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  • Surveying the religious and non-religious online.
    Hooley, Tristram, and Paul Weller (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 13-25.

    Based on experiences with 2 UK & 1 European survey.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Ethics; Internet survey
  • Measuring religion in different spatial contexts: How surveys involving religion inconsistently determine locations.
    Miller, Brian J. (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:2: 285-304.

    Describes inconsistencies in the way surveys that are used in the sociology of religion categorize locales, with consequences for reported findings.

    Associated Search Terms: Survey; Urban/rural; Methods
  • The dynamics of religious practice in Spain from the mid-19th century to 2010.
    Rossi, Maurizio, and Ettore Scappini (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:3: 579-596.

    Uses Spanish census data from the 19th century & after, & time use data from 2003 & 2010. Analyzes by birth cohort, age, & period. Secularization began in the 19th century.

    Associated Search Terms: Time use survey; Secularization; Spain
  • Online crowdsourcing methods for identifying and studying religious groups as special populations.
    Springer, Victoria A., Peter J. Martini, and James T. Richardson (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 27-37.

    Minority & controversial or stigmatized groups can be reached inconspicuously for research purposes on the internet. The MTurk tool provided by Amazon is particularly useful.

    Associated Search Terms: Stigma; Minority; Methods; Internet survey; Ethics
  • Social networking sites and digital ethnography
    Allen, Chris (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 39-48.

    Describes studying Islamophobia in Britain by sending e-questionnaires to persistent posters of Islamophobic messages.

    Associated Search Terms: Prejudice, anti-Islamic; Methods; Internet survey; Ethics
  • Young Sikhs' religious engagement online.
    Singh, Jasjit (2016)
    In Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor and Suha Shakkour (eds.) Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 83-96.

    Studies how young Sikhs learn about their tradition. Recommends meeting interviewees in person before sending them semi-structured interview questions. Advises presenting oneself online as a professional.

    Associated Search Terms: Internet survey; Sikh; Ethics; Socialization; Methods
  • Religious seekers' attraction to the plain Mennonites and Amish.
    Anderson, Cory (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:1: 125-147.

    Factor analysis of survey data from a web-based convenience sample of seekers attracted to austere plain Anabaptist sects. Factor themes: familism, rejection of sexualized youth culture, fundamentalism perceived as anti-secularization, primitivism, desire for structure, Anabaptist ancestors.

    Associated Search Terms: Factor analysis; Seeker; Internet survey; Conversion; Anabaptist; Amish; Mennonite
  • Exceptionalism or Chinamerica: Measuring religious change in the globalizing world today.
    Yang, Fenggang (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:1: 7-22.

    Christianity, especially Evangelical, is growing rapidly in China.

    Associated Search Terms: Demography; Survey; Folk religion; Definition of religion; China; Methods
  • Inventing American Religion. Polls, Surveys, and the Tenuous Quest for a Nation's Faith.
    Wuthnow, Robert (2015)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Survey
  • The (non) religion of Mechanical Turk Workers.
    Lewis, Andrew R., Stephen T. Mockabee, Paul A. Djupe, and Joshua Su-Ya Wu (2015)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 54:2: 419-428.

    Assesses the representativeness of Amazon's Mechanical Turk opt-in samples.

    Associated Search Terms: Sampling; Internet survey; Methods
  • Religious experiences of GBTQ Mormon males.
    Bradshaw, William S., John P. Dehlin, Tim B. Heaton, Renee V. Galliher, Ellen Decoo, and Katherine A. Crowell (2015)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 54:2: 311-329.

    Analyzes online internet survey data from current & former Mormon homosexual men. Compares the religious experience of men along the continuum of sexual orientation as measured by a Kinsey Scale.

    Associated Search Terms: Internet survey; Life course; Mormon; Homosexuality
  • Religion, race, and discrimination: A field experiment of how American churches welcome newcomers.
    Wright, Bradley R.E., Christopher M. Donnelly, Michael Wallace, Stacy Missari, Annie Scola Wisnesky, and Christine Zozula (2015)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 54:2: 185-204.

