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The following tables compare Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) and Presbyterian Church (USA) respondents on a variety of attitudes and experiences using data from the 2014 U.S. Religious Landscape Survey, collected by Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life.


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Demographics

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)Presbyterian Church (USA)
Percent that are 60 or older 53.4% 58.4%
Percent that are currently a citizen of the United States 99.5% 97.9%
Percent that live in the South. 15.1% 40.2%
Percent female 55.4% 53.7%
Percent of Hispanic origin or descent 0.8% 3%
Percent that are white 95.3% 90.4%
Percent born in the United States 97.8% 93.5%
Percent that are currently married 61.3% 66.1%
Percent with a family income of less than $40,000 a year 24.8% 22.2%
Percent that have a B.A., B.S. or other 4-year college degree 49% 62.1%

Moral Attitudes

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)Presbyterian Church (USA)
Percent that believe that there are clear and absolute standards for what is right and wrong 32.6% 31.8%
Percent that think homosexuality should be accepted by society 72.9% 67.3%
Percent that "strongly favor" allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally 28.9% 23.4%
Percent that think more women in the workforce is a change for the worse 9.7% 6.8%
Percent that think that more people having children without getting married is a change for the worse 63.2% 65.2%
Percent that believe that abortion should be illegal in all cases 3.7% 4.7%

Other Beliefs and Attitudes

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)Presbyterian Church (USA)
Percent that are very satisfied with their health 58% 56.8%
Percent that are "very satisfied" with family life 72.7% 73.4%
Percent that say they are "very happy" with life these days 34% 34.8%
Percent that believe that humans and other living beings evolved over time 67.7% 72.7%

Political Attitudes

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)Presbyterian Church (USA)
Percent Republican 27% 34.1%
Percent that are conservative or very conservative 33.4% 35.7%
Percent that are not registered to vote 8.3% 6.1%
Percent that personally know anyone who is gay or lesbian 86.9% 87.9%
Percent that believe that government aid to the poor does more harm than good 45.6% 38.8%
Percent that think that growing immigration is a change for the worse 41% 37.1%
Percent that believe that stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost. 60.1% 58.4%
Percent that would prefer a smaller government, with fewer services 62.9% 58.2%

Religious Beliefs

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)Presbyterian Church (USA)
Percent that believe in God or a universal spirit 98.4% 97.7%
Percent that believe in Heaven 84.1% 77.3%
Percent that believe in Hell 56.8% 48.8%
Percent that believe in reincarnation 0% 0%
Percent that say religion is a very important part of their life 63.7% 62.9%
Percent that believe their holy book is the word of God 64.4% 63.1%
Percent that believe that their church or denomination should preserve its traditional beliefs and practices 33.9% 33.2%
Percent that look most to "religious teachings and beliefs" when it comes to questions of right and wrong 33.5% 36%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations bring people together and strengthen community bonds 96.4% 95.3%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations play an important role in helping the poor and needy 94.1% 94.6%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations protect and strengthen morality in society 84.1% 89.3%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations are too involved with politics 39% 37.4%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations are too concerned with money and power 41.7% 36.2%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations focus too much on rules 40.4% 40%
Percent that think about the meaning and purpose of life at least once a week 51% 54.7%
Percent that feel a strong sense of gratitude or thankfulness at least once a week 82.7% 84.1%
Percent that feel a deep sense of wonder about the universe at least once a week 46.8% 52.1%
Percent that feel a deep sense of spiritual peace and well-being at least once a week 60.7% 65.4%
Percent that think many religions can lead to eternal life 87.5% 80.4%

Religious Practices

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)Presbyterian Church (USA)
Percent that are members of a local house of worship 78% 80.1%
Percent that pray at least once a day 59.9% 62.9%
Percent that meditate at least once a week 37.9% 43.9%
Percent that attend religious services at least once a week 41.5% 49.8%
Percent that read scripture outside of religious services at least once a week 29.3% 39.3%
Percent that participate in prayer groups, Scripture study groups or religious education programs at least once a week 18.6% 26.2%
Percent that share their faith with "non-believers or people from other relgious backgrounds" at least once a week 13.3% 18%
Percent that did volunteer work in the last seven days 42.6% 44.6%
Percent that speak in tongues at least once a month 7.3% 6.1%


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