Sepharidic Judaism
Sephardim is the name given to the Jewish community that emerged in Spain and Portugal, especially during the years of Muslim rule. It was largely destroyed in 1492-93, when Jews were expelled from the two countries. Sephardic Jews would find their way to the Americas and establish themselves in Brazil and eventually build some of the first centers in North America, but most would migrate into Europe and loose much of their religious (if not ethnic) uniqueness as they identified with Ashkenazi Judaism.