    E-mail inquiries to a sample of churches, ostensibly from families moving to the geographical area of each church. Ostensible names varied to communicate white, African American, Latino, or Asian identity. Responses from Mainline Protestant churches showed discrimination.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Homophily; Race; Liberal Protestant, U.S.A..; Experiment; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Discrimination; Catholic, U.S.A.; Internet survey
  • Church Attendnce, Problems of Measurement, and Interpreting Indicators: A Study of Religious Practice in the United States, 1975-2010.
    Rossi, Maurizio, and Ettore Scappini (2014)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 53:2: 249-267.

    Compares General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data and data from time use surveys collected between 1975 and 2010. The GSS data tend to be erratic, while the time use survey data are more reliable.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Time use survey; Survey; Methods; United States
  • Toward assessing and improving survey questions on religion: The ARDA's measurement wizard.
    Bader, Christopher D,., and Roger Finke (2014)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 53:3: 652-661.

    Demonstrates the usefulness of an online wizard for evaluating questionnaire items, from the Association of Religion Data Archives webpage.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Survey; Association for Religion Data Archives
  • Counting spirituality? Survey methodology after the spiritual turn.
    Houtman, Dick, Paul Heelas, and Peter Achterberg (2012)
    In Luigi Berzano and Ole Riis (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion 3. New Methods in the Sociology of Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 25-44.

    Critique of survey items for ignoring spirituality or operationalizing it in a way that overlaps with Christianity.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Survey; Spirituality
  • Mesurer la pratique religieuse. Différentes mesures, différents taux? Analyse comparative à partir de la Suisse.
    Monnot, Christophe (2012)
    Archives de Scineces Sociales des Religions 158: 137-56.

    Associated Search Terms: Switzerland; Survey; Methodology
  • Toward the scientific study of polytheism: Beyond forced-choice measures of religius belief.
    Gries, Peter, Jenny Su, and David Schak (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:4: 623-637.

    Advocates using a check list of religions common in an area where polytheism or multiple allegiances is present. Uses the case of 2011 Taiwanese survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Polytheist; Survey; Methodology; Taiwan
  • Investigating the effect of bias in survey measures of church attendance.
    Brenner, Philip S. (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:4: 361-383.

    Compares international survey data with time use diaries in various nations. Demographic variables do not affect over-reporting church attendance in surveys.

    Associated Search Terms: Methodology; Time budgets; Survey; Methods
  • Measuring Muslims: The Problems of Religiosity and Intra-religious Diversity.
    Wiktor-Mach, Dobroslawa (2012)
    In Luigi Berzano and Ole Preben Riis (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion 3. New Methods in the Sociology of Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 207-227.

    Surveys in Azerbaijan have shown inconsistent accounts because of technical problems with the survey wordings & pluralism within such a category as "Muslim."

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Azerbaidjan; Azerbaidjan; Pluralism; Methods; Survey; Religiosity
  • Religion, Spirituality, and Everyday Life in Sweden.
    Frisk, Liselotte (2012)
    In Giuseppe Giordan and Enzo Pace (eds.) Mapping Religion and Spirituality in a Postsecular World. Religion and the Social Order 22. Leiden: Brill, pp. 27-41.

    Based on a Swedish internet survey,interviews with religious and spiritual specialists in Dalarna, Sweden, and interviews with a yoga group. Meanings of spirituality varied; more identified themselves as spiritual than religious.

    Associated Search Terms: Identification; Yoga, Sweden; Sweden; Spirituality; Internet survey
  • RAMP Findings and Making Sense of the "God within each person, rather than out there."
    Heelas, Paul, and Dick Houtman (2009)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 24:1:83-98./In Paul Heelas (ed.) Spirituality in the Modern World. Within Religious Tradition and Beyond, vol. I. London: Routledge, 2012, pp. 371-398.

    Associated Search Terms: Survey; Methods; Spirituality
  • Potential Response Bias in Internet Use for Survey Religious Research.
    Royle, Marjorie H., and Destiny Shellhammer (2007)
    Review of Religious Research 49:1: 54-68.

    Based on a survey conducted by the United Church of Christ.

    Associated Search Terms: Internet; Survey; Methodology
  • Web Surveys: Applications in Denominational Research.
    Sims, Rebecca C. (2007)
    Review of Religious Research 49:1: 69-80.

    Based on surveys conducted by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.

