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  • Examining social desirability in measures of religion and spirituality using the bogus pipeline.
    Jones, Ann E., and Marta Elliott (2017)
    Review of Religious Research 59:1: 47-64.

    An experiment to determine the extent that survey responses reporting religiosity are affected by the social desirability of being religious.

    Associated Search Terms: Social desirability; Experiment; Methods; Religiosity scale
  • Surveying the religious and non-religious online.
    Hooley, Tristram, and Paul Weller (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 13-25.

    Based on experiences with 2 UK & 1 European survey.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Ethics; Internet survey
  • Measuring religion in different spatial contexts: How surveys involving religion inconsistently determine locations.
    Miller, Brian J. (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:2: 285-304.

    Describes inconsistencies in the way surveys that are used in the sociology of religion categorize locales, with consequences for reported findings.

    Associated Search Terms: Survey; Urban/rural; Methods
  • Religion-related hate crimes: Data, trends, and limitations.
    Scheitle, Christopher P., and Michelle Hansmann (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:4: 859-873.

    The Uniform Crime Reports, based on police reports, show a decline in religiously-based hate crimes, comparable to that of hate crimes generally in the U.S.; the National Crime Victimization Survey shows stable rates in religiously-based hate crimes over time.

    Associated Search Terms: Criminology; Hate crimes; Prejudice, religious; Methods
  • Online Sufism: Methodological thoughts on researching esoteric Islam in an online context.
    Cheruvallil-Contractor, Sariya (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 59-69.

    Followed online discussions of young devotees of Sufi Islam; focused on 3 case studies.

    Associated Search Terms: Internet; Ethics; Case study; Methods; Islam, Sufi
  • Online crowdsourcing methods for identifying and studying religious groups as special populations.
    Springer, Victoria A., Peter J. Martini, and James T. Richardson (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 27-37.

    Minority & controversial or stigmatized groups can be reached inconspicuously for research purposes on the internet. The MTurk tool provided by Amazon is particularly useful.

    Associated Search Terms: Stigma; Minority; Methods; Internet survey; Ethics
  • Social networking sites and digital ethnography
    Allen, Chris (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 39-48.

    Describes studying Islamophobia in Britain by sending e-questionnaires to persistent posters of Islamophobic messages.

    Associated Search Terms: Prejudice, anti-Islamic; Methods; Internet survey; Ethics
  • Young Sikhs' religious engagement online.
    Singh, Jasjit (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 83-96.

    Studies how young Sikhs learn about their tradition. Recommends meeting interviewees in person before sending them semi-structured interview questions. Advises presenting oneself online as a professional.

    Associated Search Terms: Internet survey; Sikh; Ethics; Socialization; Methods
  • Online ethnographic research: Avatars in virgual worlds.
    Bainbridge, William Sims (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 149-157.

    Describes construction fantasy religions & observing such constructions.

    Associated Search Terms: Ethics; Internet; Virtual religion; Ancestor; Methods
  • Exceptionalism or Chinamerica: Measuring religious change in the globalizing world today.
    Yang, Fenggang (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:1: 7-22.

    Christianity, especially Evangelical, is growing rapidly in China.

    Associated Search Terms: Demography; Survey; Folk religion; Definition of religion; China; Methods
  • Relationships with God among young adults: Validating a measurement model with four dimensions.
    Manglos-Weber, Nicolette D., Margarita A. Mooney, Kenenth A. Bollen, and J. Micah Roos (2016)
    Sociology of Religion 77:2: 193-213.

    Develops a measure of dimensions of young adults' relationships with God: intimacy, consistency, anxiety, & anger.

    Associated Search Terms: Factor analysis; Methods; Young adults; Dimensions of religiosity
  • Studying digital Hinduism.
    Scheifinger, Heinz (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 71-81.

    Argues for a comparison of in situ prayers & internet prayers, & using both traditional ethnography & online methods.

    Associated Search Terms: Prayer; Internet; Hindu; Globalization; Ethics; Comparative; Methods; Rational choice theory; Methodology
  • Inventing American Religion. Polls, Surveys, and the Tenuous Quest for a Nation's Faith.
    Wuthnow, Robert (2015)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Survey
  • Photo elicitation and the visual sociology of religion.
    Williams, Roman R., and Kyle Whitehouse (2015)
    Review of Religious Research 57:2: 303-318.

