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The following tables compare Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) and Atheist (do not believe in God) respondents on a variety of attitudes and experiences using data from the 2014 U.S. Religious Landscape Survey, collected by Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life.


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Demographics

Atheist (do not believe in God)Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)
Percent that are 60 or older 21.5% 53.4%
Percent that are currently a citizen of the United States 96.6% 99.5%
Percent that live in the South. 25.8% 15.1%
Percent female 30.1% 55.4%
Percent of Hispanic origin or descent 8.1% 0.8%
Percent that are white 85.5% 95.3%
Percent born in the United States 88.4% 97.8%
Percent that are currently married 42.3% 61.3%
Percent with a family income of less than $40,000 a year 26% 24.8%
Percent that have a B.A., B.S. or other 4-year college degree 60.3% 49%

Moral Attitudes

Atheist (do not believe in God)Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)
Percent that believe that there are clear and absolute standards for what is right and wrong 14.7% 32.6%
Percent that think homosexuality should be accepted by society 94.4% 72.9%
Percent that "strongly favor" allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally 65.2% 28.9%
Percent that think more women in the workforce is a change for the worse 1.7% 9.7%
Percent that think that more people having children without getting married is a change for the worse 25.7% 63.2%
Percent that believe that abortion should be illegal in all cases 2.6% 3.7%

Other Beliefs and Attitudes

Atheist (do not believe in God)Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)
Percent that are very satisfied with their health 55.5% 58%
Percent that are "very satisfied" with family life 67.2% 72.7%
Percent that say they are "very happy" with life these days 30.2% 34%
Percent that believe that humans and other living beings evolved over time 95.6% 67.7%

Political Attitudes

Atheist (do not believe in God)Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)
Percent Republican 5.6% 27%
Percent that are conservative or very conservative 8.4% 33.4%
Percent that are not registered to vote 16.5% 8.3%
Percent that personally know anyone who is gay or lesbian 94.4% 86.9%
Percent that believe that government aid to the poor does more harm than good 20.9% 45.6%
Percent that think that growing immigration is a change for the worse 13% 41%
Percent that believe that stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost. 83.3% 60.1%
Percent that would prefer a smaller government, with fewer services 37.2% 62.9%

Religious Beliefs

Atheist (do not believe in God)Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)
Percent that believe in God or a universal spirit 7.3% 98.4%
Percent that believe in Heaven 3.8% 84.1%
Percent that believe in Hell 2.8% 56.8%
Percent that believe in reincarnation 0% 0%
Percent that say religion is a very important part of their life 2% 63.7%
Percent that believe their holy book is the word of God 1.4% 64.4%
Percent that believe that their church or denomination should preserve its traditional beliefs and practices 0% 33.9%
Percent that look most to "religious teachings and beliefs" when it comes to questions of right and wrong 0.6% 33.5%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations bring people together and strengthen community bonds 74% 96.4%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations play an important role in helping the poor and needy 72% 94.1%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations protect and strengthen morality in society 30% 84.1%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations are too involved with politics 85% 39%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations are too concerned with money and power 76.9% 41.7%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations focus too much on rules 79.1% 40.4%
Percent that think about the meaning and purpose of life at least once a week 35.1% 51%
Percent that feel a strong sense of gratitude or thankfulness at least once a week 61.7% 82.7%
Percent that feel a deep sense of wonder about the universe at least once a week 53.7% 46.8%
Percent that feel a deep sense of spiritual peace and well-being at least once a week 32.7% 60.7%
Percent that think many religions can lead to eternal life 0% 87.5%

Religious Practices

Atheist (do not believe in God)Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)
Percent that are members of a local house of worship 2.8% 78%
Percent that pray at least once a day 1.5% 59.9%
Percent that meditate at least once a week 19.9% 37.9%
Percent that attend religious services at least once a week 1.3% 41.5%
Percent that read scripture outside of religious services at least once a week 2.4% 29.3%
Percent that participate in prayer groups, Scripture study groups or religious education programs at least once a week 1% 18.6%
Percent that share their faith with "non-believers or people from other relgious backgrounds" at least once a week 0% 13.3%
Percent that did volunteer work in the last seven days 31.9% 42.6%
Percent that speak in tongues at least once a month 0% 7.3%


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