    Associated Search Terms: Internet; Methodology; Survey
  • Counting religious nones and other religious measurement issues: A comparison of the Baylor Religion Survey and General Social Survey.
    Smith, Tom W., and Seokho Kim (2007)
    GSS Methodological Report 110:1: 1-15.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Atheist; Survey
  • American Piety 2005: Content and Methods of the Baylor Religion Survey.
    Bader, Christopher D., F. Carson Mencken, and Paul Froese (2007)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 46:4: 447-463.

    Describes the Baylor Religion Survey data set.

    Associated Search Terms: Data sets; Statistics; Baylor Religion Survey
  • An Introduction to the National Jewish Population Survey 2000-01.
    Kotler-Berkowitz, Laurence (2006)
    Sociology of Religion 67:4: 387-390.

    Associated Search Terms: National Jewish Population Survey
  • Measuring Religious Identites in Surveys.
    Alwin, Duane F., Jacob L. Felson, Edward T. Walker, and Paula A. Tufis (2006)
    Public Opinion Quarterly 70:4: 530-564.

    Finds predictive value in both using denominations & non-denominational categories for respondent self-identification. Uses General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data.

    Associated Search Terms: Survey; Identification; Methodology
  • American Piety in the 21st Century: Selected Findings from the Baylor Religion Survey.
    Bader, Christopher D., Kevin Dougherty, Paul Froese, Byron Johnson, F. Carson Mencken, Jerry Z. Park, and Rodney Stark (2006)
    Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Baylor Religion Survey
  • Decentering the Study of Jewish Identity: Opening the Dialogue With Other Religious Groups.
    Hartman, Harriet, and Debra Kaufman (2006)
    Sociology of Religion 67:4: 365-385.

    Associated Search Terms: National Jewish Population Survey; Gans, Herbert J.; Jewish; Methodology; Identity
  • NJPS 2000-01: A Guide for the Perplexed.
    Kadushin, Charles, Benjamin T. Phillips, and Leonard Saxe (2005)
    Contemporary Jewry 25: 1-32.

    Associated Search Terms: National Jewish Population Survey
  • NJPS2000: A Vehicle for Exploring Social Change in the Jewish Population.
    Klaff, Vivian, and Frank Mott (2005)
    Contemporary Jewry 25

    Associated Search Terms: National Jewish Population Survey
  • The National Jewish Population Survey 2000-01: Strength, Challenge and Diversity in the American Jewish Population. Rev.
    Kotler-Berkowitz, Laurence, Steven M. Cohen, Jonathan Ament, Vivian Klaff, Frank Mott, and Danyelle Peckerman-Neumann (2004)
    New York: United Jewish Communities.

    Associated Search Terms: National Jewish Population Survey
  • American Jewish Identity Survey 2001.
    Mayer, Egon, Barry A. Kosmin, and Ariela Keysar (2003)
    New York: Center for Cultural Judaism.

    Associated Search Terms: American Jewish Identity Survey
  • When Surveys Lie and People Tell the Truth: How Surveys Oversample Church Attenders.
    Woodberry, Robert D. (1998)
    American Sociological Review 63:1: 9-12.

    Associated Search Terms: Survey; Methodology; Practice
  • Data collection mode and social desirability bias in self-reported religious attendance.
    Presser, Stanley, and Linda Stinson (1998)
    American Sociological Review 63:1: 137-145.

    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Survey; Practice
  • A review of church attendance measures.
    Smith, Tom W. (1998)
    American Sociological Review 63:1: 131-136.

    Based on an analysis of the General Social Survey (U.S.A.), explains why interview surveys report more regular church attendance than do headcounts.

    Associated Search Terms: General Social Survey (U.S.A.); Interview; Practice; Methods
  • The Missing Fifty-Percent: Accounting for the Gap between Survey Estimates and Head-Counts of Church Attendance.
    Woodberry, Robert D. (1997)
    Unpublished M.A. Thesis, University of Notre Dame.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Survey; Methods
  • The Methodology of the National Jewish Population Survey.
    Waksberg, Joseph (1996)
    In S. Goldstein and A. Goldstein (eds.) Jews on the Move: Implications for Jewish Identity. Albany: State University of New York Press, pp. 333-359.

