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  • A bounded affinity theory of religion and the paranormal.
    Baker, Joseph O., Christopher Bader, and F. Carson Mencken (2016)
    Sociology of Religion 77:4: 334-358. Erratum, 78:1 (2017): 117.

    Develops a propositional theory based on a bounded affinity model wherein paranormal experiences are related positively to experiential religiosity & certain beliefs, but negatively to practice, consequential & knowledge religiosity. Illustrates with 2005 Baylor Religion Survey data, Christian subsample.

    Associated Search Terms: Bounded affinity; Belief; Experiential dimension; Paranormal; Dimensions of religiosity; Plausibility structure
  • "Give us a sign of your presence": Paranormal investigation as a spiritual practice.
    Eaton Marc A. (2015)
    Sociology of Religion 76:4: 389-412.

    Based on participant observation in 16 investigations of ghost reports.

    Associated Search Terms: Ghost; Paranormal; Participant observation
  • "Paranormal science" from America to Italy: A case of cultural homogenization.
    Molle, Andrea, and Christopher Bader (2014)
    In O. Jenzen and S.R. Munt (eds.) The Ashgate Research Companion to Paranormal Cultures. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 121-138.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; Diffusion; Italy
  • A social anthropology of ghosts in twenty-first-century America.
    Baker, Joseph O., and Christopher D. Bader (2014)
    Social Compass 61:4: 569-593.

    Based on survey data & field work with ghost hunting groups. The inherent liminality of spirits as cultural constructs accounts for their persistence, power, and continual recurrence.

    Associated Search Terms: Ghost; Paranormal; United States; Participant observation
  • Paranormalism and pseudoscience as deviance.
    Goode, Erich (2013)
    In M. Pigliucci and M. Boudry (eds.) Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 145-163.

    Associated Search Terms: Science; Deviance/social control; Paranormal
  • The Paranormal: Who Believes, Why They Believe, and Why It Matters.
    Goode, Erich (2012)
    Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal
  • Countervailing forces: Religiosity and paranormal belief in Italy.
    Bader, Christopher D., Joseph O. Baker, and Andrea Molle (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:4: 705-720.

    Analyzes 2007 U.S.A. & 1994 Italian survey data; belief in the paranormal bore a curvilinear relationship with religious practice in both nations, with the most & least religious having lower rates of belief in the paranormal.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Paranormal; United States; Religiosity; Italy
  • Reported Contact with the Dead, Religious Involvement, and Death Anxiety in Late Life.
    Krause, Neal (2011)
    Review of Religious Research 53:5: 347-364.

    Analyzes 2001 interview data from Americans aged 66+; perceived contact with the dead promotes a sense of social connectedness, which in turn promotes religious meaningfulness, which reduces death anxiety.

    Associated Search Terms: Meaning; Gerontology; Paranormal; Death anxiety
  • Paranormal America. Ghost Encounters, UFO Sightings, Bigfoot Hunts, and Other Curiosities in Religion and Culture.
    Bader, Christopher D., F. Carson Mencken, and Joseph O. Baker (2010)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Analyzes 2005 & 2007 Baylor Religion Survey (U.S.A.) data; adds descriptive material from field research.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Paranormal
  • Diverse Supernatural Portfolios: Certitude, Exclusivity, and the Curvilinear Relationship Between Religiosity and Paranormal Beliefs.
    Baker, Joseph O., and Scott Draper (2010)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49:3: 413-424.

    Analyzes Baylor Religion Survey data; mid levels of conventional belief & practice are related to paranormal beliefs.

    Associated Search Terms: Religiosity; Paranormal; United States
  • Contacting the spirits of the dead: Paranormal belief and the teenage worldview.
    Francis, Leslie J. (2009)
    Journal of Research on Christian Education 18:1:20-35.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; Adolescents; Necromancy
  • The Variety of Religious Experiences.
    Baker, Joseph O. (2009)
    Review of Religious Research 51:1: 39-54.

    2005 American national survey data show that experience is a broad category encompassing varying phenomena that need be treated separately.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; Experience; United States
  • Round Trip to Hell in a Flying Saucer: The Relationship between Conventional Christian and Paranormal Beliefs in the United States.
    Mencken, F. Carson, Christopher D. Bader, and Ye Jung Kim (2009)
    Sociology of Religion 70:1: 65-85.

    2005 U.S.A. survey data show paranormal & conventional Christian belief to be distinct but correlated.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; United States; Belief; Factor analysis
  • Conventional Christian Beliefs and Experimentation with the Paranormal.
    Mencken, F. Carson, Christopher D. Bader, and Rodney Stark (2008)
    Review of Religious Research 50:2: 194-205.

    Analyzes 2005 Baylor Religion Survey (U.S.A.) data. Frequent church attenders' Christian beliefs decrease paranormal experiences; non-attenders' Christian beliefs increase them.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Practice; Paranormal; Belief
  • The Paranormal and the Politics of Truth: A Sociological Account.
    Northcote, Jeremy (2007)
    Charlottesville, Virginia: Imprint Academic.

