Tajikistan
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Sunni

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Sunni Muslim (87%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 1]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 26]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 17]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1994
Last Amended3 2016
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff
Current as of3 October 1, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Article 1.

The Republic of Tajikistan is a ... secular ... State.

Article 8.

...

No single ideology of a ... religious organization ... may be recognized as the State [ideology].

...

Religious organizations are separate from the State and may not interfere with State affairs.

Creation and functioning of social associations and political parties propagating ... religious enmity ... are prohibited.

Article 17.

All are equal before the law and court. The State guarantees the rights and freedoms of everyone regardless of his ... religious beliefs ...

Article 26.

Everyone has the right to independently determine his (her) relationship toward religion, to profess any religion individually or together with others, or to profess none, and to participate in the performance of religious cults, rituals, and ceremonies.

Article 28.

Citizens have the right of association; a citizen has the right to participate in creation of political parties including those of a ... religious [or] atheistic character, ... [and] to voluntarily join or leave such organizations.

...

[*Note: a 2016 amendment prohibits political parties that profess a religion or atheism. http://www.constitutionnet.org/news/tajikistans-constitutional-referendum-legitimating-de-facto-dictatorship. The text of the amendment, or of the Constitution as amended through 2016, is not available.]

Article 30.

...

Propaganda and agitation inciting ... religious ... enmity and hostility are prohibited.

...

Article 40.

...

Cultural and spiritual treasures are protected by the State.

...

Article 47.

During a state of emergency the rights and freedoms provided in Articles ... 17 [equality before the law] ... and 28 [right of association] of the Constitution may not be limited.

Article 73.

...

The Government ensures effective leadership in the functioning of the ... spiritual sphere ...

...

Article 100.

The ... secular [among other things] ... nature of the State are unchangeable.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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