    Describes photo elicitation.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Visual
  • The (non) religion of Mechanical Turk Workers.
    Lewis, Andrew R., Stephen T. Mockabee, Paul A. Djupe, and Joshua Su-Ya Wu (2015)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 54:2: 419-428.

    Assesses the representativeness of Amazon's Mechanical Turk opt-in samples.

    Associated Search Terms: Sampling; Internet survey; Methods
  • Heterogeneous religion measures and political tolerance outcomes.
    Eisenstein, Marie A., and April K. Clark (2015)
    In Paul A. Djupe (ed.) Religion and Political Tolerance in America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, pp. 83-99.

    Associated Search Terms: Tolerance; Measurement; Methods
  • Toward assessing and improving survey questions on religion: The ARDA's measurement wizard.
    Bader, Christopher D,., and Roger Finke (2014)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 53:3: 652-661.

    Demonstrates the usefulness of an online wizard for evaluating questionnaire items, from the Association of Religion Data Archives webpage.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Survey; Association for Religion Data Archives
  • Measuring congregational vitality: Phase 2 development of an outcome measurement tool.
    Bobbitt, Linda (2014)
    Review of Religious Research 56:3: 467-484.

    Development of a scale of congregational vitality in the context of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.

    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Scale; Factor analysis; Congregation; Methods
  • Church Attendnce, Problems of Measurement, and Interpreting Indicators: A Study of Religious Practice in the United States, 1975-2010.
    Rossi, Maurizio, and Ettore Scappini (2014)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 53:2: 249-267.

    Compares General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data and data from time use surveys collected between 1975 and 2010. The GSS data tend to be erratic, while the time use survey data are more reliable.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Time use survey; Survey; Methods; United States
  • Changing American congregations: Findings from the third wave of the National Congregations Study.
    Chaves, Mark, and Shawna L. Anderson (2014)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 53:4:676-686.

    Describes the 3rd, 2012, wave of the National (U.S.A.) Congregational Study. Notes increased ethnic diversity, eater openness to homosexuals, more informality smaller sizes, & a higher proportion having no denominational affiliation.

    Associated Search Terms: Congregation; Methods; Statistics; Parish; Data sets; Diversity; Congregation size; Denomination (organizational entity); Homosexuality
  • Sacred Stories, Spiritual Tribes. Finding Religion in Everyday Life.
    Ammerman, Nancy T. (2014)
    New York: Oxford University Press

    95 in-depth interviews in Boston & Atlanta, 2006, including life histories, & followed up with observation at worship & study groups. Disposable cameras were left with respondents for them to photograph significant places. Audio-diaries were collected.

    Associated Search Terms: Work; Prayer; Practice; Narrative; Methods; Life histories; Everyday life; Discourse; Health; Family; Diaries; Spirituality; Lived religion; Visual
  • Understanding a cultural identity: The confluence of education, politics, and relgiion within the American concept of biblical literalism.
    Franzen, Aaron B., and Jenna Griebel (2013)
    Sociology of Religion 74:4: 521-543.

    Testing with wave two Baylor Religion Survey data, a 3-part nominal variable proves most useful.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Literalism
  • A Person-centered Examination of Adolescent Religiosity using Latent Class Analysis.
    Pearce, Lisa D., E. Michael Foster, and Jessica Halliday Hardie (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:1: 57-79.

    Latent class analysis of 2002-03 telephone interview data from a representative sample of U.S.A. teenagers. Finds 5 classes: abiders, adapters, assenters, avoiders, atheists.

    Associated Search Terms: Religiosity; Latent class analysis; Adolescents; Methods
  • Counting the faithful: Measuring local religious contexts in the United States.
    Lim, Chaeyoon (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:2:386-400.

