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  • Measuring religion in different spatial contexts: How surveys involving religion inconsistently determine locations.
    Miller, Brian J. (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:2: 285-304.

    Describes inconsistencies in the way surveys that are used in the sociology of religion categorize locales, with consequences for reported findings.

    Associated Search Terms: Survey; Urban/rural; Methods
  • Trans-congregational triadic closure: Churchgoers' networks within and beyond the pews.
    Schafer, Markus H., and Laura Upenieks (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:3: 597-621.

    Analyzes 2006 survey data from non-institutionalized adult U.S.A. church members. Evangelicals have higher rates of closed social networks that include members from outside their congregations, as do residents of higher population county subdivisions & members with longer length of membership in a congregation.

    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical, U.S.A.; Network; Urban/rural
  • Urban faith: Religious change in Vienna and Austria, 1986-2013.
    Potan?oková, Michaela, and Carolina Berghammer (2014)
    In Hans G. Hödl and Lukas Pokorny (eds.) Religion in Austria, Volume 2. Vienna: Praesens Verlag, pp. 217-251.

    Associated Search Terms: Austria, Vienna; Urban/rural; Change; Austria
  • Popular Buddhists: The Relationship between Popular Religious Involvement and Buddhist Identity in Contemporary China.
    Leamaster, Reid J., and Anning Hu (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:2: 234-259.

    Analyzes data from the 2007 Spiritual Life Study of Chinese Residents. Buddhist identification predicts popular religious belief and practice, as does seeing inequality as a problem. Education was not related.

    Associated Search Terms: China; Urban/rural; Syncretism; Education; Buddhist, China; Ancestor; Popular religion
  • African American religious participation.
    Taylor, Robert Joseph, Linda M. Chatters, and R. Khari Brown (2014)
    Review of Religious Research 56:4: 513-538.

    Analyzes 2001-03 interview data from African Americans. Women, older people, those married once, & residents of the South were more involved in religion. Stigmatized statuses--cohabiting respondents & those who served time in prison--were less involved in organized religion.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, South; Urban/rural; Stigma; Religiosity; Practice; Marriage; Gender; Criminology; Age; African Americans; Women
  • Places of Faith: A Road Trip Across America’s Religious Landscape.
    Scheitle, Christopher P., and Roger Finke (2012)
    Oxford University Press.

    Combines travelogue narration and photos of both typical and unique churches across the U.S. with historical and social discussion of the U.S. religious landscape. ASIN: 019979152X/

    Associated Search Terms: Congregation; Urban/rural; Travel; United States; Pluralism
  • Questioning secularization? Church and religion in Poland.
    Hall, Dorota (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 121-141.

    Legal standing of religion in Poland. Description of church organization & works. 2006 descriptive staistics on individual practice. Correlations shown include education, urban, income, & spirituality. Secularization is largely at the macro level.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; State; Education; Stratification; Poland; Secularization; Spirituality; Urban/rural; Catholic, Poland
  • Are Rural Clergy Worse Off? An Examination of Occupational Conditions and Pastoral Experiences in a Sample of United Methodist Clergy.
    Miles, Andrew, and Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:1: 23-45.

    Analyzes 2008 survey data from United Methodist clergy in North Carolina; the introduction of statistical controls leaves little difference in stress between urban & rural pastoral work.

    Associated Search Terms: Rural; Urban/rural; United States, North Carolina; Stress; Clergy role; Clergy; United Methodist, U.S.A.
  • Anglican Clergy as Victims of Routinized Violent Activities in Urban and Rural Localities.
    Downey, David, Jonathan Gabe, and Maria O'Beirne (2008)
    Sociology 42:1: 83-99.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Great Britain; Criminology; Clergy; Violence; Victim; Church of England
  • Religious Diversity and the Onset of the Fertility Transition: Canada, 1870-1900.
    Gauvreau, Danielle (2006)
    In Renzo Derosas and Frans van Poppel (eds.) Religion and the Decline of Fertility in the Western World. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 235-258.