    Associated Search Terms: Boundary maintenance; Paranormal
  • The Social Effects of Psychism: Spiritual Experience and the Construction of Privatized Religion.
    Laubach, Marty (2004)
    Sociology of Religion 65:3: 239-263.

    Analyzes 1986 General social Survey (U.S.A..) data; experiences of psychism (esoteric intrusion into the stream of consciousness) have a number of effects, including enhancing private religious practices.

    Associated Search Terms: Privatism; Paranormal; United States; Experience
  • The Religious, the Paranormal, and Church Attendance: A Response to Orenstein.
    McKinnon, Andrew M. (2003)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42:2: 299-303.

    Additional analysis of data used by Alan Orenstein (JSSR 2002).

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; Belief; Canada; Practice
  • Believe It or Not: Religious and Other Paranormal Beliefs in the United States.
    Rice, Tom W. (2003)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42:1: 95-106.

    Analyzes 1998 telephone interview data from Americans; social background factors & religious belief do not predict belief in paranormal phenomena.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Paranormal
  • Voices from the Pagan Census. A National Survey of Witches and Neo-Pagans in the United States.
    Berger, Helen A., Evan A. Leach, and Leigh S. Shaffer (2003)
    Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.

    Analyzes 1993-95 survey data from a snow ball sample of U.S. neo-pagans; uses General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data for comparisons.

    Associated Search Terms: Witch; Paranormal; Neopagan, U.S.A.
  • Religion and Paranormal Belief.
    Orenstein, Alan (2002)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 41:2: 301-311.

    Analyzes 1995 Canadian survey data; conventional religious belief predicts belief in the paranormal directly while church attendance predicts it inversely.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; Practice; Belief; Canada
  • "I Saw It With My Own Eyes": An Ethnogrpahy of Visions and Other Anomalous Phenomena among Participants in Candomblé, Umbanda and Spiritism from Rio de Janeiro and Abadiania, Goias (Brazil).
    Marton, Yves (2002)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation (Anthropology), University of California Los Angeles.

    Associated Search Terms: Candomble; Brazil, Rio de Janeiro; Brazil, Goiás; Paranormal; Participant observation; Spiritualist; Umbanda
  • Some Properties of Interactional Organisation of Displays of Paranormal Cognition in Psychic-sitter Interaction.
    Wooffitt, Robin (2000)
    Sociology 34:3: 457-479.

    Associated Search Terms: Medium; Paranormal; Interaction
  • Paranormal Beliefs. A Sociological Introduction.
    Goode, Erich (2000)
    Prospect Heights, Illinois: Waveland Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; Astrology; UFO cult
  • Jenseits der Grenze: Todesnäheerfahrungen in Ost- und Westdeutschland.
    Schmied, Ina (2000)
    In Detlef Pollack and Gert Pickel (eds.) Religiöser und kirchlicher Wandel in Ostdeutschland 1989-1999. Opladen: Leske + Budrich, pp. 328-347.

    Associated Search Terms: Near death experience; Paranormal; Germany; Death
  • Content Analysis of an Anomalous Memorate Collection: Testing Hypotheses Regarding Universal Features.
    McClenon, James (2000)
    Sociology of Religion 61:2: 155-169.

    Cross cultural parallels in paranormal experiences occur in data taken from rural, North Carolina African Americans. This is consistent with a biological explanation of such experiences.

    Associated Search Terms: Content analysis; Paranormal; African Americans; Origins of religion; Experience; Comparative
  • Damanhur: Popolo e comunitŕ.
    Berzano, Luigi (1998)
    Leumann, Italy: Elle Di Ci.

    Based on internal documents of Damanhur & interviews; the commune developed around the charismatic leader Oberto Airaudi, near Turin.

    Associated Search Terms: Commune; Symbol; Charisma; Syncretism; Routinization; Damanhur; Secrecy; New age; Healing; Ritual; Italy, Valchiusella; Paranormal; Occult
  • De l'intégration au Catholicisme aux croyances parallčles.
    Michelat, Guy (1997)
    In Yaves Lambert, Guy Michelat, and Albert Piette (eds.) Le religieux des sociologues. Trajectoires personnelles et débats scientifiques. Paris: L'Harmattan, pp. 77-88.

    Associated Search Terms: Magic; Paranormal; Dimensions of religiosity; Catholic, France; Astrology
  • The Effects of Religiosity and Structural Strain on Reported Paranormal Experiences.
    MacDonald, William L. (1995)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 34:3: 366-376.

    Analyzes 1984 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data; demographic rather than cultural variables predict most variance in paranormal experiences.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; United States
  • Religion as Poetry.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (1995)
    New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Imagination; God, image of; Paranormal; Southern Baptist; Environmentalism
  • Wondrous Events: Foundations of Religious Belief.
    McClenon, James (1994)
    Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

    Based on interviews & participant observation in the U.S. & Asia; sees religion as based on paranormal experience.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Participant observation; Paranormal; Experience
  • Flygande tefat, spöken och sanndrömmar. Ungdomars syn pa paranormala företeelser.
    Sjödin, Ulf (1994)
    Uppsala: Uppsala universitet Teologiska institutionen.

