp. 111-120.

    Reviews the line of inquiry that found religious group (contextual) effects that inhibit burglary, larceny, & rape.

    Associated Search Terms: Ecology; Levels of inclusiveness; Criminology
  • Religiositā Individuale e Forme Sociali di Religione.
    Luckmann, Thomas (1986)
    Religioni e societā 1:1: 31-39.

    Associated Search Terms: Definition of religion; Levels of inclusiveness
  • Religion and Conformity: Reaffirming a SOCIOLOGY of Religion.
    Stark, Rodney (1984)
    Sociological Analysis 45:4: 273-282.

    Recounts finding an absence of effects of religion at the individual level, but evidence for them at the community level.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Ecology; Consequential dimension
  • Worldviews, Ideologies and Social Experimentation: Clarification and Replication of the "Consciousness Reformation."
    Aidala, Angela A. (1984)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 23:1: 44-59.

    Analyzes longitudinal data from an American sample of urban communal living groups.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Levels of inclusiveness; Commune; New religions; Activism
  • De la fonction infrapolitique du religieux.
    Willaime, Jean-Paul (1981)
    Annual Review in the Social Sciences of Religion 5: 167-186.

    Churches are not organizationally important in the West beyond the sphere of private religiosity, except by virtue of their providing extra-societal referents.

    Associated Search Terms: Legitimation; Levels of inclusiveness; Symbol
  • Dialecticizing the Types.
    Blasi, Anthony J. (1981)
    Sociological Analysis 42:2: 163-172.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Typology; Dialectic
  • Anticritical Last Word on The Spirit of Capitalism, Translated with an Introduction by Wallace M. Davis.
    Weber, Max (1978)
    American Journal of Sociology 83:5: 1105-1131.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Weber, Max; Protestant Ethic
  • Toward a Sociology of Religion: An Interpretive Sociology Approach.
    Blasi, Anthony J., and Andrew J. Weigert (1976)
    Sociological Analysis 37;3: 189-204.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Hermeneutic
  • The Church in Opposition.
    Westhues, Kenneth (1976)
    Sociological Analysis 37:4: 299-314.

    Examines churches in opposition; shows the importance of internal dominant groups, degree of membership homogeneity, & theological tradition.

    Associated Search Terms: Church; Levels of inclusiveness; Organization; Membership; Change
  • Social Structure and the Absent Center: An Alternative to New Sociologies of Religion.
    Lemert, Charles C. (1975)
    Sociological Analysis 36:2: 95-107.

    Associated Search Terms: Semiotics; Levels of inclusiveness
  • Structures of Consciousness, Universalization Processes, Civilizations.
    Gittleman, Jerome (1974)
    Sociological Analysis 35:2: 79-84.

    Emphasizes the importance of the macro-level to the forms of consciousness upon which conduct is predicated.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Comparative; Civilizations; Consciousness
  • Autonomy and the Rationalization of Moral Discourse.
    Leites, Edmund (1974)
    Sociological Analysis 35:2: 95-101.

    Associated Search Terms: Moral; Civilizations; Levels of inclusiveness; Rationalization
  • Reflections on the Sociology of Civilizations.
    Tiryakian, Edward A. (1974)
    Sociological Analysis 35:2: 122-128.

    Occasioned by an essay by Benjamin Nelson; focuses on the fact that Durkheim, Weber, & Sorokin took civilizations to be their ultimate unit of analysis.

    Associated Search Terms: Civilizations; Levels of inclusiveness; Weber, Max; Sorokin, Pitirim A.; Durkheim, Émile
  • Forms of Religious Commitment and Intense Religious Experience.
    Hood, Ralph W., Jr. (1973)
    Review of Religious Research 15:1: 29-36.

    Interviews from religiously-committed persons associate mystical experience with personal rather than institutional religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Experience; Mysticism; Levels of inclusiveness
[Viewing Matches 1-50] > [View Matches 1-52]  (of 52 total matches in Citations)

Citation data are provided by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio).

The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.

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