    Religion, ethnicity, & urbanism were related to the Canadian decline in fertility between 1871 & 1901.

    Associated Search Terms: Demography; Canada; Ethnic; Urban/rural; Fertility
  • Exploring Regional Differences in Religiosity among Muslim Youth in Malaysia.
    Kraus, Steven E., Azimi H. Hamzah, Turiman Suandi, Sidek M. Noah, Rumaya Juhari, Jamiah H. Namap, Khairul A. Mastor, Hasnan Kassan, and Azma Mahmood (2006)
    Review of Religious Research 47:3: 238-252.

    Based on Malaysian survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Youth; Islam, Malaysia; Malaysia; Urban/rural
  • Family limitation among political Catholics in Baden in 1869.
    Benz, Ernest (2006)
    In Renzo Derosas and Frans van Poppel (eds.) Religion and the Decline of Fertility in the Western World. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 107-132.

    Locality rather than religion predicted 19thcentury adoption of family size limitations.

    Associated Search Terms: Family size; Fertility; Germany, Baden, Ettenheim County; Demography; Urban/rural
  • Pillars of Faith. American Congregations and their Partners.
    Ammerman, Nancy T. (2005)
    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Based on 1997-98 interviews & fieldwork in 549 organizations in the U.S.A., representing the entirety of the U.S. population of congregations. Descriptive in nature. "Partners" include media & other outside resoruces.

    Associated Search Terms: Denomination (organizational entity); Sunday school; Polity; Parish; Moral; United States; Social services; Urban/rural; Education; Contributions; Conflict; Activism; Media
  • Religious Intermarriage and Modernization in Ireland.
    O'Leary, Richard (2004)
    In Alasdair Crockett and Richard O'Leary (eds.) Patterns and Processes of Religious Change in Modern Industrial Societies. Europe and the United States. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 117-137.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Education; Marriage; Ireland
  • Pentecostal adaptations in rural and urban Mexico: An anthropological assessment.
    Garma Navarro, Carlos, and Miguel C. Leatham (2004)
    Mexican Studies 20:1: 145-165.

    Associated Search Terms: Mexico; Adaptation; Pentecostal, Mexico; Urban/rural
  • Churchgoing Rates in Nineteenth-century England: Supply-side Deficiency or Demand-led Decline?
    Crockett, Alasdair (2004)
    In Alesdair Crockett and Richard O'Leary (eds.) Patterns and Processes of Religious Change in Modern Industrial Societies: Europe and the United States. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 13-49.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Secularization; Practice; Ecology; Urban/rural; Great Britain, England
  • Les deux visages de la religion. Fascination et désenchantement./Die zwei Gesichter der Religion. Faszination und Entzauberung.
    Campiche, Roland J., with Raphaël Broquet, Alfred Dubach, and Jörg Stolz (2004)
    Genève: Labor et Fides./Zürich: Theologischer Verlag Zürich.

    Focuses analysis around the dialectic of institutional (confessional) and universal (individual) religion; uses 1989 & '99 telephone interview data from Switzerland.

    Associated Search Terms: Age; Urban/rural; Privatization; Pluralism; Practice; Stratification; Salience; Education; Switzerland; Socialization; Class; Belief; Membership
  • Modernization and religious intermarriage in the Republic of Ireland.
    O'Leary, Richard (2001)
    British Journal of Sociology 52:4: 647-665.

    Analyzes 1990-96 interview data from Irish households; urban households of members of non-farm origin are more likely to be religiously intermarried.