    Analyzes 1992 questionnaire data from Swedish high school student sin Stockholm & 3 rural settings; compares students' interest levels in paranormal phenomena by churched & non-churched area, sex, & professional program & vocational students.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, secondary; Sweden; Occult; Paranormal
  • Science in the New Age: The Paranormal, Its Defenders and Debunkers, and American Culture.
    Hess, David J. (1993)
    Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

    Associated Search Terms: New age; Paranormal
  • Les religiosités séculičres.
    Piette, Albert (1993)
    Paris: Les Presses Universitaires de France.

    Associated Search Terms: Secular religion; Quasi-religion; Political religion; Paranormal; Syncretism
  • Surveys of Anomalous Experience in Chinese, Japanese, and American Samples.
    McClenon, James (1993)
    Sociology of Religion 54:3: 295-302.

    Analyzes 1986-90 questionnaire data from undergraduate students in 3 nations, & 1981 data from noted American scientists; shows paranormal experiences not related to religious preference or scientific training, & only sporadically related to religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Religiosity; Paranormal; Scientist; Comparative; United States; Students, undergraduate; Experience; Japan; China
  • The Structure, Stability, and Social Antecedents of Reported Paranormal Experiences.
    Fox, John W. (1992)
    Sociological Analysis 53:4: 417-431.

    Analyzes 1984, '88, & '89 General Social Survey (U.S.A..) data; contrary to cultural source & deprivation theories, "déju vu" experiences are more frequent among the young & educated, & other paranormal experiences are unaffected by background.

    Associated Search Terms: Experience; United States; Deprivation; Paranormal
  • The Paranormal is Normal: A Sociologist Looks at Parapsychology.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (1991)
    Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research 85: 367-374. [Also in Andrew M. Greeley, The Sociology of Andrew M. Greeley (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994), pp. 595-602]

    Overview of survey research on paranormal experiences.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal
  • Chinese and American Anomalous Experiences: The Role of Religiosity.
    McClenon, James (1990)
    Sociological Analysis 51:1: 53-67.

    Analyzes 1986 questionnaire data from Chinese undergraduate students & 1987 data from students at the University of Maryland; Chinese having no religious socialization reported more paranormal experiences.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; China; United States; Students, undergraduate; Experience
  • Representative National Surveys of Psychic Phenomena: Iceland, Great Britain, Sweden, USA and Gallup's Multinational Survey.
    Haraldsson, Erlendur (1989)
    Greinasafn, Félagsvisindastofnun Háskóla Islands: Social Science Research Institute.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; Comparative; Iceland; United States; Sweden; Great Britain
  • A Survey of Chinese Anomalous Experiences and Comparison with Western Representative National Samples.
    McClenon, James (1988)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 27:3: 421-426.

    Analyzes 1986 data from Chinese undergraduate students; finds levels of paranormal experiences exceeding or comparable to findings in poll data from a number of western nations.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; Experience; Students, undergraduate; China
  • Hallucinations among the Widowed.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (1987)
    Sociology and Social Research 71:4: 258-265. [Also in Andrew M. Greeley, The Sociology of Andrew M. Greeley (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994), pp. 481-488.

    Analyzes 1984 General Social Survey (U.S.A..) data.

    Associated Search Terms: Widow; Paranormal; United States
  • Parapsychology as a religious surrogate.
    Carlton, Eric (1987)
    Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 54:807: 130-138.

    Associated Search Terms: Paranormal; Parapsychology; Surrogate for religion
  • Croyances aux Parasciences: Dimensions Sociales et Culturelles.
    Boy, David, and Guy Michelat (1986)
    Revue française de sociologie 27;2: 175-204.

    Analyzes French survey data; shows relationships of belief in paranormal phenomena & astrology to background variables, social integration, & religious belief.

    Associated Search Terms: France; Paranormal; Astrology; Belief; Integration (social)
  • Paranormal Beliefs: Functional Alternatives to Mainstream Religion.
    Emmons, Charles F., and Jeff Sobal (1981)
    Review of Religious Research 22:4: 301-312.

    1978 U.S.A.. Gallup data show religious "nones" or for whom religious beliefs are unimportant are more likely to believe in nonreligious paranormal phenomena & less likely in religious ones.

    Associated Search Terms: Occult; Paranormal; Salience
  • Paranormal Beliefs: Testing the Marginality Hypothesis.
    Emmons, Charles F., and Jeff Sobal (1981)
    Sociological Focus 14:1: 49-56.

    1978 U.S.A. Gallup Poll data show unmarried women more likely to believe in paranormal phenomena, but that such belief does not correlate with age, low educational levels, being African American, or being unemployed.

    Associated Search Terms: Marginality; Occult; Paranormal; Belief; Deprivation
  • The Sociology of the Paranormal: A Reconnaissance.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (1975)
    Beverly Hills, California: Sage.

    Associated Search Terms: Experience; Paranormal
  • A Survey of Mystical Experiences.
    McCready, William C. (1974)
    Religion. Journal of Religion and Religions 4:1: 55-70.

    Associated Search Terms: Experience; Paranormal
[Viewing Matches 1-46]  (of 46 total matches in Citations)

Citation data are provided by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio).

The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.

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