World War I
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Time Period
1914  - 1919
Description
World War I originally was a conflict between two European blocs -- Britain, France and Russia (Allied Forces) against Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey (Central Powers). Territorial disputes, culminating in the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, led to the war. Before it was over, the Great War became a global conflict, claiming the lives of some 10 million soldiers. The U.S. entered the war on the side of the Allied Forces on April 6, 1917.

The war gave rise to new and modernized weaponry. Chlorine gas became a weapon of mass destruction, tanks made soldiers more mobile, ships sank each other with torpedoes and airplanes became part of the fighting force.

The Allied Forces won and the war ended on Nov. 11, 1918. Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles in Paris on June 28, 1919. Repercussions from that treaty left Germany increasingly bitter -- setting the stage for World War II.
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Photographs

Two Down to Glory- Courtesy the National Guard Bureau

British Royal Navy Division charging- Wikimedia Commons

Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks- Wikimedia Commons

US soldiers running towards a German bunker- Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-104154

British artillery at the front- National Archives and Records Administration
Web Source(s)
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/tanks_and_world_war_one.htm
"Tanks and World War One"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/great-war/
PBS, "The Great War"
http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/worldwar1/a/ww1countriesint.htm
"The Countries Involved in World War 1"
Web Page Contributor
Sandi Dolbee
Affliated with: Former Religion and Ethics Editor, The San Diego Union-Tribune

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