    Associated Search Terms: Ireland; Urban/rural; Marriage
  • The Influence of the Charismatic Movement on Local Church Life. A Compartive Study among Anglican Rural, Urban and Suburban Churches.
    Francis, Leslie J., David W. Lankshear, and Susan H. Jones (2000)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 15:1: 121-130.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Pentecostal, neo, Great Britain; Church of England; Great Britain; Comparative
  • Identifying the semi-involuntary institution: A clarification.
    Ellison, Christopher G., and Darren E. Sherkat (1999)
    Social Forces 78: 793-802.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, South; Urban/rural; Practice; African Americans
  • The Urban/Rural Dichotomy in European and North American Religious History from the Eighteenth Century to the Twentieth.
    McLeod, Hugh (1998)
    Social Compass 45:1: 7-19.

    Rural-urban differences in religiosity were specific to the West between 1789 & 1960.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Urban/rural
  • The "Semi-involuntary Institution" Revisited: Regional Variations in Church Participation Among Black Americans.
    Ellison, Christopher G., and Darren E. Sherkat (1995)
    Social Forces 73:4: 1415-1437.

    Analyzes 1979-80 National Survey of Black Americans interview data; uses rural South, urban South, & non-South categories.

    Associated Search Terms: African Americans; Practice; United States, South; Urban/rural
  • Religion and Family Vaues: Attitudes of Modern Icelanders in a Comparative Perspective.
    Pettersson, Thorleif, and Fridrik H. Jonsson (1994)
    In Thorleif Pettersson and Ole Riis (eds.) Scandinavian Values. Religion and Morality in the Nordic Countries. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Psychologia et Sociologia Religionum 10, pp. 151-165.

    Associated Search Terms: Reincarnation; Urban/rural; Moral; Family; Salience; Iceland; Belief; Socialization; Sweden; Norway; Finland; Comparative; Denmark
  • Relationship of Parish Characteristics to Sunday Giving among Catholics in the Archdiocese of Cincinnati.
    Rexhausen, Jeff, and Michael J. Cieslak (1994)
    Review of Religious Research 36:2: 218-229.

    Analyzes 1991 data on Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati parishes; church attendance is important, as is parish size in rural settings.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; United States, Ohio, Cincinnati; Contributions; Congregation size; Urban/rural
  • Pentecôtisme rural et urbain au Mexique: différences et similitudes.
    Garma Navarro, Carlos (1992)
    Social Compass 39:3: 389-400.

    Compares rural & urban cases of Pentecostal communities in Mexico.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Pentecostal, Mexico; Mexico
  • The Expansion of Religious Affiliation: An Explanation of the Growth of Church Participation in the United States, 1850-1930.
    Blau, Judith R., Kenneth C. Land, and Kent Redding (1992)
    Social Science Research 21:4: 329-352.

    Uses 19-20th century attendance data from U.S. counties; finds no support for secularization & competition theories, but different dynamics operative in rural & urban counties.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Secularization; Competition; Ecology; United States
  • Rural/urban Versus Regional Differences in Religiosity.
    Chalfant, H. Paul, and Peter L. Heller (1991)
    Review of Religious Research 33:1: 76-86.

    Analyzes 1984, '85, '87, & '88 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data on ritualistic, ideological, & experiential religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Dimensions of religiosity; Urban/rural; United States, regions
  • The Social Structure of the Early Christian Communities.
    Kyrtatas, Dimitris J. (1987)
    London & New York: Verso.

    Places the early Christian movement in the contexts of slave vs. free & city vs. countryside.

    Associated Search Terms: Early Christian; Urban/rural; Stratification
  • Religion, Politics and Ethnicity in Cyprus During the Turkocratia (1571-1978).
    SantCassia, Paul (1986)
    Archives européennes de sociologie 27:1: 3-30.

    Rural/urban & literate/illiterate conflict, not religious or ethnic, marked the era of Ottoman rule on Cyprus.

    Associated Search Terms: Ethnic; Urban/rural; Stratification; Greek Orthodox, Cyprus; Conflict; Cyprus
  • Popular Culture, Religion and Everyday Life. (Study of a Cohort of People Aged 65 and Above in the Traditional Rural and Industrial Urban Milieux).
    Lalive d'Epinay, Christian, Daniel Alexander, Alain Clemence, Emmanuel Lazega, and Marianne Modak (1981)
    Social Compass 28:4: 405-427.