    Associated Search Terms: Methodology; National Jewish Population Survey
  • Highlights of the CJF 1990 National Jewish Population Survey.
    Kosmin, Barry A., Sidney Goldstein, Joseph Waksberg, Nava Lerer, Ariela Keysar, and J. Scheckner. (1991)
    New York: Council of Jewish Federations.

    Associated Search Terms: National Jewish Population Survey
  • Religious or Ethnic Self-Identification Over the Telephone: A Pilot Study of Manchester Jewry.
    Schmool, Marlena (1991)
    Jewish Journal of Sociology 33:1: 21-34.

    reports a 1988-89 experiment; found respondents would respond to a question about Jewish identity over the telephone.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, Great Britain; Great Britain, Manchester; Telephone survey; Experiment; Methodology
  • Classifying Protestant Denominations.
    Smith, Tom W. (1990)
    Review of Religious Research 31:3: 225-245.

    Reviews the literature on typing American denominations on a fundamentalist-liberal scale; describes the classificatory method used in the General Social Survey.

    Associated Search Terms: Conservative/liberal; United States; Methodology; Denomination (organizational entity); General Social Survey (U.S.A.)
  • Catholics in Context: Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Studying American Catholic Parishioners.
    Leege, David C., and Michael R. Welch (1989)
    Review of Religious Research 31:2: 132-148.

    Associated Search Terms: Survey; Methodology
  • Measuring Public Support for the New Christian Right: The Perils of Point Estimation.
    Sigelman, Lee, and Stanley Presser (1988)
    Public Opinion Quarterly 52: 325-337. Comment by John H. Simpson 52: 338-342.

    Criticizes an estimate of Moral Majority support in the U.S. made by John H. Simpson with 1977 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; United States; Moral Majority; Survey
  • Correcting Church Membership Rates: 1971 and 1980.
    Stark, Rodney (1987)
    Review of Religious Research 29:1: 69-77. Comment byWilliam M. Newman and Peter L. Halvorson, 29:4 (1988): 431-433. Reply by Rodney Stark, 29:4 (1988): 433-434.

    Adjustments to the Glenmary church membership data for the U.S.A., to include African-American & Jewish religions.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Membership; Survey
  • Clustering of Abortion Scale Scores.
    Lane, Ralph, Jr. (1985)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 24:4: 403-406.

    Concerns scales used in the General Social Survey (U.S.A.).

    Associated Search Terms: Abortion; General Social Survey (U.S.A.)
  • Measuring the Muse: Reflections on the Use of Survey Methods in the Study of Religious Phenomena.
    Schroeder, W. Widick (1977)
    Review of Religious Research 18:2: 148-162.

    Associated Search Terms: Phenomenology; Survey
  • Determining Religious Affiliation through Survey Research: A Methodological Note.
    McCourt, Kathleen, and D. Garth Taylor (1976)
    Public Opinion Quarterly 40:1: 124-127.

    5% of respondents who listed "Catholic" as their religious preference were not actually Catholic; preference is not the same as identity. Proposes asking about religious affiliation, not preference.

    Associated Search Terms: Identification; Methodology; Survey
  • Common Religion.
    Towler, Robert, and Audrey Chamberlain (1973)
    Sociological Yearbook of Religion in Britain 6: 1-28.

    Analyzes 1967 interview data from a north English city; notes standard survey items fail to elicit non-official religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Popular religion; Survey; Great Britain; Methodology
  • L'appartenance religieuse comme expression de structures culturelles latentes: problème de méthode.
    Remy, Jean, and Francis Hambye (1969)
    Social Compass 16: 327-342.

    Proposes that the sociology of knowledge reveals reasons for church membership & practice not being cognitively thematized & hence not accessible to surveys; discusses related hypotheses from 3 empirical studies.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Survey; Sociology of knowledge; Membership
  • Methodoloical Problems in a Survey on Religiosity in Bulgaria.
    Ochavkov, Jivko (1966)
    Archives de sociologie des religions 21: 69-84.

    Reports a large (N=62,664) 1962 Bulgarian questionnaire study: membership by age & education; notes religion diminishing after 1945.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Survey; Methodology; Membership; Age; Education; Bulgaria
[Viewing Matches 1-50]  (of 50 total matches in Citations)

Citation data are provided by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio).

The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.

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