Colonial Period
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Time Period
1607  - 1763
Virginia became the first British colony in 1607, when 100 members of the Virginia Company founded the first permanent English settlement along the James River. Jamestown prospered by growing and exporting tobacco. In 1619, the first African slaves were imported to cultivate the tobacco crops.

The Pilgrims, a group of English religious separatists who preceded the Puritans in Massachusetts by a decade, landed on a ship named the Mayflower in 1620 -- and the expansion of Colonial America began in earnest. The Pilgrims’ quest was deliverance "from the hand of the oppressor," said William Bradford, a Mayflower passenger and the colony’s first governor.

The colony of Georgia, the last of the 13 original colonies, was founded in 1732. By the mid-1700s, the non-indigenous population of Colonial America had exploded to more than two million settlers.
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First Muster, Massachusetts Bay Colony- Courtesy the National Guard Bureau

Cultivating tobacco at Jamestown- Wikimedia Commons

The First Thanksgiving- Library of Congress, LC-USZC4-4961

Treaty of William Penn with the Indians- Wikimedia Commons

Map of the British Colonies in North America- New York Public Library Digital Collections
Web Source(s)
The History Channel, "The 13 Colonies"
The History Channel, "Christopher Columbus"
Goodreads, "William Bradford Quotes"
Web Page Contributor
Sandi Dolbee
Affliated with: Former Religion and Ethics Editor, The San Diego Union-Tribune

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