    Analyzes interview data from rural & urban Catholic & Protestant senior citizens in the Geneva Canton in Switzerland.

    Associated Search Terms: Popular religion; Everyday life; Gerontology; Switzerland, Geneva Canton; Urban/rural
  • The heathen Canadians: Demographic correlates of non-belief.
    Veevers, Jean E., and Douglas F. Cousineau (1980)
    Pacific Sociological Review 23:2: 199-216.

    1971 Canadian census data show the "no religion" category negatively correlated with age, more male than female, more urban than rural, & over-represented in British Columbia.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Age; Sex; Atheist, Canada; Canada
  • Urban Problems and Rural Solutions: Drink and Disestablishment in the First World War.
    Mews, Stuart P. (1979)
    In Derek Baker (ed.) The Church in Town and Countryside. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 449-476.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Alcohol; Great Britain
  • Social Factors in Church Extension: Southern Baptists in the North.
    Boling, T. Edwin (1975)
    Foundations 18:2: 146-152.

    Discusses rural religion as a means of maintaining rural identity in an urban context.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Southern Baptist
  • Residence, Moral Traditionalism, and Tolerance of Atheists.
    Whitt, Hugh P., and Hart M. Nelsen (1975)
    Social Forces 54:2: 328-340.

    Analyzes 1958 interview data from native-born white Protestants in the Detroit area & from a general household survey in Southern Appalachia. Tolerating atheists varied with environmental factors.

    Associated Search Terms: Ecology; Urban/rural; United States, Michigan, Detroit; Tolerance; United States, Appalachia
  • Les Fonctions Sociales de la Symbolique Religieuse chez les Bouddhistes à Sri Lanka.
    Houtart, François (1974)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 37: 23-41.

    Examines Buddhist expressions in 3 areas of Sinhalese society: rural regions, cities, & political surroundings.

    Associated Search Terms: Buddhist, Sri Lanka; Politics, Sri Lanka; Urban; Rural; Sri Lanka
  • Urbanization, Secularization, and Roles of the Professional's Wife.
    Smith, Herman W. (1972)
    Review of Religious Research 13: 134-139.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from wives of urban & rural ministers & dentists; interprets results with Parsons' patterned variables. Notes both urban-rural & sacred-secular relationships.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Secularization; Parsons, Talcott; Clergy spouses
  • Southern Baptist Migrants and Converts: A Study of Southern Religion in the Urban North.
    Boling, T. Edwin (1972)
    Sociological Analysis 33:3: 188-199.

    Analyzes 1963 & '69 data from Columbus, Ohio, Southern Baptist churches; people with rural backgrounds maintained a sectarian stance.

    Associated Search Terms: Conversion; Sect; United States, Ohio, Columbus; Migrant; Southern Baptist; Baptist, Southern; Urban/rural
  • Rural-urban Differences in Religiosity.
    Nelsen, Hart M., Raytha L. Yokley, and Thomas W. Madron (1971)
    Rural Sociology 36: 389-396.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Religiosity
  • Igreja e Desenvolvimento.
    Camargo, Cândido Procópio Ferreira de (1971)
    São Paulo: Centro Brasileiro de Análise e Planejamento (CEBRAP), Ed. Brasileira de Ciêncieas Ltda.

    Develops a typology of Catholicism: traditional rural, traditional urban, internalized; examines the social reformist "Movement of Natal" as a case of the last type. Based on interviews in communities to trace the extent of the movement's influence.

    Associated Search Terms: Development; Urban/rural; Catholic, Brazil; Brazil, Rio Grande do Norte, Natal
  • Civil Rights Attitudes of Rural and Urban Presbyterians.
    Nelsen, Hart M., and Raytha L. Yokley (1970)
    Rural Sociology 35:2: 161-174.