    Finds convergence among the 2010 Religious Congregational Membership Study, the 2010 Infogroup Congregational membership data, & the Gallup Poll.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Data sets; Membership; United States
  • Collective, long-term, intermittent immersion for religion research in Cuba.
    Dodson, Jualynne E., and Shanti Ali Zaid (2012)
    In Linda Woodhead (ed.) Innovative Methods in the Study of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods
  • Measuring the relational: How to collect data on religious networks.
    Nagel, Alexander-Kenneth (2012)
    In Luigi Berzano and Ole Preben Riis (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion 3. New Methods in the Sociology of Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 181-205.

    Simple illsutrations of network data presentations.

    Associated Search Terms: Network; Methods
  • How should mass attendance be measured? An Italian case study.
    Rossi, Maurizio, and Ettore Scappini (2012)
    Quality and Quantity 46:6: 1897-1916.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Practice
  • Konzepte zur Messung religiöser Pluralität.
    Wolf, Christof (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Ingrid Tucci, and Hans-Georg Ziebertz (eds.) Religiöser Pluralismus im Fokus quantitativer Religionsforschung. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, pp. 17-37.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Measurement; Pluralism
  • Counting spirituality? Survey methodology after the spiritual turn.
    Houtman, Dick, Paul Heelas, and Peter Achterberg (2012)
    In Luigi Berzano and Ole Riis (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion 3. New Methods in the Sociology of Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 25-44.

    Critique of survey items for ignoring spirituality or operationalizing it in a way that overlaps with Christianity.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Survey; Spirituality
  • Investigating the effect of bias in survey measures of church attendance.
    Brenner, Philip S. (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:4: 361-383.

    Compares international survey data with time use diaries in various nations. Demographic variables do not affect over-reporting church attendance in surveys.

    Associated Search Terms: Methodology; Time budgets; Survey; Methods
  • Identity as a determinant of the overreporting of church attendance in Canada.
    Brenner, Philip S. (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:2: 377-385.

    Analyzes over-reporting of church attendance in the 2005 Canadian General Social Survey; it is related to identification strength. the survey question was compared to time diary data.

    Associated Search Terms: Diaries; Identity; Interview; Methods; Practice; Canada
  • Locating nonreligion, in mind, body and space: New research methods for a new field.
    Lee, Lois (2012)
    In Luigi Berzano and Ole Preben Riis (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion 3. New Methods in the Sociology of Religion. Leiden Brill, pp. 135-157.

    Non religion is a broader term than atheism, going beyond the intellectual. It is narrower than secularism, which is a negative measure of religion taken as a positive. Describes strategies for gethering interview data on nonreligion; uses illustrative intervews from work in southeast England.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Nonreligion; Methods; Great Britain, England; Atheist
  • Measuring Muslims: The Problems of Religiosity and Intra-religious Diversity.
    Wiktor-Mach, Dobroslawa (2012)
    In Luigi Berzano and Ole Preben Riis (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion 3. New Methods in the Sociology of Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 207-227.

    Surveys in Azerbaijan have shown inconsistent accounts because of technical problems with the survey wordings & pluralism within such a category as "Muslim."

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Azerbaidjan; Azerbaidjan; Pluralism; Methods; Survey; Religiosity
  • A new approach for studying stratification and religion: Early results from a national internet-based field experiment study of U.S. churches.
    Wallace, Michael, Bradley R.E. Wright, Christine Zozula, Stacy Missari, Christopher M. Donnelly, and Annie Scola Wisnesky (2012)
    Research in the Sociology of Work 23:1: 369-397.

    Associated Search Terms: Experiment; Methods; Stratification; United States; Sampling
  • Measurement of religiosity/spirituality in adolescent health outcomes research: trends and recommendations.
    Cotton, Sian, Meghan E. McGrady, and Susan L. Rosenthal (2012)
    Journal of Religion and Health 49:4: 414-444.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Spirituality scale; Spirituality; Religiosity; Measurement; Health; Adolescence; Religiosity scale
  • The Emerging Church: Religion at the Margins.
    Packard, Josh (2012)
    Boulder, Colorado: First Forum Press.

    Based on observation and surveys of emerging churches across the US. Uses organizational theory to describe an absence of institutionalism as an advantage in an age of fluid lives.

