Hungary
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (32.7%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 recognition only [Preamble]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article VII(1)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article XV(2)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 2011
Last Amended3 2016
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 July 25, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

God bless the Hungarians

...

We are proud that our king Saint Stephen built the Hungarian State on solid ground and made our country a part of Christian Europe one thousand years ago.

...

We recognise the role of Christianity in preserving nationhood. We value the various religious traditions of our country.

...

... we honour the Holy Crown, which embodies the constitutional continuity of Hungary’s statehood and the unity of the nation.

FOUNDATION.

Article I.

(1) ... The Holy Crown shall rest on top of the shield [of the Hungarian coat of arms].

...

Article L.

[Recognizes marriages as between a man and a woman]

FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY.

Article VII.

(1) Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include the freedom to choose or change one's religion or other belief, and the freedom of everyone to manifest, abstain from manifesting, practise or teach his or her religion or other belief through religious acts, rites or otherwise, either individually or jointly with others, either in public or in private life.

(2) People sharing the same principles of faith may, for the practice of their religion, establish religious communities operating in the organisational form specified in a cardinal Act.

(3) The State and religious communities shall operate separately. Religious communities shall be autonomous.

(4) The State and religious communities may cooperate to achieve community goals. At the request of a religious community, the National Assembly shall decide on such cooperation. The religious communities participating in such cooperation shall operate as established churches. The State shall provide specific privileges to established churches with regard to their participation in the fulfilment of tasks that serve to achieve community goals.

(5) The common rules relating to religious communities, as well as the conditions of cooperation, the established churches and the detailed rules relating to established churches shall be laid down in a cardinal Act.

Article IX.

...

(5) The right to freedom of speech may not be exercised with the aim of violating the dignity ... of any ... religious community. ...

...

Article XV.

...

(2) Hungary shall guarantee the fundamental rights to everyone without discrimination and in particular without discrimination on grounds of ... religion ...

...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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