    Analyzes 1967 questionnaire data from ministers & elders from 151 presbyteries.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Civil rights movement
  • Essai de Typologie du Catholicisme Brésilien.
    Camargo, Cândido Procópio Ferreira de (1967)
    Social Compass 14:5/6: 399-422.

    Typology based on research & reflection: traditional rural Catholicism, traditional urban Catholicism, internalized Catholicism.

    Associated Search Terms: Brazil; Urban/rural; Catholic, Brazil
  • Followers of the New Faith: Culture Change and the Rise of Protestantism in Brazil and Chile.
    Willems, Emilio (1967)
    Nashville, Tennessee: Vanderbilt University Press.

    Lower class rural-to-urban migrants adopt a fundamentalism that is compatible with rural supernaturalism. The Protestant sects instill discipline & teach literacy, making the converts economically dependable workers.

    Associated Search Terms: Stratification; Brazil; Chile; Urban/rural; Protestant, Latin America; Migrant
  • Protestant Parish. A Case Study of Rural and Urban Parish Patterns.
    Brewer, Earl D.C., et al. (1967)
    Atlanta: Communcative Arts Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban; Rural; Parish; Methodist Church, U.S.A.
  • A Comparison of Urban and Rural Churches.
    Burchard, Waldo W. (1963)
    Rural Sociology 28:3: 271-278.

    analyzes questionnaire data from clergy in the city & country of Roanoke, Virginia; focuses on congregation size & number & attributes of clergy. Suburban churches resembled rural ones, except in being newer & having a more educated clergy.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; United States, Virginia, Roanoke
  • Hongwanji in Rural Japan and Cosmopolitan Hawaii.
    Akahoshi, Hidefumi (1963)
    Social Process in Hawaii 26: 80-82.

    Notes flexibility in Nishi Hongwanji (Jodo Shinshu) Buddhism, allowing for innovations in Hawaii.

    Associated Search Terms: Jodo Shinshu; Urban; Rural; United States, Hawaii, Honolulu; Japan
  • A Study of Student Attitudes Toward Religion, the Spiritual and the Supernatural.
    Adinarayan, S.P., and M. Rajamanickam (1962)
    Journal of Social Psychology 57: 105-111.

    Student survey at Annamalai U.; major, SES, rurality, & politics correlated with religiosity; practice was more important than clergy, future life, or spirits.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Practice; Stratification; Urban/rural; Politics, India; India, Madras State
  • The Urban Threat to Mormon Norms.
    Smith, Wilford E. (1959)
    Rural Sociology 24:4: 355-361.

    Analyzes 1956-57 data from urban (Phoenix, Los Angeles, & Salt Lake City) & rural (Arizona) Mormon stakes, based on Bishops' assessments.

    Associated Search Terms: Mormon, U.S.A.; Urban/rural
  • Factors in the Rural-urban Development of Norwegian Lutheranism in Minnesota.
    Westby, Frithjof Orval Martinus (1953)
    Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Minnesota.

    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church; United States, Minnesota; Norwegian Americans; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Urban/rural
  • The Mormon Family.
    Anderson, Nels (1937)
    American Sociological Review 2:5: 601-608.

    Focuses on the size of families in Utah, with the attendance economic burden; change in this respect & others is most evident in the urban areas.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, Utah; Urban/rural; Urban; Mormon, U.S.A.; Family size
  • Rural-urban Differences in Religious Culture, Beliefs, and Behavior.
    Sorokin, Pitirim A. (1928)
    Publications of the American Sociological Society 23: 223-238.

    Urban areas have more imported religions & share some beliefs with their rural hinterlands. Rural ones have an agricultural "coloring" in their symbols; urban ones use mechanistic symbols more. Rural religions are more rigid, urban more skeptical.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban; Rural; Symbol
[Viewing Matches 1-50] > [View Matches 1-51]  (of 51 total matches in Citations)

Citation data are provided by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio).

The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.

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