    Associated Search Terms: Participant observation; Organizational culture; Institution; Extended case method; Post-modern; Emerging church
  • Building composite measures of religion and state.
    Fox, Jonathan (2011)
    Interdisciplinary Journal of Religion 7:8: 1-39.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; State
  • Exceptional behavior or exceptional identity? Overreporting of church attendance in the S.
    Brenner, Philip S. (2011)
    Public Opinion Quarterly 75:1: 19-41.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Methods; Interview
  • La partecipazione alla messa: Un confronto fra metodi di rilevazione.
    Rossi, Maurizio, and Ettore Scappini (2010)
    Polis 24:1: 65-94.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Methods
  • Visual Methods.
    Dunlop, Sarah, and Philip Richter (2010)
    In Sylvia Collins-Mayo and Pink Dandelion (eds.) Religion and Youth. Surrey, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 209-216.

    Associated Search Terms: Visual; Methods
  • Assessing Key Informant Methodology in Congregational Research.
    Schwadel, Philip, and Kevin D. Dougherty (2010)
    Review of Religious Research 51:4: 366-379.

    Using the 1993 American Congregational Giving Study, compares reported demographics of congregations from pastors to those of random samples from their congregations.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Key informant
  • Quantitative Methods.
    Voas, David (2010)
    In Sylvia Collins-Mayo and Pink Dandelion (eds.) Religion and Youth. Surrey, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 201-207.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Data sets; Methodology
  • Space for God: Lived Religion at Work, Home, and Play.
    Williams, Roman R. (2010)
    Sociology of Religion 71:3: 257-279.

    Based on photo elicitation interviews in Atlanta & Boston.

    Associated Search Terms: Photo elicitation interviews; Everyday life; Methods
  • The Inventory of Emotions Towards God (EtG): Psychological Valences and Theological Issues.
    Huber, Stefan, and Matthias Richard (2010)
    Review of Religious Research 52:1: 21-40.

    Development of a questionnaire instrument.

    Associated Search Terms: Scale; God, emotions toward; Experience; Methods
  • Belonging without Belonging: Utilizing Evangelical Self-identification to Analyze Political Attitudes and Preferences.
    Lewis, Andrew R., and Dana Huyser de Bernardo (2010)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49:1:112-126.

    Analyzes 2004 American telephone survey data; Evangelical self-identification predicts party affiliation; Evangelical tradition involvement predicts political attitudes.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Identification; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Methods
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis Validation of a Four-factor Measure of Spirituality-religiosity for Use in Diverse Substance Abuse Treatment Populations.
    Neff, James Alan (2010)
    Review of Religious Research 52:1: 41-56.

    Finds a relatively invariant factor structure of a spirituality/religiosity scale.

    Associated Search Terms: Dimensions of religiosity; Religiosity scale; Spirituality scale; Methods; Scale; Factor analysis
  • Researching belief without asking religious questions.
    Day, Abby (2009)
    Fieldwork in Religion 4: 89-106.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Implicit religion
  • RAMP Findings and Making Sense of the "God within each person, rather than out there."
    Heelas, Paul, and Dick Houtman (2009)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 24:1:83-98./In Paul Heelas (ed.) Spirituality in the Modern World. Within Religious Tradition and Beyond, vol. I. London: Routledge, 2012, pp. 371-398.

    Associated Search Terms: Survey; Methods; Spirituality
  • The Islamophobia Scale: Instrument Development and Initial Validation.
    Lee, Sherman A., Jeffrey A. Gibbons, John M. Thompson, and Hussam S. Timani (2009)
    International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 19:2: 92-105.

    Associated Search Terms: Prejudice, anti-Islamic; Methods; Scale; Islamophobia Scale
  • The role of religion in American politics: Explanatory theories and associated analytical and measurement issues.
    Smidt, Corwin E., Lyman A. Kellstedt, and James L. Guth (2009)
    In Corwin E. Smidt, Lyman A. Kellstedt, and James L. Guth (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Religion and American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 3-42.

    Associated Search Terms: Methodology; Methods; Politics, U.S.A.
[Viewing Matches 1-50] > [View Matches 1-65]  (of 65 total matches in Citations)

Citation data are provided by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio).

The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.

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